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## OG2017..........'that' & 'those' problem

This topic has 4 expert replies and 4 member replies
Mo2men Legendary Member
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#### OG2017..........'that' & 'those' problem

Mon Apr 03, 2017 2:17 pm
Recent interdisciplinary studies advance the argument that emotions, including those deemed personal or private is a social phenomenon, though one inseparable from bodily response.

A) private is a social phenomenon, though one inseparable
B) private, are social phenomena that are inseparable
C) private are a social phenomenon but are not those inseparable
D) private-are social phenomena but not separable
E) also as private emotions, are social phenomena not inseparable

OA: B

In the correct answer, what does 'that' refer to? is 'phenomena' or 'emotions'?

In choice C, what does 'those' refer to? Also where is the subject in 'but are not those inseparable'?
is it 'emotions'

Last edited by Mo2men on Sun Sep 24, 2017 6:57 am; edited 2 times in total

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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Wed Sep 27, 2017 9:18 am
Quote:
A that-modifier is a relative CLAUSE.
By definition, a clause must include a verb.
Hi GMATGuruNY ,

I have another question .

Here, that modifier is modifying the social phenomena right?
We are considering phenomena plural here?

Thanks

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GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Thu Sep 28, 2017 1:24 pm
rsarashi wrote:
I have another question .

Here, that modifier is modifying the social phenomena right?
We are considering phenomena plural here?

Thanks
Correct!
phenomenon = singular.
phenomena = plural.
Since phenomena is plural, it takes a plural verb.
OA: phenomena that ARE inseparable.
Here, are (plural) agrees with phenomena (also plural).

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Thanked by: rsarashi
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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Wed Sep 27, 2017 9:18 am
Quote:
A that-modifier is a relative CLAUSE.
By definition, a clause must include a verb.
Hi GMATGuruNY ,

I have another question .

Here, that modifier is modifying the social phenomena right?
We are considering phenomena plural here?

Thanks

### GMAT/MBA Expert

GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Thu Sep 28, 2017 1:24 pm
rsarashi wrote:
I have another question .

Here, that modifier is modifying the social phenomena right?
We are considering phenomena plural here?

Thanks
Correct!
phenomenon = singular.
phenomena = plural.
Since phenomena is plural, it takes a plural verb.
OA: phenomena that ARE inseparable.
Here, are (plural) agrees with phenomena (also plural).

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
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Thanked by: rsarashi
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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Fri Sep 29, 2017 1:31 am
Quote:
Correct!
phenomenon = singular.
phenomena = plural.
Since phenomena is plural, it takes a plural verb.
OA: phenomena that ARE inseparable.
Here, are (plural) agrees with phenomena (also plural).
Hi GMATGuruNY ,

All clear.

Thanks

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GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Tue Sep 26, 2017 2:00 pm
rsarashi wrote:
Quote:
social phenomena that are inseparable from bodily response
Here, the that-clause in blue serves to modify social phenomena.
Hi GMATGuruNY ,

Just a quick question.

Can you please explain that if blue part is modifying social phenomena, then why do we need are after that?

A that-modifier is a relative CLAUSE.
By definition, a clause must include a verb.

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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Mon Sep 25, 2017 9:13 am
Quote:
social phenomena that are inseparable from bodily response
Here, the that-clause in blue serves to modify social phenomena.
Hi GMATGuruNY ,

Just a quick question.

Can you please explain that if blue part is modifying social phenomena, then why do we need are after that?

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Mon Sep 25, 2017 3:10 am
gocoder wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
OA: social phenomena that are inseparable from bodily response
Here, the that-clause in blue serves to modify social phenomena.
As per OA, in the first part of the sentence, 'that' acts to express an idea and the second 'that' refers phenomona. same pronoun has different uses. Is there any rule about such use ?
The pronoun that can be used multiple times within a single sentence.
There will be no error as long as the referent for that is clear in each case.
OA: Recent interdisciplinary studies advance the argument that emotions are social phenomena that are inseparable from bodily response.
Here, it is crystal clear that the that in blue is serving to refer to argument, while the that in green is serving to refer to phenomena.
Hence, the two usages of that are correct.

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