co-ordinate geometry.

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co-ordinate geometry.

by Md.Nazrul Islam » Sat Apr 07, 2012 8:53 pm
In a co-ordinate system , if three points (5,3)(x,y) and (3,2)lie on a same line ,fine the value of X.

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by gmatmath » Sat Apr 07, 2012 9:07 pm
If the 3 points lie on the same line, they are collinear.
For 3 points to be collinear, the slope of 2 points taken at a time will be equal.
A(5,3), B(x,y), C(3,2)
slope for 2 points(x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is given by (y2-y1)/(x2-x1)

Slope m1 = (y-3)/(x-5)
slope m2 = (2-y)/(3-x)

m1 = m2 as they lie on the same line.

(y-3)/(x-5) = (2-y)/(3-x)
==> (y-3)(3-x) = (2-y)(x-5)
==> 3y - 9 -xy +3x = 2x - 10 - xy + 5y
==> x + 1 = 2y-------(eqn 1)
slope of AC = m3 = (2-3)/(3-5)
m3 = -1/-2
m3 = 1/2
from eqn 1, x = 2y - 1

giving values for y, we can get values for x.

y = 0, x = -1
y = 1, x = 1
y = 2, x = 3

and so on...

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by Shalabh's Quants » Sun Apr 08, 2012 5:09 am
Md.Nazrul Islam wrote:In a co-ordinate system , if three points (5,3)(x,y) and (3,2)lie on a same line ,fine the value of X.
All 3 points lie in St. Line. So it will have infinite set of solutions for x & y.

Lets find out Eqn of St. Line...

y-y'=[(y"-y')/(x"-x")]*(x-x')

=> y-3=[(2-3)/(3-5)]*(x-5)
.
.
.
=> It reduces to x=2y+1;

As it is a linear eqn with 2 variables, hence it will have infinite solutions.

=> This eqn. will seek any value of x & yield corresponding infinite values of y.
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by [email protected] » Sun Apr 08, 2012 7:53 pm
Md.Nazrul Islam wrote:In a co-ordinate system , if three points (5,3)(x,y) and (3,2)lie on a same line ,fine the value of X.
Since the three points lie on the same line, so the slope of any two points will be the same.
Now slope of a line passing through (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1)

Slope of line passing through (5, 3) and (x , y) = (y - 3)/(x - 5)
Slope of line passing through (x, y) and (3 , 2) = (2 - y)/(3 - x)
Now, Slope of line passing through (5, 3) and (x , y) = Slope of line passing through (x, y) and (3 , 2)
(y - 3)/(x - 5) = (2 - y)/(3 - x)
(y - 3)(3 - x) = (2 - y)(x - 5)
3y - 9 - xy + 3x = 2x - xy - 10 + 5y
x - 2y = -1 ... Equation 1

Similarly, slope of line through (5, 3) and (3, 2) = Slope of line passing through (x, y) and (3 , 2)
(2 - 3)/(3 - 5) = (2 - y)/(3 - x)
(-1/-2) = (2 - y)/(3 - x)
1/2 = (2 - y)/(3 - x)
3 - x = 2(2 - y)
3 - x = 4 - 2y
x - 2y = -1 ... Equation 2

Both equations 1 and 2, give the same equation, so we can have infinite solutions to this, and hence infinite values for x.
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