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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## By applying optimization techniques commonly used to plan ##### This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies ### Top Member ## By applying optimization techniques commonly used to plan ## Timer 00:00 ## Your Answer A B C D E ## Global Stats Difficult By applying optimization techniques commonly used to plan operations, it is possible to determine how much effort ought to be devoted to each of a companyâ€™s products in order to meet its goals in both the short and long terms. (A) it is possible to determine how much effort ought to be devoted to each of a companyâ€™s products in order to meet its goals in both the short and long terms (B) a companyâ€™s managers can determine how much effort should be dedicated to each of the companyâ€™s products in order to meet its short and long term goals (C) it can be determined by company managers how much effort ought to be devoted to each of the companyâ€™s products in order to meet its goals, both short and long term (D) it may be possible for company managers to determine how much effort should be dedicated to each of these products in order to meet the companyâ€™s short and long term goals (E) managers at a company can determine how much effort ought to be dedicated to each of these products in order to meet the companyâ€™s goals in both the short and long term OA B Source: Manhattan GMAT ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 04 Dec 2012 Posted: 1996 messages Followed by: 237 members Upvotes: 1443 Top Reply This question is primarily testing OPENING MODIFIERS. The sentence begins with the opening modifier By applying optimization techniques commonly used to plan operations,... This must be followed by the SUBJECT being modified, i.e. the person(s) or thing(s) applying these techniques. (A) it is possible to determine how much effort ought to be devoted to each of a companyâ€™s products in order to meet its goals in both the short and long terms - here, the subject is "it." We cannot use "it" as a vague general pronoun after an opening modifier, because that "it" can't be applying a technique. - "short an long term" is idiomatic, not "terms" (B) a companyâ€™s managers can determine how much effort should be dedicated to each of the companyâ€™s products in order to meet its short and long term goals - "managers" are correctly modified by "by applying..." (C) it can be determined by company managers how much effort ought to be devoted to each of the companyâ€™s products in order to meet its goals, both short and long term - same "it" issue as in A. (D) it may be possible for company managers to determine how much effort should be dedicated to each of these products in order to meet the companyâ€™s short and long term goals - same "it" issue again (E) managers at a company can determine how much effort ought to be dedicated to each of these products in order to meet the companyâ€™s goals in both the short and long term - correct subject with "managers," but... - "these" would have to refer back to products already mentioned, but none were mentioned. The answer is B. _________________ Ceilidh Erickson Manhattan Prep GMAT & GRE instructor EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education Harvard Graduate School of Education Manhattan Prep instructors all have 99th+ percentile scores and expert teaching experience. Sign up for a FREE TRIAL, and learn why we have the highest ratings in the GMAT industry! Free Manhattan Prep online events - The first class of every online Manhattan Prep course is free. Classes start every week. • Free Practice Test & Review How would you score if you took the GMAT Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Veritas GMAT Class Experience Lesson 1 Live Free Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Award-winning private GMAT tutoring Register now and save up to$200

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