• 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

Experts Attention : Appositive and Modifiers

This topic has expert replies
Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 416
Joined: 03 Oct 2007
Thanked: 10 times
Followed by:1 members

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

a. a way to protect
b. in efforts to protect
c. protecting
d. to protect in one way
e. in order to protect

1. Can I consider "a way to protect" in A as an appositive modifier modifying the noun "wall". Or does the modifier modify only the noun "mile" ?

2. Except for modifiers starting with present participle, Is the modifier expected to modify the nearest noun , in this case 'mile'?

3. Should a "resumptive modifier" specify the noun its modifying explicitly in the modifier construct and then talk more about the noun ?

Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
Posts: 7
Joined: 03 Apr 2010

by prnaidu » Thu Sep 16, 2010 10:44 am

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

I guess answer is C. Pls post the answer to this.

Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 379
Joined: 07 Apr 2010
Location: Chennai,India
Thanked: 3 times

by paddle_sweep » Thu Sep 16, 2010 7:52 pm

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats


Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 416
Joined: 03 Oct 2007
Thanked: 10 times
Followed by:1 members

by gmatrant » Thu Sep 16, 2010 8:17 pm

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

C is the answer.

Can someone PLEASE give me a quick explanation to my queries. Would be much appreciated.

Legendary Member
Posts: 520
Joined: 14 Jun 2010
Thanked: 70 times
Followed by:6 members

by niksworth » Fri Sep 17, 2010 6:51 am

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

gmatrant wrote: 1. Can I consider "a way to protect" in A as an appositive modifier modifying the noun "wall". Or does the modifier modify only the noun "mile" ?
No.
Can a wall be a way? No. Building a wall can be a way. a way to protect is not renaming wall. So it is not an appositive. Neither can it modify mile. That would be nonsensical.
gmatrant wrote: 2. Except for modifiers starting with present participle, Is the modifier expected to modify the nearest noun , in this case 'mile'?
Generally yes.
There can always be exceptions though. That depends on the sentence in question but in such a case the modifier must unambiguously modify a noun which it is not touching.
gmatrant wrote: 3. Should a "resumptive modifier" specify the noun its modifying explicitly in the modifier construct and then talk more about the noun ?
Again generally yes.
Sometimes another word is used in the resumptive modifier, but it should be clear from the sentence which noun is the modifier referring to.
E.g. That kind of agentless prose should send up a red flag, a signal that here's a candidate for revision. (Courtesy: about.com)
scio me nihil scire