• Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep

SC: "Whereas lines of competition..."

This topic has 5 expert replies and 6 member replies
me_1234 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
30 Nov 2014
Posted:
78 messages
Followed by:
2 members
Upvotes:
1

SC: "Whereas lines of competition..."

Post Sat Dec 13, 2014 6:26 pm
This is from an official practice exam and answer is A. Not sure why?

Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

a/ Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete

b/ Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies

c/ The lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, unlike the Internet where they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete

d/ Unlike more established industries, where the lines of competition are clearly defined, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as companies that compete

e/ Unlike more established industries, with clearly defined lines of competition, those of the Internet industry are blurred and indistinct, as competing companies

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
Top Reply
Post Fri Sep 08, 2017 7:40 am
Mo2men wrote:
Dear Mitch,

In Choice B, Do you think that the phrase "industries that are more established" can be split between choice B and the OA?

Thanks
OA: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct.
Here, the phrase in blue is immediately followed by its intended referent (the phrase in green).
As a result, the comparison is crystal clear:
What happens in the more established industries is being compared to what happens in the Internet industry.

B: Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry.
Here, the phrase in blue is NOT immediately followed by its intended referent (the phrase in red).
As a result, the comparison in B is much harder to follow than that in the OA.
Eliminate B.

Another line of reasoning:

OA:
in + the + more established + industries
in + the + Internet + industry

B:
in + industries + that-clause
in + the + Internet + industry

The blue phrases in the OA seem more parallel than the red phrases in B.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: Mo2men
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
Mo2men Legendary Member Default Avatar
Joined
25 Sep 2015
Posted:
535 messages
Followed by:
5 members
Upvotes:
14
Top Reply
Post Fri Sep 08, 2017 5:42 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
melanie.espeland wrote:
This is from an official practice exam and answer is A. Not sure why?

Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

a/ Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete

b/ Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies

c/ The lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, unlike the Internet where they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete

d/ Unlike more established industries, where the lines of competition are clearly defined, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as companies that compete

e/ Unlike more established industries, with clearly defined lines of competition, those of the Internet industry are blurred and indistinct, as competing companies
B and E: competing companies one day may be partners the next [day]
The word in brackets is omitted by implied.
Here, both one day and the next day seem to serve as adverbs modifying may be, expressing WHEN competing companies MAY BE partners.
Conveyed meaning:
Competing companies MAY BE partners ONE DAY THE NEXT DAY.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate B and E.

On the GMAT, where must serve to refer to a PHYSICAL PLACE.
In C, where cannot serve to refer the Internet.
In D, where cannot serve to refer to industries.
Eliminate C and D.

The correct answer is A.

OA: companies that compete one day may be partners the next [day]
Here, one day does NOT serve to modify may be.
Rather, one day serves as an adverb modifying compete, while only the next day serves to modify may be.
Conveyed meaning:
Companies that COMPETE ONE DAY -- these same companies MAY BE PARTNERS THE NEXT DAY.
This meaning is sensical.
Dear Mitch,

In Choice B, Do you think that the phrase "industries that are more established" can be split between choice B and the OA?

Thanks

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post Fri Sep 08, 2017 7:40 am
Mo2men wrote:
Dear Mitch,

In Choice B, Do you think that the phrase "industries that are more established" can be split between choice B and the OA?

Thanks
OA: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct.
Here, the phrase in blue is immediately followed by its intended referent (the phrase in green).
As a result, the comparison is crystal clear:
What happens in the more established industries is being compared to what happens in the Internet industry.

B: Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry.
Here, the phrase in blue is NOT immediately followed by its intended referent (the phrase in red).
As a result, the comparison in B is much harder to follow than that in the OA.
Eliminate B.

Another line of reasoning:

OA:
in + the + more established + industries
in + the + Internet + industry

B:
in + industries + that-clause
in + the + Internet + industry

The blue phrases in the OA seem more parallel than the red phrases in B.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: Mo2men
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
Mo2men Legendary Member Default Avatar
Joined
25 Sep 2015
Posted:
535 messages
Followed by:
5 members
Upvotes:
14
Post Fri Sep 08, 2017 5:42 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
melanie.espeland wrote:
This is from an official practice exam and answer is A. Not sure why?

Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

a/ Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete

b/ Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies

c/ The lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, unlike the Internet where they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete

d/ Unlike more established industries, where the lines of competition are clearly defined, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as companies that compete

e/ Unlike more established industries, with clearly defined lines of competition, those of the Internet industry are blurred and indistinct, as competing companies
B and E: competing companies one day may be partners the next [day]
The word in brackets is omitted by implied.
Here, both one day and the next day seem to serve as adverbs modifying may be, expressing WHEN competing companies MAY BE partners.
Conveyed meaning:
Competing companies MAY BE partners ONE DAY THE NEXT DAY.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate B and E.

On the GMAT, where must serve to refer to a PHYSICAL PLACE.
In C, where cannot serve to refer the Internet.
In D, where cannot serve to refer to industries.
Eliminate C and D.

The correct answer is A.

OA: companies that compete one day may be partners the next [day]
Here, one day does NOT serve to modify may be.
Rather, one day serves as an adverb modifying compete, while only the next day serves to modify may be.
Conveyed meaning:
Companies that COMPETE ONE DAY -- these same companies MAY BE PARTNERS THE NEXT DAY.
This meaning is sensical.
Dear Mitch,

In Choice B, Do you think that the phrase "industries that are more established" can be split between choice B and the OA?

Thanks

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post Mon Sep 18, 2017 2:47 am
gocoder wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Only PARALLEL FORMS may be compared.
A NOUN should be compared to ANOTHER NOUN.
A VERB should be compared to ANOTHER VERB.
A MODIFIER should be compared to ANOTHER MODIFIER.

From my understanding , parallel forms' comparison is not applicable to clauses.
The rule about parallel forms is applicable to clauses in that one clause should be compared to another clause.
The two clauses do not need to match perfectly.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: gocoder
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
05 Dec 2015
Posted:
120 messages
Target GMAT Score:
720
Post Sun Sep 17, 2017 6:53 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Only PARALLEL FORMS may be compared.
A NOUN should be compared to ANOTHER NOUN.
A VERB should be compared to ANOTHER VERB.
A MODIFIER should be compared to ANOTHER MODIFIER.

From my understanding , parallel forms' comparison is not applicable to clauses. because if clauses were to be parallel, then OA:A fails here.

Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

because a more parallel comparison would be of the form:
Whereas lines of competition ...., they[referring to lines of comparison, for the sake of parallelism] are blurred and indistinct in internet industry, ........

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
tejas0999 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
10 Sep 2017
Posted:
2 messages
Post Sun Sep 10, 2017 5:41 am
Also, in answer choice B, isnt the pronount 'they' ambiguous? It could refer to industries or lines. It should logically refer to lines but this is not clear.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post Thu Sep 07, 2017 8:17 am
bounce87 wrote:
Is there a way to find out what is parallel/compared with "compete". In the right answer, "may be" is compared with "compete"?
OA: companies that compete one day may be partners the next.
Since compete is a verb, it should be compared to another verb.
Only one other verb is available: may be.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
bounce87 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
26 Mar 2016
Posted:
16 messages
Post Wed Sep 06, 2017 6:57 am
As per the explanation:
OA: as companies that COMPETE one day MAY BE partners the next
In the OA, a VERB (compete) is compared to ANOTHER VERB (may be).

B: as COMPETING companies one day MAY BE partners the next
Here, a MODIFIER (competing) is illogically compared to a VERB (may be).
Eliminate B.

Is there a way to find out what is parallel/compared with "compete". In the right answer, "may be" is compared with "compete"?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post Thu Dec 17, 2015 7:48 am
april24 wrote:
Hi Mitch,

In this question, I have eliminated options D and E, since what follows 'Unlike more established industries,' should be a noun to which we are comparing 'more established industries'. Is this a correct reason to eliminate them?
This line of reasoning is valid.

Quote:
I am still confused between options A and B. Please explain why B is the wrong? I am not able to clearly understand the reason that you mentioned in above post to eliminate B.

Thank you.
Only PARALLEL FORMS may be compared.
A NOUN should be compared to ANOTHER NOUN.
A VERB should be compared to ANOTHER VERB.
A MODIFIER should be compared to ANOTHER MODIFIER.

OA: as companies that COMPETE one day MAY BE partners the next
In the OA, a VERB (compete) is compared to ANOTHER VERB (may be).

B: as COMPETING companies one day MAY BE partners the next
Here, a MODIFIER (competing) is illogically compared to a VERB (may be).
Eliminate B.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: april24
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
april24 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
16 Jan 2015
Posted:
41 messages
Post Thu Dec 17, 2015 5:34 am
Hi Mitch,

In this question, I have eliminated options D and E, since what follows 'Unlike more established industries,' should be a noun to which we are comparing 'more established industries'. Is this a correct reason to eliminate them?

I am still confused between options A and B. Please explain why B is the wrong? I am not able to clearly understand the reason that you mentioned in above post to eliminate B.

Thank you.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

Best Conversation Starters

1 lheiannie07 112 topics
2 swerve 64 topics
3 LUANDATO 64 topics
4 ardz24 61 topics
5 AAPL 57 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

227 posts
2 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

176 posts
3 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

168 posts
4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

138 posts
5 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

129 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts