• Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT

The nineteenth-century chemist

This topic has 4 expert replies and 6 member replies
rx_11 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
17 May 2010
Posted:
87 messages
Upvotes:
7
Target GMAT Score:
800
GMAT Score:
690

The nineteenth-century chemist

Post Sun Oct 31, 2010 7:14 am
The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his “Essay on Heat and Light,” a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

(A) a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a
(B) a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a
(C) a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well
(D) critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of
(E) critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of










































OA is A.

But why is E wrong?

The OE says E is confused in the assertion that Davy critiqued his own vision of chemistry.

However, I think we can also say that Humphry Davy critiqued all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envision.. So how do we know what is the original meaning of the author? I mean what if the author wanted to express information just as E or D does? I find the meaning in E and D also make sense. (In fact, A sounds weird for me.)

Can anyone help me?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!

GMAT/MBA Expert

Bill@VeritasPrep GMAT Instructor
Joined
29 Mar 2012
Posted:
1248 messages
Followed by:
186 members
Upvotes:
503
Target GMAT Score:
800
GMAT Score:
780
Top Reply
Post Tue Jan 15, 2013 1:55 pm
insanejuxtapose wrote:
A)a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

Is this not ambiguous too? a critique could refer to chemist or his essay either of them?

IS this a GMAT type question?
Since it's an appositive phrase, that modifier must refer to the noun before the comma. In this case, it's the name of the essay, and it makes sense. In any event, a person cannot be a critique.

_________________
Join Veritas Prep’s 2010 Instructor of the Year, Matt Douglas for GMATT Mondays

Visit the Veritas Prep Blog

Try the FREE Veritas Prep Practice Test

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: insanejuxtapose
Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!

GMAT/MBA Expert

lunarpower GMAT Instructor
Joined
03 Mar 2008
Posted:
3380 messages
Followed by:
1475 members
Upvotes:
2256
GMAT Score:
800
Top Reply
Post Mon Jan 21, 2013 2:15 am
i received a private message about this thread, specifically this question:

soaring.alone wrote:
I believe that E changes the meaning as critiquing modifies the action of the previous clause
whereas in A "Essay on heat and Light " is being modified.

Am I correct in my understanding ?
that's a correct understanding -- but both meanings are ok (i.e., neither is incorrect).
it's true that the essay itself was "a critique of xxxxx" -- but it's also true that the author himself critiqued xxxxxx. so, that difference doesn't determine anything.

_________________
Ron has been teaching various standardized tests for 20 years.

--

Pueden hacerle preguntas a Ron en castellano
Potete chiedere domande a Ron in italiano
On peut poser des questions à Ron en français
Voit esittää kysymyksiä Ron:lle myös suomeksi

--

Quand on se sent bien dans un vêtement, tout peut arriver. Un bon vêtement, c'est un passeport pour le bonheur.

Yves Saint-Laurent

--

Learn more about ron

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: glamupdays
Free Manhattan Prep online events - The first class of every online Manhattan Prep course is free. Classes start every week.

GMAT/MBA Expert

Bill@VeritasPrep GMAT Instructor
Joined
29 Mar 2012
Posted:
1248 messages
Followed by:
186 members
Upvotes:
503
Target GMAT Score:
800
GMAT Score:
780
Post Tue Jan 15, 2013 1:55 pm
insanejuxtapose wrote:
A)a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

Is this not ambiguous too? a critique could refer to chemist or his essay either of them?

IS this a GMAT type question?
Since it's an appositive phrase, that modifier must refer to the noun before the comma. In this case, it's the name of the essay, and it makes sense. In any event, a person cannot be a critique.

_________________
Join Veritas Prep’s 2010 Instructor of the Year, Matt Douglas for GMATT Mondays

Visit the Veritas Prep Blog

Try the FREE Veritas Prep Practice Test

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: insanejuxtapose
Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!

GMAT/MBA Expert

lunarpower GMAT Instructor
Joined
03 Mar 2008
Posted:
3380 messages
Followed by:
1475 members
Upvotes:
2256
GMAT Score:
800
Post Mon Jan 21, 2013 2:15 am
i received a private message about this thread, specifically this question:

soaring.alone wrote:
I believe that E changes the meaning as critiquing modifies the action of the previous clause
whereas in A "Essay on heat and Light " is being modified.

Am I correct in my understanding ?
that's a correct understanding -- but both meanings are ok (i.e., neither is incorrect).
it's true that the essay itself was "a critique of xxxxx" -- but it's also true that the author himself critiqued xxxxxx. so, that difference doesn't determine anything.

_________________
Ron has been teaching various standardized tests for 20 years.

--

Pueden hacerle preguntas a Ron en castellano
Potete chiedere domande a Ron in italiano
On peut poser des questions à Ron en français
Voit esittää kysymyksiä Ron:lle myös suomeksi

--

Quand on se sent bien dans un vêtement, tout peut arriver. Un bon vêtement, c'est un passeport pour le bonheur.

Yves Saint-Laurent

--

Learn more about ron

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: glamupdays
Free Manhattan Prep online events - The first class of every online Manhattan Prep course is free. Classes start every week.
BTG14 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
06 Apr 2012
Posted:
45 messages
Upvotes:
3
Target GMAT Score:
680
GMAT Score:
500
Post Tue Jan 29, 2013 11:28 pm
My understanding..

(A) a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a Correct
(B) a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a his may refer to Robert or Humphry So, Wrong option
(C) a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well Idiom is as well as
(D) critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of Parallelism Critiquing and also a
(E) critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of his may refer to Robert or Humphry So,Wrong option

If my understanding is wrong please correct me. Thanks in advance

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

lunarpower GMAT Instructor
Joined
03 Mar 2008
Posted:
3380 messages
Followed by:
1475 members
Upvotes:
2256
GMAT Score:
800
Post Mon Jan 21, 2013 2:18 am
most importantly --
this problem is essentially a pure exercise in parallelism.
you may just be asking about other stuff for your own edification (which is fine). but, if you happen to be asking about these things because you didn't see the errors in parallelism -- and that seems to be the case, judging from the question below -- then that's a pretty serious issue.
parallelism is one of the most important and most consistently tested themes on the SC section, so you need to see it every time it shows up.

Quote:
Also, can anyone one explain why is B wrong ? Does B and E share the same meaning?
look at the parallelism:
(a) a critique ... a vision ...
(b) a critique ... his envisioning ...
this is a pretty easy decision.

--

there's also the fact that an essay can't be described as "his envisioning..." anyway, since that construction would refer to the actual act of envisioning something.
but, again, the parallelism here is the important thing.

_________________
Ron has been teaching various standardized tests for 20 years.

--

Pueden hacerle preguntas a Ron en castellano
Potete chiedere domande a Ron in italiano
On peut poser des questions à Ron en français
Voit esittää kysymyksiä Ron:lle myös suomeksi

--

Quand on se sent bien dans un vêtement, tout peut arriver. Un bon vêtement, c'est un passeport pour le bonheur.

Yves Saint-Laurent

--

Learn more about ron

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free Manhattan Prep online events - The first class of every online Manhattan Prep course is free. Classes start every week.
insanejuxtapose Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
18 Feb 2009
Posted:
25 messages
Upvotes:
4
Post Tue Jan 15, 2013 9:22 am
A)a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

Is this not ambiguous too? a critique could refer to chemist or his essay either of them?

IS this a GMAT type question?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Brian@VeritasPrep GMAT Instructor
Joined
03 Jul 2008
Posted:
1031 messages
Followed by:
253 members
Upvotes:
716
GMAT Score:
750
Post Mon Jan 14, 2013 4:06 pm
Choice E is pretty interesting in a way that hopefully opens up a lot of SC strategy to you. Let me streamline E and then see if the idea makes sense to you:

Davy wrote an essay critiquing all the chemistry since Boyle as well as his own envisioning of new chemistry...

What is Davy critiquing?

Well, clearly he's critiquing "chemistry since Boyle", but since there's not a second verb after critiquing it also looks like he's critiquing "his own envisioning of new chemistry". And that doesn't make sense - why would he be criticizing his own ideas in his own essay? E doesn't make logical sense.

B is similar - B makes it hard to determine whether the essay is a critique of "all chemistry and also his envisioning of a new chemistry", or if his essay is "a critique (of...) as well as his own envisioning". It's hard to tell what the essay is. A is better because "a critique" and "a vision" are parallel, showing that they're meant to be taken equally. The essay is two things - a critique of the old and a vision of the new.

_________________
Brian Galvin
GMAT Instructor
Director of Academic Programs
Veritas Prep

Looking for GMAT practice questions? Try out the Veritas Prep Question Bank. Learn More.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!
soaring.alone Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
04 Sep 2010
Posted:
8 messages
Post Mon Jan 14, 2013 11:12 am
I believe that E changes the meaning as critiquing modifies the action of the previous clause
whereas in A "Essay on heat and Light " is being modified.

Am I correct in my understanding ?

Also, can anyone one explain why is B wrong ? Does B and E share the same meaning?

_________________
~soaringAlone

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
taneja.niks Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
29 Jun 2010
Posted:
70 messages
Upvotes:
2
Post Sun Oct 31, 2010 10:07 am
A correct and as per ur question why E is wrong. The use of as well as his own envisioning of and then reference of davy's name in the part of the sentence following it makes it sound ambiguous if u read the whole sentence in a go u will find tht. More over here its the “Essay on Heat and Light” tht is referred as a critique which (A) does tht properly.

Using the gerund "critiquing" Modifies the sentence tht it was Davy not the Essay. so changes the meaning

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: rx_11

Best Conversation Starters

1 lheiannie07 120 topics
2 ardz24 65 topics
3 LUANDATO 63 topics
4 swerve 61 topics
5 AAPL 59 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

186 posts
2 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

171 posts
3 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

147 posts
4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

133 posts
5 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

128 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts