At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5
Answer: E
Source: Official Guide
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a
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It turns out that the cost per apple is irrelevant. Here's why:Gmat_mission wrote: ↑Sun Sep 12, 2021 8:34 amAt a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5
Answer: E
Source: Official Guide
The average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents
So, (total value of all 10 pieces of fruit)/10 = 56 cents
This means, total value of all 10 pieces of fruit = 560 cents
How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?
Let x = the number of oranges to be removed.
Each orange costs 60 cents, so the value of the x oranges to be removed = 60x
This means 560  60x = the value of the REMAINING fruit
Also, if we remove x oranges, then 10  x = the number of pieces of fruit REMAINING.
We want the REMAINING fruit to have an average value of 52 cents.
We can write: (value of REMAINING fruit)/(number of pieces of fruit REMAINING) = 52
Rewrite as: (560  60x)/(10  x) = 52
Multiply both sides by (10x) to get: 560  60x = 52(10  x)
Expand right side to get: 560  60x = 520  52x
Add 60x to both sides: 560 = 520 + 8x
Subtract 520 from both sides: 40 = 8x
Solve: x = 5
Answer: E
Cheers,
Brent