Triplets Adam, Bruce, and Charlie enter a triathlon. If there are 9 competitors in the triathlon, and medals are awarded

This topic has expert replies
Moderator
Posts: 6112
Joined: 07 Sep 2017
Followed by:20 members

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

Triplets Adam, Bruce, and Charlie enter a triathlon. If there are 9 competitors in the triathlon, and medals are awarded for first, second, and third place, what is the probability that at least two of the triplets will win a medal?

A. 3/14
B. 19/84
C. 11/42
D. 15/28
E. 3/4



OA B

Source: Manhattan Prep

GMAT/MBA Expert

User avatar
GMAT Instructor
Posts: 15867
Joined: 08 Dec 2008
Location: Vancouver, BC
Thanked: 5254 times
Followed by:1267 members
GMAT Score:770
BTGmoderatorDC wrote:
Wed Oct 20, 2021 6:19 pm
Triplets Adam, Bruce, and Charlie enter a triathlon. If there are 9 competitors in the triathlon, and medals are awarded for first, second, and third place, what is the probability that at least two of the triplets will win a medal?

A. 3/14
B. 19/84
C. 11/42
D. 15/28
E. 3/4



OA B

Source: Manhattan Prep
P(at least two triplets win a metal) = P(exactly two triplets win a middle OR exactly three triplets win a medal)
= P(exactly two win a middle) + P(exactly three win a medal)

Let's examine each probability separately....

P(exactly two triplets win a middle)
There are three ways for this to happen:
case i) a triplet places 1st, another triplet places 2nd, a non-triplet places 3rd
case ii) a triplet places 1st, a non-triplet places 2nd, a triplet places 3rd
case iii) a non-triplet places 1st, a triplet places 2nd, a non-triplet places 3rd

P(case i) = (3/9)(2/8)(6/7) = 1/14
P(case ii) = (3/9)(6/8)(2/7) = 1/14
P(case iii) = (6/9)(3/8)(2/7) = 1/14
P(exactly two triplets win a middle) = 1/14 + 1/14 + 1/14 = 3/14


P(exactly three triplets win a middle)
P(exactly three triplets win a middle) = P(a triplet places 1st, another triplet places 2nd, another triplet places 3rd)
= (3/9)(2/8)(1/7) = 1/84

We get:
P(at least two triplets win a metal) = P(exactly two win a middle) + P(exactly three win a medal)
= 3/14 + 1/84
= 18/84 + 1/84
= 19/84

Answer: B

Cheers,
Brent
Brent Hanneson - Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Image