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For similar cars and drivers

This topic has 1 expert reply and 6 member replies
sparsh.21 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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For similar cars and drivers

Post Fri Jan 09, 2009 10:23 am
For similar cars and drivers, automobile insurance for collision damage has always cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Police studies, however, show that cars owned by Greatport residents are, on average, slightly less likely to be involved in a collision than cars in Fairmont. Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont.
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont.
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are.
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates.
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports.


OA is A

Please expain

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nonameee Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Mon Feb 13, 2012 5:28 am
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?

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Post Tue Feb 14, 2012 9:00 am
Quote:
For similar cars and drivers, automobile insurance for collision damage has always cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Police studies, however, show that cars owned by Greatport residents are, on average, slightly less likely to be involved in a collision than cars in Fairmont. Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont.
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont.
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are.
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates.
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports.
This CR exhibits a LANGUAGE SHIFT.
The premise is about X: Auto insurance COSTS MORE in Greatport, where the residents are SLIGHTLY LESS LIKELY to be involved in a collision.
The conclusion is about Y: Insurance companies are making a greater PROFIT on collision-damage insurance in Greatport.
The assumption is that there is nothing to BREAK THE LINK between X and Y: that there are no OTHER COSTS that might affect profits in Greatport.

Answer A:
It must be true that repairing typical collision damage DOES NOT COST MORE in Greatport than in Fairmont.
Correct. If this answer choice is negated -- if repairing typical collision damage costs MORE in Greatport -- then the conclusion that insurance companies in Greatport are making a greater profit is invalid.

The correct answer is A.

nonameee wrote:
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?
Just one + typical is an oxymoron: a contradiction in terms. If there is JUST ONE of a certain type of collision, then this sort of collision is -- by definition -- not typical but RARE.
If MOST collisions are extraordinary, then EXTRAORDINARY collisions are TYPICAL.

Thus, if TYPICAL damage in Greatport is EXTRAORDINARY, it still must be true that TYPICAL collision damage in Greatport does not cost more.

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nonameee Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Mon Feb 13, 2012 5:28 am
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?

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Post Tue Feb 14, 2012 9:00 am
Quote:
For similar cars and drivers, automobile insurance for collision damage has always cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Police studies, however, show that cars owned by Greatport residents are, on average, slightly less likely to be involved in a collision than cars in Fairmont. Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont.
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont.
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are.
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates.
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports.
This CR exhibits a LANGUAGE SHIFT.
The premise is about X: Auto insurance COSTS MORE in Greatport, where the residents are SLIGHTLY LESS LIKELY to be involved in a collision.
The conclusion is about Y: Insurance companies are making a greater PROFIT on collision-damage insurance in Greatport.
The assumption is that there is nothing to BREAK THE LINK between X and Y: that there are no OTHER COSTS that might affect profits in Greatport.

Answer A:
It must be true that repairing typical collision damage DOES NOT COST MORE in Greatport than in Fairmont.
Correct. If this answer choice is negated -- if repairing typical collision damage costs MORE in Greatport -- then the conclusion that insurance companies in Greatport are making a greater profit is invalid.

The correct answer is A.

nonameee wrote:
The reason I dismissed (A) was that I didn't like its wording, namely 'typical collision damage'. What if typical collision damage costs more in Greatport than in Fairmont, but in Greatport there are no typical collisions (i.e., all the damages are extraordinary)? Negating (A) thus doesn't weaken the argument.

Similarly, what if typical collision costs are greater in G than in F, but there is just one typical collision, and all other collisions are extraordinary with high damage costs?

Could someone please explain this objection?
Just one + typical is an oxymoron: a contradiction in terms. If there is JUST ONE of a certain type of collision, then this sort of collision is -- by definition -- not typical but RARE.
If MOST collisions are extraordinary, then EXTRAORDINARY collisions are TYPICAL.

Thus, if TYPICAL damage in Greatport is EXTRAORDINARY, it still must be true that TYPICAL collision damage in Greatport does not cost more.

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GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
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For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

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nonameee Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Posted:
111 messages
Post Wed Feb 15, 2012 10:25 am
Quote:
Just one + typical is an oxymoron: a contradiction in terms. If there is JUST ONE of a certain type of collision, then this sort of collision is -- by definition -- not typical but RARE.
If MOST collisions are extraordinary, then EXTRAORDINARY collisions are TYPICAL.

Thus, if TYPICAL damage in Greatport is EXTRAORDINARY, it still must be true that TYPICAL collision damage in Greatport does not cost more.
Yes, thank you very much. I got it. You are helpful as always.

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shargaur Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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25 Jan 2009
Posted:
37 messages
Test Date:
04/24/2009
Target GMAT Score:
720
Post Thu Feb 26, 2009 5:41 pm
A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. I[color=green]f collision damage cost more then insurance companies are not earning profits[/color]
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont. Irrelevant
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are. Irrelevant
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates. Irrelevant
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports. Irrelevant

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logitech Legendary Member
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237
GMAT Score:
730
Post Fri Jan 09, 2009 7:59 pm
acecoolan wrote:
Conclusion
Clearly, therefore, insurance companies are making a greater profit on collision-damage insurance in Greatport than in Fairmont.

A. Repairing typical collision damage does not cost more in Greatport than in Fairmont. Consider
B. There are no more motorists in Greatport than in Fairmont. Consider
C. Greatport residents who have been in a collision are more likely to report it to their insurance company than Fairmont residents are. In fact this might weaken the conclusion
D. Fairmont and Greatport are the cities with the highest collision-damage insurance rates. Irrelevant
E. The insurance companies were already aware of the difference in the likelihood of collisions before the publication of the police reports. Irrelevant

Out of A and B, only A has a direct bearing on the Cost factor. Hence I would chose A
Thanks for the analysis of each options man. Unlike many forum litterbugs, you are here to contribute. I appreciate that.
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