In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians; only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but
(B) they were brilliant, G. H. Hardy alone recognized, but
(C) these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized;
(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy, recognizing their brilliance,
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant
OA: A.
OG2018 SC 684 In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian
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recognized is a transitive verb.
A transitive verb is a verb that takes a direct object.
A direct object answers what? (or whom?)
D is out since in GMAT SC, you cannot start off a sentence with but, or, or, and.
Further, D has two subjects seperated by couple of modifiers( red portion)
Other problems in incorrect answer choices
1)
E is a runon sentence.
In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians; only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
Two red parts lack an appropriate connector.
Further, adverbial modifier thanks to Hardy's recognition, nonsensically modifies these theorems were brilliant rather than Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London
2)
In C, D, and E, G.H.Hardy is not placed in apposition with one as G.H.Hardy is not enclosed in commas( though it is correctly placed next to one) .
3)
Intended meaning, however, is that there were more than one(read: three) British mathematicians to whom Srinivasa Ramanujan emailed his theorems, but only one of those British mathematicians recognized the brilliance of those theorems, and not that one of the several G.H. Hardys recognized the brilliance of those theorems as suggested by D and E.
4)
A transitive verb is a verb that takes a direct object.
A direct object answers what? (or whom?)
B, C, and E lack direct object to the verb recognized.In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians; only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but
(B) they were brilliant, G. H. Hardy alone recognized, but
(C) these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized;
(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy, recognizing their brilliance,
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant
D is out since in GMAT SC, you cannot start off a sentence with but, or, or, and.
Further, D has two subjects seperated by couple of modifiers( red portion)
D) but, only one G. H. Hardy, recognizing their brilliance, thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
Other problems in incorrect answer choices
1)
E is a runon sentence.
In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians; only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
Two red parts lack an appropriate connector.
Further, adverbial modifier thanks to Hardy's recognition, nonsensically modifies these theorems were brilliant rather than Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London
2)
one refers to G.H Hardy in A and thus G.H Hardy should be placed in apposition with one as is the case in OA.In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians; only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but
(B) they were brilliant, G. H. Hardy alone recognized, but
(C) these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized;
(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy,recognizing their brilliance,
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant
In C, D, and E, G.H.Hardy is not placed in apposition with one as G.H.Hardy is not enclosed in commas( though it is correctly placed next to one) .
3)
only one G. H. Hardy, in D and E, nonsensically implies that there were more than one G.H. Hardys and only one of them recognized ( the brilliance of those theorems).(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy, recognizing their brilliance,
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant
Intended meaning, however, is that there were more than one(read: three) British mathematicians to whom Srinivasa Ramanujan emailed his theorems, but only one of those British mathematicians recognized the brilliance of those theorems, and not that one of the several G.H. Hardys recognized the brilliance of those theorems as suggested by D and E.
4)
these theorems is better than they or their as it kills any potential ambiguity in meaning.In 1913, the largely selftaught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians; only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but
(B) they were brilliant, G. H. Hardy alone recognized, but
(C) these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized;
(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy, recognizing their brilliance,
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant
only one[of the three mathematicians] recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London
From OA, I am unable to make out the purpose of 'but thank to '.
Well, Hardy is the one only who recognized Ramanujan but, I feel, there is not show a contrast with a conjunction such as 'but thinks'.
Please help as to how this conjunction is justified here.
From OA, I am unable to make out the purpose of 'but thank to '.
Well, Hardy is the one only who recognized Ramanujan but, I feel, there is not show a contrast with a conjunction such as 'but thinks'.
Please help as to how this conjunction is justified here.
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In 1913, Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 theorems to three different British mathematicians; only G. H. Hardy recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the RSL.gocoder wrote:
From OA, I am unable to make out the purpose of 'but thank to '.
Well, Hardy is the one only who recognized Ramanujan but, I feel, there is not show a contrast with a conjunction such as 'but thinks'.
Please help as to how this conjunction is justified here.
'thanks to' serves the same purpose as 'as a result of or because of' would serve; i.e,
causeeffect relationship is at play here and the contrast is between what the expected outcome of recognition from only one mathematician initially was and what actually eventually turned out.
cause Hardy's recognition (initially ).
effectRamanujan was elected to the RSL eventually.
Contrasting elements
only one out of three recognized the brilliance(initially ) .
but
Srinivasa Ramanujan was eventually elected to the RSL.
Look at it this way
event1
Sir Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 theorems to three different British mathematicians.
British mathematicians responded to the mail they received.
Response to event1 ( lets call it event2)
One mathematician( Hardy) recognized the brilliance of these theorems.
The other two didn't recognize the brilliance of these theorems.
Therefore, Srinivasa Ramanujan failed to elicit 'majority vote' here.
Expected outcome of event2, thus, is an overall failure.
What actually turned out was 'Ramanujan was eventually elected to the RSL'.
So, there is a contrast between what was expected and what eventually transpired, and what eventually transpired goes back to "Hardy's( initial )recognition".