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Marconi’s conception of the radio
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Marconi’s conception of the radio

This topic has 3 expert replies and 3 member replies

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gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Marconi’s conception of the radio

Post Sun May 15, 2016 9:36 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

    A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
    B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
    C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
    D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
    E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,


    a Couple of doubts :
    Is 'but which ' allowed as a part of sentence ?

    in option C, what 'it' is referring to , generally it has to refer to the subject of the preceding clause, right ?
    moreover, in C, ' Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone', Still unsure if ' that' here is referring back to radio

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    Post Sat May 21, 2016 1:30 pm
    1. Yes, "but which" could be correctly used in a construction such as "the television, which can receive information but which cannot transmit information, is a useful tool." There are other more concise ways of expressing the same information, but that would be grammatically acceptable. As used in B, though, "but which" is not correct. It should only be used in a parallel construction: ... which X but which Y...

    2. While pronouns generally refer to the subject of the preceding clause (especially if the pronoun itself is a subject of the next clause), they do not have to do so. If the meaning of the pronoun is generally clear, and there is a clear antecedent present in the sentence, it's fine if the pronoun refers to an object instead.

    3. A relative pronoun such as "that" or "which" is allowed to "hop" over a short essential modifier (usually a prepositional phrase) to modify the noun just before it. Think of it this way:
    Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool (for private conversation) that could substitute for the telephone

    For more on this issue, see:
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/although-she-had-been-known-as-an-effective-legislator-first-t276385.html#771673
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/emily-dickinson-s-letters-t121769.html#563839
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/noun-phrase-modifier-t129444.html#570781

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    Needgmat Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Jul 05, 2016 7:28 am
    Hi Experts ,

    In OA how de we know that IT refers to the Radio? IT can also refers to the Telephone.

    Please explain.

    Many thanks in advance.

    Kavin

    Post Tue Jul 05, 2016 7:39 am
    Needgmat wrote:
    Hi Experts ,

    In OA how de we know that IT refers to the Radio? IT can also refers to the Telephone.

    Please explain.

    Many thanks in advance.

    Kavin
    Logic - the gist of the sentence is that the radio was initially conceived as one thing, but it [the radio] has become something else. Note, also, that every answer choice has some kind of pronoun, so there's no avoiding pronoun usage here, and it surely wouldn't make sense to claim that a telephone is a tool for communicating with a large, public audience!

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    Needgmat Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Jul 05, 2016 9:06 pm
    Quote:
    Logic - the gist of the sentence is that the radio was initially conceived as one thing, but it [the radio] has become something else. Note, also, that every answer choice has some kind of pronoun, so there's no avoiding pronoun usage here, and it surely wouldn't make sense to claim that a telephone is a tool for communicating with a large, public audience!
    [/quote]Hi DavidG ,

    Thank you so much for the explanation. All clear now.

    Thanks,

    Kavin

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    rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Apr 15, 2017 8:57 pm
    Hi Experts ,

    Whats wrong in option D?

    Thanks..

    Post Sun Apr 16, 2017 10:38 am
    rsarashi wrote:
    Hi Experts ,

    Whats wrong in option D?

    Thanks..
    D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become

    Two issues:

    1. Here, the "which" modifier can't 'hop' over "a tool..." and "a substitute..." to refer back to "radio." Structurally, this phrase is modifying "telephone," violating the original meaning of the sentence.

    2. Idiomatically, we say:
    ... conceived of X as Y...
    rather than
    ... conceived of X to be Y...

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