If r

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If r

by BTGmoderatorDC » Wed Sep 15, 2021 3:06 am
If r − s = 240, does r = 320?

(1) r = 4s
(2) s = 80

OA D

Source: Princeton Review

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Re: If r

by [email protected] » Wed Sep 15, 2021 5:39 am
BTGmoderatorDC wrote:
Wed Sep 15, 2021 3:06 am
If r − s = 240, does r = 320?

(1) r = 4s
(2) s = 80

OA D

Source: Princeton Review
Given: r − s = 240

Target question: Does r = 320?

Statement 1: r = 4s

When we add this information to our given information we have two equations:
r − s = 240
r = 4s

There are several different approaches we can take from here.

One approach this to recognize that, since we have a system of 2 linear equations with 2 variables, we COULD solve the system for r and for s, which means we COULD answer the target question with certainty.
So, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT
---------
Another approach is to actually solve the system. How to do that also (for "fun")
Take: r − s = 240
Replace r with 4s to get: 4s - s = 240
Simplify to get: 3s = 240
Divide both sides by 3 to get: s = 80
Now take r = 4s, and replace s with 80 to get: r = 4(80) = 320
So, r = 320
So, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: s = 80
Take the given equation, r − s = 240, and replace s with 80 to get: r − 80 = 240
Solve the equation to get r = 320
So, statement 2 is SUFFICIENT