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OG - RC Passage2 - Q3

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fiza gupta Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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OG - RC Passage2 - Q3

Post Tue Oct 18, 2016 1:42 am
In an attempt to improve the overall performance of clerical workers, many companies have introduced computerized performance monitoring and control systems (CPMCS) that record and report a worker’s computer-driven activities. However, at least one study has shown that such monitoring may not be
having the desired effect. In the study, researchers asked monitored clerical workers and their supervisors how assessments of productivity affected supervisors’ ratings of workers’ performance. In contrast to unmonitored workers doing the same work, who without exception identified the most important element in their jobs
as customer service, the monitored workers and their supervisors all responded that productivity was the critical factor in assigning ratings. This finding suggested that there should have been a strong correlation between a monitored worker’s productivity and the overall rating the worker received. However, measures of the relationship between overall rating and individual elements of performance clearly supported the conclusion that supervisors gave considerable weight to criteria such as attendance, accuracy, and indications of customer satisfaction.
It is possible that productivity may be a “hygiene factor”; that is, if it is too low, it will hurt the overall rating. But the evidence suggests that beyond the point at which productivity becomes “good enough,” higher productivity per se is unlikely to improve a rating.

Q) According to the passage, a "hygiene factor" (line 27) is an aspect of a worker's performance that

A. has no effect on the rating of a worker's performance
B. is so basic to performance that it is assumed to be adequate for all workers
C. is given less importance than it deserves in rating a worker's performance
D. if not likely to affect a worker's rating unless it is judged to be inadequate
E. is important primarily because of the effect it has on a worker's rating

OA:D

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Top Reply
Post Mon Nov 14, 2016 9:46 am
fiza gupta wrote:
In an attempt to improve the overall performance of clerical workers, many companies have introduced computerized performance monitoring and control systems (CPMCS) that record and report a worker’s computer-driven activities. However, at least one study has shown that such monitoring may not be
having the desired effect. In the study, researchers asked monitored clerical workers and their supervisors how assessments of productivity affected supervisors’ ratings of workers’ performance. In contrast to unmonitored workers doing the same work, who without exception identified the most important element in their jobs
as customer service, the monitored workers and their supervisors all responded that productivity was the critical factor in assigning ratings. This finding suggested that there should have been a strong correlation between a monitored worker’s productivity and the overall rating the worker received. However, measures of the relationship between overall rating and individual elements of performance clearly supported the conclusion that supervisors gave considerable weight to criteria such as attendance, accuracy, and indications of customer satisfaction.
It is possible that productivity may be a “hygiene factor”; that is, if it is too low, it will hurt the overall rating. But the evidence suggests that beyond the point at which productivity becomes “good enough,” higher productivity per se is unlikely to improve a rating.

Q) According to the passage, a "hygiene factor" (line 27) is an aspect of a worker's performance that

A. has no effect on the rating of a worker's performance
B. is so basic to performance that it is assumed to be adequate for all workers
C. is given less importance than it deserves in rating a worker's performance
D. if not likely to affect a worker's rating unless it is judged to be inadequate
E. is important primarily because of the effect it has on a worker's rating

OA:D
The last two sentences of the passage: It is possible that productivity may be a “hygiene factor”; that is, if it is too low, it will hurt the overall rating. But the evidence suggests that beyond the point at which productivity becomes “good enough,” higher productivity per se is unlikely to improve a rating.

The idea is that hygiene factor hurts the rating if its low, but won't help the rating beyond a certain critical threshold. The answer is D

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