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RC Question Query

This topic has 1 expert reply and 1 member reply
karishma315 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
27 Apr 2016
Posted:
25 messages

RC Question Query

Post Wed Jan 25, 2017 6:41 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Hi below is my passage and doubt:

    Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the historian is at the disadvantage that the countryside has changed in many respects since the period which he is studying. He is not permitted to use H.G. Wells‘s time machine, to enable him to see it as it actually was. Inevitably he is concerned in the main, if not exclusively, with literary and other materials, which have survived from that stretch of the past which interests him.

    Old maps may be plans of cities, charts of sea coasts and estuaries, cartularies of landed estates, or topographic delineations of land areas. These clearly engage the interest of historians and geographers alike, and they call for a combination of the methods and viewpoints of each. Maps can be conceived of and considered in several quite different ways, being properly regarded, and so assessed, as works of art-at best as objects of colour, skill, form, and beauty. They may alternatively be regarded purely for their cartographic aesthetic.

    The main queries which then arise are the following: how is it that the map-maker has carried out his task and with skill of what echelon and with what degree of success has he done so? Such an inquiry falls to the specialist field of historical cartography. An antiquarian map may also be approached in a means akin to that of the student who conceives it as a font contemporaneous with the time of its production. Thus, the historical cartographer may seek to bring grist to his mill and to consider the map‘s reliability as a satisfactory source of empirical evidence. By such means also the regional historian, in his search for essentials about such past matters as the availability of roads, the extent of enclosed farmland, or the number and location of mines and quarries, is no less an interested party.

    The value of old maps as documents useful for historicity depends necessarily on to what degree they depict and on how accurately. For virtually all periods of pre-modern history some maps have survived to serve as historiography, depicting, however imperfectly, certain features of past geography. The work of Claudius Ptolemy-who lived in the 2nd century A.D.-for centuries provided the basis for maps of the known world and its major regions. Although many were drawn on the scientific basis which he provided, they nevertheless embodied many errors-of location, distance, and the shape of areas of land and sea.

    The medieval portolan charts of the Mediterranean Sea and the later charts which provided sailing directions, produced in Holland, were accurate enough to be useful in practical navigation. Plans of important cities of Europe, so well-drawn as to yield evidence of their earlier form and extent, are notably offered in Braun and Hogenberg‘s Civitates Orbis Terrarum, published at Cologne and, in England, in John Speed‘s plans of cities. Similarly, John Ogilby‘s Britannia, Volume the First, appearing in 1675, gives detailed information of England's road system as it existed nearly three centuries ago. However, few of the early maps approach modern standards, which require accurate representation of distances and of heights above mean sea-level and the use of carefully distinguished symbols. This is because it was not until the 18th century that cartography, as an exact science, was born.


    Question:

    According to the passage, which of the following statements is/are NOT true?
    I. Most maps produced before the 18th century are not as accurate as maps produced after the 18th century.
    II. The maps of Claudius Ptolemy were not used as a model by later map-makers.
    III. Historians have generally been uninterested in using maps as a tool to learn about the past.
    A. II only
    B. III only
    C. I and II
    D. II and III
    E. I, II and III

    I went for E, but the answer provided is D.
    Please help

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    Post Wed Jan 25, 2017 7:28 am
    karishma315 wrote:
    Hi below is my passage and doubt:

    Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the historian is at the disadvantage that the countryside has changed in many respects since the period which he is studying. He is not permitted to use H.G. Wells‘s time machine, to enable him to see it as it actually was. Inevitably he is concerned in the main, if not exclusively, with literary and other materials, which have survived from that stretch of the past which interests him.

    Old maps may be plans of cities, charts of sea coasts and estuaries, cartularies of landed estates, or topographic delineations of land areas. These clearly engage the interest of historians and geographers alike, and they call for a combination of the methods and viewpoints of each. Maps can be conceived of and considered in several quite different ways, being properly regarded, and so assessed, as works of art-at best as objects of colour, skill, form, and beauty. They may alternatively be regarded purely for their cartographic aesthetic.

    The main queries which then arise are the following: how is it that the map-maker has carried out his task and with skill of what echelon and with what degree of success has he done so? Such an inquiry falls to the specialist field of historical cartography. An antiquarian map may also be approached in a means akin to that of the student who conceives it as a font contemporaneous with the time of its production. Thus, the historical cartographer may seek to bring grist to his mill and to consider the map‘s reliability as a satisfactory source of empirical evidence. By such means also the regional historian, in his search for essentials about such past matters as the availability of roads, the extent of enclosed farmland, or the number and location of mines and quarries, is no less an interested party.

    The value of old maps as documents useful for historicity depends necessarily on to what degree they depict and on how accurately. For virtually all periods of pre-modern history some maps have survived to serve as historiography, depicting, however imperfectly, certain features of past geography. The work of Claudius Ptolemy-who lived in the 2nd century A.D.-for centuries provided the basis for maps of the known world and its major regions. Although many were drawn on the scientific basis which he provided, they nevertheless embodied many errors-of location, distance, and the shape of areas of land and sea.

    The medieval portolan charts of the Mediterranean Sea and the later charts which provided sailing directions, produced in Holland, were accurate enough to be useful in practical navigation. Plans of important cities of Europe, so well-drawn as to yield evidence of their earlier form and extent, are notably offered in Braun and Hogenberg‘s Civitates Orbis Terrarum, published at Cologne and, in England, in John Speed‘s plans of cities. Similarly, John Ogilby‘s Britannia, Volume the First, appearing in 1675, gives detailed information of England's road system as it existed nearly three centuries ago. However, few of the early maps approach modern standards, which require accurate representation of distances and of heights above mean sea-level and the use of carefully distinguished symbols. This is because it was not until the 18th century that cartography, as an exact science, was born.


    Question:

    According to the passage, which of the following statements is/are NOT true?
    I. Most maps produced before the 18th century are not as accurate as maps produced after the 18th century.
    II. The maps of Claudius Ptolemy were not used as a model by later map-makers.
    III. Historians have generally been uninterested in using maps as a tool to learn about the past.
    A. II only
    B. III only
    C. I and II
    D. II and III
    E. I, II and III

    I went for E, but the answer provided is D.
    Please help
    We're looking for which statements are not true. You correctly deduced that statements II and III contradict the passage. But statement I is captured here in the last paragraph: However, few of the early maps approach modern standards... So only II and III are untrue. I is consistent with the text.

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    karishma315 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    27 Apr 2016
    Posted:
    25 messages
    Post Fri Jan 27, 2017 12:51 am
    thanks a lot DavidG@VeritasPrep

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