# singhmaharaj

Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Question from mba.com mock test in the Problem Solving forum
“The temperature of a certain cup of coffee 10 minutes after it was poured was 120 degrees Fahrenheit. So, 120 = 120 * 2^10)] + 60 Divide both sides by 60: 2 = 2 * 2^ f = 120 * 2^ The temperature of the coffee 30 minutes after it was poured was how many degrees Fahrenheit? f = 120 * 2^30)] + ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to OG #132 in the Problem Solving forum
“We need to be able to create AT LEAST 12 codes (to represent the 12 countries). Let''s test the options. Can we get 12 or more color codes with 4 colors? Let''s see . . . 1-color codes = 4 (since there are 4 colors) 2-color codes = We need to choose 2 colors from 4. This can be ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to ps 500 test27 #16 in the Problem Solving forum
“One approach: Salary Mary''s NET salary was x - y dollars (because Mary gave John y dollars) John''s NET salary was x + y dollars Hours worked Mary worked 8 hours John worked 10 hours In the end, John and Mary received the SAME hourly wage. So, John''s hourly wage = Mary''s ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to problem to solve in the Problem Solving forum
“What we really have here is an algebra question requiring us to combine like terms. First, notice that K + K = 2K Using the same logic, 2^5 + 2^5 = 2(2^5) = (2^1)(2^5) = 2^6 Similarly, notice that M + M + M = 3M Using the same logic, 3^5 + 3^5 + 3^5 = 3(3^5) = (3^1)(3^5) = 3^6 So, 2^5 + ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to test 39 #13 in the Problem Solving forum
“Here''s a related question to practice with: https://www.beatthegmat.com/intensity-scale-readings-t273997.html Cheers, Brent”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to test 38 #15 in the Problem Solving forum
“red = 7 yellow = 5 green = 3 blue = 2 147,000 = (2)(2)(2)(3)(5)(5)(5)(7)(7) So, there are 3 blue beads, 1 green bead, 3 yellow beads and 2 red beads. Cheers, Brent”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to test35 # 15 in the Problem Solving forum
“We want to determine how many integers end in 13 For example, 324713, 324813, 324913, 325013, . . . etc. Recognize that, for every 100 consecutive integers, only 1 will end in 13. There are 133,900 integers between 324,700 and 458,600 (since 458,600 - 324,700 = 133,900) Of those 133,900 ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Help on PS problem- GMATprep in the Problem Solving forum
“Let''s test the values using x = 0 So, we can reword the question as, For which of the following functions is f(0)=f(1-0) In other words, we''re looking for a function such that f(0) = f(1) A) f(x)=1-x f(0)=1-0 = 1 f(1)=1-1 = 0 Since f(0) doesn''t equal f(1), eliminate A B) f(x) = 1 - ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Probability in the Problem Solving forum
“We want: a) # of teams that include both John and Peter b) total # of 5-person teams possible a) # of teams that include both John and Peter Put John and Peter on the team (this can be accomplished in 1 way) Select the remaining 3 team-members from the remaining 7 players (this can be ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Mr. Jones spends $25 on movie tickets for a party of adults in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: Mr. Jones spends$25 on movie tickets for a party of adults and children. Target question: How many children''s tickets did he buy? Statement 1: Adult movie tickets cost $3 each and children''s tickets cost$2 each. There are several scenarios that satisfy statement 1. Here are ...”
Today
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A collection of 16 coins, each with a face value of either in the Problem Solving forum
“Let D = the NUMBER of 10-cent coins Let Q = the NUMBER of 25-cent coins Notice that the VALUE of Q 25-cent coins = ($0.25)Q For example, the VALUE of six 25-cent coins = ($0.25)6 = $1.50 And the VALUE of ten 25-cent coins = ($0.25)10 = $2.50 etc Likewise, the VALUE of D 10-cent coins = ...” Today Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a new topic called Challenge question: Is positive integer p even? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Is positive integer p even? (1) 4p has twice as many positive divisors as p has (2) 8p has 3 positive divisors more than p has Answer: A Source: www.gmatprepnow.com Difficulty level: 700+” Yesterday Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that M and N are INTEGERS. We''re asked for the value of M+N. This question can be solved with a mix of Algebra and TESTing VALUES. (1) (X + M)(X + N) = X^2 + 5X + (M)(N) and X ≠ 0. The equation in Fact 1 should get us thinking about a Quadratic and how we can ...” Yesterday Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a and b are integers, and b > 0, does (a−1)/(b+1) = in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that A and B are INTEGERS, and B > 0. We''re asked if (A-1)/(B+1) = A/B. This is a YES/NO question and can be approached in a number of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. (1) A = B - 4 IF.... B = 1, A = -3, then (-4)/(2) = -2 and (-3)/(1) = -3 and the ...” Yesterday Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is the sum of two integers divisible by 10 ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re asked if the sum of two integers is divisible by 10. This is a YES/NO question can be solved by TESTing VALUES. (1) One of the integers is even. Fact 1 tells us about just one of the numbers; we know nothing about the other number. For organizational purposes, I''ll refer to ...” Yesterday Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If p, r, and s are consecutive integers in ascending in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that P, R and S are CONSECUTIVE integers in ASCENDING order and X is the AVERAGE (arithmetic mean) of the three integers. We''re asked for the value of X. To start, it''s worth noting that since we''re dealing with 3 CONSECUTIVE integers, the sum will always be ''3 ...” Yesterday Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Three children inherited a total of X dollars. If the oldest in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that three children inherited a TOTAL of X dollars, the oldest child inherited$7,000 MORE than the youngest child and the youngest child inherited $9,000 LESS than the middle child. We''re asked for the value of X. This question is built around some basic Arithmetic and ...” Yesterday GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is x > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Note: |a|² = a² |a+b|² = (a+b)² Statement 1: Since an absolute value cannot be negative, both sides of the inequality must be nonnegative, allowing us to safely square it: (|x| + |y|)² > |x + y|² |x|² + |y|² + 2|x||y| > (x+y)² x² + y² + 2|x||y| > x² + y² + 2xy |x||y| ...” Yesterday GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If f(x)=x^4+4x^2+7, f(x)=g(x)^2+3 and g(x) > 0, then g(x) in the Problem Solving forum “Let x=0, with the result that f(x) = 0+0+7 = 7. Remembering that g(x)>0 and plugging f(x)=7 into f(x)=g(x)²+3, we get: 7 = g(x)²+3 4 = g(x)² g(x) = 2 Since the question stem asks for the value of g(x), the correct answer must yield 2 when x=0. Only B works: x²+2 = 0²+2 = 2 The ...” Yesterday Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the figure above, if A, B, and C are the areas, respectiv in the Data Sufficiency forum “Key concept: We''re told that the area of the BLUE circle = the area of the RED circle https://i.imgur.com/AZaIFeU.png This means we can say: A + B = B + C Now onto the question..... Target question: What is the value of B + C ? Statement 1: A + 2B + C = 24 Rewrite this as: (A + B) ...” May 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to (n+1)!f(n) = (n-1)!. What is the value of f(1) + f(2) + … in the Problem Solving forum “f(n) = (n-1)!/(n+1)! f(1) = 0!/2! = 1/2 f(2) = 1!/3! = 1/6 f(3) = 2!/4! = 1/12 f(4) = 3!/5! = 1/20 f(1) + f(2) = 1/2 + 1/6 = 2/3 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) = 2/3 + 1/12 = 3/4 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) = 3/4 + 1/20 = 4/5 The sum of the first 2 terms = 2/3. The sum of the first 3 terms = 3/4. ...” May 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A 3-digit positive integer consists of non zero digits. If in the Problem Solving forum “Alternate approach: Integers with exactly 2 digits the same = Total integers - Integers with all 3 digits the same - Integers with all 3 digits different. Total integers: Number of options for the hundreds digit = 9. (Any digit but 0.) Number of options for the tens digit = 9. (Any digit ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that N is a positive integers. We''re asked for the remainder when N is divided by 5. This question can be solved with a mix of Arithmetic and TESTing VALUES. (1) When N is divided by 3, the quotient is 4 and the remainder is 1. Fact 1 gives us remarkably specific ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is the point Q on the circle with center C ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re asked if the point Q is on the circle with center C. This is a YES/NO question and can be approached with some logic (and a few examples/drawings might help). (1) R is a point on the circle and the distance from Q to R is equal to the distance from Q to C. Since C is the ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers x, y, and z in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re asked if the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers X, Y, and Z is GREATER than Z. This is a YES/NO question and can be approached with a mix of Arithmetic and TESTing VALUES. To start, we can ''rewrite'' the question a bit: Is (X+Y+Z)/3 > Z? Is (X+Y+Z) > 3Z? Is (X+Y) ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to What number is 6 more than x + y ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re asked what number is 6 MORE than (X+Y). This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. It''s worth noting that the prompt does NOT place any restrictions on X and Y, so they could be positive, negative, 0, fractions, etc. (1) Y is 3 ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If x is an integer greater than 0, what is the remainder in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that X is an INTEGER GREATER than 0. We''re asked for the remainder when X is divided by 4. This question is based around some basic Arithmetic rules (and you can TEST VALUES to define the patterns involved). To start, here are the first several positive integers - and what ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to A 3-digit positive integer consists of non zero digits. If in the Problem Solving forum “There are 3 configurations that would yield a 3-digit integer with 2 of the same digit, one different digit: same]same]different] same]different]same] different]same]same] So, let''s calculate the number of combinations for one of these: same]same]different] There would be 9 non-zero digits ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it in the Critical Reasoning forum “For more on this YES / NO test for EVALUATE questions, see: https://www.beatthegmat.com/goronian-lawmaker-goronia-s-cheese-importation-board-the-a-t305457.html#823815 https://www.beatthegmat.com/over-the-last-five-years-demand-for-hotel-rooms-in-cenopoli-t305855.html#825344 ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it in the Critical Reasoning forum “When we''re asked to EVALUATE an argument, it''s implied that there is currently missing information - UNSTATED ASSUMPTIONS - that would be needed for the argument to logically cohere. Premises: - recording industry does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to In the nation of Partoria, large trucks currently account in the Critical Reasoning forum “There are several logical flaws in this argument: Premises: Trucks with three trailers had less than a third of the accident rate of single- and double-trailer trucks Conclusion: one way for Partoria to reduce highway deaths would be to require shippers to increase their use of triple-trailer ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to How many perfect squares are less than the integer $$d$$? in the Data Sufficiency forum “The best way to approach this problem is to test cases: How many perfect squares are less than the integer d? 1) 23 < d < 33 if d = 32, there are 5 perfect squares less than d: 1, 4, 9, 16, 25 if d = 24, there are 4 perfect squares less than d: 1, 4, 9, 16 Insufficient 2) 27 < ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to In a set of five consecutive integers, which of the in the Problem Solving forum “OP: there is an error in this question. Are you sure it''s transcribed correctly? As written there is no correct answer. In any consecutive (or evenly spaced) set, the median is always equal to the average. If we want to change the average *without* changing the median, we must make it a ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Fedora Convertibles began selling the Freewheeler - its in the Critical Reasoning forum “When we''re asked to EVALUATE an argument, it''s implied that there is currently missing information - UNSTATED ASSUMPTIONS - that would be needed for the argument to logically cohere. Premise: Freewheeler’s sales for May, June, July, and August totaled over 50,000. Conclusion: As a ...” May 16, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to The pioneering research of Lewis Latimer and Thomas Edison, in the Sentence Correction forum “This question is testing MODIFIERS. If we have an "and" linking two nouns (e.g. "Latimer and Edison") followed by a noun modifier (e.g. "who"), it''s implied that both nouns are being modified. So in "... Lewis Latimer and Thomas Edison, who became ...” May 16, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Bite-sized video lessons from GMAT Prep Now in the GMAT Math forum “Data Sufficiency lesson #7: - The Table Method Video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lYfTiRIG_k4 Cheers, Brent” May 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of x? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Squaring both sides, we get: x² + y² + 2xy = x² + y² - 2xy 4xy = 0 xy = 0 Case 1: x=0, with the result that y can be any value Case 2: y=0, with the result that x can be any value Since Case 2 allows x to be any value, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Here, y can be any ...” May 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Each of A, B and C represents a one-digit integer. AB and BA in the Problem Solving forum “325 = 100*3 + 10*2 + 5 648 = 100*6 + 10*4 + 8 Generally: Three-digit integer XYZ = 100X + 10Y + Z Since BA + AB + AB = CAA, we get: (10B+A) + (10A+B) + (10A+B) = 100C + 10A + A 12B + 21A = 100C + 11A 12B + 10A = 100C 12B + 10A = MULTIPLE OF 100 Since B and A are digits, the left side will ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain painting job requires a mixture of yellow, green, in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a certain painting job requires a mixture of yellow, green, and white paint and that 12 quarts of paint are needed for the job. We''re asked for the number of quarts of GREEN paint that are needed. This question can be answered with ratio-based math and TESTing VALUES. ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A noncompressible ball in the shape of a sphere is to in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a non-compressible ball in the shape of a SPHERE is to be passed through a SQUARE opening in a board. We''re asked for the perimeter of the opening. While this question might seem a bit quirky, it''s actually based on some basic Geometry rules. To start, it''s worth ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to After the first two terms in a sequence of numbers, each in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that after the first two terms in a sequence of numbers, each term in the sequence is formed by adding ALL of the preceding terms. We''re asked if 12 is the fifth term in the sequence? This is a YES/NO question and can be approached with some basic Arithmetic and ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A company produces a certain toy in only 2 sizes, small or in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a company produces a certain toy in only 2 sizes, small or large, and in only 2 colors, red or green - and that for each size, there are EQUAL numbers of red and green toys in a certain production lot. We''re asked for the fraction of the total number of GREEN toys that ...” May 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a merchant purchased a sofa from a manufacturer for$400 in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a merchant purchased a sofa from a manufacturer for $400 and then sold it. We''re asked for the selling price of the sofa. This question is based around a mix of basic Arithmetic and Algebra. (1) The selling price of the sofa was greater than 140 percent of the ...” May 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The federal immigration station on Ellis Island - GMATPrep in the Sentence Correction forum “Yes. E: Of all immigrants...the station processed nearly three quarters of them. Here, the red modifier is redundant with the blue modifier. Generally, COMMA + having + VERBed serves to express an action that happens before the action in the preceding clause. E: The federal immigration ...” May 15, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If Mary always takes the same route to work, how long did it in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: How long did it take Mary to get to work on Friday? Statement 1: It took Mary 20 minutes to get to work on Thursday. Clearly, we cannot use this information to answer the target question with certainty. Statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT Statement 2: Mary''s average speed ...” May 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the xy-coordinate system, rectangle ABCD is inscribed in the Problem Solving forum “x²+y² = r² is the equation for a circle with its center at the origin and a radius of r. Thus, x²+y² = 25 is a circle with a center at the origin and a radius of 5. The information in the prompt yields the following figure: https://i.postimg.cc/xJCgjxbd/rectangle-in-circle.png OB is a ...” May 15, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A rectangular solid has length, width, and height of L cm in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a rectangular solid has length, width, and height of L cm, W cm, and H cm, respectively. We''re asked if these dimensions are increased by X%, Y%, and Z%, respectively, what would be the PERCENTAGE INCREASE in the total SURFACE AREA of the solid. This question is based ...” May 14, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The length, width, and height of a rectangular box in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that the length, width, and height of a rectangular box, in centimeters, are L, W, and H, respectively, the VOLUME of this box is V cubic centimeters and the TOTAL SURFACE AREA of the 6 sides of this box is A square centimeters. We''re asked for the value of V/A. This ...” May 14, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of paint. By volume, the mixture was X% blue paint, Y% green paint, and Z% red paint and exactly 1 gallon of BLUE paint and 3 gallons of RED paint were used. We''re asked for the number of gallons of green paint that ...” May 14, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If 2.00X and 3.00Y are 2 numbers in decimal form with thousa in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that 2.00X and 3.00Y are 2 numbers in DECIMAL form with THOUSANDTHS digits of X and Y, respectively. We''re asked if 3(2.00X) > 2(3.00Y). This is a YES/NO question and can be solved with a mix of Arithmetic and TESTing VALUES. There''s a great built-in ''shortcut'' that we ...” May 14, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Three roommates—Bela, Gyorgy, and Janos—together saved m in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that three roommates - Bela, Gyorgy, and Janos - together saved money for a trip. The amount that Bela saved was equal to 8% of his monthly income and the amount that Gyorgy saved was exactly 1/3 of the TOTAL amount saved by all 3 roommates. We''re asked for the total amount ...” May 14, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to x-4=z y-x=8 8-z=t For the system of equations given, what in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the value of z? Statement 1: x = 7 Scanning the three given equations, we see that equation i is all we need to determine the value of z i) x - 4 = z Replace x with 7 to get: 7 - 4 = z So, z = 3 Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 ...” May 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A retail store employs only clerks and managers and the in the Problem Solving forum “Last year''s payroll = (number of employees)(average hourly wage) = 20*13 = 260. This year 4 clerks are hired, increasing the number of employees to 24. Since the average hourly wage this year = 14, we get: This year''s payroll = (number of employees)(average hourly wage) = 24*14 = 336. ...” May 14, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to 7, 9, 6, 4, 5, x If x is a number in the list above in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that X is a number in the list (7, 9, 6, 5, 4, X). We''re asked for the MEDIAN of the list. This question can be solved with Stats rules and TESTing VALUES. To start though, since there are six values in the list, the MEDIAN will be the AVERAGE of the two ''middle terms'' ...” May 13, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, triangle PQR has angle measures as in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that the triangle PQR has angle measures as shown. We''re asked if X is less than Y. This is a YES/NO question and is based around a specific Triangle rule (re: in simple terms, the bigger the angle, the bigger the side that''s across from it). Since Angle R is 58 degrees, ...” May 13, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The 9 squares above are to be filled with x's and o's in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that the 9 squares above are to be filled with X''s and O''s, with only one symbol in each square. We''re asked for the number of squares that will contain an X. This question is based around some simple Arithmetic and logic - although you might find it useful to draw a few ...” May 13, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a building has 6,000 square meters of floor space in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a building has 6,000 square meters of floor space. We''re asked for the number offices in the building. Since we''re given the total floor space, to answer this question, we''ll need to have some really specific data about the respective size(s) of the offices. This ...” May 13, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, RST is a triangle with angle measures in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that In the figure above, RST is a triangle with angle measures as shown and PRTQ is a line segment. We''re asked for the value of (X+Y). This question is built around a couple of Geometry lines involving Triangles and Lines. To start, the angles in the triangle (re: s, r and ...” May 13, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In triangle JKL shown above, what is the length of segment in the Data Sufficiency forum “KEY CONCEPT: 30-60-90 triangles are known as special right triangles, and we know quite a bit about this kind of triangle Target question: What is the length of segment JL ? Statement 1: JK = 10 https://i.imgur.com/sKEFT1R.png Compare ΔJKL with the BASE 30-60-90 triangle. Their ...” May 13, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A line that passes through (–1, –4) and (3, k) has a slo in the Problem Solving forum “Slope of line between the points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1) So, we can write: k = [k - (-4)]/[3 - (-1)] Simplify: (k + 4)/4 = k Multiply both sides by 4 to get: k + 4 = 4k Subtract k from both sides to get: 4 = 3k Divide both sides by 3 to get: 4/3 = k Answer: C Cheers, ...” May 13, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If the two digit integers M and N are positive and have the in the Problem Solving forum “This question relies on our ability to determine the VALUE of any 2-digit number. For example, what is the VALUE of 83? For many of us, it has been a very long time since we examined this (we learned this when we were 5 or 6). Most of us just say that 83 has a value of 83, but 83 is really just ...” May 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to According to public health officials in the Sentence Correction forum “Incorrect: More babies were born in 1900 than they were born in 1800. Here, the usage of they implies that the SAME BABIES born in 1900 were also born in 1800 -- a nonsensical meaning. Generally: When a comparison begins with MORE/FEWER + SUBJECT + VERB, the implied clause after than should NOT ...” May 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to An auto dealer sells each car at either$20,000 or $30,000. in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statements combined: Case 1: 30$30,000 cars are marked up 30%'' 20 $20,000 cars are marked up 20% Case 2: 10$30,000 cars are marked up 30% 20 $20,000 cars are marked up 30% 20$30,000 cars are marked up 20% In Case 1, the more expensive 30,000 cars are all sold at the higher profit ...” May 13, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, if A, B, and C are the areas, respectiv in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that in the figure above, A, B, and C are the areas, respectively, of the three non-overlapping regions formed by the intersection of two circles of EQUAL area. We''re asked for the value of B + C. While this question might look like it might be step-heavy, there are some ...” May 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, the vertices of triangle OPQ and in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that In the figure above, the vertices of triangle OPQ and triangle QRS have coordinates as indicated. We''re asked if triangle OPQ and triangle QRS have equal areas. This is a YES/NO question and is built on Geometry rules (although you might find it useful to TEST VALUES). ...” May 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In triangle JKL shown above, what is the length of segment in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, Based on the triangle JKL above, we know that we''re dealign with a 30/60/90 right triangle. We''re asked for the length of segment JL. The 30/60/90 triangle has a specific ''ratio of sides'' (re: X : X√3 : 2X), meaning that if we know 1 of the sides, then we can determine the lengths ...” May 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If, in the figure above, ABCD is a rectangular region in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that in the figure above, ABCD is a rectangular region. We''re asked for the value of the ratio of (area of triangle EDA)/(area of triangle EBC)? This question is based on a couple of Geometry rules. It''s worth noting that all 3 triangles (EDA, EBC and EDC) all have the SAME ...” May 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A six-sided mosaic contains 24 triangular pieces of tile in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that a six-sided mosaic contains 24 triangular pieces of tile of the SAME size and shape, as shown in the figure above and that the sections of tile fit together perfectly. We''re asked for the total square centimeters of tile in the mosaic. While this question might look a ...” May 12, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If n is an integer greater than 10, then the expression (n^2 in the Problem Solving forum “-----ASIDE--------------------- There''s a nice rule says: The product of k consecutive integers is divisible by k, k-1, k-2,...,2, and 1 So, for example, the product of any 5 consecutive integers will be divisible by 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 Likewise, the product of any 11 consecutive integers will be ...” May 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG 13 #9 in the Sentence Correction forum “When a statistic decreases in value, we use lower rather than less. Incorrect: The temperature was less in the second experiment than in the first. Correct: The temperature was lower in the second experiment than in the first. Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower ...” May 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is x an integer? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re asked if X is an INTEGER. This is a YES/NO question. This question is built around some standard math rules and Number Properties. (1) X^3 = 8 With Fact 1, we''re cubing the value of X and ending with a POSITIVE value - thus, X MUST be positive. Here, the value of X = +2 ...” May 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In any sequence of n nonzero numbers, a pair of consecutive in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that in any sequence of N NON-ZERO numbers, a pair of consecutive terms with opposite signs represents a sign change (for example, the sequence -2, 3, -4, 5 has three sign changes). We''re asked if the sequence of nonzero numbers s1, s2, s3, . . . , sn has an EVEN number of ...” May 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If each side of parallelogram P has length 1, what is the in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that each side of parallelogram P has length 1. We''re asked for the area of P. This is a great ''concept question'', meaning that if you know the concepts involved, then you don''t actually have to do much math to get the correct answer. Here, since we know all 4 sides of ...” May 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, what is the area of region PQRST ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re asked for the area of region PQRST. This question is based around a couple of Geometry rules. To properly find the area, we can break this shape into 2 pieces (a rectangle and a triangle), so we need to know the dimensions of the rectangle and the exact type of triangle - since we ...” May 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If x and y are the lengths of the legs of a right triangle, in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that X and Y are the lengths of the legs of a RIGHT triangle. We''re asked for the value of (X)(Y). This question can be solved with a mix of Geometry rules and TESTing VALUES. (1) The hypotenuse of the triangle is 10√2. With the information in Fact 1 - and the ...” May 11, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x and y are the lengths of the legs of a right triangle, in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: x and y are the lengths of the legs of a right triangle We have something like this: https://i.imgur.com/VxCexHO.png Target question: What is the value of xy? Statement 1: The hypotenuse of the triangle is There are infinitely-many different right triangles that meet this ...” May 11, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In how many different ways can a soccer team finish the in the Problem Solving forum “Question rephrased: In how many different ways can we arrange the letters WWWLLD -------------ASIDE-------------------------------------- When we want to arrange a group of items in which some of the items are identical, we can use something called the If there are n objects where A of them are ...” May 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In how many different ways can a soccer team finish the in the Problem Solving forum “Alternate approach: There are 6 slots in the season: 3 wins, 2 losses and 1 draw. From the 6 slots, the number of ways to choose 3 to be occupied by the 3 wins = 6C3 = (6*5*4)/(3*2*1) = 20. From the 3 remaining slots, the number of ways to choose 2 to be occupied by the 2 losses = 3C2 = ...” May 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG 13 #9 in the Sentence Correction forum “Here, greater serves to modify not costs but PROPORTION. Conveyed meaning: The PROPORTION in the presidential campaign of 1992 was greater than the PROPORTION in any previous election. When comparing elements with regard to WEIGHT, we generally use not lower but LESS. Adam weighs LESS than ...” May 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a, b, and c are positive integers, what is the remainder in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: No information about b. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: No information about a. INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Case 1: c=1, with the result that a=1³=1 and b=(1-2)³=-1 In this case, (a-b)/6 = C.” May 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a, b, and c are positive integers, what is the remainder in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: No information about b. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: No information about a. INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Case 1: c=1, with the result that a=1³=1 and b=(1-2)³=-1 In this case, (a-b)/6 = C.” May 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a and b are integers, is a^5 < 4^b ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that A and B are INTEGERS. We''re asked if A^5 is less than 4^B. This question can be approached with a mix of Number Properties and TESTing VALUES. To start, it''s worth noting that raising +4 to ANY power will lead to a POSITIVE value (for example, 4^0 = 1, 4^-1 = 1/4, ...” May 10, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The total price of 5 pounds of regular coffee in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that the total price of 5 pounds of regular coffee and 3 pounds of decaffeinated coffee was21.50. We''re asked for the price of the 5 pounds of regular coffee. The information in the first sentence can be used to create a 2 variable equation, which should get us thinking ...”
May 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain list, L, contains a total of n numbers, in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that List L contains a total of N numbers, NOT necessarily DISTINCT, that are arranged in INCREASING order and L1 is the list consisting of the first N1 numbers in L and L2 is the list consisting of the last N2 numbers in L. We''re asked if 17 is a MODE for L. It''s worth ...”
May 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, PQRT is a rectangle. What is the length in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that PQRT is a rectangle. We''re asked fo the length of segment PQ. This question can be solved with a mix of Geometry rules and TESTing VALUES. To start, when dealing with complex shapes, it helps to break the shape down into ''pieces'': here, we''re dealing with a ...”
May 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Jones has worked at Firm X twice as many years as Green in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Jones has worked at Firm X TWICE as many years as Green, and Green has worked at Firm X four years LONGER than Smith. We''re asked for the number of years that Green has worked at Firm X. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, but there''s a ...”
May 10, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Jones has worked at Firm X twice as many years as Green in the Data Sufficiency forum
“We can also solve the question using one variable Given: Jones has worked at Firm X twice as many years as Green, and Green has worked at Firm X four years longer than Smith. Let G = the number of years Green worked at Firm X So, G - 4 = the number of years Smith worked at Firm X (since ...”
May 10, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the below addition A, B, C, D, E, F, and G represent the in the Problem Solving forum
“If we add two 2-digit numbers and the sum is a 3-digit number, then the 3-digit number must start with a 1. So, E = 1 In order for the sum to be a 3-digit number, A+C must be greater than 9 So, we have two options: EITHER A and C are 5 and 6, OR A and C are 4 and 6 If A and C are 5 and 6, ...”
May 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to According to surveys by the National Institute on Drug Abuse in the Sentence Correction forum
“Proposed revision: as many young adults as the 1997 survey reported Conveyed meaning: The 1997 survey reported many young adults. This meaning seems illogical. The 1997 survey reported a NUMBER. It did not report the young adults themselves.”
May 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Ellipsis question in the Sentence Correction forum
“OA: Today, the same amount of acreage produces twice as many apples as it did in 1910. The phrase in blue conveys that the amount of acreage producing apples today is the SAME as the amount that produced apples in 1910. For example: If 100 acres produced apples in 1910, then 100 acres are ...”
May 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to An art gallery has only paintings and sculptures. Currently, in the Problem Solving forum
“This is an EITHER/OR group problem. Every piece of art is EITHER a painting OR a sculpture. Every piece of art is EITHER displayed OR not displayed. For an EITHER/OR group problem, we can use a GROUP GRID (also known as a double-matrix) to organize the data. Let P = paintings, S = ...”
May 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The figure above represents a box that has the shape of a in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the figure above represents a box that has the shape of a CUBE. We''re asked for the is the volume of the cube. While this question might appear a bit ''scary'', there''s a great ''logic shortcut'' built into it - since we''re dealing with a CUBE, we know that all of the ...”
May 9, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is x = y? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re asked if X = Y. This is a YES/NO question can be solved with a mix of Arithmetic and TESTing VALUES. 1) (2X/3) - (Y/3) = 1/3 Since each value in this equation is divided by 3, we can ''simplify'' the equation by multiplying each term by 3. This gives us: 2X - Y = 1 2X = Y ...”
May 9, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a and b are constants, is the expression in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that A and B are constants. We''re asked if the expression (X+B)/(√(X+A)) is "defined" for x = -2. This is a YES/NO question and is a great ''concept'' question - meaning that you don''t have to do much math if you understand the concepts involved. For the given ...”
May 9, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is quadrilateral PQRS a parallelogram? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re asked if quadrilateral PQRS is a parallelogram? This is a YES/NO question can be answered with a bit of logic (and a couple of drawings). By definition, a parallelogram must have 4 sides and each pair of ''opposite'' sides must be parallel. 1) Adjacent sides PQ and QR have the ...”
May 9, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If xyz ≠ 0, what is the value of in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that If (X)(Y)(Z) ≠ 0. We''re asked for the value of (X^4)(Z^2) / (Z^2)(Y^2). This question can be approached in a number of different ways, including Algebra and TESTing VALUES. To start, it''s worth noting that none of the given variables can equal 0 and the term ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If xyz ≠ 0, what is the value of in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the value of (x⁴z²)/(z²y²)? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. Since z ≠ 0, we know that z² ≠ 0 So, we can safely take (x⁴z²)/(z²y²) and divide top and bottom by z² to get: x⁴/y² REPHRASED target question: What is the value ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is quadrilateral PQRS a parallelogram? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is quadrilateral PQRS a parallelogram? If you recognize that each statement on its own is not sufficient, we can jump straight to . . . Statements 1 and 2 combined There are infinitely-many quadrilaterals that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two: Case a: PQRS could ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A lecture course consists of 595 students. The students are in the Problem Solving forum
“In order to have an EQUAL number of students in each section, the number of students per section MUST BE A FACTOR of 595 Let''s do some prime factorization 595 = (5)(7)(17) From the prime factorization, we can see that answer choice A, B, D and E are all factors of 595 Answer: C Cheers, ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If a and b are constants, is the expression in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is the expression defined for x = –2? This is a great candidate for rephrasing the target question. If x = -2, then the expression becomes (-2)+b/√(-2+a) There are two ways in which the expression(-2)+b/√(-2+a) is NOT defined: case i) If a = 2, then the fraction''s ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is x = y? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is x = y? Statement 1: 2x/3 - y/3 = 1/3 Multiply both sides by 3 to get: 2x - y = 1 There are several values of x and y that satisfy this equation. Here are two: Case a: x = 1 and y = 1. In this case, the answer to the target question is YES, it is the case that x = y ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The figure above represents a box that has the shape of a in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the volume of the box? IMPORTANT: For geometry Data Sufficiency questions, we are typically checking to see whether the statements "lock" a particular angle, length, or shape into having just one possible measurement. This concept is discussed in much greater ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the figure above, PQRT is a rectangle. What is the length in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let''s assign some variables to some of the lengths... https://i.imgur.com/BpaiRKm.png Target question: What is the value of x? Statement 1: The area of region PQRS is 39 and TS = 6. Region PQRS is a TRAPEZOID Area of trapezoid = (height)(base1 + base2)/2 So, we get: (x)(y + z)/2 = 39 ...”
May 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Charlie takes 2.5 hours to fly from Los Angeles to Mexico Ci in the Problem Solving forum
“Here''s how I would answer this in my head Average speed = total distance/total time = 1200/2.5 = 2400/5 = 4800/10 = 480 Answer: D Cheers, Brent”
May 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The sum of two numbers is 1 and their product is -1. What is in the Problem Solving forum
“x³ + y³ = (x+y)(x²+y²-xy) Since x+y=1, we get: (x+y)² = 1² x² + y² + 2xy = 1 Substituting xy=-1 into x² + y² + 2xy = 1, we get: x² + y² + 2(-1) = 1 x² + y² = 3 Substituting x+y=1, x²+y²=3 and xy=-1 into x³ + y³ = (x+y)(x²+y²-xy), we get: x³ + y³ = (1)(3-(-1)) = ...”
May 8, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What amount did Jean earn from the commission on her sales in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What amount did Jean earn from the commission on her sales in the FIRST HALF of 1988 ? Statement 1: In 1988 Jean''s commission was 5 percent of the total amount of her sales. We don''t know her total sales amount in 1988, AND we don''t know what happened in the FIRST HALF of ...”
May 8, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to According to surveys by the National Institute on Drug Abuse in the Sentence Correction forum
“Correct! The OA to SC71 in the OG11 includes a similar construction: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, previously unseen moons circling Uranus, doubling...the number of satellites now known to orbit the distant planet.”
May 7, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Six shipments of machine parts were shipped from a factory o in the Data Sufficiency forum
“We might be able to solve this one faster by first converting the fractions to decimals. S1=0.25 S2=0.2 S3=0.17 (approx) S4=0.15 S5=0.13 (approx) S6=0.1 Statement 1: S2 and S4 were shipped on the first truck. First truck has 0.2 + 0.15 = 0.35 Since the first truck holds more than 0.5, ...”
May 7, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If a and b are integers, is a^5 < 4^b ? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“\ Target question: Is a^5 > 4^b Statement 1: a³ = -27 Solve to get: a = -3 So, a^5 = (-3)^5 = -243 Since 4^b will be POSITIVE for all values of b, the answer to the target question is NO, a^5 is definitely NOT greater than 4^b Since we can answer the target question with certainty, ...”
May 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to GMATPrep SC in the Sentence Correction forum
“Here, much and the increase are redundant, since both words refer to an amount. Proposed revision: The number of people flying first class on domestic flights rose sharply in 1990, twice the increase of the previous year. Implied comparison: The NUMBER OF PEOPLE flying in 1990 was twice ...”
May 7, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Anthony and Michael sit on the six-member board of directors in the Problem Solving forum
“Let''s assume that we''re creating subcommittees. We want to place 6 people in the following spaces: _ _ _ | _ _ _ First, we place Michael in one subcommittee; it makes no difference which one: M _ _ | _ _ _ Now place Anthony. We can see that there are 5 spaces remaining. 2 spaces ...”
May 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If each child in a group of children received either one or in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let x = the number of children receiving 2 candies each and y = the number of children receiving 1 candy each. Thus: Total number of candies = 2x + y. Question stem, rephrased: What is the value of x? Statement 1: Of every 4 children, 1 receives 2 candies and 3 each receive 1 candy. ...”
May 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Anthony and Michael sit on the six-member board of directors in the Problem Solving forum
“A 3-person committee that includes Michael will be composed of Michael and two other people chosen from the remaining five members. From 5 members, the number of ways to choose 2 = 5C2 = 10. Of these 10 pairs, the number that will include Anthony = 4. (Since there are 4 other people who could ...”
May 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A bucket full worns in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the number of worms = 60. Since the rat eats 1/6 of the 60 worms -- in other words, 10 worms -- in 5 hours, the rat''s rate = w/t = 10/5 = 2 worms per hour. 1/4 of the 60 worms = 60/4 = 15 worms. Since the rat''s rate = 2 worms per hour, the time for the rat to eat 15 worms = w/r = 15/2 = 7.5 ...”
May 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A book has 1000 pages numbered 1, 2, 3, …, and so on. How in the Problem Solving forum
“Ignore page 1000, since it does not include the digit 2. To make the calculation easier, consider the remaining pages numbered as 3-digit integers, beginning with 000 and ending with 999: 000, 001, 002...997, 998, 999 There are 1000 options between 000 to 999, inclusive. Since each option is ...”
May 7, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x is 8/3 percent of y, y is what percent of x? in the Problem Solving forum
“x percent = x/100 So, 8/3 percent = (8/3)/100 = (8/3)/(100/1) = (8/3)(1/100) = 8/300 GIVEN: x is 8/3 percent of y, We can write: x = 8/300 of y In other words: x = (8/300)(y) or......: x = 8y/300 y is what percent of x? Take: x = 8y/300 Multiply both sides by 300 to get: 300x = 8y ...”
May 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The equation (M + 6)/36 = (p – 7)/21 relates two temperatu in the Problem Solving forum
“If M=30 and P=28, both sides of (M + 6)/36 = (P – 7)/21 are equal to 1. The correct answer must yield a valid equation for M=30 and P=28. When the question stem includes the phrase "which of the following," the correct answer is likely to be D or E. E: M = (12/7)P – 18 If M=30 ...”
May 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the remainder when the product of the first 10 prime in the Problem Solving forum
“What is the remainder when 30 is divided by 4? One approach: 1. Break the dividend 30 into factors: 30 = 5*6 2. Divide the divisor 4 into each factor: 5/4 = 1 R1, 6/4 = 1 R2 3. Multiple the resulting remainders: 1*2 = 2 Step 3 indicates that 30 divided by 4 will yield a remainder of 2. ...”
May 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a jury of 12 people is to be selected randomly from a in the Problem Solving forum
“Question rephrased: What is the probability that at least 8 men will be selected to serve on the 12-member jury? P(good outcome) = 1 - P(bad outcome). Here, a BAD outcome means selecting a jury with FEWER than 8 men. Of the 10 men and 5 women in the jury pool, 3 people must be selected NOT ...”
May 5, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were in the Critical Reasoning forum
“For more on using this strategy for BOLDFACE questions on CR, see: https://www.beatthegmat.com/journalist-every-election-year-at-this-time-the-state-gover-t306075.html https://www.beatthegmat.com/most-of-western-music-since-the-renaissance-has-been-based-t305309.html#823603 ...”
May 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were in the Critical Reasoning forum
“The goal in any BOLDFACE question is to deconstruct the argument, and determine the role of each statement: - author''s conclusion / position - reasoning that supports the author''s position - the counterpoint / what others believe - support for the counterpoint - neutral / background ...”
May 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Ramón pointed out that food high in whole-grain fiber creat in the Sentence Correction forum
“This question is testing SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT, modifiers, & logical lists. In the dependent clause "... that food (high in whole grain fiber) creates...", the subject is the singular "food" and the verb is "creates." A. fiber creates the energy we need to ...”
May 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to The outside of the rectangular box represented in the figure in the Problem Solving forum
“If we want the minimum amount of wrapping paper, we want to know the SURFACE AREA of all surface except the bottom surface. Calculate each: Top surface area = 25 x 10 = 250 2 sides of 5 x 10 = 2(5*10) = 100 2 sides of 5 x 25 = 2(5*25) = 250 250 + 100 + 250 = 600 The answer is B.”
May 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to On a scale drawing, a rectangle 1 inch by 1 and 1/3 inches in the Problem Solving forum
“If the scale is 1 in = 15 ft, then the dimensions of the floor = 15x20 ft. https://i.postimg.cc/4K6VcCdg/Screenshot-2019-05-04-17-44-08.png If each tile is 6 in x 6 in, that''s 1/2 ft x 1/2 ft square. So every 1 sq feet of floor would take 4 tiles. ...”
May 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to In the floor plan of an executive's beach house above in the Problem Solving forum
“Let''s set aside the fact that this is an awful floorplan. How would you find furniture to fit this house?! <i class="em em-joy"></i> If the two wall of the living room are parallel, then the kitchen and the (kitchen + living room + bath) are SIMILAR triangles. Similar ...”
May 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to How many integers between 0 and 1570 have a prime tens and in the Problem Solving forum
“This is a COMBINATORICS problem. If we''re looking for a prime tens and units digit, we''re counting single-digit prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, and 7. Now we need to count the possibilities for each digit. Since we have the constraint that we''re looking for all #s 0-1570, we have to be careful, ...”
May 4, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Last year the range of the annual salaries of the 100 employ in the Problem Solving forum
“A quick solution is to assign some values to the highest paid and lowest paid workers Let $10,000 = the lowest salary LAST YEAR Let$40,000 = the highest salary LAST YEAR This satisfies the condition that the range LAST YEAR = $30,000 If the annual salary of each of the 100 employees this ...” May 4, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Last year the range of the annual salaries of the 100 employ in the Problem Solving forum “Hey BTGmoderatorDC, You posted this question 2 months ago: https://www.beatthegmat.com/last-year-the-range-of-the-annual-salaries-of-the-100-t306593.html Cheers, Brent” May 4, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A certain rectangular window is twice as long as it is wide. in the Problem Solving forum “Approach #2: Algebra Let x = the width of the rectangle So, 2x = the length of the rectangle If the perimeter is 10, we can write: x + x + 2x + 2x = 10 Simplify: 6x = 10 Solve: x = 10/6 = 5/3 So, the width (x) is 5/3 And the length (2x) is 10/3 Answer: B Cheers, Brent” May 4, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A certain rectangular window is twice as long as it is wide. in the Problem Solving forum “We COULD use algebra to solve this question. However, it''s probably faster to just test the answer choices The answer choices give us the length and width of the rectangle. So, the sum of two values will equal HALF the perimeter of the rectangle. Since we want a perimeter of 10, the ...” May 4, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Three-fourths of the area of a rectangular lawn 30 feet wide in the Problem Solving forum “Here''s a diagram of the 30 x 40 lawn https://i.imgur.com/6dQyyQ5.png If we keep the full width (of 30 feet), then the length of the enclosure = 3/4 of 40 = 30 feet https://i.imgur.com/nRkAVRU.png So, the enclosure is a 30 by 30 square. The PERIMETER = 30 + 30 + 30 + 30 = 120 feet If ...” May 4, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If rectangle ABCD is inscribed in the circle above, what is in the Problem Solving forum “Draw a line connecting points A and C. https://i.imgur.com/fQaxM5q.png An important circle property (see video below for more info) tells us that, if we have a 90-degree inscribed angle, then that angle must be containing ("holding") the DIAMETER of the circle. So, we know that AC = ...” May 4, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In quadrilateral ABCD above, what is the length of AB ? in the Problem Solving forum “https://i.imgur.com/srEvM6A.png If we focus on the blue right triangle, we can EITHER recognize that legs of length 3 and 4 are part of the 3-4-5 Pythagorean triplet, OR we can apply the Pythagorean Theorem. https://i.imgur.com/L50lEKr.png Either way, we''ll see that the triangle''s ...” May 4, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 7, 9, 6, 4, 5, x If x is a number in the list above in the Data Sufficiency forum “Given numbers in ascending order: 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 Statement 1: Smallest 3 numbers are 4, 5, and 6. Greatest 3 numbers are 7, 9 and x, where x is any number greater than 7. Thus: Median = average of the 2 middle numbers =(6+7)/2 = 6.5. SUFFICIENT. Rule: For any set that is SYMMETRICAL ...” May 4, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Romeo and Juliet play a dice game in which the two in the Problem Solving forum “Let P(R) = the probability that Romeo wins and P(J) = the probability that Juliet wins. Since there are only two possible outcomes -- either Romeo wins or Juliet wins -- we get: P(R) + P(J) = 1 Probability that Romeo wins on the first roll = 1/6 Probability that Romeo wins on the third roll ...” May 3, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: How many gallons of green paint were used? Given: A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of paint. By volume, the mixture was x% blue paint, y% green paint, and z% red paint. 1 gallon of blue paint and 3 gallons of red paint were used. In other words, we ...” May 2, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If 2.00X and 3.00Y are 2 numbers in decimal form with thousa in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: 2.00X and 3.00Y are 2 numbers in decimal form with thousandths digits X and Y Target question: Is 3(2.00X) > 2(3.00Y)? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. Since X is the thousandths digit, we can write: 2.00X = 2 + X/1000 Since Y is the thousandths ...” May 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Tickets for all but 100 seats in a 10,000-seat stadium were in the Problem Solving forum “If all 10,000 tickets are sold, we get: 20% sold for$1 each = 2000*1 = 2,000 80% sold for $2 each = 8000*2 = 16,000 Total revenue = 2000+16000 = 18,000 Since 100 tickets are not actually sold, the total revenue must be a bit less than 18,000. The correct answer is B.” May 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Tony owns six unique matched pairs of socks. All twelve sock in the Problem Solving forum “We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the minimum number of socks that must be pulled. When the correct answer choice is plugged in, the probability of NOT picking a matching pair will be LESS than 1/2 (implying that the probability of picking a matching pair will be MORE than 1/2). Since we ...” May 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Tony owns six unique matched pairs of socks. All twelve sock in the Problem Solving forum “We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the minimum number of socks that must be pulled. When the correct answer choice is plugged in, the probability of NOT picking a matching pair will be LESS than 1/2 (implying that the probability of picking a matching pair will be MORE than 1/2). Since we ...” May 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Train A leaves the station at 5:00, and travels north at 50 in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: From 5pm to 6pm, A travels on its own for 1 hour at a rate of 50 mph, with the result that A travels ahead 50 miles. Since B''s rate is unknown, we cannot determine when B catches up to A. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Since A''s 50-mph rate is 5/6 of B''s rate, we get: 50 = ...” May 1, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If n^m leaves a remainder of 1 after division by 7 for all in the Problem Solving forum “The most important piece of information is here: "for all positive integers n that are not multiples of 7" Since 2 is not a multiple of 7, then it must be the case that, for a particular value of m, 2^m leaves a remainder of 1 after division by 7 Let''s check the answer choices.... ...” May 1, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to x^2 + 4x + 1 = 0. What is the value of x^2 + 1/x^2? in the Problem Solving forum “x² + 4x + 1 = 0 Dividing both sides by x, we get: (x² + 4x + 1)/x = 0/x x + 4 + 1/x = 0 x + 1/x = -4 Squaring both sides, we get: (x + 1/x)² = (-4)² x² + 1/x² + 2(x)(1/x) = 16 x² + 1/x² + 2 = 16 x² + 1/x² = 14 The correct answer is C.” May 1, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x is an integer greater than 0, what is the remainder in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the remainder when x is divided by 4 ? Statement 1: The remainder is 3 when x + 1 is divided by 4. ------ASIDE---------------------- There''s a nice rule that says, "If N divided by D equals Q with remainder R, then N = DQ + R" For example, since 17 ...” May 1, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What number is 6 more than x + y ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the value of x + y + 6? Statement 1: y is 3 less than x. We can write: y = x - 3 There are several values of x and y that satisfy this equation. Here are two: Case a: x = 3 and y = 0. In this case, the answer to the target question is x + y + 6 = 3 + 0 + 6 = 9 ...” May 1, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers x, y, and z in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers x, y, and z greater than z? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. Rewrite the question as "Is (x + y + z)/3 > z?" Multiply both sides by 3 to get: "Is x + y + z > 3z?" Subtract z ...” May 1, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Every object in a box is either a sphere or a cube, and ever in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: How many objects are in the box? Given: Every object in a box is either a sphere or a cube, and every object in the box is either red or green. We can solve this using the Double Matrix Method. This technique can be used for most questions featuring a population in which ...” May 1, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 5 ? Statement 1: When n is divided by 3, the quotient is 4 and the remainder is 1. There''s a nice rule that says, "If N divided by D equals Q with remainder R, then N = DQ + R" For example, since 17 ...” April 30, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is n equal to zero? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is n equal to zero? Statement 1: The product of n and some nonzero number is 0 (n)(non-zero number) = 0 This means n must be 0 Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT Statement 2: The sum of n and 0 is 0 If n + 0 = 0, we can ...” April 30, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If r and s are positive numbers and θ is one in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: r and s are positive numbers and θ is one of the operations, +, −, ×, or ÷ Target question: Which operation is θ ? Statement 1: If r = s, then r θ s = 0 Keep in mind that r and s are POSITIVE So, we have POSITIVE θ POSITIVE = 0 POSITIVE + POSITIVE ≠ 0 So, θ cannot ...” April 30, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to How many hours does it take Jennifer to run y miles if she r in the Problem Solving forum “time = distance/rate So, time = y/x Answer: B Cheers, Brent” April 30, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x = 5 – 4k and y = 5k – 3, then for what value of k d in the Problem Solving forum “We want: x = y Replace values with their equivalents: 5 - 4k = 5k - 3 Add 4k to both sides: 5 = 9k - 3 Add 3 to both sides: 8 = 9k Divide both sides by 9 to get: 8/9 = k Answer: B Cheers, Brent” April 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to For all his professed disdain of such activities, Auden was in the Sentence Correction forum “When a sentence begins with for all + POSSESSIVE, for all = DESPITE. OA: For all his professed disdain of such activities, Auden was an inveterate literary gossip. Conveyed meaning: Despite his professed disdain of such activities, Auden was an inveterate literary gossip. E: In spite of ...” April 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is x+y>0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Here, x and y must have the SAME SIGN. If x and y are both positive, then x+y > 0. If x and y are both negative, then x+y < 0. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: The inequality implies that x and y are both NONZERO. Since the square of a nonzero value must be positive, we can ...” April 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Last year, the average price of eight different products in the Data Sufficiency forum “We can determine this year''s average price if we know the difference between this year''s revenue and last year''s. Statements combined: Case 1: Last year the 5 products in Statement 1 had an average price of$10, for a total of $50 in revenue In this case, the increase in revenue yielded by ...” April 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A basketball coach has won 65 percent of the 400 games she in the Problem Solving forum “Total games = (400 games already played) + (100 additional games) = 500. Required number of wins = 70% of 500 = 350. Current number of wins = 65% of 400 = 260. Additional wins needed = 350-260 = 90. The correct answer is D.” April 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the remainder when 1044*1047*1050*1053 is in the Problem Solving forum “What is the remainder when 30 is divided by 4? One approach: 1. Break the dividend 30 into factors: 30 = 5*6 2. Divide the divisor 4 into each factor: 5/4 = 1 R1, 6/4 = 1 R2 3. Multiple the resulting remainders: 1*2 = 2 Step 3 indicates that 30 divided by 4 will yield a remainder of 2. ...” April 30, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is the integer p divisible by 5 ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that P is an integer. We''re asked if P is divisible by 5. This is a YES/NO question and can be solved with Number Properties and/or TESTing VALUES. (1) P is divisible by 10. Since P is divisible by 10, we know that it is also a multiple of 2 and a multiple of 5. For ...” April 29, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a sequence of numbers in which each term is 2 more than in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that in a sequence of numbers, each term is 2 more than the preceding term. We''re asked for the fourth term. Sequence questions often come down to two pieces of information: the "formula" for how the sequence progresses and one (or more) of the terms (so that you ...” April 29, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a school district paid a total of$35 per desk for x desk in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a school district paid a total of $35 per desk for X desks and a total of$30 per table for Y tables. We''re asked for the total amount that the district paid for these desks and tables. This DS question revolves around basic Arithmetic, but you don''t actually have to ...”
April 29, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Trying to get 500 in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum
“Hi John, Many GMATers typically spend 10-15 hours per week (or more) each week for several months before they take the GMAT. It''s worth noting that the time to take each FULL CAT - and properly review it - will likely require 7-10 hours just for that one part of your study plan. If you''re ...”
April 29, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If a school district paid a total of $35 per desk for x desk in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: School district paid a total of$35 per desk for x desks and a total of $30 per table for y tables So, the TOTAL amount paid = 35x + 30y. Target question: What was the total amount that the district paid for these desks and tables?? Statement 1: The total amount the district ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In a sequence of numbers in which each term is 2 more than in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: Sequence of numbers is such that each term is 2 more than the preceding term Target question: What is the value of term_4? Statement 1: The last term is 90. We have no idea how many terms there are in the sequence. So, the last term could be term_5 or term_9 or term_12 or . . . ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is the integer p divisible by 5 ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is the integer p divisible by 5? Statement 1: p is divisible by 10. If p is divisible by 10, we can write: p = 10k, for some integer k. Rewrite this as: p = (5)(2)(k) This tells us that p is a multiple of 5, which means p must be divisible by 5 Since we can answer the ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If R, S, and T are points on a line in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: R, S, and T are points on a line, and if R is 5 meters from T and 2 meters from S There are 4 possible scenarios that meet the above conditions: https://i.imgur.com/kOeqUfZ.png Target question: How far is S from T? Statement 1: R is between S and T. When we check the 4 ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If m and n are integers, what is the value of m + n ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: m and n are integers Target question: What is the value of m + n ? Statement 1: (x + m)(x + n) = x² + 5x + mn and x ≠ 0. Use FOIL to expand the left side: x² + nx + mx + mn = x² + 5x + mn Factor the two middle terms: x² + x(n + m) + mn = x² + 5x + mn At this point, we ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If a and b are integers, and b > 0, does (a−1)/(b+1) = in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: a and b are integers, and b > 0 Target question: Does (a - 1)/(b + 1) = a/b? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. Take the equation: (a - 1)/(b + 1) = a/b Cross multiply to get: (b)(a - 1) = (a)(b + 1) Expand both sides to get: ab - b = ab + a ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is the sum of two integers divisible by 10 ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is the sum of two integers divisible by 10 ? Statement 1: One of the integers is even. We only have information about ONE number. Statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT Statement 2: One of the integers is a multiple of 5. We only have information about ONE number. Statement 2 ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If p, r, and s are consecutive integers in ascending in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: p, r, and s are consecutive integers in ascending order and x is the average (arithmetic mean) of the three integers Since p, r and s are EQUALLY spaced, the mean of the 3 numbers = the median of the 3 numbers. Since p < r < s, we know that r = the mean = the median. In other ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Three children inherited a total of X dollars. If the oldest in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: Three children inherited a total of X dollars. The oldest child inherited$7,000 more than the youngest child, and the youngest child inherited $9,000 less than the middle child Let y = the amount the YOUNGEST child received So, y + 7000 = the amount the OLDEST child received And y + ...” April 29, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is x<y? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is x < y? Statement 1: z< y No information about x Statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT Statement 2: z < x No information about y Statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT Statements 1 and 2 combined The combined statements tell us that x and y are both greater than z ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the value of a^4 - b^4? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the value of a⁴ - b⁴? NOTE: a⁴ - b⁴ is a difference of square, which we can factor. a⁴ - b⁴ = (a² - b²)(a² + b²) So, we can REPHRASE the target question as... REPHRASED target question: What is the value of (a² - b²)(a² + b²)? Statement 1: ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Which of the following could be the equation of line m? in the Problem Solving forum “First off, we can eliminate answer choice D, since y = 2 is the equation of a HORIZONTAL line, and the given line is NOT horizontal. Next, we can eliminate answer choice E, since x = -2 is the equation of a VERTICAL line, and the given line is NOT vertical. Now notice that line m has a ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Trying to get 500 in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum “Hi John, Many GMATers lead ''busy'' lives, so you''re not alone. If your study time will be limited, then you''ll clearly need to be efficient with your studies, but it will take some significant effort to raise a 250 to the point that you can consistently score 500+. That having been said, ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is the sum of four particular integers even? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that we have four INTEGERS. We''re asked if the sum of those four integers is EVEN. This is a YES/NO question and can be solved with either Number Property rules or TESTing VALUES. (1) Two of the integers are ODD and two are EVEN. Fact 1 gives us enough information to ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1... in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1. We''re asked if the 5th term in the sequence is 2. To properly answer any sequence question, we need to know the underlying pattern or formula behind it. (1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2. Fact 1 ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is the integer x a 3-digit integer? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that X is an integer. We''re asked if X is a 3-digit integer. This question can be solved by TESTing VALUES. (1) X is the SQUARE of an INTEGER. Fact 1 tells us that X is a ''perfect square.'' For example, X could be 1, 4, 9.....100, 121, 144....10,000, etc. IF.... ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If r and s are positive integers... in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that R and S are POSITIVE INTEGERS. We''re asked if R+S is EVEN. This is a YES/NO question and can be solved with Number Properties and/or by TESTing VALUES. To start, you might find it helpful to write down a few Number Property rules: (Even) + (Even) = Even (Even) + ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If S is a set of odd integers and 3 and -1... in the Data Sufficiency forum “Hi All, We''re told that Set S is a set of ODD INTEGERS and 3 and -1 are in S. We''re asked if -15 in S. This question is more about logic and basic Arithmetic than anything else, so taking the proper notes - and thinking about the possibilities - is all that''s really needed to beat it. (1) ...” April 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Trying to get 500 in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum “Hi John, Many Test Takers are unhappy with their initial practice scores, but you really shouldn''t be. That first CAT Score is just a measure of your skills right now - and you''ll improve on that result over time as you learn more about the content, Tactics and little ''secrets'' of the Exam. ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If S is a set of odd integers and 3 and -1... in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: S is a set of odd integers and 3 and –1 are in S Target question: Is –15 in S ? Statement 1: 5 is in S So far, set S looks like this: {-1, 3, 5, . . . .} So, -15 may or may not be in set S Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If r and s are positive integers... in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: r and s are positive integers Target question: Is r + s even? Statement 1: r is even. Since we have no information about s, we cannot determine whether r + s is even Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT Statement 2: s is ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to When positive integer k is divided by 5, the remainder is 2. in the Problem Solving forum “When it comes to remainders, we have a nice rule that says: If N divided by D leaves remainder R, then the possible values of N are R, R+D, R+2D, R+3D,. . . etc. For example, if k divided by 5 leaves a remainder of 1, then the possible values of k are: 1, 1+5, 1+(2)(5), 1+(3)(5), ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is the integer x a 3-digit integer? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is the integer x a 3-digit integer? Statement 1: x is the square of an integer. Let''s TEST some values. There are several values of x that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: x = 10² = 100. In this case, the answer to the target question is YES, x IS a 3-digit ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1... in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: term1 = 0 and term2 = 1 Target question: Does term5 equal 2? Once we scan the two statements, we can probably jump straight to . . . Statements 1 and 2 combined There are several possible sequences that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two: Case a: {0, 1, 2, 0, 2,...}. In ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is the sum of four particular integers even? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Some important rules: #1. ODD +/- ODD = EVEN #2. ODD +/- EVEN = ODD #3. EVEN +/- EVEN = EVEN #4. (ODD)(ODD) = ODD #5. (ODD)(EVEN) = EVEN #6. (EVEN)(EVEN) = EVEN Target question: Is the sum of four particular integers even? Statement 1: Two of the integers are odd and two are even. ...” April 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the units digit of the number z? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statements combined: Case 1: z=19, with the result that z is between both 17 and 20 and 18 and 21 In this case, the units digit of z is 9. Case 2: z=18.1, with the result that z is between both 17 and 20 and 18 and 21 In this case, the units digit of z is 8. Since the units digit can be ...” April 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The number line shown contains three points R, S, and T in the Problem Solving forum “Let R=-3, S=3 and T=6, implying that r=|-3|=3, s=|3|=3, and t=|6|=6. Average of R, S, and T = (-3+3+6)/3 = 2. The correct answer must yield 2 when r=3, s=3 and t=6. Only E works: (s + t - r)/3 = (3+6-3)/3 = 6/3 = 2 The correct answer is E.” April 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Peter and Tom shared the driving on a certain trip. in the Problem Solving forum “Let the total distance = 5 miles and the time for each driver = 1 hour. Since Peter drives 2/5 of the total distance -- 2 miles -- in 1 hour, Peter''s speed = d/t = 2/1 = 2 miles per hour. Since Tom drives the remaining distance -- 3 miles -- in 1 hour, Tom''s speed = d/t = 3/1 = 3 miles per ...” April 28, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If 90/k is an integer, is k an integer? in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: 90/k is an integer Target question: Is k an integer? Statement 1: k > 1 Let''s TEST some values. There are several values of k that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: k = 10. Notice that 90/k = 90/10 = 9, which is an integer. In this case, the answer to the target ...” April 27, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to For a recent play performance, the ticket prices were$25 in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: How many of the tickets sold were for adults? Given: A total of 500 tickets were sold for the performance Let C = # of child tickets sold Let A = # of adult tickets sold So, C + A = 500 Statement 1: Revenue from ticket sales for this performance totaled $10,500 In other ...” April 27, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The arithmetic mean of a data set is 46 and the standard in the Problem Solving forum “-----------ASIDE----------------- A little extra background on standard deviations above and below the mean If, for example, a set has a standard deviation of 4, then: 1 standard deviation = 4 2 standard deviations = 8 3 standard deviations = 12 1.5 standard deviations = 6 0.25 ...” April 27, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the town of Z, the town lion roars on some days and not in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the probability that on that day, either the town lion roared or it rained? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. This is an OR probability. The OR probability rule says, P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B) So, P(rained or roared) = P(rained) + ...” April 27, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If 20 percent of x is 5y, and y = 7, what is 60 percent in the Problem Solving forum “GIVEN: 20 percent of x = 5y This means: 40 percent of x = 10y And: 60 percent of x = 15y Since y = 7, we can write: 60 percent of x = 15(7) = 105 Answer: A” April 27, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is x^2 > 15? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is x² > 15? Statement 1: x > -4 Let''s TEST some values. There are several values of x that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: x = -1. In this case, x² = (-1)² = 1. So, the answer to the target question is NO, x² is NOT greater than 15 Case b: x = ...” April 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Ten theater students are to begin work on a set for a musica in the Problem Solving forum “(50 days)/(60 days) = 5/6. To finish the job in 5/6 of the normal time, the crew requires 6/5 of the normal number of students -- an increase of 1/5: (1/5)(10) = 2 more students. The correct answer is A.” April 27, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Trouble dividing Sleep Eat Play Study Work in the Lounge forum “One very important piece of advice - DON''T SKIMP ON SLEEP! Sleep is when memory consolidation happens, so if you''re staying up late to study without sleeping, you won''t hold onto those memories anyway, so it''s wasted effort. Sleep deprivation can essentially cause amnesia in the long run, ...” April 27, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to The recent surge in the number of airplane flights has in the Sentence Correction forum “This question is testing PARALLELISM and MEANING. When we see "... , and prompts..." we know that we''re looking for a parallel list: X, Y, and Z. Just note: we don''t have to make every verb in the sentence parallel! You might be looking for: ... the surge has clogged air traffic ...” April 27, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to If gh < 0 < gk, is g < 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “When we have variables with inequalities, we have to make sure that we don''t make assumptions about the SIGN, i.e. whether it''s positive or negative. If gh < 0 < gk, is g < 0? We definitely can''t divide through by g to get h < 0 < k, because if g were negative, the signs ...” April 26, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to If a and b are positive integers divisible by 6, is 6 the in the Data Sufficiency forum “In this divisibility question, we can either TEST CASES or use DIVISIBILITY THEORY. If a and b are positive integers divisible by 6, is 6 the greatest common divisor of a and b? (1) a = 2b + 6 Testing Cases: Case 1: b = 6 a = 2(6) + 6 = 18 the GCF of 6 and 18 is 6 --> yes. Case ...” April 26, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to On Monday, Daisy’s Lemonade Stand sold lemonade at 20 cent in the Critical Reasoning forum “When we''re asked what assertion is supported, we''re really asked what MUST be true, i.e. what''s inferable. If the 2 lemonade stands reported identical revenues and identical profits, we can infer 2 things: 1. the costs must have been identical, since Profit = Revenue - Costs. 2. Since ...” April 26, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to $$w, x$$ and $$y$$ are positive integers such that in the Data Sufficiency forum “First, infer everything we can from the given information: $$w, x$$ and $$y$$ are positive integers such that $$w \leq x \leq y$$ the average (arithmetic mean) of $$w, x$$ and $$y$$ is $$20$$ Infer --> the sum of w, x, and y is 60. Question: is $$w > 15$$? Since we know that the sum ...” April 26, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to In the United States, of the young adults who move from one in the Critical Reasoning forum “This question - like many others from Veritas Prep - directly plagiarizes an Official Guide question: Explanation for that question here: https://www.beatthegmat.com/i-m-doubting-the-official-answer-of-a-cr-question-t156084.html#551227 I would advise GMAT studiers to ignore any resources ...” April 26, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If digit $$h$$ is the hudredths' digit in the decimal in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: Digit h is the hundredths digit in the decimal d=0.2h6 Target question: What is the value of d, rounded to the nearest TENTH? Statement 1: d < 1/4 In other words, 0.2h6 < 0.25 This means h = 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 If h = 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4, then 0.2h6 (aka d) rounded to the nearest ...” April 26, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the rectangular coordinate system, line $$k$$ is defined in the Data Sufficiency forum “KEY CONCEPT: If a point lies ON a line, then the coordinates (x and y) of that point must SATISFY the equation of the line. Given: Line k is defined by the equation x - 2y + n = 0 Target question: What is the value of n? Statement 1: The x-intercept of line k is 8 In other words, ...” April 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG Most of the country's biggest daily newspapers in the Sentence Correction forum “Plural terms such as profits, revenues, costs, etc. refer to NUMERICAL VALUES. When comparing plural terms that refer to numerical values, we generally do not use more but instead use -ER comparatives such as higher, lower, greater, etc. Thus, the blue sentence above is correct; the red sentence ...” April 26, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to How divide my study time? Quant/Verbal in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi Mike, GMAC has publicly stated that the Official Score that you earn on Test Day is within +/- 30 points of actual ability. Assuming a similar ''swing'' in how your CATs function, 3 of your CAT score results show that you essentially performed the same each time (700 +/- a few points) - and ...” April 26, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If z is a three-digit positive integer, what is the value in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: z is a three-digit positive integer Target question: What is the value of the tens digit of z ? Statement 1: The tens digit of z - 91 is 3 Let''s examine two EXTREME cases z - 91 = 30 z - 91 = 39 NOTE: These are extreme cases, because 30 is the smallest 2-digit number ...” April 25, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either pigs or in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: How many of the animals are cows? Given: Of the 60 animals in a certain farm, 2/3 are either pigs or cows Let P = # of pigs Let C = # of cows 2/3 of 60 = 40, so we can say that P + C = 40 Statement 1: The farm has MORE THAN twice as many cows as it has pigs. In other ...” April 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Suppose x = a/b (b≠0). Which of following is equivalent to in the Problem Solving forum “Let a=2 and b=1, with the result that x = a/b = 2/1 = 2 and that (a²+ab)/(a²+b²) = (4+2)/(4+1) = 6/5. The correct answer must yield 6/5 when x=2. Only A works: (x²+x)/(x²+1) = (4+2)/(4+1) = 6/5 The correct answer is A.” April 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Probability Question in the Problem Solving forum “The approach above counts the following: Cases that include 11: 1122, 1133, 1144, 1155, 1166 Cases that include 22: 2211, 2233, 2244, 2255, 2266 Cases that include 33: 3311, 3322, 3344, 3355, 3366 Cases that include 44: 4411, 4422, 4433, 4455, 4466 Cases that include 55: 5511, 5522, ...” April 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to On account of a law in the Sentence Correction forum “The OA is correct because it contains no grammatical errors and conveys a logical meaning. OA: With the cost of wireless service plummeting, many people are now using their mobile phones. Here, the action in blue is accompanied by the plummeting cost of wireless service. This meaning is perfectly ...” April 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain movie star's salary for each film she makes consis in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question involves what''s called "system math", which is an algebra concept. We need to translate the given prompt into a couple of algebra equations, then solve. We''re told that a total is based on a fixed amount + a percentage of a gross. From the two roles, we can ...” April 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to There are 300 seniors at Morse High School, and 40% of them in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question can be solved in a variety of ways - with ratios, as a weighted average, or even by TESTing THE ANSWERS. Most Test Takers would probably take an algebraic approach with this question (which is fine), but here''s how you can use the answers to your advantage and just do ...” April 24, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Bill rides his bike to work in the morning on a route that in the Data Sufficiency forum “Here''s a similar question to practice with: https://www.beatthegmat.com/distance-t273181.html Cheers, Brent” April 24, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the value of x? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the value of x? Statement 1: 4x = 2y − 6 Divide both sides by 2 to get: 2x = y - 3 Divide both sides by 2 (again) to get: x = (y - 3)/2 As you might guess, there are infinitely many solutions to the equation x = (y - 3)/2. Here are two: Case a: y = 3, and x = 0. ...” April 24, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Phone plan A charges$1.25 for the first minute and $0.15 in the Problem Solving forum “Phone plan A charges$1.25 for the first minute and $0.15 for every minute thereafter. Let x = total duration of phone call (in minutes) So, the cost of an x-minute call =$1.25 + ($0.15)(x - 1) ASIDE: I created the expression ($0.15)(x - 1) because we pay $1.25 for the FIRST minute. So, if x = ...” April 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to GMAT official mocks 3-4 not working in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi Zaidf1997, That sounds like an issue that is probably best handled by GMAC''s Tech Support Team. Since your friend purchased the original Exam Pack, has he/she tried to use the login (and what happens then?)? GMAT assassins aren''t born, they''re made, Rich” April 23, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a new topic called Free Prep Course: Enter to Win EMPOWERgmat''s FULL Course! in the GMAT Strategy forum “EMPOWERgmat is giving a way our groundbreaking GMAT prep course for free (a$349 value) to TWO lucky winners. No purchase necessary. Entering is easy: invite friends or share on social media to earn additional entries. You can also get DAILY and BONUS entries. Check out the giveaway page to ...”
April 22, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A piece of twine of length t is cut into two pieces. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a piece of twine of length T is cut into two pieces and that the length of the longer piece is 2 yards greater than 3 times the length of the shorter piece. We''re asked for the length, in yards, of the longer piece. This question can be solved in a couple of different ...”
April 22, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If k^2 = m^2, which of the following must be true? in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi VJesus12, We''re told that K^2 = M^2. We''re asked which of the following MUST be true. This essentially means "which of the following is ALWAYS true no matter how many different examples we can come up with?" These types of questions often require a bit more ''thoroughness'' than ...”
April 22, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the rectangular coordinate system above, if point R in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi M7MBA, From the diagram, we know that the base of triangle ORP = 4. We also know that it''s area = 12, so we can combine those two pieces of information to find the height of the triangle (and by extension, the Y co-ordinate of point R). Area = (1/2)(base)(height) 12 = ...”
April 22, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to How divide my study time? Quant/Verbal in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi Mike, This is a really fantastic overall performance (especially in the Verbal section), so if you took this CAT in a realistic fashion, then you''re clearly a really strong critical thinker overall - and you have the potential to score at a really high level on the Official GMAT. Before I can ...”
April 22, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A piece of twine of length t is cut into two pieces. in the Problem Solving forum
“A piece of twine of length t is cut into two pieces. Let x = the length of the LONGER piece in yards So, t - x = the length of the SHORTER piece in yards The length of the longer piece is 2 yards greater than 3 times the length of the shorter piece. In other words: (longer piece) = ...”
April 22, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to √(16∗20+8∗32)= in the Problem Solving forum
“One option here is to evaluate (16)(20)+(8)(32), and then find the square root of the result. That''s a bit of work. We can also apply a technique called "Multiplying by Doubling and Halving" (here''s the video: I factored out the 16 = √sqrt(xy) = (√x)(√y)] √[(16)(36)] = ...”
April 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Probability Question in the Problem Solving forum
“All possible rolls: Since there are 6 number options for each roll, we get: 6*6*6*6 = 1296 Case 1: Exactly 2 rolls are the same (such as 1123) From 4 rolls, the number of ways to choose a pair to yield the same number = 4C2 = (4*3)/(2*1) = 6. Number options for this pair = 6. (Any of the 6 ...”
April 22, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Sequence $$X$$ consists of $$825$$ terms, and each term in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the value of term 500? Given: Each term after the first term is 5 more than the preceding term. Statement 1: Term 515 of sequence X is -98. Since each term is 5 more than the preceding term, we know that term 514 = -103 term 513 = -108 term 512 = -113 term ...”
April 21, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to From a group of 5 managers (Joon, Kendra, Lee, Marnie and in the Problem Solving forum
“Our goal is to find P(M and N both selected) Method #1: P(M and N both selected) = P(one of them is selected 1st AND the other selected 2nd) = P(one of them is selected 1st) x P(the other selected 2nd) = (2/5)(1/4) = 1/10 = 0.1 Aside: P(one of them is selected 1st) = 2/5 because I''m ...”
April 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If j > 1, is integer j a prime number? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statements combined: Since dividing by 3 or 2 leaves a remainder of 1, j must be 1 more than a multiple of 3 and 2: j = (3*2)a + 1 = 6a + 1, where a is a positive integer Options for j: 7, 13, 19, 25... If j=7, then the answer to the question stem is YES. If j=25, then the answer to the ...”
April 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to From a group of 5 managers (Joon, Kendra, Lee, Marnie and in the Problem Solving forum
“Approach 1; P = (good pair)/(all possible pairs) Good pair = Marnie and Noomi = 1 option. All possible pairs = the number of ways to select 2 managers from 5 options = 5C2 = (5*4)/(2*1) = 10 options. Thus: P = 1/10 = 0.1 Approach 2: P(M or N is selected first) = 2/5. (Of the 5 managers, 2 ...”
April 21, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the perimeter of quadrilateral Q? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the perimeter of quadrilateral Q? If we recognize that each statement alone is not sufficient, we can jump straight to...... Statements 1 and 2 combined There are several quadrilaterals satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two: Case a: Q is a rectangle with width 1 ...”
April 20, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Mary's income is 60 percent more than Tim's income, and in the Problem Solving forum
“I suggest that we choose some nice values that meet the given conditions. Tim''s income is 40 percent less than Juan''s income. Let Juan''s income = $100 40% of$100 = $40 This means Tim''s income =$100 - $40 =$60 Mary''s income is 60 percent more than Tim''s income 60% of $60 =$36 So ...”
April 20, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to For integers x and y, when x is divided by y, the remainder in the Problem Solving forum
“Since, the question asks "Which of the following must be true?", we can eliminate any answer choice that is not necessarily true. So let''s test some values that satisfy the given conditions For integers x and y, when x is divided by y, the remainder is odd. One possible case is that ...”
April 20, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A certain library assesses fines for overdue books as follow in the Problem Solving forum
“1st day - $0.10 2nd day -$0.20 or $0.40 (double or add$0.30) $0.20 is the lesser amount 3rd day -$0.40 or $0.50 (double or add$0.30) $0.40 is the lesser amount 4th day -$0.80 or $0.70 (double or add$0.30) $0.70 is the lesser amount The correct answer is B Cheers, Brent” April 20, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to For the 5 days shown in the graph, how many kilowatt-hours in the Problem Solving forum “List the numbers in ASCENDING ORDER to get: 19, 24, 27, 29, 31. So 27 is the median. Average = (19 + 24 + 27 + 29 + 31)/5 = 130/5 = 26. The median (27) is 1 greater than the average (26). Answer: A Cheers, Brent” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to While it costs about the same in the Sentence Correction forum “Here, the phrase in blue implies that people were trying to drive on the freeway but that the process was made challenging by the rain. This meaning is logical. Here, the phrase in red implies that nuclear plants are trying to generate electricity but that the process is made more expensive ...” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually in the Sentence Correction forum “An effect is a CHANGE brought about by an event. The Earth ALWAYS has a temperature. Since temperature does not constitute a change, it cannot be an effect. In the OA, EXTREMES are the change brought about by greenhouse emissions. This meaning is logical. The temperature of the Earth is not ...” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of |x|? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: x=0, with the result that -|x| = - |0| = 0 In this case, |x| = 0. Case 2: x=-1, with the result that -|-1| = -1 In this case, |x| = 1. Since |x| can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Thus, x=2 or x=-2. In each case, |x|=2. SUFFICIENT. The correct ...” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mary's income is 60 percent more than Tim's income, and in the Problem Solving forum “Let J=100. Since Tim''s income is 40% less than Juan''s, T = 100 - (40% of 100) = 100 - 40 = 60. Since Mary''s income is 60% greater than Tim''s, M = 60 + (60% of 60) = 60 + 36 = 96. What percent of Juan''s income is Mary''s income? M/J = 96/100 = 96%. The correct answer is C.” April 20, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What are the coordinates of point B in the figure above? in the Data Sufficiency forum “IMPORTANT: For geometry Data Sufficiency questions, we are typically checking to see whether the statements "lock" a particular angle, length, or shape into having just one possible measurement. This concept is discussed in much greater detail in the video below. Target question: What ...” April 19, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If (x # y) represents the remainder that results when the in the Problem Solving forum “If y > 16, (16 # y) = 16, so we need only check the values from 1 to 15 Also, we need not check the FACTORS of 16, since they will all yield a remainder of 0 We''re left with: (16 # 3) = 1 KEEP! (16 # 5) = 1 KEEP (16 # 7) = 2 (16 # 9) = 7 (16 # 10) = 6 (16 # 11) = 5 (16 # 12) = 4 (16 # ...” April 19, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers, is x^2*y^2 even ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is x²y² even ? Statement 1: x + 5 is a prime number So, x+5 is a prime number greater than 5, which means x+5 must be ODD (since 2 is only even prime) If x+5 is ODD, then x must be EVEN If x is EVEN, then x²y² must be even The answer to the target question is YES, ...” April 19, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The areas of three faces of a rectangular solid are 12, 15 a in the Problem Solving forum “Let x = the width Let y = the length Let z = the height So, the volume = xyz Area of one face = 12 We can write: xy = 12 Area of one face = 15 We can write: xz = 15 Area of one face = 20 We can write: yz = 20 Combine to get: (xy)(xz)(yz) = (12)(15)(20) Simplify: x²y²z² = 3600 ...” April 19, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to OG 2019 related questions for daily emails in the The 60-Day GMAT Study Guide forum “The OGs vary by very little with each edition. So, you can just use an earlier edition (see https://www.beatthegmat.com/official-guide-question-library-t296759.html) Cheers, Brent” April 18, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to OG 2019 related questions for daily emails in the The 60-Day GMAT Study Guide forum “Sorry, but there are no plans to update BTG''s 60-Day Study Guide to include OG2019 questions.” April 18, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If f(2x - 1) = 4x² - 4x - 8, then f(5) = in the Problem Solving forum “Here''s one more approach: First notice that 4x² - 4x - 8 looks a lot like (2x - 1)² (2x - 1)² = (2x - 1)(2x - 1) = 4x² - 4x + 1 Now take: f(2x - 1) = 4x² - 4x - 8 Rewrite as: f(2x - 1) = 4x² - 4x + 1 - 9 = (2x - 1)² - 9 In other words, f(something) =something² - 9 In general, ...” April 18, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to y = 248 - 398x. Which of the following values of x gives in the Problem Solving forum “We can also test the answer choices.... (A) x = 200 means y = 248 - 398(200) = some number LESS THAN 248 (B) x = 100 means y = 248 - 398(100) = some number LESS THAN 248 (C) x = 0.5 means y = 248 - 398(0.5) = some number LESS THAN 248 (D) x = 0 means y = 248 - 398(0) = some number EQUAL TO ...” April 18, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If sequence S has 120 terms, what is the 105th term of S? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the 105th term of S? Given: Sequence S has 120 terms Statement 1: The first term of S is −8. We have no information about the nature of the sequence. So, knowing the value of term 1 won''t help is determine the value of term 105 Since we cannot answer the ...” April 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Verb-ing doubt in the Sentence Correction forum “NOUN + VERBing implies that the VERBing is a restrictive modifier. The purpose of a restrictive modifier is to SPECIFY the type of noun being discussed. Here, the restrictive modifier in blue implies the following: There are many types of planets. The sentence is not referring to all these ...” April 18, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Does x + c = y + c ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Does x + c = y + c ? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. Take the equation x + c = y + c, and subtract c from both sides to get: x = y REPHRASED target question: Does x = y ? Aside: Here’s a video with tips on rephrasing the target question: ...” April 17, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If n is a prime number greater than 3, what is the remainder in the Problem Solving forum “Choose ANY prime number greater than 3, and test it. If n = 5, then n² = 5² = 25 When 25 is divided by 12, the quotient is 2 and the remainder is 1 Answer: B Cheers, Brent” April 17, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is integer x odd? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is integer x odd? Statement 1: 2x + 1 is odd There are several values of x that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: x = 1. Notice that 2x + 1 = 2(1) + 1 = 3, which is odd. In this case, the answer to the target question is YES, x IS odd Case b: x = 2. Notice that 2x ...” April 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers and in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: x=2 $$2^y =2^{2y-3}$$ Since each side has the same base, the two exponents must be equal: y = 2y-3 3 = y Since the values of x and y are known, the value of $$x^y$$ can be determined. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Thus, x=2. Same information as in Statement 1. Since Statement ...” April 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to There are 10 employees in an office. The table shows how in the Problem Solving forum “List of 10 pet values implied by the chart: 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3 Since the answer choices are all 3 or greater, the addition of the manager''s pet value will yield the following list of 11 values: 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, M Since the new average must be equal to the median value ...” April 17, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to When 1,000 children were inoculated with a certain vaccine, in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: How many of the children developed inflammation but not fever? One approach is to use the Double Matrix Method. This technique can be used for most questions featuring a population in which each member has two characteristics associated with it (aka overlapping sets questions). ...” April 16, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is xy > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is xy > 0? Statement 1: x - y > -2 Let''s TEST some values. There are several values of x and y that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: x = 5 and y = 1. In this case, xy = (5)(1) = 5. So, the answer to the target question is YES, xy IS greater than 0 Case b: ...” April 16, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers and x = 10y + 5, what is in the Problem Solving forum “GIVEN: x = 10y + 5 Factor out 5 to get: x = 5(2y + 1) We can see that x is a multiple of 5, which also means x is divisible by 5, which means the remainder will by ZERO when x is divided by 5 Answer: A Cheers, Brent” April 16, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Last Problem in OG12 Diagnostic in the Problem Solving forum “As with all VIACs (Variables In the Answer Choices questions), we can solve this via the INPUT-OUTPUT approach (as Mitch has done) or via an ALGEBRAIC approach. Typically, when the answer choices look complex (as they do here), I find the INPUT-OUTPUT approach easier. However, the algebraic ...” April 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Computer-based activities in the Critical Reasoning forum “In a strengthen CR, the OA SUPPORTS THE PASSAGE. In an inference CR, the PASSAGE SUPPORTS THE OA. Here, the OA supports the passage. The result is a strengthen CR. Since the OA supports the conclusion, its negation naturally will weaken the conclusion.” April 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG Most of the country's biggest daily newspapers in the Sentence Correction forum “This is the comparison conveyed by the green sentence above. Here, each blue portion has a subject (the company) and a verb (had) and thus constitutes a clause. The result is a logical comparison. This is the comparison implied by the incorrect red sentence above. The first blue portion ...” April 16, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Which of the following is equivalent to in the Problem Solving forum “Here''s another approach.... Take: $$\frac{x+y}{3}-\frac{x-y}{4}$$ Find common denominator: $$\frac{4(x+y)}{12}-\frac{3(x-y)}{12}$$ Expand numerators: $$\frac{4x+4y}{12}-\frac{3x-3y)}{12}$$ Combine fractions: $$\frac{(4x+4y)-(3x-3y)}{12}$$ Simplify numerator: $$\frac{x+7y}{12}$$ ...” April 15, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A man spends$48 to buy 6 hamburgers and 8 colas for his in the Problem Solving forum
“Let H = price of one hamburger Let C = price of one cola A man spends $48 to buy 6 hamburgers and 8 colas for his office workers. 6H + 8C = 48 The next day, he buys 5 hamburgers and 4 colas and spends$32. 5H + 4C = 32 Assuming the prices of hamburgers and colas remain constant, what ...”
April 15, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Alice, Benjamin, and Carol each try independently to win a in the Problem Solving forum
“P(exactly 2 win) = P(A wins and B wins and C loses OR B wins and C wins and A loses OR A wins and C wins and B loses) = P(A wins and B wins and C loses) + P(B wins and C wins and A loses) + P(A wins and C wins and B loses) Let''s calculate each probability P(A wins and B wins and C loses) = ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Three salespeople, Dan, Matt, and Nicole, earned annual in the Problem Solving forum
“D:M:N = 3:5:8. The sum of the parts of the ratio = 3+5+8 = 16. The values in red indicate the following: Nicole''s fraction of the total = 8/16 = 1/2. Since Nicole''s $28,000 is 1/2 of the total, the total =$56,000. The correct answer is E.”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Together, 15 type A machines and 7 type B machines can in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the job = 44 units. Since 15A+7B take 4 hours to complete the 44-unit job, the rate for 15A+7B = w/t = 44/4 = 11 units per hour. Since 8B+15C take 11 hours to complete the 44-unit job, the rate for 8B+15C = w/t = 44/11 = 4 units per hour. Adding together 15A+7B=11 and 8B+15C=4, we get: ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mark has fewer than 9 coins. Each coin is either a quarter in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: 25Q + 10D = 170 5Q + 2D = 34 To minimize the number of coins, we must maximize the value of Q. If Q=6, then D=2, with the result that 5Q + 2D = (5*6) + (2*2) = 34. In this case, the total number of coins = 6+2 = 8. If the value of Q decreases, then the total number of coins ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 12^(1/2) + 108^(1/2) + 48^(1/2) = in the Problem Solving forum
“√12 + (√9 * √12) + (√4 * √12) = √12 + 3√12 + 2√12 = 6√12 = 6 * √4 * √ 3 = 12√3 The correct answer is A.”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If n is a positive integer greater than 6, what is the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Approach 1: Since n is greater than 6, and the statements refer to n², make a list of perfect squares greater than 6²: n² = 49, 64, 81, 100, 121, 144, 169, 196, 225. Subtracting 1 from these values, we get the following options for n² - 1: n² - 1 = 48, 63, 80, 99, 120, 143, 168, 195, ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following is equivalent to in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x=2 and y=1, with the result that (x+y)/3 - (x-y)/4 = 1 - 1/4 = 3/4. The correct answer must yield 3/4 when x=2 and y=1. Only D works: (7y+x)/12 = (7*1 + 2)/12 = 9/12 = 3/4 The correct answer is D.”
April 15, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If n is an integer, is (100−n)n an integer? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is (100 - n)/n an integer? Statement 1: n > 4 Let''s TEST some values There are infinitely many values of n that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: n = 5. In this case, (100 - n)/n = (100 - 5)/5 = 95/5 = 19. So, the answer to the target question is YES, (100 - ...”
April 14, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to f(x) = x^2 - x. For which of the following values of a is in the Problem Solving forum
“GIVEN: f(x) = x² - x So, f(8) = 8² - 8 = 56 I. a = -7 So, f(-7) = (-7)² - (-7) = 56 This means f(a) ≥ f(8) Check the answer choices. . . ELIMINATE B and C II. a = -8 So, f(-8) = (-8)² - (-8) = 72 This means f(a) ≥ f(8) Check the answer choices. . . ELIMINATE A II. a = -9 ...”
April 14, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the largest value of integer n such that in the Problem Solving forum
“98 = (2)(7)(7) = (2^1)(7^2) So, 98^98 = (2^1)(7^2)]^98 = (2^98)(7^196) What is the largest value of integer n such that 98^98 is divisible by 7^n? Since 98^98 = (2^98)(7^196), the largest value of n is 196 Answer: E Cheers, Brent”
April 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a certain office, 50 percent of the employees are college in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let T = the total number of employees. Since 60% of the employees are over 40, we get: Over 40 = 0.6T 30% of those over 40 -- in other words, 30% of the expression in blue -- have master''s degrees. Thus: Over 40 with master''s = 0.3(0.6T). To calculate the value of the expression in ...”
April 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Dwight and Mose decide to build a new barn on their farm, in the Problem Solving forum
“Every time Dwight does 1/4 of the remaining work, 3/4 of the work remains. Every time Mose does 1/6 of the remaining work, 5/6 of the work remains. When Mose starts his third shift, Dwight has completed 3 shifts, while Mose has completed 2 shifts. Thus, the remaining work at the start of Mose''s ...”
April 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a law firm, 72% of the employees are associates and 54% in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the total number of employees = 100, implying that the total number of associates = 72% of 100 = 72 and that the number of senior associates = 54% of 100 = 54. The prompt should make clear that every associate is either a junior associate or senior associate, yielding the following equation: ...”
April 14, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to If a subscription for 10 issues of a magazine costs $24.00 in the Problem Solving forum “If 10 issues cost$24, that represents an individual cost of $2.40 each. If$2.40 is 20% less than the cover price x, then: $$2.40=\left(0.8\right)x$$ $$2.40=\left(\frac{4}{5}\right)x$$ $$2.40\left(\frac{5}{4}\right)=x$$ $$0.60\left(5\right)=x$$ $$3.00=x$$ The answer is E.”
April 14, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to From a group of 21 astronauts that includes 12 people with in the Problem Solving forum
“To count the number of possible crews, we must calculate 2 things: 1. the number of ways to select 1 person with experience out of 12 2. the number of ways to select the remaining 2 people out of the remaining 9 Remember that when counting combinations in a diminishing pool in which order ...”
April 14, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to What is the value of xy? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“For more on how the GMAT subverts our expectations of the 2 equations / 2 variables rule, see: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/blog/high-school-algebra-wrong-gmat-breaks-systems-equations-rules/”
April 14, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to What is the value of xy? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Question: What is the value of xy? To answer this question, we need either values for x and y individually, or simply a value for the product xy. (1) y = x + 1 This gives us y in terms of x, but cannot give us the value of xy. Insufficient. (2) y = x^2 + 1 This gives us y in terms of ...”
April 14, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to If the positive integer $$n$$ is greater than $$6$$, what is in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Remainder problems in DS often require TESTING CASES: If the positive integer n is greater than 6, what is the remainder when n is divided by 6? We don''t have much given information to unpack here, so let''s move on to the statements: 1) When n is divided by 9, the remainder is 2. ...”
April 13, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A library branch originally contained 18360 volumes, 30% of in the Problem Solving forum
“Since the answer choices are PERCENTS, the total number of books can be ANY POSITIVE VALUE. 30% = 3/10, implying a denominator of 10. Let the total number of books = the product of the three denominators 10, 3 and 3 = 10*3*3 = 90. Since 30% of the books are fiction, the number of fiction books ...”
April 12, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A certain series is defined by the following recursive rule: in the Problem Solving forum
“I''m not crazy about this question. Typically, when we talk about series, Sn represents the SUM of the first n terms of that series. However, based on the official answer, Sn seems to represent the value of TERM n. Cheers, Brent”
April 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Heavy commitment by an executive in the Sentence Correction forum
“that-clause includes its own subject and verb and thus does not require an additional agent. In the blue that-clause above, the subject for will meet (verb) is a system of import relief laws. Since it is clear that A SYSTEM will meet the strategic needs, no additional agent is required. An ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A teacher wants to select a team of 5 players from a group in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi VJesus12, We''re told that a teacher wants to select a team of 5 players from a group of 9 players. However, she needs to keep the following constraints in mind: If Jane is in the team, Sue should also be included in the team and vice versa. We''re asked for the number of different ways that ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The time it took car A to travel 400 miles was 2 hours less in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi swerve, We''re told that the time it took car A to travel 400 miles was 2 hours LESS than the time it took car B to travel the same distance and car A''s average speed was 10 miles per hour GREATER than that of car B. We''re asked for car B''s average speed in miles per hour. This question ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A newly-opened retail store made $400 profit on the initial in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a newly-opened retail store made$400 profit on the initial expenditure of $25000, and then made$1200 profit on the next $80000 expenditure. We''re asked for the approximate percentage change in the ratio of profit to expenditure change from the first$25000 expenditure ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The architects of a certain type of building estimate in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the architects of a certain type of building estimate construction costs to be $2.0 million per floor for each of the first 5 floors,$2.5 million per floor for each of the next 3 floors, and $3.5 million per floor for any additional floors. We''re asked what the ...” April 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to This year, x people won an Olympic medal for water in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that X people won a medal for water competitions. Of those X people, 1/3 won a medal for swimming; of those who won a medal for SWIMMING, 1/4 also won a medal for diving. This question can be solved by TESTing VALUES (and taking a few notes). The common denominator between ...” April 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to GMAT Study group (Asia/US) in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum “Hi shoc064, Forming a study group could be quite helpful, but you''ll still need a proper Study Plan to hit your Score Goal. From your post, it''s not clear whether you''re just beginning your studies or if you''ve put in some significant study time already, so if you''re interested in any advice ...” April 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to I made it! From 640 to 720. in the I just Beat The GMAT! forum “Hi realcanario, That''s OUTSTANDING news! Your 690 was already a fantastic Score, but pushing that up to a 720 (with a Q50) is a noteworthy improvement! With this 720/Q50, you can comfortably apply to ANY Business Schools that interest you! You have plenty of time to work on your applications ...” April 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mary and Kate are running clockwise around a circular track in the Problem Solving forum “Since Mary is behind Kate by 250 meters -- half the circumference of the track -- she will catch up to Mary when she has traveled 250 meters more than Kate. To catch up to Kate a second time, Mary must then travel one more lap than Kate -- in other words, 500 meters more than Kate. Implication: ...” April 11, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Mary and Kate are running clockwise around a circular track in the Problem Solving forum “To get a better idea of what''s happening, let''s sketch the set-up: https://i.imgur.com/SwHzFJD.png Mary is faster than Kate, we can say that Kate has a 250 meter head start. In other words, when Mary closes that 250-meter gap, she will pass Kate for the FIRST time. ...” April 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Heavy commitment by an executive in the Sentence Correction forum “The bad weather makes it difficult to work outdoors. Here, the infinitive in blue is not immediately preceded by an agent: the sentence does not specify WHO is intended TO WORK. The implication is that the agent for the blue infinitive is not a specific person but people IN GENERAL, as follows: ...” April 11, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the sum of the cubes of the first ten positive? in the Problem Solving forum “Let''s look for a pattern 1³ = 1 = 1² 1³ + 2³ = 9 = 3² 1³ + 2³ + 3³ = 36 = 6² 1³ + 2³ + 3³ + 4³ = 100 = 10² 1³ + 2³ + 3³ + 4³ + 5³ = 225 = 15² See the pattern yet? 1 + 2 = 3 3 + 3 = 6 6 + 4 = 10 10 + 5 = 15 First we add 2, then we add 3, then 4, then 5, etc ...” April 11, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If 0.00012345 is between 1/10^n and 1/10^{n-1}, what is the in the Problem Solving forum “We need to examine powers of 10 that are smaller than AND greater than 0.00012345 We know that: 0.0001 < 0.00012345 < 0.001 Rewrite as FRACTIONS to get: 1/10,000 < 0.00012345 < 1/1,000 Rewrite as POWERS OF 10 to get: 1/10⁴ < 0.00012345 < 1/10³ We''re told that 0.00012345 ...” April 10, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to GMAT Prep Practice Test Quant Questions #4 in the GMAT Math forum “ Given: wx = y Target question: What is the value of xy ? Statement 1: wx²= 16 We can rewrite this as: (wx)(x) = 16 Since wx = y, we can replace wx with y to get: (y)(x) = 16 So, the answer to the target question is xy = 16 Since we can answer the target question with certainty, ...” April 9, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A camera lens filter kit containing 5 filters sells for$ in the Problem Solving forum
“2 of them are priced at $10.45 each, 2 at$12.05 each, 1 at $17.50 TOTAL cost when purchased individually = (2 x$10.45) + (2 x $12.05) + (1 x$17.50) = $20.90 +$24.10 + $17.50 =$62.50 The amount saved by purchasing the kit is what percent of the total price of the 5 filters purchased ...”
April 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Machine A produces pencils at a constant rate of 9000 in the Problem Solving forum
“To MINIMIZE machine B''s operating time, we must MAXIMIZE the time machine A''s operating time. So, let machine A operate for the full 8 hours. In 8 hours, machine A produces 72,000 pencils So, the number of pencils machine B must make = 100,000 - 72,000 = 28,000 Time = output/rate So, ...”
April 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many rectangles are found in the lattice below? in the Problem Solving forum
“https://i.postimg.cc/Z0xg3MXX/lattice.png To form a rectangle, we must combine as HORIZONTAL LENGTH with a VERTICAL LENGTH: Horizontal length: Number of ways to choose a horizontal length of 1: AB, BC, CD, DE, EF = 5 Number of ways to choose a horizontal length of 2: AC, BD, CE, DF = 4 ...”
April 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x is a positive integer, is the remainder 0 when in the Data Sufficiency forum
“$$3^x + 1$$ will yield a remainder of 0 when divided by 10 if it has a units digit of 0. 3¹ --> units digit of 3. 3² --> units digit of 9. (Since the product of the preceding units digit and 3 = 3*3 = 9.) 3³ --> units digit of 7. (Since the product of the preceding units digit and ...”
April 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If d is a positive integer and f is the product of the first in the Data Sufficiency forum
“30! = 30*29*28*....*3*2*1. Statement 1: To determine the greatest possible value for d, we need to know the number of 10''s contained within 30! Since 10=2*5, EVERY COMBINATION OF 2*5 contained within the prime-factorization of 30! will yield a 10. The prime-factorization of 30! is composed ...”
April 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Last year, the price of a jar of peanut butter at a certain in the Problem Solving forum
“The price of a jar of peanut butter at a certain store was P dollars and the price of a jar of jelly at the same store was J dollars, where J=2P. Let P = 10 and J = 20 This year, the price of peanut butter increased by 20% and the price of jelly decreased by 20% New P = 10 + (20% of 10) = 10 + ...”
April 9, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Any decimal that has only a finite number of nonzero digits in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is r/s a terminating decimal? Statement 1: 90 < r < 100 There are several pairs of values that meet this condition. Here are two: Case a: r = 91 and s = 2, in which case r/s = 91/2 = 45.5 = a terminating decimal Case b: r = 91 and s = 3, in which case r/s = 91/3 = ...”
April 8, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A sewing store buys fabric X by the bolt at the wholesale in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the wholesale price of a bolt of fabric X? Given: Each bolt contains 50 meters of fabric X Statement 1: The store sells fabric X for $6.25 per meter. No information about the relationship between the WHOLESALE price and the RETAIL price Statement 1 is NOT ...” April 8, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to There are 10 books on a shelf: 5 English books, 3 Spanish in the Problem Solving forum “Let''s use the complement. That is, P(Event A happening) = 1 - P(Event A not happening) So, here we get: P( 2 different languages) = 1 - P(NOT 2 different languages) So, we can write: P(2 different languages) = 1 - P(the 2 languages are the SAME) P(the 2 languages are the SAME) P(the 2 ...” April 8, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the median and average (arithmetic mean) of a set of 4 di in the Data Sufficiency forum “In ascending order, let the four numbers = a, b, c, d. Since the average of the 4 numbers = 10, we get: (a+b+c+d)/4 = 10 a+b+c +d = 40 Since the median of the 4 numbers = 10, we get: (b+c)/2 = 10 b+c = 20 Subtracting the blue equation from the red equation, we get: (a+b+c+d) - (b+c) = 40-20 ...” April 8, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Any feedback on the Orion GMAT prep? in the Helpful Resources forum “Sorry - I know almost nothing about that company. Cheers, Brent” April 7, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Bite-sized video lessons from GMAT Prep Now in the GMAT Math forum “Data Sufficiency lesson #6: - Rephrasing the Target Question Video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MyG1K3ee69w Cheers, Brent” April 7, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In a certain game only one player can win and only one in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the probability that Katelyn wins at least one of the 3 games? This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question. In order to determine P(Katelyn wins at least one of the 3 games), we need to know the probability that Katelyn wins if they play ONE game. We ...” April 7, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Question of the Week - 3 (The value of the variable E is...) in the Problem Solving forum “A fast approach is to use some estimation. E = 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8 + 1/10 + 1/12 + 1/14 + 1/16 + 1/18 + 1/20 ≈ 0.5 + 0.25 + 0.15 + 0.1 + 0.1 + 0.1 + 0.05 + 0.05 + 0.05 + 0.05 ≈1.4 Which of the following can be a possible value of the reciprocal of E? The reciprocal of E ...” April 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mixture A is 15 percent alcohol, and mixture B is 50 percent in the Problem Solving forum “A = 15% alcohol B = 50% alcohol The MIXTURE of A and B = 30% alcohol To determine the ratio of A to B, use ALLIGATION -- a very efficient way to handle mixture problems. Step 1: Plot the 3 percentages on a number line, with the percentages for A and B (15% and 50%) on the ends and the ...” April 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A museum sold 30 tickets on Saturday. Some of the tickets so in the Data Sufficiency forum “Let G = the number of general tickets. Since a total of 30 tickets are sold, the number of special exhibit tickets = 30-G. Since general tickets =$10 each and special exhibit tickets = $70 each, we get: Total revenue = 10G + 70(30-G) = 10G + 2100 - 70G = 2100 - 60G. Statement 1: 1570 < ...” April 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If 500 is the multiple of 100 that is closest to X and 400 in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statements combined: Case 1: X=460, with the result that 500 is the multiple of 100 closest to X Y=360, with the result that 400 is the multiple of 100 closest to Y In this case, X+Y=820, so the multiple of 100 closest to X+Y is 800. Case 2: X=490, with the result that 500 is the multiple of ...” April 7, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is the positive integer x an even number? in the Data Sufficiency forum “OA=E Target question: Is x an even number? Jump straight to..... Statements 1 and 2 combined There are infinitely many values of x that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two: Case a: x = 32. In this case, the answer to the target question is YES, x IS an even number Case b: x = 17. ...” April 6, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to During a trip that they took together, Carmen, Juan, Maria, in the Problem Solving forum “Let x = the number of miles Rafael drove Average = 80 So, (72 + 78 + 83 + x)/4 = 80 Multiply both sides by 4 to get: 72 + 78 + 83 + x = 320 Simplify: 233 + x = 320 Solve: x = 87 Answer: D” April 6, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If a certain animated cartoon consists of a total of 17,280 in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: How many minutes will it take to run the cartoon? Given: cartoon consists of a total of 17,280 frames Statement 1: The cartoon runs without interruption at the rate of 24 frames per second. Time = (output)/(rate) So, time = (17,280 frames)/(24 frames per second) NOTE: ...” April 6, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to While a family was away on vacation, they paid in the Problem Solving forum “..... paid a neighborhood boy$11 per week to mow their lawn... So, in 3 weeks, the amount the family paid for lawn-moving = (3 weeks)($11/week) =$33 ...the family paid $4 per DAY to feed and walk their dog... 3 weeks = 21 DAYS So, the amount the family paid for dog care = (21 days)($4/day) = ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Last year $48,000 of a certain store's profit was shared in the Problem Solving forum “Each owner received 3 times as much as each employee Let E = the amount (in dollars) that ONE employee received So, 3E = the amount (in dollars) that ONE owner received Last year$48,000 of a certain store''s profit was shared by its 2 owners and their 10 employees. In other words: 3E + 3E + ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Alice is twice as old as Brian and Cathy is 6 years in the Problem Solving forum
“GIVEN: Alice is a years old Alice is twice as old as Brian This also means Brian is HALF as old as Alice So, Brian''s age = a/2 Cathy is 6 years younger than Brian So, Cathy''s age = (Brian''s age) - 6 So, Cathy''s age = (a/2) - 6 How old is Cathy in terms of a ? Cathy''s age = (a/2) - ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to For all numbers m and n... in the Problem Solving forum
“GOAL: Find the value of 4?3 GIVEN: m?n = (2m - n)(m+ n) So, 4?3 = (2(4) - 3)(4+ 3) = (5)(7) = 35 Answer: A Cheers, Brent”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x and y are two points on the number line what is the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the value of x + y? Statement 1: 6 is halfway between x and y. KEY CONCEPT: The average (arithmetic mean) of 2 numbers is HALFWAY between those 2 numbers. For example, the average of 1 and 9 is 5. Notice that 5 is HALFWAY between 1 and 9. So, statement is ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The residents of Town X participated in a survey to in the Problem Solving forum
“---------ASIDE-------------------- A little extra background on standard deviations above and below the mean If, for example, a set has a standard deviation of 4, then: 1 standard deviation = 4 2 standard deviations = 8 3 standard deviations = 12 1.5 standard deviations = 6 0.25 ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the xy-coordinate system, line k has slope 1/2 and passes in the Problem Solving forum
“Let''s first determine the equation of line k A quick approach is the write the equation of line k in slope y-intercept form: y = mx + b, where m = slope and b = y-intercept. We''re told that the slope = 0.5 and the point (0,5) tells us that the y-intercept is 5 So, the equation of line k is: ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. in the Problem Solving forum
“Another approach: Let M = number of men CURRENTLY in the office Let W = number of women CURRENTLY in the office In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is CURRENTLY 3/4. We can write: M/W = 3/4 Cross multiply to get: 4M = 3W Rewrite as: 4M - 3W = 0 If 10 men were added to the ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. in the Problem Solving forum
“In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. This tells us that, out of EVERY 7 people in the office, 3 are men and 4 are women. It also tells us that the TOTAL number of men and women currently in the office is divisible by 7 When we check the answer choices, we see that A, B and E ...”
April 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to One legacy of Madison Avenue's in the Sentence Correction forum
“Generally, a when-clause refers to an action performed at a particular moment: When Mary entered the room, John smiled. Here, the usage of when implies that the action in blue happened at a particular moment. An as-clause refers to an action performed over an extended period of time: Adam sang ...”
April 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely r in the Sentence Correction forum
“There is no reason to repeat which in the OA. Even if more than one verb is attributed to COMMA + WHICH, the usage of one which should suffice.”
April 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a nationwide poll, N people were interviewed. If 1/4 in the Problem Solving forum
“Let N=12. Number who answered yes to question 1 = (1/4)12 = 3. Number who also answered yes to question 2 = (1/3)3 = 1. Number who didn''t answer yes to both questions = 12-1 = 11. This is our target. Now we plug N=12 into the answers to see which yields our target of 11. Only E works: ...”
April 6, 2019
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the diagram above, points A, B, C, D, and E represent the in the Problem Solving forum
“points A, B, C, D, and E represent the five teams in a certain league in which each team must play each of the other teams exactly once. Let''s first determine the total number of games that will be played. There are 5 teams, so each team will play 4 games (since a team can''t play itself) So, ...”
April 6, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to John and Mary were each paid x dollars in advance to do a in the Problem Solving forum
“One approach: Salary Mary''s NET salary was x - y dollars (because Mary gave John y dollars) John''s NET salary was x + y dollars Hours worked Mary worked 8 hours John worked 10 hours In the end, John and Mary received the SAME hourly wage. So, John''s hourly wage = Mary''s ...”
April 5, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to On a certain sightseeing tour, the ratio of the number in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let W = # of women Let M = # of men Let C = # of children Target question: What is the value of M? Given: The ratio of the number of women to the number of children was 5 to 2 In other words, W : C = 5 : 2 Statement 1: On the sight-seeing tour, the ratio of the number of children to ...”
April 5, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Five friends - Ross, Phoebe, Chandler, Joey, and Monica in the Problem Solving forum
“Take the task of feeding the 5 friends and break it into stages. We’ll begin with the most restrictive stage(s). Stage 1: Select a pizza for Phoebe Since Phoebe will only eat Margherita pizza, there''s only 1 pizza we can serve her. So, we can complete stage 1 in 1 way Stage 2: ...”
April 5, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The y intercept of a line L is 4. If the slope of L is in the Problem Solving forum
“Let''s draw a bunch of lines with a negative slope AND have a y-intercept of 4 (ie, passes through the point (0,4)) We get: http://i1168.photobucket.com/albums/r500/GMATPrepNow/x-int_zpsswbinqns.png As we can see, the x-intercept can have ANY POSITIVE value. So, the x-intercept COULD be 6, ...”
April 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is x < 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: x³ < -1 The cube of x will be negative only if x itself is negative. Thus, x < 0. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: x³ + x < -1 x(x² + 1) < -1 Since the square of a value cannot be negative, x² ≥ 0, with the result that the factor in blue must be POSITIVE. ...”
April 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A pizza shop sold small pizzas for $4.5 in the Problem Solving forum “The GMAT would list the answer choices in ascending or descending order, as follows: We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of small pizzas. The average cost per pizza = 5050/500 ≈$10. Since the average cost ($10) is much closer to the price of a large pizza ($12.50) than ...”
April 5, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the rectangular solid above, if each dimession of the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Here''s a very similar (official) practice question: https://www.beatthegmat.com/volume-of-rectangular-solid-t273956.html Cheers, Brent”
April 5, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is x < 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is x < 0? Two important rules: ODD exponents preserve the sign of the base. So, (NEGATIVE)^(ODD integer) = NEGATIVE and (POSITIVE)^(ODD integer) = POSITIVE An EVEN exponent always yields a positive result (unless the base = 0) So, (NEGATIVE)^(EVEN integer) = ...”
April 5, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In the sequence S, each term after the first is twice the in the Problem Solving forum
“term1 = 3 term2 = (3)(2) = (3)(2¹) term3 = (3)(2)(2) = (3)(2²) term4 = (3)(2)(2)(2) = (3)(2³) term5 = (3)(2)(2)(2)(2) = (3)(2⁴) . . term14 = (3)(2^13) term15 = (3)(2^14) term16 = (3)(2^15) What is the sum of the 14th, 15th, and 16th terms in sequence S? Sum = (3)(2^13) + ...”
April 5, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to GMAT Prep Practice Test Quant Questions #3 in the GMAT Math forum
“Probability is always defined this way: probability = (# of desired outcomes)/(total possible # of outcomes) You correctly identified that there was only one pairing of terms that would give you a difference of squares: (x + y) and (x - y). However, you miscounted your total # of possible ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to GMAT Prep Practice Test Quant Questions #2 in the GMAT Math forum
“In DS, the GMAT often likes to mix up PROPORTIONS v. REAL NUMBERS. Generally speaking, a real number won''t help to answer a proportion question (unless you''re give more info). Here are more in a similar vein to try: ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to GMAT Prep Practice Test Quant Questions #2 in the GMAT Math forum
“We can TEST CASES to prove insufficiency in this problem. Warehouse W’s revenue from the sale of sofas was what percent greater this year than it was last year? Revenue from sales will equal (price of sofas)(quantity sold) --> R = (p)(q) To answer the question of the proportional ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to GMAT Prep Practice Test Quant Questions in the GMAT Math forum
“Since negative exponents indicate the reciprocal of base to the positive exponent, we can rewrite our exponents and bases: $$\left(\frac{1}{5}\right)^M=5^{-M}$$ $$\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)^{18}=4^{-18}=2^{-36}$$ ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to The figure shows seven train stations and the distances, in in the Problem Solving forum
“If the train traveled for 25 hrs at 50 mph, it traveled a total of 1250 miles: (Rate)(Time) = Distance. Let''s calculate the distance of each of the answer choices to town W. A. T --> V --> W = 600 + 750 = 1350 B. U --> V --> W = 500 + 750 = 1250 C. V --> W = 750 D. Y ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to At a certain company, some of the employees have advanced in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Overlapping Sets are a common question type on the GMAT, and the double-set matrix is often the easiest way to solve. For more on how to use the matrix, see: https://www.beatthegmat.com/of-the-800-sweaters-in-a-certain-store-150-are-red-how-t306943.html#828510 ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to At a certain company, some of the employees have advanced in the Data Sufficiency forum
“This is an OVERLAPPING SETS question. The easiest way to solve is by using a DOUBLE SET MATRIX: https://i.postimg.cc/1gW91b8Y/Screenshot-2019-04-04-13-42-19.png We can fill in what we know from the question stem: If 20 percent of all employees have one year or more of experience and no ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Ranked as one of the most important of Europe’s young in the Sentence Correction forum
“Nota bene: there is a meaning difference between "more than any X" v. "more than any other X." For example: 1. Alaska is bigger than any US state. v. 2. Alaska is bigger than any other US state. The 2nd sentence is the correct one. "Any" implies that Alaska is ...”
April 4, 2019
ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Ranked as one of the most important of Europe’s young in the Sentence Correction forum
“This question is testing COMPARISONS. We must make sure that we are comparing "apples to apples." Ranked as one of the most important of Europe’s young playwrights, Franz Xaver Kroetz has written forty plays; his works - translated into over thirty languages - are produced more often ...”
April 4, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x, y, and d are integers and d is odd, are both x and y in the Data Sufficiency forum
“ Given: x, y, and d are integers and d is odd Target question: Are both x and y divisible by d? Statement 1: x+y is divisible by d. Let''s TEST some values. There are several values of x, y and d that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: x = 6, y = 9 and d = 3. Notice that 6+9 = ...”
April 4, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to m and n are positive integers. Are m and n consecutive integ in the Data Sufficiency forum
“ Given: m and n are positive integers. Target question: Are m and n consecutive integers? Statement 1: m² + n² = 5 Since m and n are positive integers, there are only two possible solutions: Solution #1: m = 1 and n = 2 Solution #2: m = 2 and n = 1 In BOTH possible cases, the ...”
April 3, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Fossils of feathered dinosaurs - GMAT prep Exam pack 1 in the Sentence Correction forum
“A general truth is something that is true not just at a particular moment but is true IN GENERAL. Mary plays the saxophone. Here, the portion in blue expresses a general truth about Mary. To express a GENERAL TRUTH, we use the simple present tense. The SC above is intended to express a general ...”
April 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to While making a non-stop trip, a bus averaged m mph for the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Distance traveled in the first 5 hours = 5m. Distance traveled in the remaining 4 hours = 4n. Average speed for the entire 9-hour trip = (5m + 4n)/9. To determine the average speed for the entire trip, we need to know the value of 5m+4n. Question stem, rephrased: What is the value of 5m+4n? ...”
April 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG13 - Q20 in the Sentence Correction forum
“The OA does not make a comparison. to double X = to increase X by 100% OA: Personal spending in the Julv-September quarter would more than double the...growth rate. Conveyed meaning: Personal spending in the July-September quarter would increase the growth rate by more than 100%.”
April 2, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If Norbert can cut up one plastic six pack container in 30 in the Problem Solving forum
“We can solve this question by applying equivalent ratios For every 30 seconds that elapse, Norbert can cut up 1 plastic six-pack container In other words, for every 0.5 MINUTES that elapse, Norbert can cut up 1 plastic six-pack container Let t = the time (in MINUTES) to cut up 512 plastic ...”
April 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG12, Q18 in the Sentence Correction forum
“OA: Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon, in the form of carbon dioxide. Here, the modifier in green is an adverb in that it describes UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCE the preceding blue action happens. Under what circumstance ARE plants MORE EFFICIENT at acquiring carbon? Under the ...”
April 2, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to For what percent of those tested for a certain infection was in the Data Sufficiency forum
“I just want to point out that Jay has done a perfect job employing a technique known as the Double Matrix Method. This technique can be used for most questions featuring a population in which each member has two characteristics associated with it. Here, we have a population of patients, and the ...”
April 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Barry walks from one end to the other of a 30-meter long in the Problem Solving forum
“Let B = Barry''s rate and W = the walkway''s rate. The distance can be ANY VALUE. Let the distance = 240 meters. WITH the walkway, the time = 30 seconds: Here, Barry and the walkway WORK TOGETHER, so we ADD their rates: B+W = d/t = 240/30 = 8 meters per second. AGAINST the walkway, the ...”
April 1, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 2+2+2^2+2^3+2^4+2^5+2^6+2^7+2^8=? in the Problem Solving forum
“2⁸ = 256 2⁷ = 128 Thus: 2⁸ + 2⁷ + 2⁶ + 2⁵ + 2⁴ + 2³ + 2² + 2 + 2 = 256 + 128 + (around 100) ≈ 500. Only A is viable: 2⁹ = 512. The correct answer is A.”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the number of cans that can be packed in a certain in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the number of cans that can be packed in a certain carton? Let''s head straight to..... Statements 1 and 2 combined Consider these two conflicting cases (that satisfy BOTH statements): Case a: the dimensions of the box are numbers are 1 x 1 x 2304 (inches), in ...”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to 2+2+2^2+2^3+2^4+2^5+2^6+2^7+2^8=? in the Problem Solving forum
“Let''s look for a pattern... We want: 2 + 2 + 2^2 + 2^3 + 2^4 + 2^5 + 2^6 + 2^7 + 2^8 = ? 2 + 2 + 2^2 = 4 + 4 = 8 = 2^3 So, 2 + 2 + 2^2 + 2^3 + 2^4 + 2^5 + 2^6 + 2^7 + 2^8 = 2^3 + 2^3 + 2^4 + 2^5 + 2^6 + 2^7 + 2^8 2^3 + 2^3 = 2(2^3) = 2^4 So, 2^3 + 2^3 + 2^4 + 2^5 + 2^6 + 2^7 + 2^8 = 2^4 + ...”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If n is the smallest of three consecutive positive integers in the Problem Solving forum
“There''s a nice rule says: The product of k consecutive integers is divisible by k, k-1, k-2,...,2, and 1 So, for example, the product of any 5 consecutive integers will be divisible by 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 Likewise, the product of any 11 consecutive integers will be divisible by 11, 10, 9, . . . 3, ...”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A collection of 36 cards consists of 4 sets of 9 cards in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the number on the card? Given: A collection of 36 cards consists of 4 sets of 9 cards in each set are numbered 1 through 9. Statement 1: The units digit of the sum of the numbers on the remaining 35 cards is 6. 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9=45 Since there are 4 sets of ...”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If x = 1 – 2y, what is z? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What is the value of z? Given: x = 1 – 2y Statement 1: 5x + 10y + z = 5 Replace x with 1 – 2y to get: 5(1 – 2y) + 10y + z = 5 Expand: 5 - 10y + 10y + z = 5 Simplify: 5 + z = 5 Solve: z = 0 Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is ...”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is x > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: Is x > 0? Statement 1: x² > 0 This statement doesn''t feel sufficient, so I''ll TEST some values. There are several values of x that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: x = 1. In this case, the answer to the target question is YES, it is the case that x > ...”
April 1, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If y is the smallest positive integer such that 3,150 in the Problem Solving forum
“Key concept: The prime factorization of a perfect square (the square of an integer) will have an EVEN number of each prime. For example, 36 = (2)(2)(3)(3) And 400 = (2)(2)(2)(2)(5)(5) Likewise, 3150y must have an EVEN number of each prime in its prime factorization. So, 3150y = ...”
April 1, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Thabo owns exactly 140 books, and each book is either in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi Joy Shaha, This question can be solved by TESTing THE ANSWERS. We''re given several facts to work with: 1) Total number of books = 140 and there are only 3 types of books. 2) Paperback Nonfiction = 20 + Hardcover Nonfiction 3) Paperback Fiction = 2(Paperback Nonfiction) We''re ...”
March 31, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Quant Doubt in the GMAT Math forum
“Hi dee1711s, To start, the GMAT is NOT going to test you on the concept of "negative factors", as an example - if you are asked for the factors of 6, then those factors are 1, 2, 3 and 6. If you''re told that A is a factor of B, then that means that A is a positive integer that ...”
March 31, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to [re-applicant] Should I retake the GMAT or switch to the GRE in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum
“Hi deralexandre, First off, a 680/Q47 is a strong score, so it could be enough to get you into your first-choice School. As such, a retest might not be necessary. You''re ultimately asking a series of Admissions questions though, so you would likely find it beneficial to speak with an Admissions ...”
March 31, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If 3 less than twice a certain number is equal to 2 more in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x be the number 3 less than twice a certain number is equal to 2 more than 3 times the number We can write: 2x - 3 = 3x + 2 So: -3 = x + 2 Solve: -5 = x 5 less than 5 times the number is 5 times the number = 5(-5) = -25 So, 5 less than 5 times the number = -25 - 5 = -30 Answer: A ...”
March 31, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Which of the following inequalities is an algebraic in the Problem Solving forum
“When solving inequalities involving ABSOLUTE VALUE, there are 2 things you need to know: Rule #1: If |something| < k, then –k < something < k Rule #2: If |something| > k, then EITHER something > k OR something < -k Note: these rules assume that k is positive (A) |x| ≤ 3 ...”
March 31, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Cars emerging from a motorway arrive at a junction that in the Problem Solving forum
“We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of cars in the left lane. Answer choice C: 1700 If 700 cars per hour were diverted from the left lane to the right lane, the number of cars entering the right lane per hour would be twice as big as the number of cars entering the left lane ...”
March 30, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In how many ways a criket team consisting of 5 batsmen, 4 in the Problem Solving forum
“Take the task of creating a cricket team and break it into stages. Stage 1: Select 5 batsmen Since the order in which we select the batsmen does not matter, we can use combinations. We can select 5 batsmen from 7 batsmen in 7C5 ways (21 ways) So, we can complete stage 1 in 21 ways ...”
March 29, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What percentage of his bills did Stanley pay before their in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Target question: What percentage of his bills did Stanley pay before their due dates last month? This is a great candidate for rephrasing the target question. Aside: We have a free video with tips on rephrasing the target question: Let P = # of bills PAID before due date Let T = TOTAL # of ...”
March 29, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If $$n$$ is a positive integer and $$r$$ is the remainder in the Data Sufficiency forum
“ Given: r is the remainder when (n² - 1) is divided by 8 Target question: What is the value of r? Statement 1: n is odd Let''s test some ODD values of n If n = 1, then n² - 1 = 1² - 1 = 0, and 0 divided by 8 leaves remainder 0. So, the answer to the target question is r = 0 If n = 3, ...”
March 29, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If √k is not an integer, then is k a prime number? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“ Given: √k is not an integer Target question: Is k a prime number? Statement 1: k < 10 Let''s TEST some values. There are several values of k that satisfy statement 1. Here are two: Case a: k = 1.3 (√1.3 is not an integer). In this case, the answer to the target question is NO, ...”
March 29, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The ratio of boys to girls in Class A is 3 to 4. The ratio in the Problem Solving forum
“The ratio of boys to girls in Class A is 3 to 4. Let B = number of boys in class A Let G = number of girls in class A We get: B/G = 3/4 Cross multiply to get: 4B = 3G Class A has one more boy and two more girls than class B So B - 1 = number of boys in class B So G - 2 = number of girls in ...”
March 29, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A 3-character alpha-numeric code does have the following in the Problem Solving forum
“Number of options for the first character = 8. (Of the 10 digits, any digit but 0 or 9.) Number of options for the second character = 24. (Of the 26 letters in the alphabet, any but a or z.) Number of options for the third character = (number of options for the first character) + (number of ...”
March 29, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The ratio of boys to girls in Class A is 3 to 4. The ratio in the Problem Solving forum
“We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of girls in Class A. Since b:g = 3:4, the number of girls must be a multiple of 4. Eliminate B, C and D. Answer choice A: g = 8. Since b:g = 3:4 = 6:8, b=6. Since Class A has one more boy and two more girls than Class B, in Class B, ...”
March 29, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 100 students appeared for two tests-Maths and English. For in the Data Sufficiency forum
“100 = Only Math + Only English + Both + Neither For every student who passed in both the tests, 8 students passed only in Maths and 9 students passed only in English. Let B = both, implying that Only Math = 8B and that Only English = 9B. Thus: 100 = 8B + 9B + B + Neither 100 = 18B + Neither ...”
March 28, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to An optometrist charges $150 per pair for soft contact lenses in the Problem Solving forum “Since$150 soft lenses and $85 hard lenses yield$1690 in revenue, we get: 150S + 85H = 1690 30S + 17H = 238 The sum on the left side must yield a units digit of 8. Since 17*4 = 68, it is likely that H=4: 30S + 17*4 = 338 30S + 68 = 238 30S = 170 S=9 S=9 and H=4 satisfy the condition ...”
March 28, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG-12 SC Q-43 Laos has a land area in the Sentence Correction forum
“D: Laos has a land area comparable to the size of Great Britain, but only four million in population, and many are members of hill tribes ensconced in the virtually inaccessible mountain valleys of the north. Error 1: The intent here is to compare the LAND AREA of Laos to the LAND AREA of Great ...”
March 28, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following is the solution set for the inequalit in the Problem Solving forum
“We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the range of x. A: -1 < x < 0 Plugging x=-0.5 into the given inequality, we get: 0 < |-0.5| - 2(-0.5) < 3 0 < 0.5 + 1 < 3 0 < 1.5 > 3 Since x=-0.5 is a valid solution, the correct answer must include x=-0.5 within its ...”
March 28, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Bite-sized video lessons from GMAT Prep Now in the GMAT Math forum
“Data Sufficiency lesson #5: - Summarizing Information Video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cK9PR3SLsSA Cheers, Brent”
March 27, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question is a standard "Work Formula" question. When you have 2 entities sharing a task, you can use the following formula to figure out how long it takes for the 2 entities to complete the task together. Work = (A)(B)/(A+B) where A and B are the individual times ...”
March 27, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is tutoring necessary for Verbal? in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi swara31, Yes, you should be able to find online tutoring without too much trouble, but it''s not clear whether you actually need that type of resource yet. Before I can offer you the specific advice that you’re looking for, it would help if you could provide a bit more information on how ...”
March 27, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can in the Problem Solving forum
“So, let''s say that the volume of the pool is 45 gallons. The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill a swimming pool in 9 hours So, this outlet pumps at a rate of 5 gallons per hour The water from a second outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can fill the same pool in 5 ...”
March 27, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If a positive integer t is not divisible by 5, how many poss in the Problem Solving forum
“Since t is NOT divisible by 5, we need only test t = 1, 2, 3 and 4 If t = 1, then t⁴ = 1, and 1 divided by 5 leaves remainder 1 If t = 2, then t⁴ = 16, and 16 divided by 5 leaves remainder 1 If t = 3, then t⁴ = 81, and 81 divided by 5 leaves remainder 1 If t = 4, then t⁴ = 256, and ...”
March 27, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to At a certain school, the student to teacher ratio is 52 to 9 in the Problem Solving forum
“There''s a nice integer properties rule that says: If j is a multiple of d, and k is NOT a multiple of d, then j-k (and j+k) is NOT a multiple of d For example, since 56 is a multiple of 7, and 11 is NOT a multiple of 7, then 56-11 is NOT a multiple of 7 At a certain school, the student to ...”
March 27, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A straight highway connects two cities P and Q, and goes via in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: For every 2 hours spent at 30 mph and 1 hour spent at 50 mph, 3 hours are spent at 60 mph. Average speed per 6 hours = (2*30 + 1*50 + 3*60)/6 = 290/6. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Case 1: NQ = 180 miles, PM = 60 miles and MN = 50 miles Since NQ is traveled at 60 mph, the time for ...”
March 27, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Geometry in the Problem Solving forum
“https://i.postimg.cc/N2Ky6DSp/square-divided-into-triangles.png Each triangle in the figure above is an isosceles right triangle with sides 1, 1 and √2. Shaded region = 4 triangles. Largest square = 16 triangles. Thus: (shaded region)/(largest square) = 4/16 = 1/4. The correct answer is ...”
March 27, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to For all positive integers m in the Problem Solving forum
“Correctted! And yes - that typo was on purpose ;o.”
March 26, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a new topic called At a certain school, the student to teacher ratio is 52 to 9 in the Problem Solving forum
“At a certain school, the student to teacher ratio is 52 to 9. If 38 students and 11 teachers leave, which of the following COULD represent the number of students and teachers remaining at the school? A) 532 students and 88 teachers B) 794 students and 162 teachers C) 1106 students and 225 ...”
March 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A music festival took place over two days, Saturday and in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Anyone who attended the festival must have attended only Saturday, only Sunday, or both days. Let the total number of attendees = 100. Statement 1: 40% of attendees attended both days. No way to determine how many attendees attended only Saturday. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: 70% of attendees ...”
March 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Boat World sells a certain boat and a certain trailer. What in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let b = boat and t = trailer. What is the value of t? Statement 1: b = 7500+t No way to solve for t. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: b+t = 15000 No way to solve for t. INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Since we have two variables (b and t) and two distinct linear equations (b=7500+t and ...”
March 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to p, q, and r are different prime numbers. What is the value o in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: (pq)² = 36 pq = 6 Case 1: p=2 and q=3 Case 2: p=3 and q=2 Since q can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: (qr)² = 225 qr = 15 Case 1: q=3 and r=5 Case 2: q=5 and r=3 Since q can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Only one case ...”
March 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to √r + 2/√r = 4. What is the value of r + 4/r? in the Problem Solving forum
“(a+b)² = a² + b² + 2ab √r + 2/√r = 4 (√r + 2/√r)² = 4² (√r)² + (2/√r)² + 2(√r)(2/√r) = 16 r + 4/r + 4 = 16 r + 4/r = 12 The correct answer is A.”
March 26, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to For all positive integers m in the Problem Solving forum
“Thanks Roach! Cheers, Brent - now with 50% less "t"!!”
March 25, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to For all positive integers m in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi myspecialtie, Brent''s explanation is spot-on, so I won''t rehash any of that here. This prompt is an example of a "Symbolism" question - in which the prompt introduces a "made up" math symbol, explains how to use it and asks you to perform a calculation (and sometimes more ...”
March 25, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Q39 V29: 560 - 2 months to go for GMAT, need 650+ in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi amegupte0410, GMAC has publicly stated that the Official Score that you earn on Test Day is within +/- 30 points of actual ability. Assuming a similar ''swing'' in how your CATs function, your 3 CAT score results show that you essentially performed the same each time (about 550 +/- a few ...”
March 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many trailing zeroes would be found in 63! upon in the Problem Solving forum
“TRAILING 0''s = the number of 0''s at the end of a large product. 63! = 63*62*61*....*3*2*1. Since 10=2*5, EVERY COMBINATION OF 2*5 contained within the prime-factorization of 63! will yield a 0 at the end of the integer representation of 63!. The prime-factorization of 63! includes FAR ...”
March 25, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to When f(x)=x^3+1/x3, which of the following is equal to f(-1/ in the Problem Solving forum
“GIVEN: f(x)=x³ + 1/x³ So, f(-1/x) = (-1/x)³ + 1/(-1/x)³ = -1/x³ + 1/(-1/x³) = -1/x³ - x³ = -(1/x³ + x³) = -(x³ + 1/x³) = -f(x) Answer: B Cheers, Brent”
March 25, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Last year a certain bond with a face value of $5,000 yielded in the Problem Solving forum “Last year a certain bond with a face value of$5,000 yielded 8 percent of its face value in interest 8% of $5,000 =$400 So, interest = $400 If that interest was approximately 6.5 percent of the bond''s selling price,approximately what was the bond''s selling price? Let x = the bond''s ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A certain NYC taxi driver has decided to start charging a in the Problem Solving forum “Let r=100 cents. For 3 people, the cost per mile = 3*100 = 300 cents = 3 dollars. Let x = 2 miles. Regular cost for 3 people to travel 2 miles = 3*2 = 6 dollars. With a 50% discount, the cost in dollars = 3. This is our target. Now we plug x=2 and r=100 into the answers to see which ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 60% of all students in a class commute by public in the Problem Solving forum “Use a DOUBLE-MATRIX to organize the data. Let P = public transportation, NP = not public transportation, S = science, NS = not science. 60% of all students in a class commute by public transportation. 30% of the students aspire to be scientists. The following matrix is yielded: ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to GPREP SC-8 in the Sentence Correction forum “Proposed revision: The sandpipers...are a result of residential and industrial development. This meaning is nonsensical. BIRDS cannot be a RESULT. This line of reasoning is valid: In D and E, the referent for in the northeastern United States is unclear.” March 24, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Is it true that x > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is it true that x > 0? Statement 1: x² = 2x Rewrite as: x² - 2x = 0 Factor: x(x - 2) = 0 So, EITHER x = 0 OR x = 2 Let''s examine each possible case Case a: If x = 0, then the answer to the target question is NO, it is not true that x > 0 Case b: If x = 2, then ...” March 24, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If P and Q are positive integers, and if P > 1, does P = in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: P=2 and Q=2, with the result that P divides evenly into Q In this case, P=Q, so the answer to the question stem is YES. Case 2: P=2 and Q=4, with the result that P divides evenly into Q In this case, P≠Q, so the answer to the question stem is NO. INSUFFICIENT. ...” March 24, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is it true that x > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: x=0 In this case, the answer to the question stem is NO. Case 2: x≠0, allowing us to divide both sides by x x²/x = 2x/x x = 2 In this case, the answer to the question stem is YES. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Case 1: x=0 In this case, the answer to the question ...” March 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a certain bathtub, both the hot and cold water fixtures in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that In a certain bathtub, both the hot and cold water fixtures leak. The cold water leak alone would fill an empty bucket in C hours, and the hot water leak alone will fill the same bucket in H hours, where C < H. If both fixtures began to leak at the same time into the ...” March 23, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Problem with a practice question in the GMAT Math forum “Here''s my full solution: https://www.beatthegmat.com/for-all-positive-integers-m-t299496.html Cheers, Brent” March 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Events A and B are independent and have equal probabilities in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: P(at least one event occurs) = 1 - P(neither event occurs) Thus: P(at least A or B) = 1 - P(neither A nor B) Since P(at least A or B) = 0.84, we get: 0.84 = 1 - P(neither A nor B) P(neither A nor B) = 0.16 P(not A) * P(not B) = 0.16. Since it is given that P(A) = P(B), P(not ...” March 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the given figure, if AS = 10 cm, SN = 5 cm and TN = 8 cm, in the Problem Solving forum “Third-side rule: The third side a triangle must be LESS THAN THE SUM OF and GREATER THAN THE DIFFERENCE OF the other two sides. Here, all the sides must be INTEGER values. In triangle ANS, AS=10 and NS=5. Thus, third side AN must be an integer value less than 10+5 = 15 and greater than 10-5 = ...” March 23, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to If a car traveled from Townsend to Smallville at an average in the Data Sufficiency forum “Average speed is a WEIGHTED average: (total distance)/(total time). Since we''re given that this is a round trip, the distance of each leg of the trip will be the same. Since we know the average speed for one leg of the trip, all we need to know to calculate the overall average speed is the ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Of the 800 sweaters in a certain store, 150 are red. How in the Data Sufficiency forum “Overlapping Sets are a common question type on the GMAT, and the double-set matrix is often the easiest way to solve. For more on how to use the matrix, see: https://www.beatthegmat.com/at-a-charity-fundraiser-180-of-the-guests-had-a-house-both-t307024.html#828495 ...” March 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If $$xy \neq 0$$, and 75 percent of $$x$$ equals 125 percent in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that neither X nor Y can equal 0 and that 75% of X is equal to 125% of Y. We''re asked which of the following is true. This question can be solved in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. IF.... X = 100, then (75% of X) = 75 75 = 125% of Y 75 = ...” March 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If $$xy \neq 0$$ and $$2x + 3y$$ is equal to 175 percent in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that neither X nor Y can be 0 and that (2X + 3Y) is 175% of 8X. We''re asked for the value of X/Y. This question can be solved in a number of different ways, including by TESTing THE ANSWERS. Between Answers B and D, Answer D would be an easier Answer to TEST, so let''s try ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Of the 800 sweaters in a certain store, 150 are red. How in the Data Sufficiency forum “We can represent this problem as an OVERLAPPING SETS problem: red v. not red, wool v. not wool: https://i.postimg.cc/CBMcFwJt/Screenshot-2019-03-22-15-56-23.png Of the 800 sweaters in a certain store, 150 are red. How many of the red sweaters at the store are made of pure wool? We can also ...” March 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Find the range of values of $$x$$ that satisfy the in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re asked for the range of values of X that satisfy the inequality (X+1)(X-2) > 4. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. IF... X=10, then (11)(8) = 88 which is greater than 4. Thus, X=10 is a possible solution. Eliminate ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Mauritius was a British colony for almost 200 years, in the Sentence Correction forum “In this sentence, we have 2 independent clauses in the non-underlined portions: 1. "Mauritius was a British colony" 2. "the English language was never really spoken" In the original sentence, these clauses are joined only with a comma. This is what we call a comma splice or ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Hunter: Many people blame hunters alone for the decline in in the Critical Reasoning forum “The main thrust of this hunter''s argument is that black bears have also played an important role in the decline of the deer population. The evidence given for this argument: - the forest''s protected black bear population has risen sharply - examination of black bears found dead in the forest ...” March 22, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If $$xy \neq 0$$, and 75 percent of $$x$$ equals 125 percent in the Problem Solving forum “GIVEN: 75 percent of x equals 125 percent of y Rewrite as: 3/4 of x = 5/4 of y Or we can say: (3/4)(x) = (5/4)( y) Multiply both sides by 4 to get: 3x = 5y Divide both sides by 5 to get: 3x/5 = y Rewrite as: y = (3/5)(x) Or y = 3/5 of x Or y = 60/100 of x Or y = 60% of x Answer: C ...” March 22, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If m and n are prime numbers, what is the value of m+n? in the Data Sufficiency forum “ Given: m and n are prime numbers Target question: What is the value of m+n? Statement 1: 15 ≤ m < n ≤ 20 17 and 19 are the only PRIME numbers from 15 to 20 inclusive So, it must be the case that m = 17 and n = 19 So, the answer to the target question is m+n = 17 + 19 = 33 Since ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Wind farms, which generate electricity using arrays of in the Critical Reasoning forum “The logical flaw in this argument falls under the category of what I like to call MIXED METRICS: it seems like the premises and conclusion are talking about the same statistic, but in fact we''re looking at different mathematical or categorical ideas. Any time you see one statistic / metric / ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to Wind farms, which generate electricity using arrays of in the Critical Reasoning forum “When WEAKENING an argument, you must first find the LOGICAL FLAW: the missing assumption that would be needed to connect premises to conclusion. Premises: - Wind farms require vast expanses of open land. - County X and County Y have similar terrain - the population density of County X is ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to At a charity fundraiser, 180 of the guests had a house both in the Data Sufficiency forum “Overlapping Sets are a common question type on the GMAT, and the double-set matrix is often the easiest way to solve. For more on how to use the matrix, see: https://www.beatthegmat.com/among-the-members-of-the-malmo-family-there-are-three-times-t306786.html#827756 ...” March 22, 2019 ceilidh.erickson posted a reply to At a charity fundraiser, 180 of the guests had a house both in the Data Sufficiency forum “This is a classic OVERLAPPING SETS problem. It is usually best to set these up with a DOUBLE-SET MATRIX: https://i.postimg.cc/XpkxyS5g/Screenshot-2019-03-22-14-31-06.png From the question stem, we know that 180 guests have houses in both locations, and we''re looking for the ratio of the two ...” March 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Express 2^20-2^19-2^18-2^17 as a power of 2. in the Problem Solving forum “Test an analogous case with easier values: 2⁴ - 2³ - 2² - 2¹ = 16 - 8 - 4 - 2 = 2¹ The matching blue portions imply the following: 2²⁰ - 2¹⁹ - 2¹⁸ - 2¹⁷ = 2¹⁷ The correct answer is C.” March 22, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If n is an integer, is n + 1 odd? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is n + 1 odd? Some important rules: #1. ODD +/- ODD = EVEN #2. ODD +/- EVEN = ODD #3. EVEN +/- EVEN = EVEN Statement 1: n + 2 is an even integer. In other words: n + EVEN = EVEN In other words: n = EVEN - EVEN By Rule #3, n must be even, which means n+1 is ODD The ...” March 22, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Express 2^20-2^19-2^18-2^17 as a power of 2. in the Problem Solving forum “2^20 - 2^19 - 2^18 - 2^17 = 2^17(2^3 - 2^2 - 2^1 - 1) = 2^17(8 - 4 - 2 - 1) = 2^17(1) = 2^17 Answer: C Cheers, Brent” March 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If (r+1/r)^2 = 5, what is the value of (r^3+1/r^3)^2? in the Problem Solving forum “(r + 1/r)² = 5 r + 1/r = √5 (r + 1/r)² = 5 r² + 1/r² + 2(r)(1/r) = 5 r² + 1/r² + 2 = 5 r² + 1/r² = 3 Multiplying the blue equation and the red equation, we get: (r² + 1/r²)(r + 1/r) = 3√5 r³ + (r²)(1/r) + (1/r²)(r) + 1/r³ = 3√5 r³ + (r + 1/r) + 1/r³ = 3√5 ...” March 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% in the Problem Solving forum “Chocolate percentage in the incorrect sauce: 40%. Chocolate percentage in the pure chocolate: 100%. Chocolate percentage in the mixture: 50%. Let I = the incorrect sauce and C = the pure chocolate. The following approach is called ALLIGATION -- a very efficient way to handle MIXTURE PROBLEMS. ...” March 21, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the total cost to make 7 long distance telephone in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the total cost to make 7 long distance telephone calls? When we SCAN the statements, we see the key phrase: at least This allows us to jump straight to... Statements 1 and 2 combined There are infinitely many scenarios that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two: ...” March 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Skier Lindsey Vonn completes a straight 300-meter downhill in the Problem Solving forum “Downhill speed - uphill speed = (x+10) - (x-8) = 18. Implication: The downhill speed is 18 mps greater than the uphill speed. We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the downhill speed. Since the downhill speed is 18 mps greater than the uphill speed, the correct answer must be GREATER ...” March 21, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Skier Lindsey Vonn completes a straight 300-meter downhill in the Problem Solving forum “The ride up the mountain took 135 seconds longer than her run down the mountain Start with a word equation: (time going UP mountain) = (time going DOWN mountain) + 135 time = distance/speed We can now write: 300/(x - 8) = 300/(x + 10) + 135 Multiply both sides by (x - 8) to get: 300 = 300(x - ...” March 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Jeremiah invests his savings of$120,000 by dividing it in the Problem Solving forum
“On the GMAT, compounded interest is typically just a bit more than simple interest. Since the answer choices are all greater than 2% -- the percentage given in the prompt -- they must represent the HIGHER interest rate, with 2% representing the LOWER interest rate. Lower rate: Since 3/4 of ...”
March 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If m and n are positive integers, is m+n divisible by 15? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Rule: MULTIPLE OF X + MULTIPLE OF X = MULTIPLE OF X MULTIPLE OF X + NON-MULTIPLE OF X = NON-MULTIPLE OF X 225 = 9*25 Statements combined: Case 1: m=9 and n=25*15, with the result that m is a multiple of 9, n is a multiple of 15, and mn = 9*25*15 = 225*15 = multiple of 225 In this case, m+n ...”
March 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the smallest positive integer n such that n / 420 ca in the Problem Solving forum
“A fraction will yield a terminating decimal if the prime-factorization of its denominator contains only 2''s and/or 5''s. n/420 = n/(2*2*3*5*7). For a terminating decimal to be yielded, the prime factors in red must CANCEL OUT with n, leaving only 2''s and 5''s in the denominator. Thus, the ...”
March 21, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to x is the product of all even numbers from 2 to 50, inclusive in the Problem Solving forum
“x = (2)(4)(6)....(46)(48)(50) = (1)(2)(2)(2)(3)(2).....(23)(2)(24)(2)(25)(2) Notice that: x is divisible by 2. This tells us that x+1 is 1 greater than a multiple of 2. In other words, x+1 is NOT divisible by 2 x is divisible by 3. This tells us that x+1 is 1 greater than a multiple of 3. ...”
March 20, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to x is the product of all even numbers from 2 to 50, inclusive in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that X is the product of all even numbers from 2 to 50, inclusive. We''re asked to define what the smallest prime factor of (X+1) must be. This particular question is a variation on an Official question that periodically pops up in the forums. The main idea behind this prompt ...”
March 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The consultant explained that companies in the Sentence Correction forum
“Generally, a one-word adverb such as tirelessly will not be positioned between a verb and its direct object. Incorrect: Companies lobby tirelessly government officials. Here, tirelessly (adverb) is awkwardly positioned between lobby (verb) and government officials (direct object). Correct: ...”
March 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to one another vs. others? in the Sentence Correction forum
“Some grammarians -- including me -- reserve each other for two elements and one another for more than two. Other grammarians consider the two modifiers interchangeable. A club has exactly three members: Ann, Beth, and Carol. The sentence above implies the following: Ann, Beth and Carol ...”
March 20, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If there are 4 pairs of twins, and a committee will be in the Problem Solving forum
“Here''s one approach. Take the task of selecting the 3 committee members and break it into stages. Stage 1: Select the 3 twins from which we will select 1 spouse each. There are 4 sets of twins, and we must select 3 of them. Since the order in which we select the 3 twins does not matter, ...”
March 20, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If arc PQR above is a semicircle, what is the length of diam in the Data Sufficiency forum
“http://s16.postimg.cc/p2mwbwdpt/triangle_PQR.jpg We can answer this question without performing any calculations. Instead, we can use some visualization. Important point: For geometry DS questions, we are typically checking to see whether the statements "lock" a particular angle or ...”
March 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If arc PQR above is a semicircle, what is the length of diam in the Data Sufficiency forum
“An INSCRIBED ANGLE is formed by two chords. Thus, angle PQR is an inscribed angle. An inscribed angle that intercepts the diameter is a RIGHT ANGLE. Thus, angle PQR is a right angle, implying that triangle PQR is a RIGHT TRIANGLE. http://s15.postimage.org/xozmfjdh3/PQR.jpg In the figure ...”
March 20, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A furniture store sells only two models of desks, model A in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a furniture store sells only two models of desks, model A and model B. The selling price of model A is $120, which is 30 percent of the selling price of the model B - and the furniture store sells 2,000 desks, 3/4 of which are model B. We''re asked for the TOTAL revenue ...” March 20, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In a group of children, the average (arithmetic mean) weight in the Problem Solving forum “We can also use weighted averages to solve this Weighted average of groups combined = (group A proportion)(group A average) + (group B proportion)(group B average) + (group C proportion)(group C average) + ... Let G = number of girls Let B = number of boys So, G+B = TOTAL number of children ...” March 20, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Point A in the xy-coordinate system is shown below. Given in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that Point A is in the xy-coordinate system as shown - and that two other points B (4a, b) and C (2a, 5b) are also in the system. We''re asked for the AREA of triangle ABC in terms of a and b. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing ...” March 20, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a group of children, the average (arithmetic mean) weight in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that in a group of children, the average (arithmetic mean) weight of the boys is 60 pounds, the average weight of the girls is 48 pounds and the average weight of ALL of the children in the group is 50 pounds. We''re asked for the ratio of the number of boys to the number of ...” March 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Reiko drove from point A to point B at a constant speed, and in the Data Sufficiency forum “Test the THRESHOLD. Since we want to know whether the speed from A to B is greater than 40mph, the threshold here is 40mph. Statement 1: Reiko''s average speed for the entire round trip, excluding the time spent at point B, was 80 miles per hour. Let the distance in each direction = 40 ...” March 19, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If the average (arithmetic mean) of five consecutive negativ in the Problem Solving forum “Let x = the 1st (smallest integer) So, x+1 = the 2nd integer x+2 = the 3rd integer x+3 = the 4th integer x+4 = the 5th integer (greatest integer) What is the difference between the greatest and least of the five integers? Difference = ( x+4) - x = 4 Answer: A Cheers, Brent” March 19, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The number 1000 lies between two consecutive perfect squares in the Problem Solving forum “Let''s examine some perfect squares that are close to 1000 30² = 900 31² = 961 32² = 1024 So, 1000 lies between 961 (aka 31²) and 1024 (aka 32²) 1000 is closer to 1024 (aka 32²) than to 961 Answer: D Cheers, Brent” March 19, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Danny spends$360 buying his favorite dolls. If he buy only in the Problem Solving forum
“Since a small doll costs $1 less than a large doll, the answer choices imply the following options for the price of a small doll: 4 5 6.2 7 8 Given that all of the values in the prompt are INTEGERS, the price of a small doll is almost certain to be a factor of 360. Only the values in blue ...” March 18, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Danny spends$360 buying his favorite dolls. If he buy only in the Problem Solving forum
“Let L = cost of 1 LARGE LemonHead doll So L-1 = cost of 1 SMALL LemonHead doll If he buys only small LemonHead dolls, which are $1 cheaper than the large LemonHead dolls, he could buy 5 more dolls than if he were to buy only large LemonHead dolls. Let''s first write a "word equation": ...” March 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Of the 25 cars sold at a car dealership, some had auto trans in the Data Sufficiency forum “The following cases satisfy both statements: Case 1: 2 cars have neither 1 car has both antilock breaks and automatic transmission 22 cars have only automatic transmission. Case 2: 2 cars have neither 22 cars have both antilock breaks and automatic transmission 1 car has only automatic ...” March 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A box contains 3 red balls, 4 green balls, 5 yellow balls, 6 in the Problem Solving forum “Determine the WORST-CASE-SCENARIO -- for each color of ball, the MAXIMUM number that can be removed WITHOUT removing 5 of the same color: 3 red 4 green 4 yellow 4 blue 4 white Sum = 3+4+4+4+4 = 19 Implication: It is possible to remove 19 balls without selecting 5 of the same color. ...” March 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to To fill an order, a manufacturer had to produce 1000 tools in the Data Sufficiency forum “Prompt: Total production = 1000n Statement 1: Total production for the first 5 days = 5*600 = 3000 Statement 2: Total production for the last 4 days = 4*1500 = 6000 Case 1: n=9, with no days between the first 5 days and the last 4 days Total production = 1000n = 1000*9 = 9000 Total ...” March 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the sum of all values of that satisfy the equation 4 in the Problem Solving forum “For any quadratic in the form x² + bx + c = 0: Product of the roots = c Sum of the roots = -b Given equation: 4x² + 16 = 32x 4x² - 32x + 16 = 0 x² - 8x + 4 = 0 In the resulting quadratic, b=-8. Thus: Sum of the roots = -(-8) = 8. The correct answer is E.” March 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Set P {a, b, c, d, e, f, g} Set Q {a, b, c, d, e, f} in the Problem Solving forum “One approach: Show that four of the five answers do NOT have to be true. P--> a=1, b=2, c=3, d=5, e=6, f=7, g=4 Range = 7-1 = 6, median = 4, mean = (1+2+3+5+6+7+4)/7 = 28/7 Q --> a=1, b=2, c=3, d=5, e=6, f=7 Range = 7-1 = 6, median = (3+5)/2 = 4, mean = (1+2+3+5+6+7)/6 = 24/6 = 4 ...” March 17, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Bea owns how many more CDs than Al owns? (1) If Bea gives 9 in the Data Sufficiency forum “Let A = number of CDs Al owns Let B = number of CDs Bea owns Target question: What is the value of B - A? Statement 1: If Bea gives 9 of her CDs to Al, then Al will own twice as many CDs as Bea owns. We can create the equation: 2(B - 9) = A+9 Expand left side to get 2B - 18 = A+9 ...” March 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when in the Data Sufficiency forum “What is the remainder when (n+1)(n-1) is divided by 8? Statement 1: Since n is odd, both n-1 and n+1 are EVEN, implying that (n-1)(n+1) = the product of two consecutive even integers. Given any two consecutive even integers, one will be a multiple of 4, while the other will be an even ...” March 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The sum of the weekly salaries of 5 employees is$3,250. If in the Problem Solving forum
“Since each salary increases by 10%, the sum increases by 10%. 10% of 3250 = 325. Average increase per employee = (total increase)/(number of employees) = 325/5 = 65. The correct answer is E.”
March 16, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to How many different 3-digit numbers are greater than 299 and in the Problem Solving forum
“Take the task of creating the 3-digit numbers and break it into stages. Stage 1: Select the first digit (hundreds digit) Since the first digit can be 3, 4, 5, 7 or 9, we can complete stage 1 in 5 ways Stage 2: Select the second digit (tens digit) Since the second digit can be 0, 2, 3, 4, ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain hotel has 1,400 single rooms and 420 double rooms. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi camitava, This is essentially a rate question. Here''s how to solve it: Single rooms take one person 15 minutes to clean and double rooms take one person 20 minutes to clean. 15 mins. = 1/4 hour 20 mins. = 1/3 hour With 1400 single rooms x 1/4 hour = 350 hours of total work for ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A cosmetics company would like to market a six-item gift in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a cosmetics company would like to market a 6-item gift basket bundle from a set of 10 possible items, but 49 of the potential bundles have already been eliminated from consideration. We''re asked for the total number of potential bundles that are still being considered. ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to What is the sum of the integers from 1 to 999, inclusive? A in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked for the sum of the integers from 1 to 999, inclusive. This question can be approached in a number of different ways, including by "bunching" The sum of 1 and 999 is 1,000 The sum of 2 and 998 is 1,000 The sum of 3 and 997 is 1,000 Etc. Using the numbers ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A basketball team’s current roster consists of g guards an in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a basketball team’s current roster consists of G guards and F forwards - and 2 guards join and 1 forward leaves. We''re asked for the probability that a player chosen at random is a guard. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by ...”
March 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A rectangle has sides x and y and diagonal z. What is the pe in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Always look for special triangles such as 3-4-5 and 5-12-13. Statement 2: Case 1: https://i.postimg.cc/V0JX8Hqv/rectangle-with-x-y-and-z-1.png Case 2: https://i.postimg.cc/DWCWwPyX/rectangle-with-x-y-and-z-2.png Since each case will yield a different perimeter, INSUFFICIENT. Statement ...”
March 15, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The cost of delivery for an order of desk chairs was $10.00 in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: Is n > 24? Given: The cost of delivery for an order of desk chairs was$10.00 for the 1st chair, and $1 for each additional chair in the order. The office manager placed an order for n desk chairs. Statement 1: The delivery cost for the order totaled more than$30.00 ...”
March 15, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to What is the average (arithmetic mean) of eleven consecutive in the Data Sufficiency forum
“There''s a nice rule that says, "In a set where the numbers are equally spaced, the mean will equal the median." Since the consecutive integers are equally-spaced, their mean and median will be equal. Target question: What is the average of eleven consecutive integers? ...”
March 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to combinations in the Problem Solving forum
“The portion in red is incorrect: it should be not 4C1 but 2C1. If we select two upper case letters from two sets of twins, we must then select one lower case letter from the OTHER TWO SETS OF TWINS, yielding only two options for the lower case letter. For example: If we select A and B for the two ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to After multiplying a positive integer A, which has n digits, in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi Gmat_mission, We''re told that after multiplying a positive integer A (which has N digits) by (N+2), we get a number with (N+1) digits, all of whose DIGITS are (N+1). We''re asked for the number of possible values of A that ''fit'' this description. To start, this question certainly ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to At a certain supplier, a machine of type A costs $20,000 and in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question is really just about basic arithmetic and staying organized. Based on the information in the prompt, there are two ''total costs'' that we have to calculate... Total cost of purchasing 2 Type A machines = Base Price = (2)($20,000) = $40,000 The 20% down payment = ...” March 15, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In an office of eleven people, everyone but Lauren each in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that in an office of 11 people, everyone but Lauren each contributed D dollars to buy her a surprise gift for her birthday, but the gift cost a total of G dollars, which was an amount that was less than the total collected. We''re asked - if each member who donated is to ...” March 15, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If 320 people attended the wedding and 200 attendees drank in the Data Sufficiency forum “This question is somewhat ambiguous, since it''s hard to say whether "nondrinkers" in statement 1 refers to people who drank neither beer nor wine, or did not drink beer. I''m assuming that it means to not drink beer, so I''ve add that to the question below. One approach is to use ...” March 14, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Set X consists of different positive numbers arranged in in the Data Sufficiency forum “Target question: What is the arithmetic mean of set X? Given: Set X consists of different positive numbers arranged in ascending order: K, L, M, 5, 7. K, L and M are consecutive integers This means that EITHER K, L, M = 1, 2, 3 respectively, OR K, L, M = 2, 3, 4 respectively Head straight ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If N is a positive two-digit integer, is N+1 prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Good catch. In my solution, the lone exception (N=29) is now noted.” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If N is a positive two-digit integer, is N+1 prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Any integer whose digits sum to a multiple of 3 must itself be a multiple of 3. Since N has a digit sum of 11, N+1 must have a digit sum of 12. One exception: If N=29, then N+1 = 30, which has a digit sum of 3. Since the digit sum of N+1 must be a multiple of 3 -- either 12 or 3 -- ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If √x+√y=7 and √x-√y=5, what is the value of xy? in the Problem Solving forum “Adding the two equations, we get: 2√x = 12 √x = 6 x = 36 Substituting √x = 6 into √x+√y=7, we get: 6 + √y = 7 √y = 1 y = 1 Thus: xy = 36*1 = 36 The correct answer is C.” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If f(x)=ax^2+bx+c, where a, b and c are integers, is b=0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Since (49, 0) and (-49, 0) are both solutions, the quadratic must be as follows: f(x) = (x-49)(x+49) = x² - 49² In the resulting quadratic, b=0. Thus, the answer to the question stem is YES. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: If x-49 is a factor of the equation, then f(49) = 0. Case ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Ashley and Vinnie work on a sales staff with 8 other in the Problem Solving forum “From the 10 people, 5 will be selected. Thus, P(Ashley is selected) = 5/10. From the 9 remaining people, 4 will be selected. Thus, P(Vinnie is selected) = 4/9. To combine these probabilities, we multiply: 5/10 * 4/9 = 2/9. The correct answer is C. Similar problem: ...” March 14, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to combinations in the Problem Solving forum “Sure thing. Number of outcomes that OBEY the restriction = (total # of outcomes that IGNORE the restriction) - (# of outcomes that BREAK the restriction) total # of outcomes that IGNORE the restriction Select any 3 people from the 8 people We can do this in 8C3 ways (= 56 ways) # of ...” March 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A cosmetics company would like to market a six-item gift in the Problem Solving forum “From 10 items, the number of ways to choose a bundle of 6 = 10C6 = (10*9*8*7*6*5)/(6*5*4*3*2*1) = 210. Subtracting the 49 bundles already eliminated from consideration, we get: 210-49 = 161. The correct answer is B.” March 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Set M is composed of the positive even integers up to 100. in the Problem Solving forum “For any EVENLY SPACED SET: Count = (biggest - smallest)/(increment) + 1. Average = (biggest + smallest)/2. Sum = (count)(average). The INCREMENT is the difference between successive values. Even integers between 2 and 100, inclusive: Here, the integers are EVEN, so the increment = 2. Count ...” March 13, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If when x is divided by z, the result is y remainder q, then in the Problem Solving forum “When it comes to remainders, there''s a nice rule that says, "If N divided by D equals Q with remainder R, then N = DQ + R" For example, since 17 divided by 5 equals 3 with remainder 2, then we can write 17 = (5)(3) + 2 Likewise, since 53 divided by 10 equals 5 with remainder 3, then we ...” March 13, 2019 Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If$5,000 invested for one year at p percent simple annual i in the Data Sufficiency forum
“The great thing about DS questions is that we aren''t required to perform calculations if we know that we COULD perform those calculations. Here''s what I mean: Target question: What amount must be invested at k percent simple annual interest for one year to yield the same amount of dollars ? ...”
March 13, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to If xyz ≠ 0, is x^3y^4z^5 > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“ Given: xyz ≠ 0 Target question: Is x³y⁴z⁵ > 0? This is a great candidate for rephrasing the target question. Since we know that x² must be POSITIVE, we can safely take the inequality x³y⁴z⁵ > 0 and divide both sides by x² to get: xy⁴z⁵ > 0 Similarly, since ...”
March 13, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to Set M is composed of the positive even integers up to 100. in the Problem Solving forum
“Set M is composed of the positive even integers up to 100. Set M = {2, 4, 6, 8, . . . . 96, 98, 100} Set N is composed of the odd integers from –1 to 99 Set N = {-1, 1, 3, 5, . . . 95, 97, 99} What is the value of (the sum of Set M) – (the sum of Set N)? SUM of set M = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + ...”
March 13, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A certain ball was dropped from a window 8 meters above a in the Problem Solving forum
“Drop 8 meters Rise 4 meters Drop 4 meters Rise 2 meters Drop 2 meters Rise 1 meters (DONE!) 8 + 4 + 4 + 2 + 2 + 1 = 21 meters Answer: A Cheers, Brent”
March 13, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A set of 51 different integers has a median of 30 and a in the Problem Solving forum
“Range = biggest - smallest Smallest = biggest - range Since the range = 60, we get: Smallest = biggest - 60 To minimize the smallest integer, we must minimize the biggest integer. Since the median of the 51 distinct integers = 30, there must be 25 integers above 30, with the other 25 ...”
March 13, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to A certain hotel has 1,400 single rooms and 420 double rooms. in the Problem Solving forum
“The hotel has 1,400 single rooms, and one person can clean a single room every 15 minutes So, one person can clean 4 single rooms in ONE HOUR In other words, it takes 1 WORKER HOUR to clean 4 single rooms 1400/4 = 350 So, it takes 350 WORKER HOURS to clean 1400 rooms The hotel has 420 ...”
March 13, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to The number of candidates rejected in a certain admission pro in the Problem Solving forum
“The number of candidates rejected in a certain admission process was four times GREATER than the number of candidates accepted. Let x = the number of candidates accepted So, x + 4x = the number of candidates rejected In other words, 5x = the number of candidates rejected So, 6x = TOTAL number ...”
March 13, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the sum of the integers from 1 to 999, inclusive? A in the Problem Solving forum
“For any set of consecutive integers: Count = biggest - smallest + 1. Average = (biggest + smallest)/2. Sum = (count)(average). In the set above: Count = 999 - 1 + 1 = 999. Average = (999 + 1)/2 = 500. Sum = (999)(500) = (1000-1)(500) = 500000-500 = 499500. The correct answer is B.”
March 13, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Peter and Tom shared the driving on a certain trip. If Peter in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the time for each driver = 1 hour. Let the total distance = 5 miles, implying that Peter''s distance = (2/5)(5) = 2 miles and that Tom''s distance = 5-2 = 3 miles. Since Peter drives 2 miles in 1 hour, Peter''s rate = 2 mph. Since Tom drives 3 miles in 1 hour, Tom''s rate = 3 mph. Thus: ...”
March 13, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A student worked 20 days. For each of the amount shown in th in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a student worked 20 days - and the given table shows the number of days that the student earned each of 5 possible amounts of money. We''re asked for the MEDIAN amount of money earned per day for those 20 days. Since there are 20 total days, the MEDIAN will be the ...”
March 12, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a group of 24 musicians, some are pianists and the rest a in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that in a group of 24 musicians, some are pianists and the rest are violinists and exactly 1/2 of the pianists and exactly 2/3 of the violinists belong to a union. We''re asked for the LEAST possible number of union members in the group. This question can be approached in a ...”
March 12, 2019
Brent@GMATPrepNow posted a reply to In a group of 24 musicians, some are pianists and the rest a in the Problem Solving forum
“In a group of 24 musicians, some are pianists and the rest are violinists. Let x = number of pianists So, 24-x = number of violinists Exactly 1/2 of the pianists and exactly 2/3 of the violinists belong to a union. So, the number of pianists in the union = x/2 And the number of violinists in ...”
March 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following could be the number of diagonals of a in the Problem Solving forum
“To form a diagonal, we must choose 2 vertices. But any pair of vertices that forms a side of the polygon cannot serve to form a diagonal. Thus: Number of diagonals = (number of ways to choose 2 vertices) - (number of sides of the polygon) When the prompt includes the phrase which of the ...”
March 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Alice, Bob, Cindy, Darren, Eddie, Fabian sit on six chairs a in the Problem Solving forum
“To count circular arrangements: 1. Place someone in the circle 2. Count the number of ways to arrange the REMAINING people Once Alice has been placed in the circle: Number of options for Bob = 1. (Must be in the seat opposite Alice) Number of options for Cindy = 4. (Any of the 4 remaining ...”
March 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers, x/y=? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: Case 1: x=2 and y=1, with the result that 2^(x+y) * 3^(xy) = 2³3² = 72 In this case, x/y = 2/1 = 2. Case 2: x=1 and y=2, with the result that 2^(x+y) * 3^(xy) = 2³3² = 72 In this case, x/y = 1/2 = 1/2. Since x/y can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Here, x=2 ...”
March 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Roman City in the Critical Reasoning forum
“E: mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman Empire were familiar. Here, the two blue portions constitute an adjective serving to modify designs. Question: What KIND of designs? Answer: Designs WITH WHICH ARTISANS WERE FAMILIAR. Put another way: Artisans were ...”
March 11, 2019