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GMAT 2016OG SC 29

This topic has 1 expert reply and 1 member reply
Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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GMAT 2016OG SC 29

Post Wed Mar 02, 2016 11:37 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    By 1940, the pilot Jacqueline Cochran held seventeen official national and international speed records, and she earned them at a time when aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be of dangerously experimental design.

    A) and she earned them at a time when aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be
    B) earning them at a time that aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be
    C) earning these at a time where aviation was still so new that many of the planes she flew were
    D) earned at a time in which aviation was still so new such that many of the planes she flew were
    E) earned at a time when aviation was still so new that many of the planes she flew were
    The correct answer is E.
    I have three questions. First, I think "earned" is not a pass participle to express the passive and then modify the speed records(this is the explanation on OG). Because it has the subject "she", I think "earned" is the main verb of the second clause which is connected by "and"
    Second, Can I use "in which" to modify "time" as it show in choice D?
    Third, why the structure "so new that many X were Y" is better than "so new for many X to be Y"

    Thanks in advance

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    Post Thu Mar 03, 2016 4:34 am
    When you post an SC, please underline the relevant portion.

    Crystal W wrote:
    By 1940, the pilot Jacqueline Cochran held seventeen official national and international speed records, and she earned them at a time when aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be of dangerously experimental design.

    A) and she earned them at a time when aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be
    B) earning them at a time that aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be
    C) earning these at a time where aviation was still so new that many of the planes she flew were
    D) earned at a time in which aviation was still so new such that many of the planes she flew were
    E) earned at a time when aviation was still so new that many of the planes she flew were

    why the structure "so new that many X were Y" is better than "so new for many X to be Y"
    A: aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew
    Here, the portion in red seems to convey the following meaning:
    For other planes, aviation was FAMILIAR, but for the planes that Jacqueline Cochran flew, aviation was NEW.
    Not the intended meaning.
    Eliminate A.

    Generally, COMMA + VERBing serves to express an action happening AT THE SAME TIME AS the preceding action.
    In B and C, the usage of COMMA + earning implies that JC was EARNING speed records when she HELD them -- a nonsensical meaning.
    Clearly, JC must have earned the records BEFORE she held them.
    Eliminate B and C.

    D: still so new such that many
    Here, the usage of such is unidiomatic.
    Correct idiom: so X that Y.
    Eliminate D.

    The correct answer is E.

    Quote:
    Can I use "in which" to modify "time" as it show in choice D?
    D: earned at a time in which
    Here, the usage of at implies a specific MOMENT in time, as follows:
    John arrived AT 5pm on Sunday.
    in which cannot serve to refer to a specific moment in time.
    Eliminate D.
    in which may refer only to an EXTENDED period of time, as illustrated by the OA to SC70 in the OG12:
    an age in which great ice sheets existed
    Here, in which correctly refers to an extended period of time (an AGE).

    Quote:
    I think "earned" is not a pass participle to express the passive and then modify the speed records(this is the explanation on OG).
    Generally, COMMA + VERBed serves as an ADJECTIVE modifying the NEAREST PRECEDING NOUN.
    OA: seventeen official national and international speed records, earned at a time when aviation was still so new
    Here, COMMA + earned is an adjective serving to modify speed records -- the nearest preceding noun -- conveying that the RECORDS were EARNED at a time when aviation was still so new.

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    Thanked by: jain2016, Crystal W, rsarashi
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    zoe Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Jul 12, 2016 4:28 am
    GMATGuruNY wrote:
    Generally, COMMA + VERBed serves as an ADJECTIVE modifying the NEAREST PRECEDING NOUN.
    OA: seventeen official national and international speed records, earned at a time when aviation was still so new
    Here, COMMA + earned is an adjective serving to modify speed records -- the nearest preceding noun -- conveying that the RECORDS were EARNED at a time when aviation was still so new.
    hi GuruNY,

    Does comma + verbed only modifies the nearest preceding noun? would you please clarify other usage of "comma + verbed" and give me some examples?

    another question, can "that" modify "time" ? only "when" can modify "time" ?

    thanks a lot

    have a nice day
    >_~

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