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The largest of all the planets

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gmatdriller Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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The largest of all the planets

Post Fri Jul 31, 2015 3:05 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    The largest of all the planets, not only is Jupiter three times so massive as
    Saturn, the next larger
    planet, but also possesses four of the largest
    satellites, or moons, in our solar system.

    A: not only is Jupiter three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
    B: not only is Jupiter three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
    C: Jupiter, not only three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
    D: Jupiter not only is three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
    E: Jupiter is not only three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger

    Pls explain especially options C & D

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    Marty Murray Legendary Member
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    Post Fri Jul 31, 2015 5:53 am
    gmatdriller wrote:
    The largest of all the planets, not only is Jupiter three times so massive as
    Saturn, the next larger
    planet, but also possesses four of the largest
    satellites, or moons, in our solar system.

    A: not only is Jupiter three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
    This one is straightforwardly incorrect as it incorrectly uses so rather than the idiomatically correct as...as. Also, next larger does not make sense. Let me get this straight. Jupiter is the largest, and Saturn is the next larger? Larger than what?

    Quote:
    B: not only is Jupiter three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
    This leaves the modifier The largest of all the planets dangling. Does it modify Jupiter? Also what follows not only is not parallel to what follows but also. Simplified we get not only is Jupiter...but also possesses. Clearly that does not work.

    Quote:
    C: Jupiter, not only three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
    The modifier is next to and clearly modifies Jupiter now, but a verb is missing. We have two parts that need to be parallel, not only... and but also... The sentence is constructed in such a way as to have a verb in the but also part, creating but also possesses. So you need something parallel to that after not only, something with a verb. You don't have to be all that mechanical about figuring this out. Just notice that Jupiter is doing something, "possesses", in the second part, and so the first part, which has no verb, does not really work with the second part.

    Quote:
    D: Jupiter not only is three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
    This is it. Jupiter is next to the modifier, and as...as is correctly used. Then we see that the construction Jupiter not only is...but also possesses works.

    Quote:
    E: Jupiter is not only three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
    This one is a mess. First the use of so...as is not idiomatic. Even if you don't catch that, the expression next larger does not make sense. Finally, not only three times is not parallel to but also possesses.

    Choose D.

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    gmatdriller Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Aug 01, 2015 8:27 am
    Got your explanations; thanks

    Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Mar 17, 2016 8:30 am
    The explanation is really detailed. I have a small function about the next largest planet, what's function of this phrase in the sentence?
    Thanks in advance!

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