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OG-17 Problem solving

This topic has 5 expert replies and 0 member replies
Joy Shaha Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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OG-17 Problem solving

Post Mon Jan 23, 2017 11:06 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Q. If the range of the six numbers 4, 3, 14, 7, 10 and x is 12, what is the
    difference between the greatest possible value of x and the least possible
    value of x?
    A) 0 B) 2 C) 12 D) 13 E) 15

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    Post Mon Jan 23, 2017 11:21 am
    Joy Shaha wrote:
    Q. If the range of the six numbers 4, 3, 14, 7, 10 and x is 12, what is the
    difference between the greatest possible value of x and the least possible
    value of x?
    A) 0 B) 2 C) 12 D) 13 E) 15
    If we examine the KNOWN values in ascending order, we have {3, 4, 7, 10, 14}
    These numbers have a range of 11 (since 14 - 3 = 11)

    In order the set to have a range of 12, there are two possible values for x:

    case a: x = 2, in which case the set is {2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 14}
    case b: x = 15, in which case the set is {3, 4, 7, 10, 14, 15}

    So, the difference in x-values = 15 - 2 = 13

    Answer: D

    RELATED VIDEO
    - Range and Standard Deviation: https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-statistics/video/806

    Cheers,
    Brent

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    Post Tue Jan 24, 2017 6:12 am
    Joy Shaha wrote:
    Q. If the range of the six numbers 4, 3, 14, 7, 10 and x is 12, what is the
    difference between the greatest possible value of x and the least possible
    value of x?

    A) 0
    B) 2
    C) 12
    D) 13
    E) 15
    Hi Joy,

    For a better reference, I suggest that you mention question number also in the subject. There are at least three posts with the subject 'OG -17 Problem-solving.' Smile

    Let us discuss the problem now.

    Let us arrange the given numbers in an ascending order: 3, 4, 7, 10, 14.

    We know that the range = 12.

    To get the least value of X, we must make 14 the greatest. Thus Range = 12 = 14 - Smallest number

    => Smallest number = 14 - 12 = 2 = X

    To get the greatest value of X, we must make X the greatest. Thus Range = 12 = X - 3

    => Greatest number = X = 12 + 3 = 15.

    So, the difference in the values of X = 15 - 2 = 13.

    Answer: D

    -Jay
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    Thanked by: lywalk
    Post Tue Jan 24, 2017 6:21 am
    Another approach to this question could be...

    Presently the range of 3, 4, 7, 10, and 14 is 14 - 3 = 11.

    We want to increase the range by '1' (12 - 11).

    This can be done in two ways:

    1. Decrease '3' by '1', thus, X = 3 - 1 = 2 (Least value)

    2. Increase '14' by '1', thus, X = 14 + 1 = 15 (Greatest value)

    Difference in values of X = 15 - 2 = 13.

    Answer: D

    -Jay
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    Thanked by: lywalk
    Post Fri Jan 27, 2017 10:08 am
    Joy Shaha wrote:
    Q. If the range of the six numbers 4, 3, 14, 7, 10 and x is 12, what is the
    difference between the greatest possible value of x and the least possible
    value of x?
    A) 0 B) 2 C) 12 D) 13 E) 15
    We are given that the range of the six numbers 4, 3, 14, 7, 10, and x is 12.

    If x is the largest value in the list, then 3 would be the smallest number in the list. Since the range is 12, the largest number that x could be is 3 + 12 = 15.

    If x is the smallest value in the list, then 14 would be the largest number in the list. Since the range is 12, the smallest number that x could be is 14 - 12 = 2.

    Thus, the difference between the largest and smallest possible values of x is 15 - 2 = 13.

    Answer: D

    _________________
    Jeffrey Miller Head of GMAT Instruction

    Post Fri Jan 27, 2017 5:44 pm
    Hi Joy Shaha,

    The general category of 'statistics' will show up on the GMAT at least a couple of times on Test Day, so it's important to know the 'math definition' of each of the statistical words - "mean", "median", "mode", "range" and "standard deviation." Sometimes you'll be asked to calculate one (or more) of those terms; sometimes you'll use information given about one of those terms to figure out something else.

    Here, we're told that the RANGE of six numbers is 12. Since range is 'the difference between the largest and smallest terms', it helps to list out the numbers...

    Notice how one of the numbers is a VARIABLE though; I'm going to put that at the end of the list for convenience.

    3, 4, 7, 10, 14...... X

    The range of the first 5 numbers is 11, so we have to make the X some number that will make the range = 12.

    We COULD make X = 15... since 15 - 3 = 12

    We COULD make X = 2... since 14 - 2 = 12

    Now we know the greatest and least possible values of X, so the answer to the question is 15 - 2 = 13

    Final Answer: D

    GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
    Rich

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