Generally, COMMA + VERBed serves to refer to the nearest preceding noun.RBBmba@2014 wrote: On GMAT,doesn't VERBed ALWAYS serve to modify the NEAREST PRECEDING NOUN (or NOUN Phrase), IRRESPECTIVE of COMMA before it (re the VERBed MODIFIER) ?
E: electric current, first made in 1845
Here, made seems to modify current -- the nearest preceding noun -- implying that electric CURRENT was first MADE in 1845.
Not the intended meaning.
NO COMMA + VERBed does NOT have to refer to the nearest preceding noun.
OA: an observation about electric current first made in 1845
Here, made serves to modify an observation, implying that AN OBSERVATION was first MADE in 1845.
This is the intended meaning.
In the OA, the referent for made is NOT the nearest preceding noun.