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Rock Samples

by varundaga05 » Wed May 26, 2010 3:28 pm

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Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid
about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that
eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47
billion years old and thus is
evidence of the earliest
known asteroid impact on Earth.
(A) has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus is
(B) has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus
(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old
and thus
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and
thus are

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by Haaress » Wed May 26, 2010 6:44 pm

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Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid
about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that
eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47
billion years old and thus is evidence of the earliest
known asteroid impact on Earth.

The sentence requires 2 fixes.

1. Subject -verb agreement .. Plural Suject - Samples - takes a plural verb Have.
2. Idiom - Its unidiomatic to say Dated to be . The correct idiom is Dated at.

The OA must be E.
I hope that helps.

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by neha.patni » Thu May 27, 2010 5:41 am

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varundaga05 wrote:Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid
about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that
eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47
billion years old and thus is
evidence of the earliest
known asteroid impact on Earth.
(A) has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus is
(B) has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus
(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old
and thus
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
IMO C

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by neha.patni » Thu May 27, 2010 5:42 am

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neha.patni wrote:
varundaga05 wrote:Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid
about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that
eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47
billion years old and thus is
evidence of the earliest
known asteroid impact on Earth.
(A) has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus is
(B) has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus
(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old
and thus
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
IMO C
What is the OA?

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by gmat_perfect » Thu May 27, 2010 6:32 am

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varundaga05 wrote:Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid
about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that
eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47
billion years old and thus is
evidence of the earliest
known asteroid impact on Earth.
(A) has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus is
(B) has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus
(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old
and thus
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and
thus are
The answer should be E because of the following reasons:
1. Rock samples need the verb "have".
2. "Dated at" is preferable to "dated to be.

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by ymach3 » Thu May 27, 2010 7:22 am

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One more for E...

Rock samples...... have.

dated at - correct idiom.

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by akhpad » Thu May 27, 2010 9:20 am

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Yup, dated at is correct idiom. Answer should be E

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by Patrick_GMATFix » Thu May 27, 2010 10:59 am

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Haaress wrote:Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid
about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that
eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47
billion years old and thus is evidence of the earliest
known asteroid impact on Earth.

The sentence requires 2 fixes.

1. Subject -verb agreement .. Plural Suject - Samples - takes a plural verb Have.
2. Idiom - Its unidiomatic to say Dated to be . The correct idiom is Dated at.

The OA must be E.
I hope that helps.
Great explanation
  • Ask me about tutoring.

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by [email protected] » Fri Apr 26, 2019 12:45 pm

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Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one thing at a time, and narrow it down to the correct choice quickly! Here is the original question, with the major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus is evidence of the earliest known asteroid impact on Earth.

(A) has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus is
(B) has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus
(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus are
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old and thus
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus are

After a quick glance over the options, there are a few places we can focus on to narrow down our choices:

1. has been vs. have been (Subject-Verb Agreement)
2. dated to be / at / as being (Idioms)
3. thus is / thus / thus are (Subject-Verb Agreement / Meaning)


Let's start with #1 on our list because it will eliminate 2-3 options right away. This is a matter of subject-verb agreement! If we look closely at the original sentence, we can find the subject:

Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus is evidence of the earliest known asteroid impact on Earth.

We see that the subject "rock samples" is plural, which means we need to use a plural verb to match:

(A) has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus is
(B) has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus
(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus are
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old and thus
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus are

We can eliminate options A & B because they use a singular verb with a plural subject, which doesn't match.

Now that we have it narrowed down to only 3 options, let's tackle #2 on our list: idiom structure. Whenever we say that an item is "dated" a certain age, there is a particular way to word it. We typically say that something is "dated at" a certain age! Let's take a closer look:

(C) have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus are --> not idiomatically correct = WRONG
(D) have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old and thus --> not idiomatically correct = WRONG
(E) have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus are --> idiomatically correct = CORRECT


There you have it - option E is the correct choice! It's the only one that uses proper subject-verb agreement and proper idiom formatting!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.

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Re: Rock Samples

by alishagmat » Sun Oct 04, 2020 3:05 am

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Answer is E
A,B do not have subject verb agreement
D is not parallel since verb is needed after thus
correct idiom is dated at not dated to be - eliminate C
Hence, E is correct