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## For similar cars and drivers

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This topic has 1 expert reply and 6 member replies
sparsh.21 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
22 Jul 2008
Posted:
129 messages
2

#### For similar cars and drivers

Fri Jan 09, 2009 10:23 am
For similar cars and drivers, automobile insurance for collision damage has always cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Police studies, however, show that cars owned by Greatport residents are, on average, slightly less likely to be involved in a collision than cars in Fairmont. Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont.
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont.
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are.
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates.
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports.

OA is A

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nonameee Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
03 Oct 2011
Posted:
111 messages
Mon Feb 13, 2012 5:28 am
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?

### GMAT/MBA Expert

GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Posted:
13608 messages
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Tue Feb 14, 2012 9:00 am
Quote:
For similar cars and drivers, automobile insurance for collision damage has always cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Police studies, however, show that cars owned by Greatport residents are, on average, slightly less likely to be involved in a collision than cars in Fairmont. Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont.
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont.
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are.
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates.
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports.
This CR exhibits a LANGUAGE SHIFT.
The premise is about X: Auto insurance COSTS MORE in Greatport, where the residents are SLIGHTLY LESS LIKELY to be involved in a collision.
The conclusion is about Y: Insurance companies are making a greater PROFIT on collision-damage insurance in Greatport.
The assumption is that there is nothing to BREAK THE LINK between X and Y: that there are no OTHER COSTS that might affect profits in Greatport.

It must be true that repairing typical collision damage DOES NOT COST MORE in Greatport than in Fairmont.
Correct. If this answer choice is negated -- if repairing typical collision damage costs MORE in Greatport -- then the conclusion that insurance companies in Greatport are making a greater profit is invalid.

nonameee wrote:
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?
Just one + typical is an oxymoron: a contradiction in terms. If there is JUST ONE of a certain type of collision, then this sort of collision is -- by definition -- not typical but RARE.
If MOST collisions are extraordinary, then EXTRAORDINARY collisions are TYPICAL.

Thus, if TYPICAL damage in Greatport is EXTRAORDINARY, it still must be true that TYPICAL collision damage in Greatport does not cost more.

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If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
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Thanked by: nonameee, bsahil
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nonameee Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
03 Oct 2011
Posted:
111 messages
Mon Feb 13, 2012 5:28 am
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?

### GMAT/MBA Expert

GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
Joined
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Posted:
13608 messages
Followed by:
1796 members
13060
GMAT Score:
790
Tue Feb 14, 2012 9:00 am
Quote:
For similar cars and drivers, automobile insurance for collision damage has always cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Police studies, however, show that cars owned by Greatport residents are, on average, slightly less likely to be involved in a collision than cars in Fairmont. Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont.
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont.
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are.
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates.
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports.
This CR exhibits a LANGUAGE SHIFT.
The premise is about X: Auto insurance COSTS MORE in Greatport, where the residents are SLIGHTLY LESS LIKELY to be involved in a collision.
The conclusion is about Y: Insurance companies are making a greater PROFIT on collision-damage insurance in Greatport.
The assumption is that there is nothing to BREAK THE LINK between X and Y: that there are no OTHER COSTS that might affect profits in Greatport.

It must be true that repairing typical collision damage DOES NOT COST MORE in Greatport than in Fairmont.
Correct. If this answer choice is negated -- if repairing typical collision damage costs MORE in Greatport -- then the conclusion that insurance companies in Greatport are making a greater profit is invalid.

nonameee wrote:
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?
Just one + typical is an oxymoron: a contradiction in terms. If there is JUST ONE of a certain type of collision, then this sort of collision is -- by definition -- not typical but RARE.
If MOST collisions are extraordinary, then EXTRAORDINARY collisions are TYPICAL.

Thus, if TYPICAL damage in Greatport is EXTRAORDINARY, it still must be true that TYPICAL collision damage in Greatport does not cost more.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.

Thanked by: nonameee, bsahil
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
nonameee Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
03 Oct 2011
Posted:
111 messages
Wed Feb 15, 2012 10:25 am
Quote:
Just one + typical is an oxymoron: a contradiction in terms. If there is JUST ONE of a certain type of collision, then this sort of collision is -- by definition -- not typical but RARE.
If MOST collisions are extraordinary, then EXTRAORDINARY collisions are TYPICAL.

Thus, if TYPICAL damage in Greatport is EXTRAORDINARY, it still must be true that TYPICAL collision damage in Greatport does not cost more.
Yes, thank you very much. I got it. You are helpful as always.

shargaur Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
25 Jan 2009
Posted:
37 messages
Test Date:
04/24/2009
Target GMAT Score:
720
Thu Feb 26, 2009 5:41 pm
A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. I[color=green]f collision damage cost more then insurance companies are not earning profits[/color]
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont. Irrelevant
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are. Irrelevant
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates. Irrelevant
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports. Irrelevant

logitech Legendary Member
Joined
20 Oct 2008
Posted:
2136 messages
Followed by:
24 members
237
GMAT Score:
730
Fri Jan 09, 2009 7:59 pm
acecoolan wrote:
Conclusion
Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Consider
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont. Consider
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are. In fact this might weaken the conclusion
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates. Irrelevant
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports. Irrelevant

Out of A and B, only A has a direct bearing on the Cost factor. Hence I would chose A
Thanks for the analysis of each options man. Unlike many forum litterbugs, you are here to contribute. I appreciate that.
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