• EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • examPAL
    Most awarded test prep in the world
    Now free for 30 days

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    examPAL
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors

A summary of the main SC errors

This topic has 1 expert reply and 5 member replies
gdehsoph35 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
01 Jan 2008
Posted:
8 messages
Followed by:
1 members
Upvotes:
9
Target GMAT Score:
700

A summary of the main SC errors

Post Sat Jan 19, 2008 4:39 am
Hope this helps! Smile

** LONG POST **

GMAT Sentence Correction:

General Principles:
1. Subject-Verb Agreement
2. Style
3. Pronoun
4. Parallelism
5. Idioms
6. Comparison
7. Modifiers
8. Mood, Tense and Voice

1. Subject-Verb Agreement
a. Both must agree in numbers (He likes..., they hate...)
b. Ignore middleman (Hacken Lee, an idol of many teenagers, LIVES happily.) (Centre of all NBA teams IS...)
c. AND vs ADDITIVE PHRASE (e.g. along with...) (Jack and Bill GO ...) (Jack, along with 10 guys, GOES...)
d. OR and NOR (Neither Jack nor Bill LIKES ...) (Neither Jack nor his teams LIKE ...)
e. Collective nouns are singular (e.g. majority, audience) (Kaka's team WINS ...)
f. Indefinite pronouns are usually singular (e.g. everybody, someone) (Anyone WANTS some soup?)
g. THE NUMBER OF vs A NUMBER OF (A number of soldiers MARCH ...) (The number of alphabets IS 26)
h. Subject phrase (A chuck of words contains either subject or verb) (Having a lot of women IS not fun.)

2. Style
a. Eliminate awkwardness
b. Eliminate redundancy
c. Eliminate ambiguity

3. Pronoun
a. Agreement with subject (Investment Bankers have a tough life because (THEY WORK / HE WORKS) for long hours.)
b. Reference (Sally, Janet, Kate and Betty went hiking, (SHE / KATE) had twisted her ankle.)
c. Case (Subject: WHO, Object: WHOM, Possessive: WHOSE) (Murphy and (I / ME) go...)

4. Parallelism
a. Sentence parts must be parellel in order to be gramatically correct.
b. Parallel items should have the same pronouns. (THOSE WHO ARE male and THOSE WHO ARE female.)
c. All verbs shuold be parallel (As a managing director, he is SERVING clients, MOTIVATING subordinates and DEVISING corporate strategy everyday.)
d. Items next to both sides of VERB OF BEING must be parallel. (Jack's TEAM is ELITE)

5. Idioms

6. Comparison
a. A speical form of parallelism
b. Compare like things only (Hank Paulson and Morgan Stanley are leaders of the Wall Street.) <==WRONG!
c. LIKE is for comparing nouns (LIKE Harvard Business School, UV Darden also use the case approach.)
d. AS is for comapring phrases (AS all Ivy League institutions do not offer any sports scholarship, they tend to be less competitive than other big names in NCAA.)
e. Quantity Words for 2 or less items: (e.g. less, better, between...)
f. Quantity Words for more than 2 items (e.g. least, best, among...)
g. Quantity Words for countable items (e.g. fewer, number, many...)
h. Quantity Words for uncountable items (e.g. less, amount, much...)

7. Modifiers
a. ADVERBS modify VERBS, CLUASE, PHRASE or even another ADVERB.
b. ADJECTIVES only modify NOUNS.
c. Keep MODIFERS as close as possible to ITEMS BEING MODIFIED.
d. Modifiers with WHICH are not essential. (2 IFC, which is located in Central, is currently the tallest building in Hong Kong.)
e. Modifiers with THAT are essential. (2 IFC, that is the home of BNP Paribus, is also a home of many financial firms.)
f. Modifiers cannot modify possessive nouns.

8. Mood, Tense and Voice (MTV in short)
a. Always use simple tense, unless the action is ongoing or 2 actions take place in different time are being mentioned.
b. Never spilt infinitives. (You should QUICKLY RUN / RUN QUICKLY to my home.)
c. For subjunctive mood, use plural verb after IF cluase (IF I WERE 7 feet tall, I will be a great basketball player.)
d. When IF clause is not followed by THEN clause, replace IF with WHETHER.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
AmitShankar Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
13 Dec 2011
Posted:
1 messages
Post Sun Jan 01, 2012 3:40 am
this is awesome compilation .... a systematic summary of what flash cards have in over several pages
thanks a ton ! very helpful !

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
shekhar.kataria Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
15 Mar 2010
Posted:
268 messages
Upvotes:
13
Post Sun Jan 01, 2012 10:39 am
A quick 5 minute review of MGMAT SC book.

_________________
Restlessness and discontent are the first necessities of progress.--Thomas A. Edison

If you find this post helpful, let me know by clicking thanks above Smile

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
camitava Legendary Member Default Avatar
Joined
05 Sep 2007
Posted:
645 messages
Followed by:
5 members
Upvotes:
34
Post Sat Jan 19, 2008 5:27 am
Thanks gdehsoph35! Thanks a lot. I think this can help us a lot to summarize the SC problems what we can get in GMAT ...

_________________
Correct me If I am wrong


Regards,

Amitava

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Sun Jan 20, 2008 6:05 pm
Thanks for this list, it's a great start. I've added this post to the GMAT resources directory, http://del.icio.us/beatthegmat

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
jerrykantrell Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
11 Oct 2007
Posted:
31 messages
Test Date:
April 2008
Target GMAT Score:
730
GMAT Score:
760
Post Wed Feb 06, 2008 3:49 am
For me, this was the most important of the points:

'When IF clause is not followed by THEN clause, replace IF with WHETHER.'

Thanks for this post. Very helpful indeed.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
akuma Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
15 Dec 2009
Posted:
29 messages
Upvotes:
3
Post Fri Dec 30, 2011 9:29 pm
gdehsoph35 wrote:
c. For subjunctive mood, use plural verb after IF cluase (IF I WERE 7 feet tall, I will be a great basketball player.)
By skimming through the above, I noticed a slight error. If a correct sentence on the GMAT were to use the hypothetical subjunctive mood, then it would be shown using the past tense form of the term "will."

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

Best Conversation Starters

1 lheiannie07 112 topics
2 ardz24 71 topics
3 Roland2rule 69 topics
4 LUANDATO 53 topics
5 swerve 45 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

154 posts
2 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

107 posts
3 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

106 posts
4 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

98 posts
5 image description EconomistGMATTutor

The Economist GMAT Tutor

91 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts