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A laboratory is testing a new steroid on mice. The average

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A laboratory is testing a new steroid on mice. The average

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Source: Veritas Prep

A laboratory is testing a new steroid on mice. The average weight of a mouse that has been treated with the steroid is 26.8 grams and the average weight of a mouse that has not been treated with the steroid is 19.2 grams. If the average weight of all mice at the laboratory is 22.4 grams, what is the ratio of mice that have been treated to mice that have not been treated?

A. 8:13
B. 3:4
C. 8:11
D. 8:9
E. 7:9

The OA is C.

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BTGmoderatorLU wrote:
Source: Veritas Prep

A laboratory is testing a new steroid on mice. The average weight of a mouse that has been treated with the steroid is 26.8 grams and the average weight of a mouse that has not been treated with the steroid is 19.2 grams. If the average weight of all mice at the laboratory is 22.4 grams, what is the ratio of mice that have been treated to mice that have not been treated?

A. 8:13
B. 3:4
C. 8:11
D. 8:9
E. 7:9

The OA is C.
Say,

the average weight of a mouse that has been treated with the steroid = x = 26.4;
the average weight of a mouse that has NOT been treated with the steroid = y = 19.2; and
the average weight of all the mice = z = 22.4

Then,

The ratio of mice that have been treated to mice that have not been treated = (z - y) / (x - z) = (22.4 - 19.2) / (26.8 - 22.4) = 8/11

The correct answer: C

Hope this helps!

-Jay
_________________
Manhattan Review GRE Prep

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BTGmoderatorLU wrote:
Source: Veritas Prep

A laboratory is testing a new steroid on mice. The average weight of a mouse that has been treated with the steroid is 26.8 grams and the average weight of a mouse that has not been treated with the steroid is 19.2 grams. If the average weight of all mice at the laboratory is 22.4 grams, what is the ratio of mice that have been treated to mice that have not been treated?

A. 8:13
B. 3:4
C. 8:11
D. 8:9
E. 7:9
Perfect opportunity for the alligation, a nice technique included in our course!

\[? = T:N\,\,\,\,\left( {{\text{see}}\,\,{\text{image}}\,\,{\text{attached}}} \right)\]
\[\frac{T}{{total}} = \frac{{22.4 - 19.2}}{{26.8 - 19.2}} = \frac{{3.2 \cdot \boxed{10}}}{{7.6 \cdot \boxed{10}}} = \frac{8}{{19}}\]

We are done, but if you have not got the answer yet, have a look at the k technique...

\[?\,\,\,:\,\,\,\left\{ \begin{gathered}
T = 8k \hfill \\
{\text{total}} = 19k \hfill \\
\end{gathered} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\left( {k > 0} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,N = 11k\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,?\,\,\, = \,\,\,8:11\,\,\,\,\,\]

This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.



_________________
Fabio Skilnik :: www.GMATH.net (Math for the GMAT)
Course release PROMO : finish our test drive till 30/Sep with (at least) 60 correct answers out of 92 (12-questions Mock included) to gain a 70% discount!

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Let the number of mice treated with steroid = x
Let the number of mice NOT treated with steroid = y

As per questions, we are given

28.6x + 19.2y = 22.4(x+y)
or
x/y = 8/11.

I hope this help! Regards!

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