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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## CR ##### This topic has 5 member replies ## CR Though discussed many times, I am still not clear. Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics. Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends? A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party. C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President's party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects Please do explain your logic!! Legendary Member Joined 14 Aug 2013 Posted: 643 messages Followed by: 7 members Upvotes: 48 Target GMAT Score: 650+ A? _________________ You can, for example never foretell what any one man will do, but you can say with precision what an average number will be up to! Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Joined 02 Sep 2013 Posted: 39 messages Upvotes: 1 Target GMAT Score: 710 GMAT Score: 650 I think the answer is E. E basically states that - The oppositin guys think that the nonpartisan auditors might not be giving impartial analysis. Basically that the assessments might have been rigged and hence not fair, and if thats what the opposistion guys believe then the argumennt falls apart. Legendary Member Joined 14 Aug 2012 Posted: 1556 messages Followed by: 34 members Upvotes: 448 Target GMAT Score: 750 GMAT Score: 650 is it {B}? _________________ R A H U L Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 19 Sep 2013 Posted: 269 messages Followed by: 6 members Upvotes: 94 ani781 wrote: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics. Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends? A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party. C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President's party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects Mapping: Press Sct.: Critics say = President's actions vindictive --> Most HW projects cancelled were in districts controlled by opposition. BUT reports by neutral auditors say = the cancelled projects were actually wasteful THUS President's choice was not unfair. Conclusion: President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics. In assumption question the correct answer can be found easily using the Negation-Test (it should destroy the argument completely): A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. Other ways to punish are not relevant. We need to find out whether he was partial (or not) to districts owned by his party. B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party. Negation works well here. Negation: The projects identified as wasteful in the report were mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party --> His districts were wasteful but he cancelled the projects of the opposition's districts! The president has been partial towards his districts & thus unfair to districts owned by the opposition. Lets keep his for now as the negation destroys the argument. C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. The number might be high, but this has no bearing on the president's choice --> we cant find out whether he was partial to the districts owned by his party. D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President's party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. There is a difference between expensive and wasteful (wasting something without purpose) projects. Argument doesn't mention the expensive part. D is out. E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects Close. Negation : Reports are generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments --> ie. the reports are just factual and not biased. So this negation in a way strengthens the argument so E is also out We are left with B by Negation Technique Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 24 Jun 2011 Posted: 141 messages Followed by: 1 members Upvotes: 12 Target GMAT Score: 720 Thanks a lot Vivek. 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