# Calexis23

Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to GMAT official mocks 3-4 not working in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi Zaidf1997, That sounds like an issue that is probably best handled by GMAC''s Tech Support Team. Since your friend purchased the original Exam Pack, has he/she tried to use the login (and what happens then?)? GMAT assassins aren''t born, they''re made, Rich”
Yesterday
Ian Stewart posted a reply to If the positive integer x divisible by 200? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“If we prime factorize everything: The question asks if x is divisible by 2^3 * 5^2 From S1: x^2 is divisible by 2^3 * 5^4. For x^2 to be divisible by 2^3, it will need to be true that x itself is divisible by at least 2^2, since if x were only divisible by 2^1, then x^2 would only be divisible ...”
Yesterday
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a new topic called Free Prep Course: Enter to Win EMPOWERgmat''s FULL Course! in the GMAT Strategy forum
“EMPOWERgmat is giving a way our groundbreaking GMAT prep course for free (a $349 value) to TWO lucky winners. No purchase necessary. Entering is easy: invite friends or share on social media to earn additional entries. You can also get DAILY and BONUS entries. Check out the giveaway page to ...” April 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A piece of twine of length t is cut into two pieces. in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a piece of twine of length T is cut into two pieces and that the length of the longer piece is 2 yards greater than 3 times the length of the shorter piece. We''re asked for the length, in yards, of the longer piece. This question can be solved in a couple of different ...” April 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If k^2 = m^2, which of the following must be true? in the Problem Solving forum “Hi VJesus12, We''re told that K^2 = M^2. We''re asked which of the following MUST be true. This essentially means "which of the following is ALWAYS true no matter how many different examples we can come up with?" These types of questions often require a bit more ''thoroughness'' than ...” April 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the rectangular coordinate system above, if point R in the Problem Solving forum “Hi M7MBA, From the diagram, we know that the base of triangle ORP = 4. We also know that it''s area = 12, so we can combine those two pieces of information to find the height of the triangle (and by extension, the Y co-ordinate of point R). Area = (1/2)(base)(height) 12 = ...” April 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to How divide my study time? Quant/Verbal in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi Mike, This is a really fantastic overall performance (especially in the Verbal section), so if you took this CAT in a realistic fashion, then you''re clearly a really strong critical thinker overall - and you have the potential to score at a really high level on the Official GMAT. Before I can ...” April 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to A number when divided successively by 4 and 5 leaves in the Problem Solving forum “The question means something different from what it actually says, but I can guess what it''s trying to say. When we take our number, "n", and divide it by 4, we get a remainder of 1. So n is exactly 1 greater than some multiple of 4, and we have: n = 4q + 1 It''s here where the ...” April 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to What is the area of the shaded region in the figure shown? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Draw a vertical line starting from point E, up to the line BC. That line will divide the large rectangle (ABCD) into two smaller rectangles. Line BE cuts one of those smaller rectangles in half along the diagonal, while line EC cuts the other one in half along the diagonal. So half of each smaller ...” April 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to What is the value of x? in the Data Sufficiency forum “From Statement 1, x must be 5. From Statement 2, either x-3 = 2, or x-3 = -2, which gives us two different values for x (5 and 1). So the answer is A.” April 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to At a community event, the total number of men, women, and in the Data Sufficiency forum “If the ratio of men to women to children is 15 to 32 to 17, then (since that ratio is reduced) the total number of people must be a multiple of 15+32+17 = 64. If the total is also less than 120, it can only be exactly 64, so we have exactly 15 men, and Statement 1 is sufficient. Statement 2 is ...” April 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Probability Question in the Problem Solving forum “All possible rolls: Since there are 6 number options for each roll, we get: 6*6*6*6 = 1296 Case 1: Exactly 2 rolls are the same (such as 1123) From 4 rolls, the number of ways to choose a pair to yield the same number = 4C2 = (4*3)/(2*1) = 6. Number options for this pair = 6. (Any of the 6 ...” April 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If j > 1, is integer j a prime number? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statements combined: Since dividing by 3 or 2 leaves a remainder of 1, j must be 1 more than a multiple of 3 and 2: j = (3*2)a + 1 = 6a + 1, where a is a positive integer Options for j: 7, 13, 19, 25... If j=7, then the answer to the question stem is YES. If j=25, then the answer to the ...” April 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to From a group of 5 managers (Joon, Kendra, Lee, Marnie and in the Problem Solving forum “Approach 1; P = (good pair)/(all possible pairs) Good pair = Marnie and Noomi = 1 option. All possible pairs = the number of ways to select 2 managers from 5 options = 5C2 = (5*4)/(2*1) = 10 options. Thus: P = 1/10 = 0.1 Approach 2: P(M or N is selected first) = 2/5. (Of the 5 managers, 2 ...” April 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to While it costs about the same in the Sentence Correction forum “Here, the phrase in blue implies that people were trying to drive on the freeway but that the process was made challenging by the rain. This meaning is logical. Here, the phrase in red implies that nuclear plants are trying to generate electricity but that the process is made more expensive ...” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually in the Sentence Correction forum “An effect is a CHANGE brought about by an event. The Earth ALWAYS has a temperature. Since temperature does not constitute a change, it cannot be an effect. In the OA, EXTREMES are the change brought about by greenhouse emissions. This meaning is logical. The temperature of the Earth is not ...” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of |x|? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: x=0, with the result that -|x| = - |0| = 0 In this case, |x| = 0. Case 2: x=-1, with the result that -|-1| = -1 In this case, |x| = 1. Since |x| can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Thus, x=2 or x=-2. In each case, |x|=2. SUFFICIENT. The correct ...” April 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mary's income is 60 percent more than Tim's income, and in the Problem Solving forum “Let J=100. Since Tim''s income is 40% less than Juan''s, T = 100 - (40% of 100) = 100 - 40 = 60. Since Mary''s income is 60% greater than Tim''s, M = 60 + (60% of 60) = 60 + 36 = 96. What percent of Juan''s income is Mary''s income? M/J = 96/100 = 96%. The correct answer is C.” April 20, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to A certain money market account that had a balance of$48,000 in the Problem Solving forum
“If it earns $360 in a month, it earns$360 *12 in a year, if there''s no compounding. Dividing by the amount invested, we''ll get the interest rate for the year: (12)(360)/48000 = 1*360/4000 = 36/400 = 9/100 = 9%”
April 19, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to If x is an integer, then which of the following statements in the Problem Solving forum
“Lots of ways to do this, for example: x^2 - x - 1 = x(x-1) - 1 Notice x(x-1) is the product of two consecutive integers, so it is the product of one odd and one even integer, and must therefore be even. When we subtract 1 from this product, we get an odd number, so x(x-1) - 1 is odd.”
April 19, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to A number of oranges are to be distributed evenly among a in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1 is automatically true, so it really only tells us that it is possible to divide the number of baskets by 2. But we might have 2 baskets with 10 oranges each, or 20 baskets with 1 orange each, for example, so that information is not sufficient. If Statement 2 is true, then when we ...”
April 19, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to From a group of $$J$$ employees, $$K$$ will be selected, at in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Using only Statement 1, we might be picking only from 15 employees in total, in which case it''s not likely, but also not nearly impossible, that Lisa and Philip sit together. But we might be picking from 15,000,000 employees in total, and the probability might be almost zero that we even pick Lisa ...”
April 19, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Verb-ing doubt in the Sentence Correction forum
“NOUN + VERBing implies that the VERBing is a restrictive modifier. The purpose of a restrictive modifier is to SPECIFY the type of noun being discussed. Here, the restrictive modifier in blue implies the following: There are many types of planets. The sentence is not referring to all these ...”
April 18, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers and in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: x=2 $$2^y =2^{2y-3}$$ Since each side has the same base, the two exponents must be equal: y = 2y-3 3 = y Since the values of x and y are known, the value of $$x^y$$ can be determined. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Thus, x=2. Same information as in Statement 1. Since Statement ...”
April 17, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to There are 10 employees in an office. The table shows how in the Problem Solving forum
“List of 10 pet values implied by the chart: 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3 Since the answer choices are all 3 or greater, the addition of the manager''s pet value will yield the following list of 11 values: 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, M Since the new average must be equal to the median value ...”
April 17, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Computer-based activities in the Critical Reasoning forum
“In a strengthen CR, the OA SUPPORTS THE PASSAGE. In an inference CR, the PASSAGE SUPPORTS THE OA. Here, the OA supports the passage. The result is a strengthen CR. Since the OA supports the conclusion, its negation naturally will weaken the conclusion.”
April 16, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG Most of the country's biggest daily newspapers in the Sentence Correction forum
“This is the comparison conveyed by the green sentence above. Here, each blue portion has a subject (the company) and a verb (had) and thus constitutes a clause. The result is a logical comparison. This is the comparison implied by the incorrect red sentence above. The first blue portion ...”
April 16, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Three salespeople, Dan, Matt, and Nicole, earned annual in the Problem Solving forum
“D:M:N = 3:5:8. The sum of the parts of the ratio = 3+5+8 = 16. The values in red indicate the following: Nicole''s fraction of the total = 8/16 = 1/2. Since Nicole''s $28,000 is 1/2 of the total, the total =$56,000. The correct answer is E.”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Together, 15 type A machines and 7 type B machines can in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the job = 44 units. Since 15A+7B take 4 hours to complete the 44-unit job, the rate for 15A+7B = w/t = 44/4 = 11 units per hour. Since 8B+15C take 11 hours to complete the 44-unit job, the rate for 8B+15C = w/t = 44/11 = 4 units per hour. Adding together 15A+7B=11 and 8B+15C=4, we get: ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mark has fewer than 9 coins. Each coin is either a quarter in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: 25Q + 10D = 170 5Q + 2D = 34 To minimize the number of coins, we must maximize the value of Q. If Q=6, then D=2, with the result that 5Q + 2D = (5*6) + (2*2) = 34. In this case, the total number of coins = 6+2 = 8. If the value of Q decreases, then the total number of coins ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 12^(1/2) + 108^(1/2) + 48^(1/2) = in the Problem Solving forum
“√12 + (√9 * √12) + (√4 * √12) = √12 + 3√12 + 2√12 = 6√12 = 6 * √4 * √ 3 = 12√3 The correct answer is A.”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If n is a positive integer greater than 6, what is the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Approach 1: Since n is greater than 6, and the statements refer to n², make a list of perfect squares greater than 6²: n² = 49, 64, 81, 100, 121, 144, 169, 196, 225. Subtracting 1 from these values, we get the following options for n² - 1: n² - 1 = 48, 63, 80, 99, 120, 143, 168, 195, ...”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following is equivalent to in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x=2 and y=1, with the result that (x+y)/3 - (x-y)/4 = 1 - 1/4 = 3/4. The correct answer must yield 3/4 when x=2 and y=1. Only D works: (7y+x)/12 = (7*1 + 2)/12 = 9/12 = 3/4 The correct answer is D.”
April 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a certain office, 50 percent of the employees are college in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let T = the total number of employees. Since 60% of the employees are over 40, we get: Over 40 = 0.6T 30% of those over 40 -- in other words, 30% of the expression in blue -- have master''s degrees. Thus: Over 40 with master''s = 0.3(0.6T). To calculate the value of the expression in ...”
April 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Dwight and Mose decide to build a new barn on their farm, in the Problem Solving forum
“Every time Dwight does 1/4 of the remaining work, 3/4 of the work remains. Every time Mose does 1/6 of the remaining work, 5/6 of the work remains. When Mose starts his third shift, Dwight has completed 3 shifts, while Mose has completed 2 shifts. Thus, the remaining work at the start of Mose''s ...”
April 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a law firm, 72% of the employees are associates and 54% in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the total number of employees = 100, implying that the total number of associates = 72% of 100 = 72 and that the number of senior associates = 54% of 100 = 54. The prompt should make clear that every associate is either a junior associate or senior associate, yielding the following equation: ...”
April 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A library branch originally contained 18360 volumes, 30% of in the Problem Solving forum
“Since the answer choices are PERCENTS, the total number of books can be ANY POSITIVE VALUE. 30% = 3/10, implying a denominator of 10. Let the total number of books = the product of the three denominators 10, 3 and 3 = 10*3*3 = 90. Since 30% of the books are fiction, the number of fiction books ...”
April 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Heavy commitment by an executive in the Sentence Correction forum
“that-clause includes its own subject and verb and thus does not require an additional agent. In the blue that-clause above, the subject for will meet (verb) is a system of import relief laws. Since it is clear that A SYSTEM will meet the strategic needs, no additional agent is required. An ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A teacher wants to select a team of 5 players from a group in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi VJesus12, We''re told that a teacher wants to select a team of 5 players from a group of 9 players. However, she needs to keep the following constraints in mind: If Jane is in the team, Sue should also be included in the team and vice versa. We''re asked for the number of different ways that ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The time it took car A to travel 400 miles was 2 hours less in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi swerve, We''re told that the time it took car A to travel 400 miles was 2 hours LESS than the time it took car B to travel the same distance and car A''s average speed was 10 miles per hour GREATER than that of car B. We''re asked for car B''s average speed in miles per hour. This question ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A newly-opened retail store made $400 profit on the initial in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a newly-opened retail store made$400 profit on the initial expenditure of $25000, and then made$1200 profit on the next $80000 expenditure. We''re asked for the approximate percentage change in the ratio of profit to expenditure change from the first$25000 expenditure ...”
April 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The architects of a certain type of building estimate in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the architects of a certain type of building estimate construction costs to be $2.0 million per floor for each of the first 5 floors,$2.5 million per floor for each of the next 3 floors, and $3.5 million per floor for any additional floors. We''re asked what the ...” April 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to This year, x people won an Olympic medal for water in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that X people won a medal for water competitions. Of those X people, 1/3 won a medal for swimming; of those who won a medal for SWIMMING, 1/4 also won a medal for diving. This question can be solved by TESTing VALUES (and taking a few notes). The common denominator between ...” April 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to GMAT Study group (Asia/US) in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum “Hi shoc064, Forming a study group could be quite helpful, but you''ll still need a proper Study Plan to hit your Score Goal. From your post, it''s not clear whether you''re just beginning your studies or if you''ve put in some significant study time already, so if you''re interested in any advice ...” April 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to I made it! From 640 to 720. in the I just Beat The GMAT! forum “Hi realcanario, That''s OUTSTANDING news! Your 690 was already a fantastic Score, but pushing that up to a 720 (with a Q50) is a noteworthy improvement! With this 720/Q50, you can comfortably apply to ANY Business Schools that interest you! You have plenty of time to work on your applications ...” April 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mary and Kate are running clockwise around a circular track in the Problem Solving forum “Since Mary is behind Kate by 250 meters -- half the circumference of the track -- she will catch up to Mary when she has traveled 250 meters more than Kate. To catch up to Kate a second time, Mary must then travel one more lap than Kate -- in other words, 500 meters more than Kate. Implication: ...” April 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Heavy commitment by an executive in the Sentence Correction forum “The bad weather makes it difficult to work outdoors. Here, the infinitive in blue is not immediately preceded by an agent: the sentence does not specify WHO is intended TO WORK. The implication is that the agent for the blue infinitive is not a specific person but people IN GENERAL, as follows: ...” April 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many rectangles are found in the lattice below? in the Problem Solving forum “https://i.postimg.cc/Z0xg3MXX/lattice.png To form a rectangle, we must combine as HORIZONTAL LENGTH with a VERTICAL LENGTH: Horizontal length: Number of ways to choose a horizontal length of 1: AB, BC, CD, DE, EF = 5 Number of ways to choose a horizontal length of 2: AC, BD, CE, DF = 4 ...” April 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x is a positive integer, is the remainder 0 when in the Data Sufficiency forum “$$3^x + 1$$ will yield a remainder of 0 when divided by 10 if it has a units digit of 0. 3¹ --> units digit of 3. 3² --> units digit of 9. (Since the product of the preceding units digit and 3 = 3*3 = 9.) 3³ --> units digit of 7. (Since the product of the preceding units digit and ...” April 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If d is a positive integer and f is the product of the first in the Data Sufficiency forum “30! = 30*29*28*....*3*2*1. Statement 1: To determine the greatest possible value for d, we need to know the number of 10''s contained within 30! Since 10=2*5, EVERY COMBINATION OF 2*5 contained within the prime-factorization of 30! will yield a 10. The prime-factorization of 30! is composed ...” April 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Last year, the price of a jar of peanut butter at a certain in the Problem Solving forum “The price of a jar of peanut butter at a certain store was P dollars and the price of a jar of jelly at the same store was J dollars, where J=2P. Let P = 10 and J = 20 This year, the price of peanut butter increased by 20% and the price of jelly decreased by 20% New P = 10 + (20% of 10) = 10 + ...” April 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the median and average (arithmetic mean) of a set of 4 di in the Data Sufficiency forum “In ascending order, let the four numbers = a, b, c, d. Since the average of the 4 numbers = 10, we get: (a+b+c+d)/4 = 10 a+b+c +d = 40 Since the median of the 4 numbers = 10, we get: (b+c)/2 = 10 b+c = 20 Subtracting the blue equation from the red equation, we get: (a+b+c+d) - (b+c) = 40-20 ...” April 8, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mixture A is 15 percent alcohol, and mixture B is 50 percent in the Problem Solving forum “A = 15% alcohol B = 50% alcohol The MIXTURE of A and B = 30% alcohol To determine the ratio of A to B, use ALLIGATION -- a very efficient way to handle mixture problems. Step 1: Plot the 3 percentages on a number line, with the percentages for A and B (15% and 50%) on the ends and the ...” April 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A museum sold 30 tickets on Saturday. Some of the tickets so in the Data Sufficiency forum “Let G = the number of general tickets. Since a total of 30 tickets are sold, the number of special exhibit tickets = 30-G. Since general tickets =$10 each and special exhibit tickets = $70 each, we get: Total revenue = 10G + 70(30-G) = 10G + 2100 - 70G = 2100 - 60G. Statement 1: 1570 < ...” April 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If 500 is the multiple of 100 that is closest to X and 400 in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statements combined: Case 1: X=460, with the result that 500 is the multiple of 100 closest to X Y=360, with the result that 400 is the multiple of 100 closest to Y In this case, X+Y=820, so the multiple of 100 closest to X+Y is 800. Case 2: X=490, with the result that 500 is the multiple of ...” April 7, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Harry and Ron work for the same company but earn different in the Data Sufficiency forum “Say Harry earns$H, and has $E in expenses, while Ron earns$R, and spends $S. Then Harry saves H-E dollars, and Ron saves R-S dollars. Statement 1 tells us: H + S > R + E H - E > R - S or in other words, Harry''s savings exceed Ron''s savings. Now, it''s not clear what is meant ...” April 6, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to n is a positive integer greater than 2. If y = 9^0 + 9^1+ in the Data Sufficiency forum “If you look at the units digits of various powers of 9, you''ll see they alternate between 1 and 9: 9^0 ends in 1 9^1 ends in 9 9^2 ends in 1 9^3 ends in 9 and so on. So if we add 9^0 + 9^1 + 9^2 + ... + 9^n, we''ll get something ending in 0 when n is even, and something ending in 1 when n ...” April 6, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to One legacy of Madison Avenue's in the Sentence Correction forum “Generally, a when-clause refers to an action performed at a particular moment: When Mary entered the room, John smiled. Here, the usage of when implies that the action in blue happened at a particular moment. An as-clause refers to an action performed over an extended period of time: Adam sang ...” April 6, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely r in the Sentence Correction forum “There is no reason to repeat which in the OA. Even if more than one verb is attributed to COMMA + WHICH, the usage of one which should suffice.” April 6, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a nationwide poll, N people were interviewed. If 1/4 in the Problem Solving forum “Let N=12. Number who answered yes to question 1 = (1/4)12 = 3. Number who also answered yes to question 2 = (1/3)3 = 1. Number who didn''t answer yes to both questions = 12-1 = 11. This is our target. Now we plug N=12 into the answers to see which yields our target of 11. Only E works: ...” April 6, 2019 April 6, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Is BG > EC? in the Data Sufficiency forum “BG is the height of triangle ABC (when we use AC as our base), and EC is the height of triangle DEF (when we use DF as our base). It''s confusing to use all those capital letters, so let''s use ''h'' for the height BG, and ''j'' for the height EC. We also have three important lengths along the ...” April 6, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If a certain positive integer is divided by 9, the ..... in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1 tells us our number is 30 greater than some multiple of 45, so our number is equal to 45q + 30, for some integer q. But 45q + 30 = 5(9q + 6), which is clearly divisible by 5, so the remainder is 0 when we divide our number by 5, and Statement 1 is sufficient, even without using any ...” April 6, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to In the figure above, if the length of MO is 10 in the Data Sufficiency forum “If you knew that the seemingly-vertical line of length ''h'' was at right angles to the line MO, then it would be easy, with both statements, to use Pythagoras to find the lengths of all of the sides. But without knowing if we have a right angle there, we can''t do much, and the answer is E. ...” April 5, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is x < 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: x³ < -1 The cube of x will be negative only if x itself is negative. Thus, x < 0. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: x³ + x < -1 x(x² + 1) < -1 Since the square of a value cannot be negative, x² ≥ 0, with the result that the factor in blue must be POSITIVE. ...” April 5, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A pizza shop sold small pizzas for$4.5 in the Problem Solving forum
“The GMAT would list the answer choices in ascending or descending order, as follows: We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of small pizzas. The average cost per pizza = 5050/500 ≈ $10. Since the average cost ($10) is much closer to the price of a large pizza ($12.50) than ...” April 5, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Fossils of feathered dinosaurs - GMAT prep Exam pack 1 in the Sentence Correction forum “A general truth is something that is true not just at a particular moment but is true IN GENERAL. Mary plays the saxophone. Here, the portion in blue expresses a general truth about Mary. To express a GENERAL TRUTH, we use the simple present tense. The SC above is intended to express a general ...” April 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to While making a non-stop trip, a bus averaged m mph for the in the Data Sufficiency forum “Distance traveled in the first 5 hours = 5m. Distance traveled in the remaining 4 hours = 4n. Average speed for the entire 9-hour trip = (5m + 4n)/9. To determine the average speed for the entire trip, we need to know the value of 5m+4n. Question stem, rephrased: What is the value of 5m+4n? ...” April 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG13 - Q20 in the Sentence Correction forum “The OA does not make a comparison. to double X = to increase X by 100% OA: Personal spending in the Julv-September quarter would more than double the...growth rate. Conveyed meaning: Personal spending in the July-September quarter would increase the growth rate by more than 100%.” April 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG12, Q18 in the Sentence Correction forum “OA: Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon, in the form of carbon dioxide. Here, the modifier in green is an adverb in that it describes UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCE the preceding blue action happens. Under what circumstance ARE plants MORE EFFICIENT at acquiring carbon? Under the ...” April 2, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Barry walks from one end to the other of a 30-meter long in the Problem Solving forum “Let B = Barry''s rate and W = the walkway''s rate. The distance can be ANY VALUE. Let the distance = 240 meters. WITH the walkway, the time = 30 seconds: Here, Barry and the walkway WORK TOGETHER, so we ADD their rates: B+W = d/t = 240/30 = 8 meters per second. AGAINST the walkway, the ...” April 1, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to What is the value of 10^x · 10^y? in the Data Sufficiency forum “I imagine there''s a typo in the question somewhere, because as written, the statements aren''t consistent, and the answer is not D (it would be A). It seems more likely the question is meant to say something like: What is $$10^x 10^y$$ ? 1. 2^(x+y) = 16 2. 5^(x+y) = 625 Since 10^x * 10^y ...” April 1, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Barry walks from one end to the other of a 30-meter long in the Problem Solving forum “If s is his speed, and w the speed of the walkway, then when he walks with the walkway, his net speed is s+w, and when he walks against the walkway, his net speed is s-w. Using the familiar S = D/T equation for both cases, we have: s+w = 30/30 = 1 s-w = 30/120 = 1/4 and adding these two ...” April 1, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to For any given x and any positive integer n in the Problem Solving forum “For any sequence question, it is usually a good idea to work out the first few terms until you understand the structure of the sequence. Here, if s_n = x^(2n - 1) then plugging in n =1, 2 and 3 we find: s_1 = x^1 s_2 = x^3 s_3 = x^5 and so on. We want to multiply these terms together, ...” April 1, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to For positive integers n, the integer part of the nth term in the Problem Solving forum “The digits long after the decimal point are not going to matter here, since they only make a minuscule contribution to the sum, and we only need a rough estimate. If we work out the first seven terms, truncating each to one decimal place, we have: 1.2 2.4 3.6 4.8 5.1 6.1 7.1 When we ...” April 1, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Is xy > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “xy > 0 will be true if x and y have the same sign, so if both are positive, or if both are negative. x^2 is always positive or zero, so Statement 1 tells us almost nothing (it only tells us x is not zero). In Statement 2, we can divide by y^2 on both sides, because we know y^2 is positive (so ...” April 1, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Is the slope of line z positive? in the Data Sufficiency forum “If two lines are perpendicular, their slopes are negative reciprocals, so if one line has a slope of m, the other has a slope of -1/m. So from Statement 1, if line m has a slope of -1/4, the perpendicular line z must have a slope of 4, and Statement 1 is sufficient. Knowing about one point on a ...” April 1, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 2+2+2^2+2^3+2^4+2^5+2^6+2^7+2^8=? in the Problem Solving forum “2⁸ = 256 2⁷ = 128 Thus: 2⁸ + 2⁷ + 2⁶ + 2⁵ + 2⁴ + 2³ + 2² + 2 + 2 = 256 + 128 + (around 100) ≈ 500. Only A is viable: 2⁹ = 512. The correct answer is A.” April 1, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Thabo owns exactly 140 books, and each book is either in the Problem Solving forum “Hi Joy Shaha, This question can be solved by TESTing THE ANSWERS. We''re given several facts to work with: 1) Total number of books = 140 and there are only 3 types of books. 2) Paperback Nonfiction = 20 + Hardcover Nonfiction 3) Paperback Fiction = 2(Paperback Nonfiction) We''re ...” March 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Quant Doubt in the GMAT Math forum “Hi dee1711s, To start, the GMAT is NOT going to test you on the concept of "negative factors", as an example - if you are asked for the factors of 6, then those factors are 1, 2, 3 and 6. If you''re told that A is a factor of B, then that means that A is a positive integer that ...” March 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to [re-applicant] Should I retake the GMAT or switch to the GRE in the The GMAT Avengers Study Group forum “Hi deralexandre, First off, a 680/Q47 is a strong score, so it could be enough to get you into your first-choice School. As such, a retest might not be necessary. You''re ultimately asking a series of Admissions questions though, so you would likely find it beneficial to speak with an Admissions ...” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Points (a, b) and (c, d) lie on line L in the coordinate in the Data Sufficiency forum “When you subtract y-coordinates of two points, you''re just finding the distance between them purely in the vertical direction. That''s sometimes called the "rise". Similarly when you subtract x-coordinates of two points, you''re finding the purely horizontal distance between them, ...” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If √k is not an integer, then is k a prime number? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Using both statements, k can be 2, and thus prime, or -1, and not prime, so the answer is E.” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Alice bought a certain number of 30 cent stamps, 35 cent in the Data Sufficiency forum “Using Statement 2 alone, if she bought x stamps at 30 cents, and x stamps at 40 cents, she spent 70x cents in total just on those stamps. If she only spent 420 cents overall, then x clearly is no greater than 6. But if she also bought some 35 cent stamps, x must be strictly less than 6. And ...” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If $$n$$ is a positive integer and $$r$$ is the remainder in the Data Sufficiency forum “n-1, n and n+1 are three consecutive integers. If, as Statement 1 tells us, n is odd, then n-1 and n+1 are both even -- in fact, they are consecutive even numbers. If you take any two consecutive even integers, one of them will always be a multiple of 4, so Statement 1 guarantees that (n-1)(n+1) is ...” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to How many hours did it take Helen to drive from her house to in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1 is clearly insufficient. Using Statement 2, maybe her speed was 8 km/hr, and the total distance was 16 km, so took 2 hours. Then if her speed was 8 km/hr greater, so was 16 km/hr, she would have saved an hour. But we know there must also be a solution where her speed was 72 km/hr, ...” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to In the diagram above, O is the center of the circle and ACDE in the Data Sufficiency forum “If you connect a diameter of a circle to a point C on the circle, you always form a right angle at C, so Statement 2 tells us nothing new, and is useless. Using only Statement 1, since we know we have a right triangle, and we know two of its sides (the hypotenuse is twice the radius, so is 4), we ...” March 31, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to In the figure above, all angles are right angles. If the len in the Data Sufficiency forum “The perimeter of the figure is identical to the perimeter of a rectangle with sides a and b (if you just draw the two lines in the top right corner that you''d need to draw to make that rectangle, you''ll see that you''re adding a line of length v to the top side, and a line of length u to the ...” March 31, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Cars emerging from a motorway arrive at a junction that in the Problem Solving forum “We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of cars in the left lane. Answer choice C: 1700 If 700 cars per hour were diverted from the left lane to the right lane, the number of cars entering the right lane per hour would be twice as big as the number of cars entering the left lane ...” March 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A 3-character alpha-numeric code does have the following in the Problem Solving forum “Number of options for the first character = 8. (Of the 10 digits, any digit but 0 or 9.) Number of options for the second character = 24. (Of the 26 letters in the alphabet, any but a or z.) Number of options for the third character = (number of options for the first character) + (number of ...” March 29, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The ratio of boys to girls in Class A is 3 to 4. The ratio in the Problem Solving forum “We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of girls in Class A. Since b:g = 3:4, the number of girls must be a multiple of 4. Eliminate B, C and D. Answer choice A: g = 8. Since b:g = 3:4 = 6:8, b=6. Since Class A has one more boy and two more girls than Class B, in Class B, ...” March 29, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 100 students appeared for two tests-Maths and English. For in the Data Sufficiency forum “100 = Only Math + Only English + Both + Neither For every student who passed in both the tests, 8 students passed only in Maths and 9 students passed only in English. Let B = both, implying that Only Math = 8B and that Only English = 9B. Thus: 100 = 8B + 9B + B + Neither 100 = 18B + Neither ...” March 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to An optometrist charges$150 per pair for soft contact lenses in the Problem Solving forum
“Since $150 soft lenses and$85 hard lenses yield $1690 in revenue, we get: 150S + 85H = 1690 30S + 17H = 238 The sum on the left side must yield a units digit of 8. Since 17*4 = 68, it is likely that H=4: 30S + 17*4 = 338 30S + 68 = 238 30S = 170 S=9 S=9 and H=4 satisfy the condition ...” March 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG-12 SC Q-43 Laos has a land area in the Sentence Correction forum “D: Laos has a land area comparable to the size of Great Britain, but only four million in population, and many are members of hill tribes ensconced in the virtually inaccessible mountain valleys of the north. Error 1: The intent here is to compare the LAND AREA of Laos to the LAND AREA of Great ...” March 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following is the solution set for the inequalit in the Problem Solving forum “We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the range of x. A: -1 < x < 0 Plugging x=-0.5 into the given inequality, we get: 0 < |-0.5| - 2(-0.5) < 3 0 < 0.5 + 1 < 3 0 < 1.5 > 3 Since x=-0.5 is a valid solution, the correct answer must include x=-0.5 within its ...” March 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question is a standard "Work Formula" question. When you have 2 entities sharing a task, you can use the following formula to figure out how long it takes for the 2 entities to complete the task together. Work = (A)(B)/(A+B) where A and B are the individual times ...” March 27, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is tutoring necessary for Verbal? in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi swara31, Yes, you should be able to find online tutoring without too much trouble, but it''s not clear whether you actually need that type of resource yet. Before I can offer you the specific advice that you’re looking for, it would help if you could provide a bit more information on how ...” March 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A straight highway connects two cities P and Q, and goes via in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: For every 2 hours spent at 30 mph and 1 hour spent at 50 mph, 3 hours are spent at 60 mph. Average speed per 6 hours = (2*30 + 1*50 + 3*60)/6 = 290/6. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Case 1: NQ = 180 miles, PM = 60 miles and MN = 50 miles Since NQ is traveled at 60 mph, the time for ...” March 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Geometry in the Problem Solving forum “https://i.postimg.cc/N2Ky6DSp/square-divided-into-triangles.png Each triangle in the figure above is an isosceles right triangle with sides 1, 1 and √2. Shaded region = 4 triangles. Largest square = 16 triangles. Thus: (shaded region)/(largest square) = 4/16 = 1/4. The correct answer is ...” March 27, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to For all positive integers m in the Problem Solving forum “Correctted! And yes - that typo was on purpose ;o.” March 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A music festival took place over two days, Saturday and in the Data Sufficiency forum “Anyone who attended the festival must have attended only Saturday, only Sunday, or both days. Let the total number of attendees = 100. Statement 1: 40% of attendees attended both days. No way to determine how many attendees attended only Saturday. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: 70% of attendees ...” March 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Boat World sells a certain boat and a certain trailer. What in the Data Sufficiency forum “Let b = boat and t = trailer. What is the value of t? Statement 1: b = 7500+t No way to solve for t. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: b+t = 15000 No way to solve for t. INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Since we have two variables (b and t) and two distinct linear equations (b=7500+t and ...” March 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to p, q, and r are different prime numbers. What is the value o in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: (pq)² = 36 pq = 6 Case 1: p=2 and q=3 Case 2: p=3 and q=2 Since q can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: (qr)² = 225 qr = 15 Case 1: q=3 and r=5 Case 2: q=5 and r=3 Since q can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Only one case ...” March 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to √r + 2/√r = 4. What is the value of r + 4/r? in the Problem Solving forum “(a+b)² = a² + b² + 2ab √r + 2/√r = 4 (√r + 2/√r)² = 4² (√r)² + (2/√r)² + 2(√r)(2/√r) = 16 r + 4/r + 4 = 16 r + 4/r = 12 The correct answer is A.” March 26, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to There are x people and y chairs in a room where x and y are in the Data Sufficiency forum “This question doesn''t make any sense, at least if the OA is A. I can guess the logic they use to justify ''A'' as the right answer -- using only Statement 1, there are only two primes that sum to 12, namely 5 and 7. If we want to seat 5 people in 7 chairs, there are 7*6/2! = 21 ways to choose the ...” March 25, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to For all positive integers m in the Problem Solving forum “Hi myspecialtie, Brent''s explanation is spot-on, so I won''t rehash any of that here. This prompt is an example of a "Symbolism" question - in which the prompt introduces a "made up" math symbol, explains how to use it and asks you to perform a calculation (and sometimes more ...” March 25, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Q39 V29: 560 - 2 months to go for GMAT, need 650+ in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi amegupte0410, GMAC has publicly stated that the Official Score that you earn on Test Day is within +/- 30 points of actual ability. Assuming a similar ''swing'' in how your CATs function, your 3 CAT score results show that you essentially performed the same each time (about 550 +/- a few ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many trailing zeroes would be found in 63! upon in the Problem Solving forum “TRAILING 0''s = the number of 0''s at the end of a large product. 63! = 63*62*61*....*3*2*1. Since 10=2*5, EVERY COMBINATION OF 2*5 contained within the prime-factorization of 63! will yield a 0 at the end of the integer representation of 63!. The prime-factorization of 63! includes FAR ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A certain NYC taxi driver has decided to start charging a in the Problem Solving forum “Let r=100 cents. For 3 people, the cost per mile = 3*100 = 300 cents = 3 dollars. Let x = 2 miles. Regular cost for 3 people to travel 2 miles = 3*2 = 6 dollars. With a 50% discount, the cost in dollars = 3. This is our target. Now we plug x=2 and r=100 into the answers to see which ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 60% of all students in a class commute by public in the Problem Solving forum “Use a DOUBLE-MATRIX to organize the data. Let P = public transportation, NP = not public transportation, S = science, NS = not science. 60% of all students in a class commute by public transportation. 30% of the students aspire to be scientists. The following matrix is yielded: ...” March 25, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to GPREP SC-8 in the Sentence Correction forum “Proposed revision: The sandpipers...are a result of residential and industrial development. This meaning is nonsensical. BIRDS cannot be a RESULT. This line of reasoning is valid: In D and E, the referent for in the northeastern United States is unclear.” March 24, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Time and work in the Problem Solving forum “You can do this mathematically - if you suppose it takes t minutes for A to print n pages, you can then get the same time for each machine: A prints 2n pages in 2t minutes B prints n pages in 2t minutes so A+B together print 3n pages in 2t minutes and A+B together print n pages in 2t/3 ...” March 24, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If P and Q are positive integers, and if P > 1, does P = in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: P=2 and Q=2, with the result that P divides evenly into Q In this case, P=Q, so the answer to the question stem is YES. Case 2: P=2 and Q=4, with the result that P divides evenly into Q In this case, P≠Q, so the answer to the question stem is NO. INSUFFICIENT. ...” March 24, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is it true that x > 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: x=0 In this case, the answer to the question stem is NO. Case 2: x≠0, allowing us to divide both sides by x x²/x = 2x/x x = 2 In this case, the answer to the question stem is YES. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Case 1: x=0 In this case, the answer to the question ...” March 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a certain bathtub, both the hot and cold water fixtures in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that In a certain bathtub, both the hot and cold water fixtures leak. The cold water leak alone would fill an empty bucket in C hours, and the hot water leak alone will fill the same bucket in H hours, where C < H. If both fixtures began to leak at the same time into the ...” March 23, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to A number of ties are individually packaged in unmarked boxes in the Data Sufficiency forum “It makes no logical sense to ask a DS question like this, because it''s not clear what information would be sufficient to find the "maximum number" of something. That''s easy to see if you imagine a different question: There are 25 boxes, and each box contains one colored tie. What is ...” March 23, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to At a particular business school which requires applicants to in the Data Sufficiency forum “You can say "the average score of admitted applicants was 15 points higher than of rejected applicants" or you can say "the difference between the average score of accepted applicants and rejected applicants was 15 points" but you can''t say both things in the same sentence. The ...” March 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Events A and B are independent and have equal probabilities in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: P(at least one event occurs) = 1 - P(neither event occurs) Thus: P(at least A or B) = 1 - P(neither A nor B) Since P(at least A or B) = 0.84, we get: 0.84 = 1 - P(neither A nor B) P(neither A nor B) = 0.16 P(not A) * P(not B) = 0.16. Since it is given that P(A) = P(B), P(not ...” March 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the given figure, if AS = 10 cm, SN = 5 cm and TN = 8 cm, in the Problem Solving forum “Third-side rule: The third side a triangle must be LESS THAN THE SUM OF and GREATER THAN THE DIFFERENCE OF the other two sides. Here, all the sides must be INTEGER values. In triangle ANS, AS=10 and NS=5. Thus, third side AN must be an integer value less than 10+5 = 15 and greater than 10-5 = ...” March 23, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If $$xy \neq 0$$, and 75 percent of $$x$$ equals 125 percent in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that neither X nor Y can equal 0 and that 75% of X is equal to 125% of Y. We''re asked which of the following is true. This question can be solved in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. IF.... X = 100, then (75% of X) = 75 75 = 125% of Y 75 = ...” March 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If $$xy \neq 0$$ and $$2x + 3y$$ is equal to 175 percent in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that neither X nor Y can be 0 and that (2X + 3Y) is 175% of 8X. We''re asked for the value of X/Y. This question can be solved in a number of different ways, including by TESTing THE ANSWERS. Between Answers B and D, Answer D would be an easier Answer to TEST, so let''s try ...” March 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Find the range of values of $$x$$ that satisfy the in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re asked for the range of values of X that satisfy the inequality (X+1)(X-2) > 4. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. IF... X=10, then (11)(8) = 88 which is greater than 4. Thus, X=10 is a possible solution. Eliminate ...” March 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Find the range of values of $$x$$ that satisfy the in the Problem Solving forum “(x+1)(x-2) > 4 x^2 - x - 2 > 4 x^2 - x - 6 > 0 (x-3)(x+2) > 0 So either x-3 and x+2 are both positive, which will be true when x > 3, or both x-3 and x+2 are negative, which will be true when x < -2.” March 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If $$xy \neq 0$$ and $$2x + 3y$$ is equal to 175 percent in the Problem Solving forum “If we''re taking 175% of something, we''re multiplying it by 1.75, or by 7/4. So 2x + 3y = (7/4)(8x) 2x + 3y = 14x 3y = 12x 1/4 = x/y” March 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to The largest bonus that Felix can receive this year is equal in the Data Sufficiency forum “His smallest bonus is 30% of 20% of his salary, so, multiplying, is 6% of his salary. Statement 1 tells us his smallest bonus, and since we know that''s 6% of his salary, we can find his salary. Statement 2 tells us the difference in his largest and smallest bonuses, and since 20% - 6% = 14%, that ...” March 22, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Paul, a painter, paints only flowers or cats in his notebook in the Data Sufficiency forum “Am I missing something? Statement 2 tells us the exact answer to the question. I assume it means to ask how many *cat* pictures in charcoal there are. Since we know the 39 pictures mentioned in the stem consist precisely of flower-pencil, flower-charcoal, and cat-charcoal pictures, then once we ...” March 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Express 2^20-2^19-2^18-2^17 as a power of 2. in the Problem Solving forum “Test an analogous case with easier values: 2⁴ - 2³ - 2² - 2¹ = 16 - 8 - 4 - 2 = 2¹ The matching blue portions imply the following: 2²⁰ - 2¹⁹ - 2¹⁸ - 2¹⁷ = 2¹⁷ The correct answer is C.” March 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If (r+1/r)^2 = 5, what is the value of (r^3+1/r^3)^2? in the Problem Solving forum “(r + 1/r)² = 5 r + 1/r = √5 (r + 1/r)² = 5 r² + 1/r² + 2(r)(1/r) = 5 r² + 1/r² + 2 = 5 r² + 1/r² = 3 Multiplying the blue equation and the red equation, we get: (r² + 1/r²)(r + 1/r) = 3√5 r³ + (r²)(1/r) + (1/r²)(r) + 1/r³ = 3√5 r³ + (r + 1/r) + 1/r³ = 3√5 ...” March 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% in the Problem Solving forum “Chocolate percentage in the incorrect sauce: 40%. Chocolate percentage in the pure chocolate: 100%. Chocolate percentage in the mixture: 50%. Let I = the incorrect sauce and C = the pure chocolate. The following approach is called ALLIGATION -- a very efficient way to handle MIXTURE PROBLEMS. ...” March 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Skier Lindsey Vonn completes a straight 300-meter downhill in the Problem Solving forum “Downhill speed - uphill speed = (x+10) - (x-8) = 18. Implication: The downhill speed is 18 mps greater than the uphill speed. We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the downhill speed. Since the downhill speed is 18 mps greater than the uphill speed, the correct answer must be GREATER ...” March 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Jeremiah invests his savings of$120,000 by dividing it in the Problem Solving forum
“On the GMAT, compounded interest is typically just a bit more than simple interest. Since the answer choices are all greater than 2% -- the percentage given in the prompt -- they must represent the HIGHER interest rate, with 2% representing the LOWER interest rate. Lower rate: Since 3/4 of ...”
March 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If m and n are positive integers, is m+n divisible by 15? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Rule: MULTIPLE OF X + MULTIPLE OF X = MULTIPLE OF X MULTIPLE OF X + NON-MULTIPLE OF X = NON-MULTIPLE OF X 225 = 9*25 Statements combined: Case 1: m=9 and n=25*15, with the result that m is a multiple of 9, n is a multiple of 15, and mn = 9*25*15 = 225*15 = multiple of 225 In this case, m+n ...”
March 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the smallest positive integer n such that n / 420 ca in the Problem Solving forum
“A fraction will yield a terminating decimal if the prime-factorization of its denominator contains only 2''s and/or 5''s. n/420 = n/(2*2*3*5*7). For a terminating decimal to be yielded, the prime factors in red must CANCEL OUT with n, leaving only 2''s and 5''s in the denominator. Thus, the ...”
March 21, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to x is the product of all even numbers from 2 to 50, inclusive in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that X is the product of all even numbers from 2 to 50, inclusive. We''re asked to define what the smallest prime factor of (X+1) must be. This particular question is a variation on an Official question that periodically pops up in the forums. The main idea behind this prompt ...”
March 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The consultant explained that companies in the Sentence Correction forum
“Generally, a one-word adverb such as tirelessly will not be positioned between a verb and its direct object. Incorrect: Companies lobby tirelessly government officials. Here, tirelessly (adverb) is awkwardly positioned between lobby (verb) and government officials (direct object). Correct: ...”
March 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to one another vs. others? in the Sentence Correction forum
“Some grammarians -- including me -- reserve each other for two elements and one another for more than two. Other grammarians consider the two modifiers interchangeable. A club has exactly three members: Ann, Beth, and Carol. The sentence above implies the following: Ann, Beth and Carol ...”
March 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If arc PQR above is a semicircle, what is the length of diam in the Data Sufficiency forum
“An INSCRIBED ANGLE is formed by two chords. Thus, angle PQR is an inscribed angle. An inscribed angle that intercepts the diameter is a RIGHT ANGLE. Thus, angle PQR is a right angle, implying that triangle PQR is a RIGHT TRIANGLE. http://s15.postimage.org/xozmfjdh3/PQR.jpg In the figure ...”
March 20, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A furniture store sells only two models of desks, model A in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a furniture store sells only two models of desks, model A and model B. The selling price of model A is $120, which is 30 percent of the selling price of the model B - and the furniture store sells 2,000 desks, 3/4 of which are model B. We''re asked for the TOTAL revenue ...” March 20, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Point A in the xy-coordinate system is shown below. Given in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that Point A is in the xy-coordinate system as shown - and that two other points B (4a, b) and C (2a, 5b) are also in the system. We''re asked for the AREA of triangle ABC in terms of a and b. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing ...” March 20, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a group of children, the average (arithmetic mean) weight in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that in a group of children, the average (arithmetic mean) weight of the boys is 60 pounds, the average weight of the girls is 48 pounds and the average weight of ALL of the children in the group is 50 pounds. We''re asked for the ratio of the number of boys to the number of ...” March 20, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Reiko drove from point A to point B at a constant speed, and in the Data Sufficiency forum “Test the THRESHOLD. Since we want to know whether the speed from A to B is greater than 40mph, the threshold here is 40mph. Statement 1: Reiko''s average speed for the entire round trip, excluding the time spent at point B, was 80 miles per hour. Let the distance in each direction = 40 ...” March 19, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Danny spends$360 buying his favorite dolls. If he buy only in the Problem Solving forum
“Since a small doll costs $1 less than a large doll, the answer choices imply the following options for the price of a small doll: 4 5 6.2 7 8 Given that all of the values in the prompt are INTEGERS, the price of a small doll is almost certain to be a factor of 360. Only the values in blue ...” March 18, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If$ defines a certain operation, is p $q less than 20? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1 tells us that we want to know if 2p^2 - q is less than 20, which we can''t tell with no information about p or q. Statement 2 is clearly not sufficient alone, because we have no idea what this "$" operation does. Using both Statements, we can clearly evaluate p$q = 2p^2 - q and ...” March 18, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to List S and List T each contain 5 positive integers, and for in the Data Sufficiency forum “Since we know three values in List S, and we know the mean, and thus the sum, of all five values in List S, then if we''re given a fourth value in list S, we can find the fifth missing value. So from Statement 1 alone, we know exactly what List S contains. Similarly, from Statement 2 alone, we know ...” March 18, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Is xy an integer? (1) x is the ratio of the area of a squar in the Data Sufficiency forum “Strange question - you obviously need to know about both x and y, so neither statement could be sufficient alone. But Statement 1 gives us the value of x, and Statement 2 gives us the value of y, so of course we can answer any question in the universe about x and y using both Statements, and the ...” March 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Of the 25 cars sold at a car dealership, some had auto trans in the Data Sufficiency forum “The following cases satisfy both statements: Case 1: 2 cars have neither 1 car has both antilock breaks and automatic transmission 22 cars have only automatic transmission. Case 2: 2 cars have neither 22 cars have both antilock breaks and automatic transmission 1 car has only automatic ...” March 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A box contains 3 red balls, 4 green balls, 5 yellow balls, 6 in the Problem Solving forum “Determine the WORST-CASE-SCENARIO -- for each color of ball, the MAXIMUM number that can be removed WITHOUT removing 5 of the same color: 3 red 4 green 4 yellow 4 blue 4 white Sum = 3+4+4+4+4 = 19 Implication: It is possible to remove 19 balls without selecting 5 of the same color. ...” March 18, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to A carpenter worked alone for 1 day on a job that would take in the Problem Solving forum “Once the first day is done, 6/7 of the job is left. We then know that the two workers together do 6/7 of a job in 4 days. So now we know these two things: Carpenter A does 1 job in 7 days Carpenters A+B together do 6/7 jobs in 4 days We can now get the same time for both: A does 4 jobs ...” March 17, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to What is the smallest positive integer $$x$$ such that in the Problem Solving forum “Prime factorize the 450: 450 = 50*9 = 2 * 3^2 * 5^2 To get a perfect cube, we need to multiply by a number that will make every exponent in the prime factorization into some multiple of 3. So the smallest thing we can multiply by is 2^2 * 3^1 * 5^1 = 60, since that will give us 2^3 * 3^3 * ...” March 17, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to What is the remainder when the positive integer $$n$$ is in the Data Sufficiency forum “If you know remainder arithmetic ("modular arithmetic"), this is a three-second question, because if you''re dividing by k, then "k+1" is the same as "1", so (k+1)^3 is the same as 1^3, and our remainder is 1 using Statement 1. But that won''t make any sense to most ...” March 17, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If a light bulb is selected at random from a shipment, what in the Data Sufficiency forum “When you''re only selecting one thing from a group, a probability is just a ratio. If you''re asked, say, "if you pick a random student from a class, what is the probability you pick a woman?", that is the same question as "what fraction of the students are women?" So the ...” March 17, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to The next number in a certain sequence is defined by in the Data Sufficiency forum “If our sequence contains positive values, and if we''re multiplying by some positive constant (different from one) to produce each subsequent term, the sequence is either constantly increasing (if the constant is greater than 1) or constantly decreasing. (if the constant is less than 1). Either ...” March 17, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If $$xyz < 0$$, is $$x < 0$$? in the Data Sufficiency forum “If xyz < 0, then at least one of x, y or z must be negative. Notice that means that the smallest of the three numbers is certainly negative, because negative numbers are always smaller than positive numbers. Statement 1 tells us x < y, but maybe they''re both positive and z is negative. ...” March 17, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to $$n$$ is an integer greater than or equal to $$0$$. in the Data Sufficiency forum “t_0 = 3 t_1 = 3 + 1 t_2 = 3 + 1 + 2 t_3 = 3 + 1 +2 + 3 t_4 = 3 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 and so on, so t_n is just equal to 3 plus the sum of the first n positive integers. The sum of the first n positive integers is just (n)(n+1)/2 (it''s the number of terms, n, times the average term, which, since ...” March 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to To fill an order, a manufacturer had to produce 1000 tools in the Data Sufficiency forum “Prompt: Total production = 1000n Statement 1: Total production for the first 5 days = 5*600 = 3000 Statement 2: Total production for the last 4 days = 4*1500 = 6000 Case 1: n=9, with no days between the first 5 days and the last 4 days Total production = 1000n = 1000*9 = 9000 Total ...” March 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the sum of all values of that satisfy the equation 4 in the Problem Solving forum “For any quadratic in the form x² + bx + c = 0: Product of the roots = c Sum of the roots = -b Given equation: 4x² + 16 = 32x 4x² - 32x + 16 = 0 x² - 8x + 4 = 0 In the resulting quadratic, b=-8. Thus: Sum of the roots = -(-8) = 8. The correct answer is E.” March 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Set P {a, b, c, d, e, f, g} Set Q {a, b, c, d, e, f} in the Problem Solving forum “One approach: Show that four of the five answers do NOT have to be true. P--> a=1, b=2, c=3, d=5, e=6, f=7, g=4 Range = 7-1 = 6, median = 4, mean = (1+2+3+5+6+7+4)/7 = 28/7 Q --> a=1, b=2, c=3, d=5, e=6, f=7 Range = 7-1 = 6, median = (3+5)/2 = 4, mean = (1+2+3+5+6+7)/6 = 24/6 = 4 ...” March 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when in the Data Sufficiency forum “What is the remainder when (n+1)(n-1) is divided by 8? Statement 1: Since n is odd, both n-1 and n+1 are EVEN, implying that (n-1)(n+1) = the product of two consecutive even integers. Given any two consecutive even integers, one will be a multiple of 4, while the other will be an even ...” March 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The sum of the weekly salaries of 5 employees is$3,250. If in the Problem Solving forum
“Since each salary increases by 10%, the sum increases by 10%. 10% of 3250 = 325. Average increase per employee = (total increase)/(number of employees) = 325/5 = 65. The correct answer is E.”
March 16, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain hotel has 1,400 single rooms and 420 double rooms. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi camitava, This is essentially a rate question. Here''s how to solve it: Single rooms take one person 15 minutes to clean and double rooms take one person 20 minutes to clean. 15 mins. = 1/4 hour 20 mins. = 1/3 hour With 1400 single rooms x 1/4 hour = 350 hours of total work for ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A cosmetics company would like to market a six-item gift in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a cosmetics company would like to market a 6-item gift basket bundle from a set of 10 possible items, but 49 of the potential bundles have already been eliminated from consideration. We''re asked for the total number of potential bundles that are still being considered. ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to What is the sum of the integers from 1 to 999, inclusive? A in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked for the sum of the integers from 1 to 999, inclusive. This question can be approached in a number of different ways, including by "bunching" The sum of 1 and 999 is 1,000 The sum of 2 and 998 is 1,000 The sum of 3 and 997 is 1,000 Etc. Using the numbers ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A basketball team’s current roster consists of g guards an in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a basketball team’s current roster consists of G guards and F forwards - and 2 guards join and 1 forward leaves. We''re asked for the probability that a player chosen at random is a guard. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by ...”
March 15, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Two cyclists, A and B, are 145 miles apart on a straight roa in the Problem Solving forum
“In the first half hour, A covers 10 miles. So at 2pm, the cyclists are 135 miles apart. Together they will cover this distance in 3 hours, since they meet at 5pm. Since A covers 60 miles in that time, B must cover the rest, or 75 miles, and so B''s speed must be 25 mph.”
March 15, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to The number $$A$$ can be expressed as $$p*q$$ where $$p$$ and in the Data Sufficiency forum
“p and q almost always represent prime numbers in math, so I don''t like their choice of letters here. Statement 1 tells us p is divisible by 8, but not by 16. So for pq to be divisible by 16, we need q to be even, something we don''t know, so Statement 1 is not sufficient alone. Statement 2 gives a ...”
March 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A rectangle has sides x and y and diagonal z. What is the pe in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Always look for special triangles such as 3-4-5 and 5-12-13. Statement 2: Case 1: https://i.postimg.cc/V0JX8Hqv/rectangle-with-x-y-and-z-1.png Case 2: https://i.postimg.cc/DWCWwPyX/rectangle-with-x-y-and-z-2.png Since each case will yield a different perimeter, INSUFFICIENT. Statement ...”
March 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to combinations in the Problem Solving forum
“The portion in red is incorrect: it should be not 4C1 but 2C1. If we select two upper case letters from two sets of twins, we must then select one lower case letter from the OTHER TWO SETS OF TWINS, yielding only two options for the lower case letter. For example: If we select A and B for the two ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to After multiplying a positive integer A, which has n digits, in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi Gmat_mission, We''re told that after multiplying a positive integer A (which has N digits) by (N+2), we get a number with (N+1) digits, all of whose DIGITS are (N+1). We''re asked for the number of possible values of A that ''fit'' this description. To start, this question certainly ...”
March 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to At a certain supplier, a machine of type A costs $20,000 and in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question is really just about basic arithmetic and staying organized. Based on the information in the prompt, there are two ''total costs'' that we have to calculate... Total cost of purchasing 2 Type A machines = Base Price = (2)($20,000) = $40,000 The 20% down payment = ...” March 15, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In an office of eleven people, everyone but Lauren each in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that in an office of 11 people, everyone but Lauren each contributed D dollars to buy her a surprise gift for her birthday, but the gift cost a total of G dollars, which was an amount that was less than the total collected. We''re asked - if each member who donated is to ...” March 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If N is a positive two-digit integer, is N+1 prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Good catch. In my solution, the lone exception (N=29) is now noted.” March 14, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to If N is a positive two-digit integer, is N+1 prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum “The logic of your answer is perfect, but this is not quite true - when you add 1 to a number, when that number ends in 9, the digit sum drops by 8 (the tens digit goes up by 1, the units digit falls by 8) rather than increases by 1. So here, when N = 29, after adding 1 we don''t get a digit sum of ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If N is a positive two-digit integer, is N+1 prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Any integer whose digits sum to a multiple of 3 must itself be a multiple of 3. Since N has a digit sum of 11, N+1 must have a digit sum of 12. One exception: If N=29, then N+1 = 30, which has a digit sum of 3. Since the digit sum of N+1 must be a multiple of 3 -- either 12 or 3 -- ...” March 14, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to A rectangle has sides x and y and diagonal z. What is the pe in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1 is not sufficient, since the sides could be anything. Statement 2 also isn''t sufficient, because you''ll have different perimeters when, say, the quadrilateral is a square and when it isn''t. Using both statements, squaring the equation in statement 1, we learn x^2 + y^2 - 2xy = ...” March 14, 2019 Ian Stewart posted a reply to Are 40% of the employees attending the annual company picnic in the Data Sufficiency forum “The wording of the question is strange (is it asking if exactly 40% are men, or at least 40%?) but regardless, with no information about how many men or women work at the company, the question clearly can''t be answered even using both statements. If equal numbers of men and women work for the ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If √x+√y=7 and √x-√y=5, what is the value of xy? in the Problem Solving forum “Adding the two equations, we get: 2√x = 12 √x = 6 x = 36 Substituting √x = 6 into √x+√y=7, we get: 6 + √y = 7 √y = 1 y = 1 Thus: xy = 36*1 = 36 The correct answer is C.” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If f(x)=ax^2+bx+c, where a, b and c are integers, is b=0? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Since (49, 0) and (-49, 0) are both solutions, the quadratic must be as follows: f(x) = (x-49)(x+49) = x² - 49² In the resulting quadratic, b=0. Thus, the answer to the question stem is YES. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: If x-49 is a factor of the equation, then f(49) = 0. Case ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Ashley and Vinnie work on a sales staff with 8 other in the Problem Solving forum “From the 10 people, 5 will be selected. Thus, P(Ashley is selected) = 5/10. From the 9 remaining people, 4 will be selected. Thus, P(Vinnie is selected) = 4/9. To combine these probabilities, we multiply: 5/10 * 4/9 = 2/9. The correct answer is C. Similar problem: ...” March 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A cosmetics company would like to market a six-item gift in the Problem Solving forum “From 10 items, the number of ways to choose a bundle of 6 = 10C6 = (10*9*8*7*6*5)/(6*5*4*3*2*1) = 210. Subtracting the 49 bundles already eliminated from consideration, we get: 210-49 = 161. The correct answer is B.” March 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Set M is composed of the positive even integers up to 100. in the Problem Solving forum “For any EVENLY SPACED SET: Count = (biggest - smallest)/(increment) + 1. Average = (biggest + smallest)/2. Sum = (count)(average). The INCREMENT is the difference between successive values. Even integers between 2 and 100, inclusive: Here, the integers are EVEN, so the increment = 2. Count ...” March 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A set of 51 different integers has a median of 30 and a in the Problem Solving forum “Range = biggest - smallest Smallest = biggest - range Since the range = 60, we get: Smallest = biggest - 60 To minimize the smallest integer, we must minimize the biggest integer. Since the median of the 51 distinct integers = 30, there must be 25 integers above 30, with the other 25 ...” March 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the sum of the integers from 1 to 999, inclusive? A in the Problem Solving forum “For any set of consecutive integers: Count = biggest - smallest + 1. Average = (biggest + smallest)/2. Sum = (count)(average). In the set above: Count = 999 - 1 + 1 = 999. Average = (999 + 1)/2 = 500. Sum = (999)(500) = (1000-1)(500) = 500000-500 = 499500. The correct answer is B.” March 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Peter and Tom shared the driving on a certain trip. If Peter in the Problem Solving forum “Let the time for each driver = 1 hour. Let the total distance = 5 miles, implying that Peter''s distance = (2/5)(5) = 2 miles and that Tom''s distance = 5-2 = 3 miles. Since Peter drives 2 miles in 1 hour, Peter''s rate = 2 mph. Since Tom drives 3 miles in 1 hour, Tom''s rate = 3 mph. Thus: ...” March 13, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A student worked 20 days. For each of the amount shown in th in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a student worked 20 days - and the given table shows the number of days that the student earned each of 5 possible amounts of money. We''re asked for the MEDIAN amount of money earned per day for those 20 days. Since there are 20 total days, the MEDIAN will be the ...” March 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a group of 24 musicians, some are pianists and the rest a in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that in a group of 24 musicians, some are pianists and the rest are violinists and exactly 1/2 of the pianists and exactly 2/3 of the violinists belong to a union. We''re asked for the LEAST possible number of union members in the group. This question can be approached in a ...” March 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following could be the number of diagonals of a in the Problem Solving forum “To form a diagonal, we must choose 2 vertices. But any pair of vertices that forms a side of the polygon cannot serve to form a diagonal. Thus: Number of diagonals = (number of ways to choose 2 vertices) - (number of sides of the polygon) When the prompt includes the phrase which of the ...” March 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Alice, Bob, Cindy, Darren, Eddie, Fabian sit on six chairs a in the Problem Solving forum “To count circular arrangements: 1. Place someone in the circle 2. Count the number of ways to arrange the REMAINING people Once Alice has been placed in the circle: Number of options for Bob = 1. (Must be in the seat opposite Alice) Number of options for Cindy = 4. (Any of the 4 remaining ...” March 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers, x/y=? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: x=2 and y=1, with the result that 2^(x+y) * 3^(xy) = 2³3² = 72 In this case, x/y = 2/1 = 2. Case 2: x=1 and y=2, with the result that 2^(x+y) * 3^(xy) = 2³3² = 72 In this case, x/y = 1/2 = 1/2. Since x/y can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Here, x=2 ...” March 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Roman City in the Critical Reasoning forum “E: mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman Empire were familiar. Here, the two blue portions constitute an adjective serving to modify designs. Question: What KIND of designs? Answer: Designs WITH WHICH ARTISANS WERE FAMILIAR. Put another way: Artisans were ...” March 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a certain reel of film runs at 5/6 of a frame per second, in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a certain reel of film runs at 5/6 of a frame per second. We''re asked how long it will take to run 2580 frames of the film. While this question involves some ''ugly'' numbers, the answer choices are sufficiently ''spread out'' that you can use estimation to get the ...” March 11, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Five friends play blackjack in Las Vegas and lose an average in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that 5 friends play blackjack in Las Vegas and lose an AVERAGE of$100 each - with the losses of two of the friends totaling $380. We''re asked for the AVERAGE loss of the other 3 friends. This question is a standard Average Formula question and requires just a bit or ...” March 11, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Carmen currently works 30 hours per week at her part-time jo in the Data Sufficiency forum “Rate and time have a RECIPROCAL relationship. If the hourly rate DOUBLES, then the same income will be yielded in 1/2 the total time. Statement 1: Actual hourly rate = 225/30 =$7.50, implying that an additional $1.50 per hour will increase the hourly rate to$9. (increased hourly ...”
March 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The R students in a class agree to contribute equally to buy in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, While this question is wordy, and will require some note-taking, it can be solved by TESTing VALUES. Let''s TEST... R = 5 students Y = 50 dollars X = 3 fail to pay So the ''story'' is that 5 students agree to pay an equal amount for a $50 present (that''s$10 per student). We''re ...”
March 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A city council will select 2 of 9 available firefighters and in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a city council will select 2 of 9 available firefighters and 1 of 6 available police officers to serve on an advisory panel. We''re asked for the number of different groups of 3 people that could serve on the panel. This question is essentially a Combination Formula ...”
March 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Ramon wants to cut a rectangular board into identical square in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked to find the minimum number of identical SQUARES that be cut from an 18 in. x 30 in. board without ''wasting'' any of the space. To accomplish this, we need to find a square whose dimensions will evenly divide into both 18 and 30; to find the LEAST number of squares, we''ll ...”
March 11, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to schistosomiasis and malaria. in the Critical Reasoning forum
“M --> more than 50% of all disease cases over the past 5 years S --> 40% of all disease cases 5 years ago, 30% of all disease cases now For each answer choice: Try to devise a case that aligns with the information in the passage but CONTRADICTS the answer choice, thus proving that the ...”
March 9, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to A certain game board is in the shape of a non-convex polygon in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1 is always true, so is useless, while Statement 2 obviously gives you one equation in one unknown, so is sufficient. But test takers don''t need to know anything about ''exterior angles'' for the GMAT, nor what a ''non-convex polygon'' is, not to mention that Statement 2 is problematic ...”
March 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Verbal Review 18 : Kudzu, an Asian vine in the Sentence Correction forum
“Generally, COMMA + SINCE after a clause serves to express a CAUSAL relationship. An OA in GMATPrep: Prospecting for gold was a relatively easy task, since erosion put gold literally within reach of anybody with a pan. Here, the clause in blue serves to express what CAUSED prospecting to be a ...”
March 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If p is a positive integer, is 2p + 1 prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statements combined: Case 1: p=11 --> p is prime, but its units digits is not prime In this case, 2p+1 = 2*11 + 1 = 23. Since 23 is prime, the answer to the question stem is YES. Case 2: p=19 --> p is prime, but its units digit is not prime In this case, 2p+1 = 2*19 + 1 = 39. Since 39 ...”
March 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a certain reel of film runs at 5/6 of a frame per second, in the Problem Solving forum
“2580 frames * (1 second)/(5/6 frame per second) * (1 minute)/(60 seconds) = 2580/50 = a little over 50 minutes. The correct answer is B.”
March 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to When positive integer x is divided by positive interger y, in the Problem Solving forum
“When one positive integer is divided by another, we typically represent what is left over as a REMAINDER or as a DECIMAL. There is a relationship between the two representations: Remainder/Divisor = Decimal. When 5 is divided by 2: Remainder representation: 5/2 = 2 R1 Decimal ...”
March 8, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The R students in a class agree to contribute equally to buy in the Problem Solving forum
“Let y=$10 and R=10 students, with the result that the original share per student = ($10)/(10 students) = $1. Let x=9, implying that the number of students decreases by 9 to 1. New share per student = ($10)/(1 student) = $10. Increase in share per student = 10-1 =$9. The correct answer must ...”
March 8, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to In the figure shown, point O is the center of the circle and in the Data Sufficiency forum
“This is exactly identical to a GMATPrep question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-figure-shown-point-o-is-the-center-of-the-semicircle-89662.html”
March 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is the average (arithmetic mean) of x, y, and z equal to the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: In other words, y is HALFWAY BETWEEN x and z, implying that x, y and z are EVENLY SPACED. For any evenly spaced set, the average = the median. Thus, the answer to the question stem is YES. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: x+z = 2y (x+z)/2 = y Implication: y is the average of x and z ...”
March 7, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the remainder when -12 is divided by -5? in the Problem Solving forum
“This problem is not relevant to the GMAT. On the GMAT, problems involving remainders are constrained to POSITIVE INTEGERS. From the Math Review in the OG: If x and y are positive integers, there exist unique integers q and r, called the quotient and remainder, respectively, such that y = xq + r ...”
March 7, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to At a particular moment, a restaurant has x biscuits and y pa in the Data Sufficiency forum
“It makes no sense to ask a DS question in this way. If y is a "number of patrons" in a real GMAT DS question, then y stands for a single unknown value; it doesn''t stand for a variable. You can''t ask "how many values of y are possible?" in DS, because it''s not clear what ...”
March 7, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Each of the items in a box is either a ball or a cube and ea in the Problem Solving forum
“The above solution isn''t right. If we have 100 objects, we have 72 cubes. If 54 of these are blue, the rest, or 18, are red. The question asks "What percent of the cubes are red?", and we have 18 red cubes and 72 cubes in total, so the answer is 18/72 = 1/4 = 25%.”
March 6, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to What is the sum of all of the integers in the chart above? in the Problem Solving forum
“In each column, if we list the numbers in increasing order, we get an equally spaced list with a multiple of 100 in the middle. So, for example, the second column contains the numbers: -204, -202, -200, -198, -196 The sum of an equally spaced list is just equal to the average (which, in an ...”
March 6, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Eight friends go to watch a movie but only 5 tickets were in the Problem Solving forum
“I don''t like the wording of the question, because it''s not altogether clear if order should matter. But that''s the intention, so we have 8 choices for which person goes in the first seat, 7 for the next seat, and so on, and multiplying our choices gives the answer of (8)(7)(6)(5)(4).”
March 6, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Among the members of the Malmo family, there are three times in the Problem Solving forum
“It''s a pure ratio/percent problem, so we can freely make up a number, and since we''re asked for a percent in the end, I''d just use 100. Then we have: 50 have blue eyes, of whom: 40 have blue eyes and no glasses 10 have blue eyes and glasses We also know that the ratio of ...”
March 5, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to If j and k are positive integers where k > j, what is the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1 says, in words, "k is 5 greater than some multiple of of j". If j > 5, then that''s just another way of saying "the remainder is 5 when we divide k by j". But we don''t know if j > 5, using only Statement 1. If j=2, say, then it''s impossible for the remainder ...”
March 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A triangle of area 30 is formed by the line x/c + y/(c+7) - in the Problem Solving forum
“Given that the area and the answer choices are all integers, the triangle is probably a Pythagorean Triple. The only Pythagorean Triple with an area of 30 is 5-12-13. In the given equation, test c=5, with the result that c+7 = 12: x/5 + y/12 - 1 = 0 If x=0, then y=12, implying a y-intercept ...”
March 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Joey works at a clothing store and receives an employee in the Problem Solving forum
“Since the discount = 10% = 1/10, and the resulting discount price is an integer value, the regular price must be a dollar value that is a multiple of 10. The correct answer is E.”
March 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to When 32 is divided by k, the remainder is k-3. What is the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Dividing 32 by k leaves a remainder of k-3. In other words, 32 is equal to k-3 more than a multiple of k: 32 = ak + (k-3), where a is a nonnegative integer and k is an integer such that k≥3. Simplifying 32 = ak + (k-3), we get: 35 = ak + k 35 = k(a+1) The resulting equation implies that ...”
March 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers and (x-y)^2+y^2=25, which o in the Problem Solving forum
“Identify two perfect squares that sum to 25: 1, 4, 9, 16... The two values in blue sum to 25. If y=3 and x=7, then (x-y)² = (7-3)² = 16 and y² = 9, with the result that (x-y)² + y² = 25. The correct answer is B.”
March 5, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to In how many ways can 16 different gits be divided among four in the Problem Solving forum
“If you know that in any counting situation, when the order of k things doesn''t matter, you can first pretend order does matter and then divide by k!, then you can just: imagine putting all 16 gifts in a row, which you can do in 16! ways. Give the first four gifts to the oldest child, the next four ...”
March 4, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to When 900 is divided by positive integer d, the remainder is in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Each Statement is clearly insufficient alone, because using only one statement, we know almost nothing about one of the two unknowns in the inequality in the question. Using Statement 1, we know when 900 is divided by d, the remainder is 1. That means that 900 is exactly 1 larger than some ...”
March 3, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to In five football games thus far this season, Barry has run f in the Problem Solving forum
“The wording here is problematic for a few reasons - it needs to mention that yard totals must be integers (that''s not going to be intuitive or obvious to someone who doesn''t follow football), it should say ''yards per game'', and it should certainly not ask what Barry needs to do to "keep his ...”
March 3, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to The positive two-digit integers x and y have the same digits in the Problem Solving forum
“If AB is a two digit number, where A is the tens digit and B the units digit, then the number is equal to 10A + B. Here we are adding AB and BA, which is the same as adding 10A+B and 10B + A. Adding those we get 11A + 11B, which clearly has 11 as a factor.”
March 3, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG Before 1988, insurance companies in California in the Sentence Correction forum
“Generally, COMMA + VERBing serves to modify the nearest preceding action and the agent of this action. Given this rule, I received a PM requesting that I justify the usage of COMMA + needing in the OA: Insurance companies in California were free to charge whatever rates the market would bear, ...”
March 3, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda Q at a rate of 500 liters per second and Soda V at a rate of 300 liters per second and that TWICE as many bottles of Soda V as of Soda Q are filled at the factory each day. We''re asked for the ratio of the ...”
March 2, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Two hoses are pouring water into an empty pool. Hose 1 alone in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question is a variation of a ''Work Formula'' question (it involves 2 ''entities'' working on the same task together), so we can use the Work Formula to solve it. Work = (A)(B)/(A+B) where A and B are the individual times that it takes the 2 entities to complete the task on their ...”
March 2, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Range Problem.,... in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Set X consists of PRIME numbers {3, 11, 7, K, 17, 19}, the integer Y represents the PRODUCT of all elements in Set X and 11Y is an EVEN number. We''re asked for the RANGE of Set X. This question is based on several Number Property rules - and doesn''t actually require ...”
March 2, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In how many ways can the letters D, I, G, I, T be arranged in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked to find the number of ways that the letters D, I, G, I, T be arranged so that the two I''s are NOT next to each other. Since the two "I"s cannot be side-by-side, there are a limited number of ways to arrange the 5 letters. As such, with a little permutation math ...”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Ian Stewart GMAT quant books in the GMAT Math forum
“Anyone interested in my GMAT math books or problem sets can contact me at the email address below.”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to If y is a positive integer, is y prime? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“This is a near-exact replica of an official question. Statement 1 is clearly not sufficient, because there is an infinite number of primes. I think Statement 2 is supposed to read: 11! - 12 < y < 11! - 2 That''s also not sufficient, because each number in that interval has an obvious ...”
March 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a certain school, there are 160 boys and 240 girls. If 15 in the Problem Solving forum
“Left-handed boys = 15% of 160 = 24. Left-handed girls = 25% of 240 = 60. (total left-handed)/(total students) = (24+60)/(160+240) = 84/400 = 21/100 = 21%. The correct answer is C.”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Is the standard deviation of Set A greater than or equal to in the Data Sufficiency forum
“If you multiply all of the values in a set by some constant k, you will multiply the mean, median, range and standard deviation of that set by k. So here, if we multiply everything in set A by 1/4, we will make the standard deviation 1/4 of its previous value. Since standard deviation is always zero ...”
March 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If $$2^{4x}=3,600$$, what is the value of $$(2^{(1-x)})^2$$? in the Problem Solving forum
“$$(2^{(1-x)})^2$$ = $$2^{2-2x}$$ = $$2^2/2^{2x}$$ = $$4/2^{2x}$$ We need to know the value of $$2^{2x}$$: $$2^{4x}=3,600$$ $$(2^{2x})^2=3,600$$ $$2^{2x}= 60$$ Substituting $$2^{2x}= 60$$ into $$4/2^{2x}$$, we get: 4/60 = 1/15 The correct answer is B.”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to Is the area of Circle A greater than the area of Circle B? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Strange question. The ratio of circumference to diameter for every circle in the universe is π, so Statement 1 tells you nothing. Circle A''s radius is half its own diameter, so if it is also half of B''s diameter, they have the same radius, and thus the same area, so Statement 2 is sufficient ...”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to In a certain school, there are 160 boys and 240 girls. If 15 in the Problem Solving forum
“This is a weighted average problem, where 15% and 25% are the averages of each group. We can draw a number line with the three averages: ---15------------A------25--- Since the ratio of boys to girls is 2 to 3, the overall average A will divide the total distance above in a 3 to 2 ratio, so ...”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to If $$2^{4x}=3,600$$, what is the value of $$(2^{(1-x)})^2$$? in the Problem Solving forum
“Alternatively: 2^(4x) = 3600 2^(2x) = 60 2^x = √60 So (2^(1-x))^2 = (2 / 2^x)^2 = (2/√60)^2 = 4/60 = 1/15”
March 2, 2019
Ian Stewart posted a reply to If $$2^{4x}=3,600$$, what is the value of $$(2^{(1-x)})^2$$? in the Problem Solving forum
“2^(4x) = 3600, so (2^2)^2x = 3600, and 4^(2x) = 3600. Taking square roots, 4^x = 60. We want to find the value of (2^(1-x))^2 = (2^2)^(1-x) = 4^(1-x) = 4^1 * 4^(-x) Since 4^x = 60, 4^(-x) is equal to 1/60, so 4^1 * 4^(-x) = 4 * (1/60) = 4/60 = 1/15”
March 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Car B starts at point X and moves clockwise around a circula in the Problem Solving forum
“π ≈ 3. Car B is traveling for more than 10 hours, so answer choices D and E are too small, and A is unlikely. The correct answer is either B or C. Circumference of track = 20π ≈ 60 miles. In 10 hours, distance for B = 2*10 = 20 miles. 60-20 = 40 miles between A and B. A and B now ...”
March 2, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of following satisfies the inequality (2x-49)(x^2+6x+1 in the Problem Solving forum
“The two factors must have DIFFERENT SIGNS. Each of the answer choices will yield a positive value for x² + 6x + 10. Thus, the correct answer must yield a negative value for 2x-49. Only A is viable: (2*24) - 49 = -1. The correct answer is A.”
March 1, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Andrew bought pizzas for his swim team. Pepperoni pizzas in the Problem Solving forum
“Posted and answered about a week ago: https://www.beatthegmat.com/andrew-bought-pizzas-for-his-swim-team-pepperoni-pizzas-cos-t306615.html#827261”
March 1, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The three squares above share vertex A with AF = FE and AE = in the Problem Solving forum
“Let AF=FE=1, with the result that AE=ED=2: https://i.postimg.cc/2qmj2KbL/probability-and-three-squares.png As the figure illustrates: shaded region = 1+1+1 = 3 ABCD = 4*4 = 16 shaded/ABCD = 3/16 The correct answer is D.”
March 1, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The product of the digits of the four-digit number h is 36. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the product of the digits of the four-digit number H is 36 and no two digits of H are identical. We''re asked for the number of different possible values of H. While this question might seem complex, most of the work is based on basic Arithmetic (and some Permutation ...”
March 1, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A motorcycle travels at a speed of x kilometers per p hours. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a motorcycle travels at a speed of X KILOMETERS per P HOURS. We''re asked for the number of METERS it will travel in S SECONDS, in terms of S, P and X. (xps ≠ 0; 1 kilometer = 1000 meters). This question can be solved in a number of different ways, including by TESTing ...”
March 1, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to All assets in Karina's investment portfolio are divided in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that all assets in Karina''s investment portfolio are divided between an IRA, 401k, and two separate taxable accounts and that NO two accounts have the SAME amount of money and all four have at least SOME money in them. If each account has a whole-number percent of Karina''s ...”
March 1, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Vivian drives to her sister’s house and back. She takes th in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Vivian drives to her sister''s house and back. She takes the exact same route both ways; on the trip out she drives an average speed of 50 miles per hour and on the trip back she drives an average speed of 70 miles per hour. We''re asked for her approximate average speed ...”
March 1, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Tips for improving GMAT from 500-700 in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi Rahufalb, To start, the only practical way to properly measure your overall Test-taking skills during the course of your studies is to take a FULL-LENGTH CAT under realistic conditions (meaning that you should take a FULL CAT - with the Essay and IR sections, in a location that is NOT your ...”
March 1, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Working simultaneously and independently at an identical con in the Problem Solving forum
“Use the following equation: (machines)(time) / output = (machines)(time) / output In the equation above: Machines and time are INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL. As the number of machines increases, the amount of time required to produce the same output decreases. Machines and output are DIRECTLY ...”
February 28, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The restorative power of sleep is graphically approximated b in the Problem Solving forum
“Multiplying the equation by -1, we get: y = x² - 16x - 36 y = (x-18)(x+2) The restorative power -- the value of y -- is equal to 0 when x=18 or x=-2. Since the time cannot be a negative value, only x = 18 hours is viable. The correct answer is E.”
February 28, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In June 1989, what was the ratio of the number of sales tran in the Data Sufficiency forum
“What is (June X)/(June Y)? Statement 1: In June 1989, Salesperson X made 50 percent more sales transactions than Salesperson Y did in May 1989. (June X)/(May Y) = 150/100 = 3/2. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: In June 1989, Salesperson Y made 25 percent more sales transactions than in May ...”
February 28, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many whole numbers between 100 and 400, inclusive, conta in the Problem Solving forum
“(integers with the digit 2) = (all integers between 100 and 399, inclusive) - (integers without the digit 2) All integers between 100 and 399, inclusive: For any set of consecutive integers, count = biggest - smallest + 1. In this case: count = 399-100+1 = 300 Integers without the digit 2: ...”
February 27, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A square playground has the same area as a rectangular in the Problem Solving forum
“We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent a side of the square. Since the dimension of the rectangular playground are INTEGER values, the correct answer is probably also an integer. When the correct answer is plugged in, the square and the rectangle will have the same area. D: 50, implying ...”
February 27, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Two hoses are pouring water into an empty pool. Hose 1 alone in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the pool = 12 gallons. Since Hose 1 takes 6 hours to fill the 12-gallon pool, the rate for Hose 1 = w/t = 12/6 = 2 gallons per hour. Since Hose 2 takes 4 hours to fill the 12-gallon pool, the rate for Hose 2 = w/t = 12/4 = 3 gallons per hour. Since the combined rate for the two hoses = 2+3 = ...”
February 27, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of a+b? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statements combined: Adding the two equations, we get: a² + b²+ 2ab - 2a - 2b = 63 (a+b)² - 2(a+b) = 63 (a+b)(a+b-2) = 63 Let x = a+b. Substituting x=a+b into (a+b)(a+b-2) = 63, we get: (x)(x-2) = 63 x² - 2x - 63 = 0 (x-9)(x+7) = 0 x=9 or x=-7 Since x=a+b, it is possible that ...”
February 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to On a Saturday night, each of the rooms at a certain motel in the Problem Solving forum
“If 10 rooms are rented for $40 instead of$60 -- a decrease of $20 per room -- the total decrease = 10*20 =$200. Since the value in blue constitutes a 25% reduction in the total rent, it must be equal to 1/4 of the total rent: 200 = (1/4)R 800 = R. The correct answer is B.”
February 26, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Materials for solving. in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi Zaidf1997, It sounds like you''re just beginning your studies. Have you done any studying so far or are you just beginning? If you are just starting out, then it would be a good idea to take a FULL-LENGTH practice CAT Test; you can take 2 for free at www.mba.com (and they come with some ...”
February 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A manufacturer makes umbrellas at the cost of c dollars per in the Problem Solving forum
“How many umbrellas can it afford to sell at the below-cost rate of b dollars per umbrella and still make a 100% profit? If c=1 and r=2 -- implying that the cost per umbrella = $1 and that the retail price per umbrella =$2 -- then 100% profit will be yielded only if ALL of the umbrellas are sold at ...”
February 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to On rainy mornings, mo drinks exactly N cups of hot chocolate in the Problem Solving forum
“We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the number of rainy days. When the correct answer is plugged in, the total number of cups = 26. B: 3 rainy days, implying 4 non-rainy days Since 5 cups of tea are consumed are on each of the 4 non-rainy days, the total number of tea cups = 5*4 = 20. ...”
February 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to It takes Carlos 9 minutes to drive from home to work at an in the Problem Solving forum
“(new rate)/(old rate) = (6 miles per hour)/(22 miles per hour) = 6/22 = 3/11. Rate and time have a RECIPROCAL relationship. Since the new rate is 3/11 of the old rate, the new time must be 11/3 of the old time: (11/3)(9 minutes) = 33 minutes. The correct answer is B.”
February 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A is the set of 6-digit positive integers whose first three in the Problem Solving forum
“The GMAT is unlikely to test divisibility by 7. An integer of the form XYZXYZ must be divisible by 7, but this issue seems irrelevant to the GMAT. For this reason, I''ve replaced answer choice A with the value in red: To determine whether an integer is divisible by 11: 1. From the left to ...”
February 26, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the difference between the areas of the squares ABCD in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: Case 1: DC=10 and EC=6, with the result that CDE = (1/2)(10)(6) = 30 In this case, ABCD-EFGC = 10² - 6² = 100 - 36 = 64. Case 2: DE=20 and EC=3, with the result that CDE = (1/2)(20)(3) = 30 In this case, ABCD-EFGC = 20² - 3² = 400 - 9 = 391. Since ABCD-EFGC can be different ...”
February 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many positive two-digit numbers are odd, not divisible b in the Problem Solving forum
“For any set of consecutive integers: count = biggest - smallest + 1 Thus: Number of two-digit integers between 10 and 99, inclusive = 99-10+1 = 90. Of these 90 consecutive integers, 1 of every 3 will be a multiple of 3, implying that 2/3 will NOT be divisible by 3: (2/3)(90) = 60. Of these ...”
February 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to 2016 OG CR 30 in the Critical Reasoning forum
“Why do people who do regular volunteer work live longer? The argument concludes that ENDORPHINS are the cause. One way to weaken this conclusion is to suggest an ALTERNATE CAUSE. D: People tend not to become involved in regular volunteer work unless they are healthy and energetic to begin with. ...”
February 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Vivian drives to her sister’s house and back. She takes th in the Problem Solving forum
“When the SAME DISTANCE is traveled at two different speed, the average speed for the entire trip will be just a little less than the average of the two speeds. The reason: The trip at the lower speed takes longer than the trip at the higher speed. Since more time is spent at the lower speed, the ...”
February 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Before January, the price of a dress was D and the price of in the Problem Solving forum
“Let H=100 and D=500. D increased by 40% = 500 + (40/100)(500) = 500+200 = 700. H increased by 50% = 100 + (50/100)(100) = 100+50 = 150. New sum = 700+150 = 850. Amount paid = new sum discounted by 30% = 850 - (30/100)(850) = 850-255 = 595. The question stem asks for the amount paid. The ...”
February 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to All assets in Karina's investment portfolio are divided betw in the Problem Solving forum
“To MINIMIZE the percent for the largest balance, MAXIMIZE the percents for the 3 smallest balances. We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the percent in the largest balance. When the correct answer is plugged in, the 4 percents will sum to 100%. Since the question stem asks for the smallest ...”
February 25, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Ten theater students are to begin work on a set for a in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that 10 theater students are to begin work on a set for a musical. Working at a constant rate, they will finish the set in 60 days, but the director of the musical decides they need to finish in 50 days. We''re asked for the number of ADDITIONAL theater students we would ...”
February 24, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A circular lawn with a radius of 5 meters is surrounded by a in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a circular lawn with a radius of 5 meters is surrounded by a circular walkway that is 4 meters wide. We''re asked for the area of the walkway. This is an example of a ''punch out'' question - we need to find the area of the ENTIRE shape and then ''punch out'' the part ...”
February 24, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Kim has 40 percent more money than Sal and Sal has 20 in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Kim has 40 percent MORE money than Sal, Sal has 20 percent LESS money than Phil and Sal and Phil have a combined total of $1.80. We''re asked for the amount of money that Kim has. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including some brute-force ...” February 24, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a certain class, the ratio of girls to boys is 5:4. How m in the Data Sufficiency forum “g:b = 5:4 = 10:8 = 15:12 = 20:16 = 25:20... Statement 1: In other words, 4 boys are equal to 20% of the current number of boys, implying the blue ratio above, since 20% of 20 boys = 4 boys. In the blue ratio above, the number of girls = 25. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Test the smaller red ...” February 24, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The total of company C's assets in 1994 was 300% greater in the Problem Solving forum “Let N dollars in 1992 = 1. Since the assets in 1993 are 300% greater than the N dollars in 1992, the assets in 1993 = 1 + (300% of 1) = 1+3 = 4. Since the assets in 1994 are 400% greater than the assets in 1993, the assets in 1994 = 4 + (400% of 4) = 4 + 16 = 20. The question stem asks for ...” February 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Andrew bought pizzas for his swim team. Pepperoni pizzas cos in the Problem Solving forum “13x + 17y = 184. Multiples of 13: 13, 26, 39, 52, 65, 78, 91, 104... Multiple of 17: 17, 34, 51, 68, 85, 102, 119.... The values in blue sum to 184. Since 65/13 = 5 and 119/17 = 7, the number of pizzas = 5+7 = 12. The correct answer is A.” February 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Nathan took out a student loan for 1200$ at 10 percent in the Problem Solving forum
“Since the 10% rate is compounded annually, the amount of interest increases by 10% each year: First-year interest = 10% of 1200 = 120. Second-year interest = (first-year interest) + 10% = 120 + 12 = 132. Third-year interest = (second-year interest) + 10% = 132 + 13.2 = 145.2. Total interest = ...”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Ten theater students are to begin work on a set for a in the Problem Solving forum
“(50 days)/(60 days) = 5/6. To finish the job in 5/6 of the normal time, the crew requires 6/5 of the normal number of students -- an increase of 1/5: (1/5)(10) = 2 more students. The correct answer is A.”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In how many ways a cricket team consisting of 5 batsmen, 4 in the Problem Solving forum
“From 7 batsmen, the number of ways to choose 5 = 7C5 = (7*6*5*4*3)/(5*4*3*2*1) = 21. From 6 bowlers, the number of ways to choose 4 = 6C4 = (6*5*4*3)/(4*3*2*1) = 15. From 3 wicketkeepers, the number of ways to choose 1 = 3. From 3 allrounders, the number of ways to choose 1 = 3. To combine these ...”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many different arrangements are possible to place seven in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the 3 math books = A, B, C and the remaining 4 books = D, E, F, G. Since the 3 math books must be next to one another, put them together in a block: E.”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If 1/x-1/y=1/z, what is the value of y, in terms of x and z? in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x=1 and y=3/2, with the result that 1/z = 1 - 2/3 = 1/3, so z=3. Since the question stem asks for the value of y, the correct answer must yield 3/2 when x=1 and z=3. Since B and D include x-z and thus will yield a negative result, eliminate B and D. Since E includes only multiplication and ...”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is p^3 < p? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statements combined: Case 1: p=0, with the result that p is an integer less than 1 In this case, p³=p, so the answer to the question stem is NO. Case 2: p=-2, with the result that p is an integer less than 1 In this case, p³ < p, so the answer to the question stem is YES. Since the answer ...”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the figure shown, AB = AC = 12. Which of the following is in the Problem Solving forum
“https://i.postimg.cc/06HLPxqC/circle-in-a-sector.png AOP passes through the center of the inscribed circle and thus must BISECT sector ACB. AB, AP and AC are all radii of sector ACB and thus are equal. The prompt indicates AB=AC=12. Thus: AP=12. As shown in the figure, AOM is a 30-60-90 ...”
February 22, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The sum of two integers is 27. The larger integer is 25% in the Problem Solving forum
“25% greater = 1/4 greater. If the smaller integer = 4, then the larger integer = 4 + (1/4)4 = 5. The values in red imply that the two integers summing to 27 must be in a RATIO OF 4 TO 5: 4, 5 8, 10 12, 15 The case in blue sums to 27, with the result that larger-smaller = 15-12 = 3. The ...”
February 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the figure above, the angle marked at c has been created in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Since b and c form a straight line, b+c = 180. Thus, the calculate a+b+c, we need to know the value of a. Question stem, rephrased: What is the value of a? Statement 1: SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: No information about a. INSUFFICIENT. The correct answer is A.”
February 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to At a certain committee meeting only associate professors and in the Problem Solving forum
“Total number of items brought to the meeting = 21. (10 charts and 11 pencils) Number of items brought by each person = 3. (Either 2 pencils and 1 chart or 1 pencil and 2 charts) Thus: Number of people = (total number of items)/(number of items per person) = 21/3 = 7. The correct answer is B.”
February 21, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Four cards are chosen from a standard deck: two aces (one of in the Problem Solving forum
“The following cases are possible: (-1)(1) = -1 (-1)(-2) = 2 (-1)(2) = -2 (1)(-2) = -2 (1)(2) = 2 (-2)(2) = -4 Of the 6 cases above, the 4 in blue each yield a product that is negative, odd or both: 4/6 = 2/3 ≈ 67%. The correct answer is D.”
February 20, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Which of the following points is the intersection between in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked which of the following points is the intersection between the lines y = 3x + 6 and y = -2x - 4. This question can be solved in a number of different ways, including by TESTing THE ANSWERS. Since we''re dealing with two lines - and we now that the two lines intersect - ...”
February 19, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain taxi company charges $3.10 for the first 1/5 of in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a certain taxi company charges$3.10 for the first 1/5 of a mile plus $0.40 for each additional 1/5 of a mile. We''re asked for the total charge for a taxi ride that was 8 miles long? The prompt gives us the price per 1/5 of a mile for a taxi ride. It''s worth noting ...” February 19, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon and paid a total bill. When he got outside, he studied the receipt and realize that he mistakenly had been given DOUBLE the discount of the coupon, even though there was no double-coupon offer in effect that ...” February 19, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A box contains 1 red ball, 3 green balls, 5 yellow balls, 7 in the Problem Solving forum “Determine the WORST-CASE-SCENARIO -- for each color of ball, the MAXIMUM number that can be removed WITHOUT removing 7 of the same color: 1 red 3 green 5 yellow 6 blue 6 white 6 black Sum = 1+3+5+6+6+6 = 27. Implication: It is possible to remove 27 balls without selecting 7 of the same ...” February 19, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If M, N are integers greater than 1 such that 2M<N, which in the Problem Solving forum “54, 52 and 50 are options for TWICE the sum. Thus, I, II, and III imply the following options for the ACTUAL SUM: I: 27 II: 26 III: 25 Case 1: M=2 Since it is required that N>2M, N≥5 M=2 and N=5 --> sum = 2+3+4+5 = 14 M=2 and N=6 --> sum increases by 6 --> 14+6 = 20 M=2 and ...” February 19, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If A and B are two fixed constants such that the system in the Problem Solving forum “The system will have an infinite number of solutions for (x, y) if the two equations are THE SAME: 2(x+y) - A = 0 --> 2x + 2y - A = 0 --> 6x + 6y - 3A = 0 3x + By - 6 = 0 -----------------------> 6x +2By - 12 = 0 The equations in blue will be the same if 3A=12 and 2B=6, with the result ...” February 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is m > n? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Both statements are satisfied if n=1 and m=2 or if n=1 and m=-2. Since m > n in the first case but m < n in the second case, the two statements combined are INSUFFICIENT. The correct answer is E.” February 18, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the original price of an item in a retail store is marked in the Data Sufficiency forum “Let the original price = 100. Then the markup = (m/100)*100 = m. The resulting price = 100+m. The subsequent discount = d/100*(100+m) = d + md/100 Thus, the total percent change = percent increase - percent decrease = m - d - md/100. For the final price to be greater than the original price, ...” February 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In triangle ABC, point X is the midpoint of side AC and poin in the Data Sufficiency forum “http://s7.postimage.org/6u5drpql3/triangle_RCS_1.jpg Triangles RCS and ABC: Side RC = 1/4(AC). Side SC = 1/4(BC). The two triangles share angle BCA. Triangles with a shared angle (BCA) formed by corresponding sides in the same proportion (RC:AC = 1:4, SC:BC = 1:4) are SIMILAR. Thus, ...” February 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A and B start from Opladen and Cologne respectively at the in the Problem Solving forum “When two elements travel at different speeds, their TIME RATIO to travel the same distance will always be the same. If A takes 1/2 as long as B to travel 10 miles, then A will take 1/2 as long as B to travel 1000 miles. If A takes 3 times as long as B to travel 500 miles, then A will take three ...” February 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Flor is choosing three of five colors of paint to use for in the Problem Solving forum “Let the 5 colors be GYABC. From the 5 colors, the number of ways to choose 3 = 5C3 = (5*4*3)/(3*2*1) = 10. Of these 10 combinations, 3 are not allowed: GYA GYB GYC Subtracting these 3 bad combinations, we get: 10-3 = 7. The correct answer is A.” February 17, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a = 15! + 13, which of the following are factors of a? I in the Problem Solving forum “MULTIPLE OF X + MULTIPLE OF X = MULTIPLE OF X. MULTIPLE OF X + NON-MULTIPLE OF X = NON-MULTIPLE OF X. Since the prime-factorization of 15! includes 13, we get: a = 15! + 13 = multiple of 13 + multiple of 13 = multiple of 13. Since a is a multiple of 13, option I is a factor of a. Eliminate ...” February 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a coin has an equal probability of landing heads up or ta in the Problem Solving forum “P(H) = 1/2. P(T) = 1/2. One way to get exactly 1 heads in 3 flips: P(HTT) = 1/2 * 1/2 * 1/2 = 1/8. Since H can appear in a total of 3 positions -- 1st flip, 2nd flip, or 3rd flip -- we multiply by 3: 1/8 * 3 = 3/8 = 0.375. The correct answer is C.” February 16, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A magician has five animals in his magic hat: 3 doves and 2 in the Problem Solving forum “AND means MULTIPLY. OR means ADD. Case 1: 2 doves P(1st animal is a dove) = 3/5. (Of the 5 animals, 3 are doves.) P(2nd animal is a dove) = 2/4. (Of the 4 remaining animals, 2 are doves.) Since in Case 1 we need the 1st animal to be a dove AND the 2nd animal to be a dove, we MULTIPLY the ...” February 16, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Working at their individual same constant rate, 24 machines in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that while working at their individual same constant rate, 24 machines can complete a certain production job in 10 hours when they all work together. However, on a certain day, due to minor malfunction, 8 of those machines were not operating for the first 2 hours. We''re ...” February 15, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a positive integer q is divisible by both 3 and 11, then in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that Q is a positive integer that is divisible by BOTH 3 and 11. We''re asked which of the following MUST also divisible evenly into Q. This question can be approached in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. With these types of prompts, it often helps ...” February 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of (2^{2020} + 2^{2018}) / (2^{2020}-2^{20 in the Problem Solving forum “(2²⁰²⁰ + 2²⁰¹⁸)/(2²⁰²⁰ - 2²⁰¹⁸) = (2²⁰¹⁸)(2² + 1) / (2²⁰¹⁸)(2² - 1) = 5/3. The correct answer is B.” February 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If Rebeca drives to work at x mph she will be one minute lat in the Data Sufficiency forum “In deference to your mother, the offensive second "c" has been removed from my solution.” February 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A certain military vehicle can run on pure Fuel X, pure Fuel in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: X = 20 miles per gallon. Y = 40 miles per gallon. Since the mixture of X and Y in the tank allows 200 miles to be covered using 8 gallons, we get: X+Y = 200/8 = 25 miles per gallon. To determine how X and Y must be combined to yield a rate of 25 miles per gallon, use ALLIGATION. ...” February 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If Rebeca drives to work at x mph she will be one minute lat in the Data Sufficiency forum “To make the math easier, we can replace the given values with rounder numbers, as follows: Since Rebeca arrives 1 hour late when traveling at the lower speed and 1 hour early when traveling at the higher speed, the time at the lower speed must be 2 hours greater than the time at the higher ...” February 15, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following numbers is closest to 100*(11-sqrt( in the Problem Solving forum “100(11 - √119)(11 + √119) = 100(11² - √119²) = 100(121-119) = 100*2 = 200. When the correct answer is multiplied by 11+√119, the result must be as close as possible to 200. 11+√119 = 11 + (a bit less than 11) = a bit less than 22. Since 9*22 = 198, multiplying 9.2 by a bit less than ...” February 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of a^3+b^3 ? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: a=0 and b=1, with the result that a+b = 0+1 = 1 In this case, a³+b³ = 0³ + 1³ = 1 Case 2: a=2 and b=-1, with the result that a+b = 2-1 = 1 In this case, a³+b³ = 2³ + (-1)³ = 7 Since a³+b³ can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Case 3: a=1 and b=1, ...” February 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A group of x people is practicing levitation yoga. One-fourt in the Problem Solving forum “Let x=12. Since 1/4 of the people rise up, the number who rise up = (1/4)(12) = 3. Since 3 people come back down, EVERYONE who rises up comes back down, with the result that all 12 people are practicing yoga on the ground. How many people are now practicing yoga on the ground? The correct ...” February 14, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many prime factors does the number X have? 1) X is divi in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement combined: Case 1: X = 53*2 = 106, with the result that X is divisible by 1, 2, 53, and 106 In this case, X has TWO prime factors: 2 and 53 Case 2: X = 53³, with the result that X is divisible by 1, 53, 53², and 53³ In this case, X has only ONE prime factor: 53 Since the number of ...” February 13, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A terminating decimal is a number with a finite number of in the Data Sufficiency forum “A fraction will yield a terminating decimal if -- when the fraction is fully reduced -- the prime-factorization of its denominator includes only 2''s and or 5''s. Statement 1: Let x = an odd multiple of 5. Since the next largest odd multiples of 5 will be x+10 and x+20, we get: p = x + (x+10) ...” February 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If O is the center of the circle with diameter AB and T is a in the Problem Solving forum “A radius drawn to a tangent point yields a RIGHT ANGLE: https://i.postimg.cc/Wq6BDNH7/two-triangles-and-semicircle-1.png In the figure above: Radius OT forms a right angle at tangent point T. OA and OT are radii and thus are equal. Since OA=OT, opposite angles OAT and ATO are equal. We can ...” February 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A positive 5-digit integer is called "friendly" if in the Problem Solving forum “Total number of friendly numbers = total number of ways to arrange the 5 digits = 5! = 120. There are 5 options for the first digit: 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5. 120/5 = 24. Thus, the 120 friendly numbers are composed of five 24-number ranges, as follows: The integers beginning with 1 constitute friendly ...” February 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many numbers between 1 and 200, inclusive, have a 2 in in the Problem Solving forum “An integer is divisible by 4 if its last two digits form a multiple of 4. Two-digit multiples of 4 with a units digit of 2: 12, 32, 52, 72, 92 Since the last two digits must be one of the options above, between 1 and 200 there are 10 integers that have a units digit of 2 and are divisible by 4: ...” February 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If triangles ABC and CDE are each equilateral, what is the s in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: AC = 10 and CE = 15, with the result that AE = 10+15 = 25 In this case, ABC + CDE = (10+10+10) + (15+15+15) = 75. Case 2: AC= 5 and CD = 20, with the result that AE = 5+20 = 25 In this case, ABC + CDE = (5+5+5) + (20+20+20) = 75. Since the sum of the perimeters is the same ...” February 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If m is a positive odd integer, what is the average (arithme in the Data Sufficiency forum “For any EVENLY SPACED SET: average = median Statement 1: Here, the set consists of consecutive multiples of 3 and thus is evenly spaced. Case 1: 3, 6, 9 Average = median = 6. Case 2: 6, 9, 12 Average = median = 9. Since different averages are possible, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Case ...” February 12, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If there is a 20% chance of rain every day for the next 7 in the Problem Solving forum “Options D and E should appear as shown below: P(exactly n times) = P(one way) * all possible ways. Let R = rain and N = no rain. Since P(R) = 20% = 2/10, P(N) = 80% = 8/10 = 2³/10. P(one way): One way to get exactly 2 days of rain is to have rain on the first 2 days but not on the ...” February 12, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to During the four years that Mrs. Lopez owned her car, she fou in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that during the 4 years that Mrs. Lopez owned her car, she found that her total car expenses were$18,000. Fuel and maintenance costs accounted for 1/3 of the total and depreciation accounted for 3/5 of the REMAINDER. The cost of insurance was 3 times the cost of financing, ...”
February 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to At Megalomania Industries, factory workers were paid $20 per in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that at Megalomania Industries, factory workers were paid$20 per hour in 1990 and $10 per hour in 2000 and the CEO of Megalomania Industries was paid$5 million per year in 1990 and $50 million per year in 2000. We''re asked for what percent greater was the percent increase ...” February 10, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A company’s four cars running 10 hrs a day consume 1200 lt in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a company’s 4 cars running 10 hrs a day consume 1200 liters of fuel in 10 days. In the next 6 days, the company will need to run 9 cars for 12 hrs each so it rents 5 more cars which consume 20% less fuel than the company’s four cars. We''re asked for the number of ...” February 10, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Working together, Machine A and Machine B can produce a tota in the Data Sufficiency forum “Since A+B take 4 hours to produce 200 widgets, the combined rate for A+B = w/t = 200/4 = 50 widgets per hour. To determine A''s time to produce 200 widgets, we need to know A''s rate. Question stem, rephrased: What is A''s rate? Statement 1: Since B takes 5 hours to produce 50 widgets, ...” February 10, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Triangle XYZ is an isosceles right triangle. If side XY is l in the Problem Solving forum “The sides of an isosceles right triangle are in the following ratio: x - x - x√2, where x and x constitute the base and height and x√2 is the hypotenuse. Since the triangle has a base of x, a height of x, and an area of 16, we get: (1/2)(x)(x) = 16 x² = 32 x = √32 Since XY is longer ...” February 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Machines X and Y work at their respective constant rates. Ho in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Time and rate are RECIPROCALS. Since X and Y together take 2/3 as long as X alone, X and Y together work 3/2 as fast as X alone. Thus, if X''s rate alone = 2 units per hour, then X and Y''s combined rate = (3/2)(2) = 3 units per hour, implying that Y''s rate alone = 3-2 = 1 unit ...” February 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Seven children — A, B, C, D, E, F, and G — are going to in the Problem Solving forum “Since A and B must occupy adjacent positions, consider AB a single element in the arrangement. The number of ways to arrange the 6 elements AB, C, D, E, F and G = 6! = 720. In 1/2 of these arrangements, C will be to the LEFT of AB. In the remaining 1/2 of these arrangements,C will be to the ...” February 9, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is abc at least 4? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Nice problem, Fabio! Statement 1: Case 1: a=4, b=1 and c=1, with the result that b+c≥2 In this case, abc = 4, so the answer to the question stem is YES. Case 2: a=0, b=1 and c=1, with the result that b+c≥2 In this case, abc = 0, so the answer to the question stem is NO. Since the answer ...” February 8, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to 530 to 700 in 3 months- possible? best strategy/study plan? in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi mgec0424, To start, a 520 is a decent initial CAT Score (the average Score on the Official GMAT hovers around 550 most years). Scoring 530 on your second CAT isn''t necessary a ''bad'' thing either - since it takes time to properly use what you''ve learn and adapt your approach to the overall ...” February 8, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: If n=5, then the remainder when n is divided by 6 = 5/6 = 0 R5. If n=10, then the remainder when n is divided by 6 = 10/6 = 1 R4. Since different remainders are possible, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Since n is a multiple of 12, n must also be a multiple of 6, with the result that ...” February 8, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to An electrical supplies store sells 140 power stabilizer in the Problem Solving forum “Since at least$5600 in profit must be earned by 140 units, the minimum required markup per unit = 5600/140 = $40. Thus, the minimum selling price = (cost per unit) + (minimum required markup per unit) = 16+40 = 56. The correct answer is D.” February 8, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the xy coordinate plane, line L and line K intersect at in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: The product of the x-intercepts of line L and K is positive. K has a negative x-intercept, L has a negative x-intercept, the product of the slopes is positive: http://s4.postimage.org/ie5nbe78/lines_l_and_k_1.jpg K has a positive x-intercept, L has a positive x-intercept, the ...” February 8, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x and y are positive integers, is x an even integer? in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statements combined: Case 1: x=1 and y=1, with the result that x(y+5) = 6 and 6y²+41y+25 = 72 In this case, x is ODD, so the answer to the question stem is NO. Case 2: x=2 and y=1, with the result that x(y+5) = 12 and 6y²+41y+25 = 72 In this case, x is EVEN, so the answer to the question ...” February 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the average (arithmetic mean) of x and y? in the Data Sufficiency forum “SUM = (COUNT)(AVERAGE). Statement 1: x+y+k = (count)(average) = 3*7 = 21. No way to determine the value of x+y. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: x+y+3k = (count)(average) = 3*13 = 39. No way to determine the value of x+y. INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Subtracting x+y+k=21 from ...” February 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a and b are integers, is a + b + 3 an odd integer? (1) in the Data Sufficiency forum “a+b+3 = ODD only if a and b are both odd or both even. Question stem, rephrased: Are a and b both odd or both even? Statement 1: ab = ODD implies that a and b are both odd. Thus, the answer to the question stem is YES. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: a-b = EVEN implies that a and b are either ...” February 7, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Ten telegenic contestants with a variety of personality diso in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, For Test Takers who know the Combination Formula, this question is a fairly straight-forward prompt. If you DON''T know the Combination Formula though, then here''s what it is and how to use it. Any time a prompt asks for "groups" or "combinations" of things, then the ...” February 7, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The sides of a right triangle are consecutive even integers, in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that the sides of a right triangle are CONSECUTIVE EVEN INTEGERS, and the length of the LONGEST side is P. We''re asked which of the following equations could be used to find P. This question can be solved in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. To ...” February 7, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to There are 13 hearts in a full deck of 52 cards. In a certain in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, The probability of pulling a heart out of a full deck of cards is 13/52 = 1/4, so the probability of NOT pulling a heart out of a full deck = 1 - 1/4 = 3/4. The probability of pulling a heart on the THIRD try, and NOT pulling a heart on the first two tries is: (3/4)(3/4)(1/4) = ...” February 7, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Starting with 0, a mathematician labels every non-negative i in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that starting with 0, a mathematician labels every non-negative integer as one of five types: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, or epsilon, in that repeating order as the integers increase. For instance, the integer 8 is labeled delta. We''re asked for the label on an integer that ...” February 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the coordinate plane, Line A has a slope of -1 and an in the Problem Solving forum “Line A includes points (1, 0) and (a, b) and has a slope of -1. Thus: (b - 0)/(a-1) = -1 b = -a + 1 a+b = 1. The correct answer is B. The information about Line B is irrelevant.” February 5, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In how many ways can a 4-letter word be formed from the in the Problem Solving forum “Alternate approach: Case 1: VVCC, where the first two letters are vowels and the last 2 letters are consonants Number of options for the first vowel = 4. (Any of the 4 vowels) Number of options for the second vowel = 3. (Any of the 3 remaining vowels) Number of options for the first consonant ...” February 5, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Three digits have been removed from each of the following in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that three digits have been removed from each of the following numbers and n = 25. We''re asked which of the numbers is equal to 3*2^(n-1). To start, the fact that three digits have been removed from each answer is irrelevant. When a GMAT question presents information ...” February 5, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The organizers of a conference offered a certain number of s in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that the organizers of a conference offered a certain number of simultaneous seminars with the intention that each seminar would be attended by 18 conference attendees. However, space limitations allowed only up to 15 conference attendees to participate in each of a number of ...” February 5, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to At a school-wide athletic fair, five students won a combined in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that at a school-wide athletic fair, five students won a combined total of 20 ribbons, each of the five students won AT LEAST one ribbon and NO two students won the SAME number of ribbons. We''re asked for the greatest number of ribbons that the student with the ...” February 5, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In how many ways can a 4-letter word be formed from the in the Problem Solving forum “Hi regor60, I agree that this prompt is poorly-worded. The "intent" is to ask for every 4-letter arrangement that fits the given restrictions, INCLUDING "words" that do not appear in the dictionary (re: arrangements that are not actually words). GMAT question-writers are far ...” February 5, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the coordinate plane, Line A has a slope of -1 and an in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that in the coordinate plane, Line A has a slope of -1 and an x-intercept of 1 and Line B has a slope of 2 and a y-intercept of -2. The two lines intersect at the point (a,b). We''re asked for the sum a and b. When dealing with lines, it often helps to write the given ...” February 5, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A contractor combined x tons of a gravel mixture that in the Data Sufficiency forum “x = 10% gravel y = 2% gravel. z = the MIXTURE of x and y = 5% gravel. To determine the required ratio of x to y, use ALLIGATION -- a very efficient way to handle MIXTURE PROBLEMS. Step 1: Plot the 3 percentages on a number line, with the percentages for x and y on the ends and the ...” February 4, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Work/Rate problem in the Problem Solving forum “Hi benjemin28, It''s worth noting that he Quant section of the GMAT is NOT a ''math test'' - it''s a ''critical thinking test'' that requires lots of little calculations as you work through it. Most GMAT questions are designed so that they can be solved in more than one way (and certain Tactics ...” February 4, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a certain sock drawer, there are 4 pairs of black socks, in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, The concept in these types of questions is based on the ''worst case scenario'' - to guarantee that something will happen, you have to focus on the ''extreme/longest'' way that it could happen. Here, we have 4 black socks, 3 gray socks and 2 orange socks. The question asks for the ...” February 4, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The original price of a certain TV set is discounted by x in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that the original price of a certain TV set is discounted by X percent, the reduced price is then discounted by 2X percent and P is the original price of the TV set. We''re asked which of the following represents the price of the television set after the two successive ...” February 4, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Bank Depositors (GMAT Prep) in the Critical Reasoning forum “I received a PM requesting that I respond. Premise: Insurance removes from depositors any financial incentive to find out whether the bank that holds their money is secure against failure. Conclusion: The insurance is partly responsible for the high rate of bank failures. To determine the ...” February 3, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In the graduating class of a certain college, 48 percent of in the Problem Solving forum “Every student is EITHER male OR female. Every student is EITER older OR younger. For an EITHER/OR problem, use a DOUBLE MATRIX to organize the data: _______________M______F_______Total older: younger: total: Let total students = 100: _______________M______F_______Total ...” February 3, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Kate and Danny each have$10. Together, they flip a fair coi in the Problem Solving forum
“For every tails, Kate gets $1; for every heads, she loses$1. 0 tails, 5 heads: Kate has 10+0-5 = $5 1 tails, 4 heads: Kate has 10+1-4 =$7 2 tails, 3 heads: Kate has 10+2-3 = $9 3 tails, 2 heads: Kate has 10+3-2 =$11 4 tails, 1 heads: Kate has 10+4-1 = $13 5 tails, 0 heads: Kate has ...” February 3, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The value of (10^8-10^2)/(10^7-10^3) is closest to which in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re asked to choose the answer that is CLOSEST in value to (10^8-10^2)/(10^7-10^3). While you might be tempted to try lots of ''math steps'', if you consider how the answer choices are written, you can use a bit of estimation and logic to get to the correct answer without doing too ...” February 2, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A company produces baseball cards in equal numbers of regula in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a company produces baseball cards in EQUAL numbers of regular packs of 16 and deluxe packs of 30. On a certain day, the company produces 241 cards. We''re asked for the SMALLEST number of additional cards the company needs to produce in order to maintain its regular ...” February 2, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If the probability of rain on any given day is 50%, what is in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that the probability of rain on any given day is 50%. We''re asked for the probability that it will rain on AT LEAST three days in a ROW during a five-day period. This question can be approached in a number of different ways; you might find it easiest to do a little math and ...” February 2, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Father John forms a choir from the church attendants. in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that Father John forms a choir from the church attendants. 30 people attend John''s church and the choir has 28 spots available, with one person as the lead singer. We''re asked for the number of different combinations for the choir. This question involves the Combination ...” February 2, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A scriptwriter charges$4 for every standard script, which in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a scriptwriter has a particular series of fees for a script (based on the length of the script). The scriptwriter charges.... 1) $4 for every standard script, which is 4 pages or shorter in length 2) 50 cents for every additional page 3) NO CHARGE for every 11th ...” February 2, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A paint crew gets a rush order to paint 80 houses in a new d in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a paint crew gets a rush order to paint 80 houses in a new development. They paint the first Y houses at a rate of X houses per week. Realizing that they''ll be late at this rate, they bring in some more painters and paint the rest of the houses at the rate of 1.25X ...” February 1, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Two-thirds of the roads from A to B are at least 5 miles in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that 2/3 of the roads from A to B are at least 5 miles long, and 1/4 of the roads from B to C are at least 5 miles long. We''re asked to randomly pick a road from A to B and then randomly pick a road from B to C and determine the probability that AT LEAST ONE of the roads you ...” February 1, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Is tutoring necessary for Verbal? in the GMAT Strategy forum “Hi kyuhunl, The degree to which you might find tutoring useful will depend greatly on the study materials that you''re currently using and how quickly you can learn (and properly practice) certain concepts and Tactics. Before I can offer you the specific advice that you’re looking for, it ...” February 1, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A paint crew gets a rush order to paint 80 houses in a new d in the Problem Solving forum “Let y=0, implying that NONE of the 80 houses are painted at the original rate of x houses per week, with the result that ALL 80 houses are painted at the greater rate of (5/4)x houses per week. The total time it takes them to paint all the houses under this scenario is what fraction of the time ...” February 1, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Three pipes P, Q, and R are attached to a tank. P and Q indi in the Problem Solving forum “Let the tank = 60 liters. Since P takes 3 hours to fill the 60-liter tank, P''s rate = 60/3 = 20 liters per hour. Since Q takes 4 hours to fill the 60-liter tank, Q''s rate = 60/4 = 15 liters per hour. Since R takes 5 hours to empty the 60-liter tank, R''s rate = -(60/5) = −12 liters per ...” February 1, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If ( x – y – 2 )^2 + ( x + z + 3 )^2 = 0, then what is t in the Problem Solving forum “Let x=0. Plugging x=0 into (x-y-2)² + (x+z+3)² = 0, we get: (-y-2)² + (z+3)² = 0 Since neither (-y-2)² nor (z+3)² can be negative, the resulting equation is valid only if -y-2=0 and z+3=0, with the result that y=-2 and z=-3. Thus, y+z = -2 + (-3) = -5 The correct answer is E.” February 1, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Suppose we have six marbles: 3 blue marbles, 2 red marbles, in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that we have six marbles: 3 blue marbles, 2 red marbles, and one green marble - and that we are going to put them into three cups: a black cup, a white cup, and a purple cup. The only restriction is that the two red marbles CANNOT be in the same cup, meaning that we could put ...” January 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to During a two-week period, the price of an ounce of silver in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that during a two-week period, the price of an ounce of silver INCREASED by 25 percent by the end of the first week and then DECREASED by 20 percent of this new price by the end of the second week. We''re asked, if the price of silver was X dollars per ounce at the beginning ...” January 31, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Cars J and K are making the trip from City A to City B. Car in the Problem Solving forum “Since J catches up to K, J and K travel the same distance. Let t = J''s time. Since K leaves 15 minutes earlier than J, K''s time = t+15. Rate and time have a RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIP. Since K''s rate is 80% of J''s rate, the ratio of K''s rate to J''s rate = 8/10 = 4/5. Thus, the ratio of ...” January 31, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to f(2x-1) = ( x + 2 ) / ( x – 2 ). What is f(x)? in the Problem Solving forum “Let x=1. Plugging x=1 into f(2x-1) = ( x + 2 ) / ( x – 2 ), we get: f(2*1 - 1) = (1+2)/(1-2) f(1) = -3. When x=1, the question stem becomes: What is f(1)? Since f(1) = -3, the correct answer must yield -3 when x=1. Only A works: f(1) = (1+5)/(1-3) = 6/-2 = -3. The correct answer is A.” January 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A doctor prescribed 18 cubic centimeters of a certain drug t in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question is essentially about working through the necessary arithmetic. Thankfully, the math itself isn''t that tough, but you do have to stay organized to make sure that you''re setting up the proper calculations. We''re told that a typical dose of a drug is 2 cm^3 per 15 ...” January 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A metal company's old machine makes bolts at a constant rate in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, The answer choices to this question provide a fantastic shortcut. With the two machines that we''re given, we know that... Old Machine = 100 bolts/hour New Machine = 150 bolts/hour If they start at the same time, the two machines will create 250 bolts/hour The question asks ...” January 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A lecture course consists of 595 students. The students are in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a lecture course consists of 595 students and that the students are to be divided into discussion sections, each with an EQUAL number of students. We''re asked which of the following CANNOT be the number of students in a discussion section. This question is really just ...” January 31, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to What is the greatest prime factor of 3^6 - 1? in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, A number of the posts have provided elegant solutions to this question. The basic math behind this prompt is Arithmetic and Prime Factorization though, so if you don''t immediately "see" the elegant approach, you can still get to the answer.... We''re asked to find the ...” January 31, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A lecture course consists of 595 students. The students are in the Problem Solving forum “(students per section)(number of sections) = 595 students number of sections = 595/(students per section). The equation in blue indicates that 595 must be divisible by the number of students per section. An integer is divisible by 3 only if its digit sum is a multiple of 3. The digit sum of ...” January 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Question about idioms and verbs in the Sentence Correction forum “Correct: The contractors demolished the building to keep it from falling. Here, to keep is not an adjective modifying contractors but an ADVERB modifying demolished, expressing WHY the contractors DEMOLISHED the building. Question: WHY did the contractors demolish the building? Answer: TO KEEP it ...” January 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to DS work rate problem in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Case 1: Job = 12 units Since A and B together take 4 hours to complete the 12-unit job, the combined rate for A+B = 12/4 = 3 units per hour. Since A alone takes 6 hours to complete the 12-unit job, A''s rate alone = 12/6 = 2 units per hour. B''s rate = (combined rate for A+B) - ...” January 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to PS arithmetic in the Problem Solving forum “An alternate approach is to BALLPARK. √2 ≈ 1.4 √3 ≈ 1.7 (1+√3) * √(2 + √3) ≈ (2.7)(√3.7) = (2.7)(a bit less than 2) = a bit less than 5.4. When we evaluate the answer choices, only C is a bit less than 5.4: √2(2 + √3) ≈ (1.4)(3.7) = 5.18. The correct answer is C.” January 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to DS arithmetic in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: The inequality implies that a is POSITIVE, allowing us to cross-multiply: 1*2 > a*1 2 > a Since 2>a and a>b>0, we get: 2>a>b>0 Thus, b<2. SUFFICIENT. Statement 2: If b=2, we get: 1/a + 1/2 = 1 1/a = 1/2 a=2 Not possible, since the prompt ...” January 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The sum of 4 different odd integers is 64. in the Data Sufficiency forum “Statement 1: Since the numbers are EVENLY SPACED, median = sum/count: 64/4 = 16. Since the median = 16, the 4 odd integers must be as follows: 13, 15, 17, 19. Thus, the greatest of the 4 odd integers = 19. SUFFICENT. Statement 2: The 4 odd integers yielded by Statement 1 -- 13, 15, ...” January 30, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to To create a part for a certain piece of machinery, four equa in the Problem Solving forum “The four 18-degree shaded regions = 4*18 = 72 degrees. The entire circle = 360 degrees. (shaded regions)/(entire circle) = 72/360 = 1/5. Thus: (unshaded regions)/(entire circle) = 1 - 1/5 = 4/5 = 80%. The correct answer is E.” January 29, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A new tower has just been built at the Verbico military in the Problem Solving forum “Hi j_shreyans, I''m a big fan of TESTing Values (Mitch''s explanation), but this question can also be solved with algebra…. We''re told that adding a new tower to an existing hospital allows fore 3 times the number of available beds that were there before the tower was built: Just the ...” January 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain company has 18 equally qualified applicants for 4 in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a certain company has 18 equally qualified applicants for 4 open positions. We''re asked for the number of different groups of 4 applicants that can be chosen by the company to fill the positions if the order of selection does not matter. This question is a fairly ...” January 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to When 12 marbles are added to a rectangular aquarium, the wat in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that when 12 marbles are added to a rectangular aquarium, the water in the aquarium rises 1 1/2 inches. We''re asked how many marbles must be added to the aquarium in total to raise the water 2 3/4 inches. This question is ultimately about ratios, so you can approach the math ...” January 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to When 12 marbles are added to a rectangular aquarium, the wat in the Problem Solving forum “The desired height increase = 11/4 inches. 12 marbles yield a height increase of 3/2 inches. Thus: (desired height increase of 11/4 inches) * (12 marbles)/(height increase of 3/2 inches) = (11/4 * 12)/(3/2) = 33/(3/2) = (33*2)/3 = 11*2 = 22 marbles. The correct answer is D.” January 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A certain company has 18 equally qualified applicants for 4 in the Problem Solving forum “From 18 applicants, the number of ways to choose 4 = 18C4 = (18*17*16*15)/(4*3*2*1) = (3*17*4*15) = 51*60 = 3060. The correct answer is E.” January 28, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A new tower has just been built at the Verbico military in the Problem Solving forum “Let the PRE-TOWER number of beds = the LCM of the denominators in the problem = 3*5 = 15. Then the CURRENT number of beds = 3*15 = 45, implying that the number of beds in the NEW tower = 45-15 = 30. Occupied beds = (1/3)15 + (1/5)30 = 11. Non-occupied beds in the new tower = 30-11 = 19. ...” January 28, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A certain library assesses fines for overdue books as in the Problem Solving forum “Hi ALL, This question includes a ''conditional statement'' that effects how you''re supposed to handle each "step" in the math: "for each additional day....., the total fine is EITHER increased by 30 cents OR doubled, whichever results in the LESSER AMOUNT." Since ...” January 27, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Machines A and B, working together, take t minutes to in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that Machines A and B, working together, take T minutes to complete a particular work. Machine A, working alone, takes 64 minutes more than T to complete the same work. Machine B, working alone, takes 25 minutes more than T to complete the same work. We''re asked for the ...” January 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Machines A and B, working together, take t minutes to in the Problem Solving forum “One more approach: Since A+B together complete the job in t minutes: Job = (A''s output in t minutes) + (B''s output in t minutes) If A works alone for t minutes, A can then complete the rest of the job in 64 minutes. In this case, the rest of the job = B''s output in t minutes. Thus, A''s ...” January 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Prompted by observations of seemingly related species in the Sentence Correction forum “A present perfect verb (has + VERBed or have + VERBed) expresses a PAST ACTION that affects the present. Generally, the usage of a present perfect verb implies that the subject of the verb still exists. Incorrect: The dinosaurs have evolved over time. The sentence above is illogical because the ...” January 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Machines A and B, working together, take t minutes to in the Problem Solving forum “Always keep your eye on the answer choices. Since A''s time alone (t+64) is greater than B''s time alone (t+25), the ratio of A''s time alone to B''s time alone must be GREATER THAN 1. Eliminate A, C and D. Since the ratio of A''s time to B''s time = (t+64)/(t+25), option E implies the ...” January 27, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A certain library assesses fines for overdue books as in the Problem Solving forum “First day: Total fine = 10. For each additional day, the total fine either increases by 30 or doubles -- whichever results in a lesser amount. Second day: Adding 30 cents to the 1-day fine, we get 10+30 = 40. Doubling the 1-day fine, we get 2*10 = 20. Total fine = lesser amount = 20. ...” January 27, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to When 12 marbles are added to a rectangular aquarium, the in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that when 12 marbles are added to a rectangular aquarium, the water in the aquarium rises 1 1/2 inches. We''re asked how many marbles must be added to the aquarium in total to raise the water 2 3/4 inches. This question is ultimately about ratios, so you can approach the math ...” January 26, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Barbara invests$2400 in the National Bank at 5%. How much in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Barbara invests $2400 in the National Bank at 5%. We''re asked how much additional money she must invest at 8% so that the TOTAL annual income will be equal to 6% of her entire investment. This question can be approached in a number of different ways, including by ...” January 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the drama club and music club are combined, what percent in the Data Sufficiency forum “Clearly, neither statement alone is sufficient. Statements combined: Case 1: No one is a member of both clubs Total males = 15+10 = 25. Total members = 16+20 = 36. Resulting fraction: (total males)/(total members) = 25/36. Case 2: Every male in the music club is also in the drama ...” January 26, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Frank and Georgia started traveling from A to B at the same in the Problem Solving forum “Let d = the number of miles between A and B. Since Georgia travels the entire d miles between A and B and then an additional 60 miles back toward A, Georgia''s distance = d+60. Since Frank travels all but 60 of the d miles between A and B, Frank''s distance = d-60. Since Georgia''s travels 3/2 ...” January 26, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Ratio in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a in the first M games of a team´s season, the ratio of the team´s wins to its losses was 1:2 and in the subsequent N games, the ratio of the team´s wins to losses was 1:3. If M:N = 4:5, we''re asked for the ratio of the team´s wins to its losses for all M+N games. ...” January 25, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A major airplane manufacturer announced the sale of 150 in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that a major airplane manufacturer announced the sale of 150 small airliners at$125 million each, 75 medium sized airliners at $175 million each, and 60 large airliners at$220 million each. We''re asked for the percentage of the company''s income that came from large and ...”
January 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Ratio in the Problem Solving forum
“Let S = the entire season (in other words, the mixture of M and N). Alligation can be performed only with percentages or fractions. Step 1: Convert the ratios to FRACTIONS. M: Since win:losses = 1:2, and 1+2=3, wins/total = 1/3. N: Since wins:losses = 1:3, and 1+3=4, wins/total = 1/4. ...”
January 25, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many factors greater than 1 do 120, 210, and 270 have in in the Problem Solving forum
“120 = 30*4 210 = 30*7 270 = 30*9 The GCF = the value in blue = 30. Factors of 30 greater than 1: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 30 --> 7 factors Thus, 120, 210, and 270 have 7 common factors greater than 1. The correct answer is D.”
January 24, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Stacy and Katie plan to walk the 27-mile scenic route across in the Problem Solving forum
“Since Stacy and Katie travel toward each other, they WORK TOGETHER to cover the 27 miles between them. Since Stacy is 1/4 faster than Katie, for every 4 miles that Katie travels, the distance traveled by Stacy = 4 + (1/4)(4) = 5 miles. Thus, of every 9 miles traveled when Stacy and Katie work ...”
January 24, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A miniature roulette wheel is divided into 10 equal sectors, in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a miniature roulette wheel is divided into 10 equal sectors, each bearing a distinct integer from 1 to 10, inclusive. Each time the wheel is spun, a ball randomly determines the winning sector by settling in that sector and the wheel is spun three times. We''re asked for ...”
January 24, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The total cost of a vacation was divided among 3 people. If in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the total cost of a vacation was divided equally among 3 people and that if the total cost of the vacation had been divided equally among 4 people, then the cost per person would have been $50 LESS. We''re asked for the total cost of the vacation. This question can be ...” January 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A shirt that costs k dollars is increased by 30%, then by an in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that the price of a shirt that costs K dollars is increased by 30%, then that price is increased by an additional 50%. We''re asked for the final price of the shirt in dollars, in terms of K. This question can be solved in a number of different ways - including Algebraically ...” January 24, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Getting out of a Rut: Overcoming 680 over 3 consecutive atte in the I just Beat The GMAT! forum “Hi markymarc89, That''s OUTSTANDING news! With a 740/Q50, you can comfortably apply to ANY Business Schools that interest you. Since you''ve already taken care of your applications, there''s not much else to do at this point (unless you want to consider applying to any additional Schools). We''re ...” January 23, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If when a certain integer x is divided by 5, the remainder in the Problem Solving forum “Since dividing x by 5 yields a remainder, x is not a multiple of 5 and thus not a multiple of 10. Since x is not a multiple of 10, x/10 cannot yield an integer value. The correct answer is B.” January 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Mary and Kate are running clockwise around a circular track in the Problem Solving forum “Since Mary is behind Kate by 250 meters -- half the circumference of the track -- she will catch up to Mary when she has traveled 250 meters more than Kate. To catch up to Kate a second time, Mary must then travel one more lap than Kate -- in other words, 500 meters more than Kate. Implication: ...” January 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Of the votes cast on a certain proposal, 80 more were in in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that of the votes cast on a certain proposal, 80 MORE were in favor of the proposal than were against it and the number of votes against the proposal was 40 percent of the TOTAL vote. We''re asked for the total number of votes cast? (Each vote cast was either in favor of the ...” January 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Which of the following is closest to the value of (2^23) in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re asked which of the following is closest to the value of (2^23)(5^26). If you don''t immediately see the ''Exponent'' rules that apply to this question, then you can still solve it with some basic Arithmetic and logic. To start, when you multiply a bunch of numbers together, the ...” January 22, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The number 75 can be written as the sum of the squares of 3 in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question can be solved with a bit of ''brute force'' arithmetic, but the speed with which you solve it will likely depend on how quickly you can write everything down and how you do the work. We''re asked to find the three positive integers, whose squares add up to 75. To start, ...” January 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If y=|x-1|+|x+1|, then y=? in the Data Sufficiency forum “|x-1| = the distance between x and 1. |x+1| = the distance between x and -1. -1<--|x+1|-->x<--|x-1|-->1 Here, since the total distance between the two endpoints is 2, the sum of the 2 distances in red is 2. If x is any value between the two endpoints, then the sum of the two ...” January 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A = (2-3+4)^{11}, and B = (-2+3-4)^{11}. What is the value o in the Problem Solving forum “A = (2-3+4)¹¹ = 3¹¹ B = (-2+3-4)¹¹ = (-3)¹¹ = -3¹¹ Thus: A+B = 3¹¹ - 3¹¹ = 0 2^(A+B) = 2⁰ = 1. The correct answer is C.” January 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to GMAT OG 2019 The Commerce Department reported that in the Sentence Correction forum “were + VERBing is the plural form of the PAST PROGRESSIVE tense (also known as the past continuous tense). The past progressive tenses serve to express actions that happen CONTINUOUSLY FOR A LIMITED DURATION OF TIME. OA: While businesses were expanding their production, unsold goods were piling ...” January 22, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Machine A produces pencils at a constant rate of 9000 in the Problem Solving forum “To minimize B''s time, we must maximize A''s time. Since each machine can work for at most 8 hours, let A''s time = 8 hours. Since A''s rate = 9000 pencils per hour, the number of pencils produced by A in 8 hours = rt = 9000*8 = 72,000. Remaining pencils = 100,000 - 72,000, = 28,000. Since ...” January 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A bowl contains pecans, cashews, and almonds in a ratio of 6 in the Problem Solving forum “Original ratio values: P.................................................C...............................................A 6x<---distance of 4x--->10x<---distance of 5x--->15x Options for the new ratio: I) 1 : 2 : 3 I) 2 : 3 : 4 III) 4 : 7 : 10 The ratio values in each ...” January 21, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x-2y=4, then x^2-4xy+4y^2-x+2y=? in the Problem Solving forum “Let x=4 and y=0, with the result that x-2y = 4. Plugging x=4 and y=0 into x² - 4xy + 4y² - x + 2y, we get: 4² - 0 + 0 - 4 + 0 = 12. The correct answer is A.” January 21, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If Sam were twice as old as he is, he would be 40 years in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that if Sam were TWICE as old as he is, then he would be 40 years older than Jim and that Jim is currently 10 years YOUNGER than Sam. We''re asked for Sam''s current age. This question can be solved in a couple of different ways, including by TESTing THE ANSWERS. Since the ...” January 20, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to [x] denotes the least integer greater than or equal to x ... in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This is an example of a ''Symbolism'' question - the prompt ''makes up'' a math symbol, tells you what it means, then asks you to perform a calculation using it. When dealing with these types of symbols, it often helps to jot down a few examples, so that you understand the work that will ...” January 20, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to On a game show, a contestant is given three keys, each of in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that on a game show, a contestant is given three keys, each which opens exactly one of three identical boxes. The first box contains$1, the second $100, and the third$1000. The contestant assigns each key to one of the boxes and wins the amount of money contained in any box ...”
January 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A company bought some desks at a price of $150 each and some in the Data Sufficiency forum “Test the THRESHOLD. In the question stem, the threshold is 40 CHAIRS. The total cost of 40 chairs = 40*50 = 2000. Statement 1: The total price of the desks and chairs is 5,000. It is possible that 40 chairs are purchased (at a total cost of$2000) or that MORE CHAIRS are purchased. ...”
January 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the value of x? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: To have exactly 3 positive factors, x must be the square of a prime number. Factors of x=2²=4: 1, 2, 4 Factors of x=3²=9: 1, 3, 9 Factors of x=5²=25: 1, 5, 25. Since x can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Clearly INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: x ...”
January 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The average American spends y dollars on food per month, exc in the Problem Solving forum
“Monthly food expense except in January: Let y=$2. Discount in January: Let x=100%. Since$2 is spent each month for 8 of the first 9 months, the total spent during these 8 months = 8*2 = 16. Since food purchases are 100% lower in January -- implying that they are FREE in January -- the amount ...”
January 20, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a certain pet shop, 1/3 of the pets are dogs and 1/5 of in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Alternate approach: To determine the ratio of birds to dogs, plug in a TEST VALUE for the total number of pets. Let b = the number of birds and d = the number of dogs. Let the test value for the total number of pets = the LCM of 3 and 5 = 15. Since 1/5 are birds, b = 1/5 * 15 = 3. Since 1/3 ...”
January 19, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Danny and Ian are munching on a jar full of candies. Had in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question is essentially a "Work Formula" question, since it has 2 people working on a task together. You have to be really careful with the details though, since the two given rates are NOT for the same task.... We''re told that Danny can finish off the jar of candies in ...”
January 18, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A bus completed first 50 miles of a 120-mile trip at an in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a bus completed first 50 miles of a 120-mile trip at an average speed of 20 mph. Then it took a halt of 30 minutes and completed half of the remaining journey at an average speed of 35 mph. We''re asked for the average speed it should complete the REMAINING part of the ...”
January 18, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to How many hours did it take Helen to drive from her house to in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: If d=72, then t = d/r = 72/72 = 1 hour. If d=144, then t = 144/72 = 2 hours. Since the time can be different values, INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Time and rate have a RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIP: If the time is cut in HALF, then the rate DOUBLES. If the time DOUBLES, then the ...”
January 18, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If tank X contains only gasoline, how many kiloliters of gas in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let G = the gas in the tank and C = the capacity of the tank. Statement 1: G - (1/2)G = (1/3)C No way to solve for G. INSUFFICENT. Statement 2: G + 0.75 = C No way to solve for G. INSUFFICIENT. Statements combined: Since we have two variables (G and C) and two distinct linear ...”
January 18, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Three children, John, Paul, and Ringo, are playing a game. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that three children - John, Paul, and Ringo, are playing a game. Each child will choose either the number 1 or the number 2. When one child chooses a number DIFFERENT from those of the other two children, he is declared the winner. If all of the children choose the SAME ...”
January 18, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A will was written such that an estate would be divided amon in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a will was written such that an estate would be divided among FIVE beneficiaries with the remainder donated to charity, with one stipulation in the will is that no one beneficiary can receive an amount within 20% of another''s amount. One of the beneficiaries received ...”
January 18, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If Jake loses 8 pounds, he will weigh twice as much as his s in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question can be solved with fairly straight-forward Algebra (as some of the other solutions have proven). It can also be solved by TESTing THE ANSWERS and a bit of logic. We''re told that the total weight of Jake and his sister is 278 pounds. We''re also told that if Jake lost 8 ...”
January 18, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Need Suggestion on books in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi JOHNMC, Raising a 430 to the point that you could consistently score 700+ will likely require at least another 3 months of consistent, guided study - and you''ll have to make significant improvements to how you handle BOTH the Quant and Verbal sections. Thankfully, the GMAT is a consistent, ...”
January 18, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If Jake loses 8 pounds, he will weigh twice as much as his s in the Problem Solving forum
“Here, the value in red is the sum of Jake''s weight and TWICE the sister''s weight: 187 + 2(89.5) = 366. But the prompt gives an integer value for the sum of Jake''s weight and the sister''s ACTUAL weight -- a constraint that forces Jake''s weight to be an even integer.”
January 17, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If Jake loses 8 pounds, he will weigh twice as much as his s in the Problem Solving forum
“The sum of Jake''s weight and his sister''s weight is an INTEGER VALUE. The answer choices indicate that Jake''s weight is an INTEGER VALUE. Implication: The sister''s weight must also be an integer value. Thus, the value in red -- 89.5 -- is not a valid option for the sister''s weight. Given ...”
January 17, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The speed of a boat is 5 times the speed at which a river fl in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the river''s rate = 1 mph and the boat''s rate = 5 mph. When the boat travels DOWNRIVER, the boat and the river WORK TOGETHER, so we ADD their rates: 5+1 = 6 mph. When the boat travels UPRIVER, the boat and the river COMPETE, so we SUBTRACT their rates: 5-1 = 4 mph. Rate and time have ...”
January 17, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If Jake loses 8 pounds, he will weigh twice as much as his s in the Problem Solving forum
“ALWAYS KEEP YOUR EYE ON THE ANSWER CHOICES. If Jake loses 8 pounds, he will weigh twice as much as his sister. j-8 = 2s j = 2s + 8 = even + even = even. Since Jake''s weight must be an EVEN VALUE, the correct answer is E.”
January 17, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Mixture A is 15 percent alcohol, and mixture B is 50 percent in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Mixture A is 15 percent alcohol and mixture B is 50 percent alcohol and when a certain amount of each is poured together to create a 4-gallon mixture, the result contains 30 percent alcohol. We''re asked approximately how many gallons of mixture A are in the mixture. ...”
January 16, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Which of the following equations represents a line in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked which of the 5 answers is the equation for a line that is perpendicular to line K in the figure above. This question is based on line/graphing rules. To start, a PERPENDICULAR line is one that has an "opposite inverse" slope (sometime called a "negative ...”
January 16, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If a certain concrete mixture contains gravel, water, and in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a certain concrete mixture contains gravel, water, and sand in a ratio of 1 to 3 to 5 by weight. We''re asked for the number of pounds of gravel that would be needed to produce 72 pounds of the mixture. This math behind this question can be approached in a number of ...”
January 16, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Need Suggestion on books in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi JOHNMC, Since it sounds like you''re just beginning your studies, then it would be a good idea to take a FULL-LENGTH practice CAT Test; you can take 2 for free at www.mba.com (and they come with some additional practice materials). If you want to do a little studying first, so that you can ...”
January 16, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Sarah is in a room with 6 other children. If the other child in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let S = Sara''s age. Sum of the ages = 2+4+5+8+10+13+S = 42+S. Statement 1: Since the average age is equal to an INTEGER -- the fourth largest age -- we get: Sum of the ages = (number of ages)(average age) = (7)(INTEGER) = multiple of 7. The blue expression and the red expression each ...”
January 16, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the median and the range of the data set 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 in the Problem Solving forum
“We can PLUG IN THE ANSWERS, which represent the value of m. When the correct answer is plugged in, the median will be equal to the range. Note: When the prompt includes the phrase which of the following, the correct answer is likely to be D or E. E: m=3 Resulting set: 1, 1, 2, 2, m=3, 3, 3, ...”
January 16, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a 200 member association consisting of men and women, exa in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that in a 200 member association consisting of men and women, exactly 20% of men and exactly 25 % women are homeowners. We''re asked for the LEAST number of members who are homeowners. This question is built around a couple of Number Properties - and to MINIMIZE the number of ...”
January 15, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Roger wants to arrange three of his five books on his in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Roger wants to arrange three of his five books on his bookshelf, but two of the five books are duplicates and cannot both be selected. We''re asked for the number different ways that Roger can arrange his books. The wording of this question is a bit ''quirky'', but the ...”
January 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Henry eats X scones in X percent of the time it takes Rachel in the Problem Solving forum
“Let X=8 and Y=4. Henry eats X scones in X percent of the time it takes Rachel to eat Y scones. Since Henry eats X=8 scones in 8% of the time it takes Rachel to eat Y=4 scones -- 10 minutes, according to the prompt -- the time for Henry to eat 8 scones = 8% of 10 minutes = (8/100)(10) = 4/5 ...”
January 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A rectangular wall has dimensions of 800 by 300. If the wall in the Problem Solving forum
“number of tiles = (wall area)/(tile area) = (800*300)/(25*12) = 32*25 = 800. The correct answer is E.”
January 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a 200 member association consisting of men and women, exa in the Problem Solving forum
“Consider the following equation: 7x + 5y = 70. If x and y are nonnegative integers, the following solutions are possible: x=10, y=0 x=5, y=7 x=0, y=14. Notice the following: The value of x changes in increments of 5 (the coefficient for y). The value of y changes in increments of ...”
January 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The cost of a square slab is proportional to its thickness a in the Data Sufficiency forum
“x is directly proportional to y implies the following: x/y = k. x = ky. In each case, k is a CONSTANT. The cost of a square slab is proportional to its thickness and also proportional to the square of its length. Thus: c = k * T * L². What is the cost of a square slab that is 3 meters ...”
January 15, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Thomasville tree planting in the Critical Reasoning forum
“species may be singular or plural. Passage: Planting trees primarily from the species that turns out to have the best record of survival will assure downtown Thomasville of an abundant tree population 20 years from now. Here, the verb attributed to species is turns. Since turns is singular, ...”
January 14, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Probability question in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi yenngoc2409, I''m going to give you a hint so that you can adjust your calculation. Your result is too high because you have not accounted for the ''duplicate'' entries. For example, if the 4 cards were 2233, then you have an option that has two pair... but you also have two of the options ...”
January 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Three machines have equal constant work rates. It takes h + in the Problem Solving forum
“(number of machines)(number of hours) = number of toys that are produced. In the prompt above, the blue values are THE SAME. Implication: 2 machines take h+3 hours to produce the same number of toys as 3 machines in 2 hours: 2(h+3) = 3h 2h + 6 = 3h 6 = h. Since 3 machines produce 360 toys ...”
January 14, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If Jay has 99 problems, in how many ways can he select k of in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Rule: nCr = nC(n-r) Examples: 5C2 = 5C(5-2) = 5C3. 10C3 = 10C(10-3) = 10C7. 99C5 = 99C(99-5) = 99C94. Statement 2: Jay can select k-1 of his problems in 4851 different ways. Since 4851 is relatively small, test small values for k-1. Case 1: k-1 = 2 From 99 problems, the number of ...”
January 14, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to CARS in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the number of defects in the first five cars to come through a new production line are 9, 7, 10, 4, and 6, respectively and that the sixth car through the production line has either 3, 7, or 12 defects. We''re asked which of the following three values does the MEAN ...”
January 13, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to GMAT Help Required.. 4 months to go.. diag 540 (38/27) in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi amg0410, To start, a 540 is a solid initial CAT Score (the average Score on the Official GMAT hovers around 550 most years). Before I can offer you the specific advice that you’re looking for, it would help if you could provide a bit more information on your timeline and your goals: ...”
January 13, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A tank has two water pumps Alpha and Beta and one drain Gamm in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x = 2 hours, y = 3 hours and z = 4 hours. Let the tank = 12 gallons. Since Alpha takes 2 hours to fill the 12-gallon tank, Alpha''s rate = w/t = 12/2 = 6 gallons per hour. Since Beta takes 3 hours to fill the 12-gallon tank, Beta''s rate = w/t = 12/3 = 4 gallons per hour. Since Gamma takes ...”
January 13, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Carlos runs a lap around the track in x seconds. His second in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Carlos runs a lap around the track in X SECONDS. His second lap is five SECONDS SLOWER than the first lap, but the third lap is two SECONDS FASTER than the first lap. We''re asked for Carlos’s average (arithmetic mean) number of MINUTES per LAP, in terms of X. This ...”
January 12, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Patricia builds two triangles, each with 30 feet of wood. in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Patricia builds two triangles, EACH with 30 feet of wood. The first triangle ABC is built to maximize the LENGTH of the BASE side. The second triangle DEF is built to maximize the AREA of the triangle. In addition, the lengths of all line segments are INTEGERS. We''re ...”
January 12, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to I took the GMAT today in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi mbaorbust3, I''m sorry to hear that Test Day did not go as well as hoped. Business Schools generally don''t care if you retake the GMAT though, so you have little to worry about in that regard. Before we can discuss how you might improve this next phase of your studies, it would help if you ...”
January 12, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to To furnish a room in model home, an interior decorator is to in the Problem Solving forum
“Since 150 combinations are possible, we get: (number of ways to choose 2 chairs)(number of ways to choose 2 tables) = 150. From 5 chairs, the number of ways to choose 2 = 5C2 = (5*4)/(2*1) = 10. Thus: (10)(number of ways to choose 2 tables) = 150 number of ways to choose 2 tables = 150/10 = ...”
January 11, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Carlos runs a lap around the track in x seconds. His second in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x = 5 seconds for the first lap, implying 10 seconds for the second lap, 3 seconds for the third lap, and a total of 18 seconds for all 3 laps. (18 seconds)/(3 laps) = (6 seconds)/(1 lap) = 1/10 minute per lap. The correct answer must yield a value of 1/10 when x=5. Only D works: (x+1)/60 ...”
January 11, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Every day in the morning Ross cycles for 2 hours. He always in the Problem Solving forum
“The information in red is irrelevant. Only the following facts matter: Ross travels onward at a rate of 1 mile every 12 minutes. He travels home for twice the onward distance at half the onward speed. Onward speed = 1 mile per 12 minutes = 5 miles per 60 minutes = 5 mph. Let the onward ...”
January 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In a certain bathtub, both the hot and cold water fixtures in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that In a certain bathtub, both the hot and cold water fixtures leak. The cold water leak alone would fill an empty bucket in C hours, and the hot water leak alone will fill the same bucket in H hours, where C < H. If both fixtures began to leak at the same time into the ...”
January 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The following tables show the revenues and costs, in in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Profit = Revenue - Costs and that costs will remain constant from 2007 to 2008, while revenues INCREASE by 10% in that same period. We''re asked for the percent increase in PROFITS from 2007 to 2008. This question comes down to some Arithmetic and the Percentage Change ...”
January 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to A class consists of 12 girls and 20 boys. One quarter of the in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that a class consists of 12 girls and 20 boys. One-quarter of the girls in the class have blue eyes. We''re asked for the probability that a randomly selected child is a girl who does NOT have blue eyes. This question comes down to some basic organization and Arithmetic. ...”
January 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Guidance on study plan in the GMAT Strategy forum
“Hi szhao, To start, a 730 initial Score is an outstanding performance (the average Score on the Official GMAT hovers around 550 most years), so you''re clearly a strong critical thinker. Focusing on the GMAT now - years before you will actually need your Score - is also a smart choice. Since ...”
January 11, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 in the Problem Solving forum
“The original total cost of the 10 pieces of fruit = 10*56 = 560. According to the answers, after 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 oranges are removed -- so that 9, 8, 7, 6, or 5 pieces of fruit remain -- the average cost per piece decreases to 52. Since the original total cost is a multiple of 10, and the price ...”
January 11, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The price of a phone call consists of a standard connection in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the price of a phone call consists of a standard connection fee, which is constant, plus a per minute charge, a 10-minute call costs $2.90 and a 16-minute call costs$4.40. We''re asked for the cost of a 13-minute call. This question can be solved in a couple of ...”
January 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to This year, x people won an Olympic medal for water in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question can be solved by TESTing VALUES (and taking a few notes). We''re told that X people won a medal for water competitions. Of those X people, 1/3 won a medal for swimming; of those who won a medal for SWIMMING, 1/4 also won a medal for diving. The common denominator ...”
January 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to This year, x people won an Olympic medal for water in the Problem Solving forum
“Let x = the product of the two denominators in the prompt = 3*4 = 12. Since 1/3 won a medal for swimming, the number who won a medal for swimming = (1/3)(12) = 4. Since 1/4 of the medal winners for swimming also won a medal for diving, the number who won both a medal for swimming and a medal for ...”
January 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to (7+43+7-43)^2 is equal to which of the following? in the Problem Solving forum
“√3 ≈ 1.7. 7 + 4√3 ≈ 7 + (4)(1.7) = 13.8. 7 - 4√3 ≈ 7 - (4)(1.7) = 0.2. Thus, the given expression can be approximated as follows: (√13.8 + √0.2)² = a little more than 13.8. Only D is viable. The correct answer is D.”
January 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to PLease help me with the concept! in the Sentence Correction forum
“Offhand, I cannot cite an official SC that violates the rule discussed above.”
January 10, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to How many integers between in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question is essentially about arithmetic and taking the proper notes. You can go about the math steps in a couple of different ways though - depending on how you ''see'' this information. From the prompt, we know that the farmer spent $35 on feed.... 40% of his money on chicken ...” January 10, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Stock - Number of shares V ------------------- 68 W ------- in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, "Range" questions come from the broader category of statistics, which will show up a couple of times on the GMAT. The range of a group of numbers is the difference between the largest number and the smallest number. Based on the original number of shares, the range would ...” January 10, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The water from one outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can f in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, This question is a standard "Work Formula" question. When you have 2 entities sharing a task, you can use the following formula to figure out how long it takes for the 2 entities to complete the task together. Work = (A)(B)/(A+B) where A and B are the individual times ...” January 10, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The architects of a certain type of building estimate in the Problem Solving forum “Hi All, We''re told that the architects of a certain type of building estimate construction costs to be$2.0 million per floor for each of the first 5 floors, $2.5 million per floor for each of the next 3 floors, and$3.5 million per floor for any additional floors. We''re asked what the ...”
January 10, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to What is the greatest possible area of a triangular region in the Problem Solving forum
“Given two sides of a triangle, the greatest possible area will be achieved if the two sides form a RIGHT ANGLE and serve as the triangle''s base and height. For the problem above, I posted an illustrated solution here: ...”
January 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Stock - Number of shares V ------------------- 68 W ------- in the Problem Solving forum
“Original range = (greatest number of shares) - (smallest number of shares) = 112-45 = 67. After 24 shares of Y are purchased, new Y = 94+24 = 118. After 20 shares of X are sold, new X = 56-20 = 36. New range = (new greatest number of shares) - (new smallest number of shares) = 118-36 = 82. ...”
January 9, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to On a certain Monday, Carlos drove to work at an average in the Problem Solving forum
“When the SAME DISTANCE is traveled at two different speeds, the average speed for the entire trip will be CLOSER TO THE LOWER SPEED than to the higher speed. The reason: The portion traveled at the lower speed takes LONGER. Since more time is spent at the lower speed than at the higher speed, the ...”
January 8, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Sumanta needs to type up her 1950-word paper by its 5 pm in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, This question can be solved by TESTing THE ANSWERS. This is essentially a rate question, but the rate (and the time spent at that rate) changes depending on what time Rachel begins typing. Based on the information in the prompt, we know that if Rachel begins typing at 3pm, then she ...”
January 8, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the first round of the elections, the only two candidates in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that in the first round of the elections, the only two candidates got exactly the SAME number of votes and during the second round, 15,000 votes switched from the first candidate to the second one. We''re also told that the total number of votes remained the same in both ...”
January 8, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A department manager distributed a number of pens, pencils, in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: The numbers of pens, pencils, and pads that each staff member received were in the ratio 2:3:4, respectively. Since 2+3+4 = 9, the total number of pens + pencils + pads must be a multiple of 9. No way to determine the exact number of staff members. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: ...”
January 8, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Because natural gas is composed mostly of methane in the Sentence Correction forum
“Both of the following are viable: Vehicles powered by natural gas emit less of certain pollutants than those burning gasoline or diesel fuel. Vehicles powered by ndatural gas emit less of certain pollutants than do those burning gasoline or diesel fuel. The inclusion of do is optional. With or ...”
January 8, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the graph of y = x^2 + ax + b passes through the points ( in the Data Sufficiency forum
“What is the value of n-m? (m,0) and (n,0) are the two points where y=0 and the graph intersects the x-axis. Thus, m and n are the x-intercepts of the graph. Since m < n, n-m > 0. Question rephrased: What is the positive difference between the x-intercepts? Statement 1: 4b = a²-4 Test ...”
January 8, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If x is integer and 3 | x |+x < 4, what is the value of x in the Data Sufficiency forum
“3|x| < 4-x Case 1: Signs unchanged 3x < -x 4x < 4 x < 1 Case 2: Signs changed in the absolute value 3(-x) < 4-x -2x < 4 x > -2 Question stem, rephrased: If x is an integer such that -2 < x < 1, what is the value of x? Statement 1: x < 0 Here, x must ...”
January 8, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to What is the value of 25*8÷50÷2 in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re asked for the value of 25*8÷50÷2. This question involves rules called "Order of Operations", but as long as you know those rules, the work here isn''t too difficult. In Order of Operations, both multiplication and division are on the same ''level'' (meaning that you ...”
January 8, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to HELP!!! Very POOR VERBAL score. in the Suggestions and Feedback forum
“Hi Linda, Training to score at a high level on the GMAT often requires more than just ''weekend study'', so if you can put in a little study time during the week (even if it''s just an hour a day), then that would likely help you a great deal. As it stands, with a 580, you''re actually closer to ...”
January 8, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to The main ingredient in a certain prescription drug capsule c in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that the main ingredient in a certain prescription drug capsule cost $500 per kilogram. If each capsule contains 600 milligrams of ingredient, what is the cost of the ingredient in a capsule? (1 kilogram = 10^6 milligrams). This is a ''unit conversion'' question and comes ...” January 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In 1991, the price of a house was 80% of its original price. in the Problem Solving forum “Let the original price = 100. 1991 price = 80% of 100 = 80. 1992 price = 60% of 100 = 60. Percent decrease from 80 to 60 = (Difference/Larger) * 100 = (20/80) * 100 = 25. The correct answer is B.” January 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The main ingredient in a certain prescription drug capsule c in the Problem Solving forum “Each capsule contains 600 milligrams of ingredient. 10⁶ milligrams = 1 kilogram. 1 kilogram of ingredient = 500 dollars. To determine the cost per capsule, we must use the relationships above to convert 600 milligrams into dollars: (600 milligrams) * (1 kilogram)/(10⁶ milligrams) * ...” January 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to The numbers of women is singular or plural? in the Sentence Correction forum “percent may serve as a NOUN. Of the students in the class, eighty percent passed the test. Here, eighty percent is a NOUN serving as the subject of passed. twice is a MODIFIER. It cannot serve as the subject of a sentence. Of the students in the class, twice passed the test. The sentence ...” January 7, 2019 GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If f(a*b) = f(a) + f(b), what is the value of f(1)? in the Problem Solving forum “Let a=1 and b=2. Plugging a=1 and b=2 into f(ab) = f(a) + f(b), we get: f(1*2) = f(1) + f(2) f(2) = f(1) + f(2) 0 = f(1). The correct answer is C.” January 7, 2019 Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to After her birthday, Fiona had D dollars in gift money. in the Problem Solving forum “Hi VJesus12, We''re told that after her birthday, Fiona had D dollars in gift money. She spent 3/5 of this on an electric skateboard, then she spent 1/3 of what WAS LEFT on a movie passcard, and then finally put the last$80 in the bank. Assuming she made no other purchases with that money, ...”
January 6, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the coordinate geometry plane, point A is the midpoint in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi VJesus12, This question can be solved with a bit of general graphing (you do not need to be hyper-accurate with your drawing to get the correct answer). To start, we''re told that in the coordinate geometry plane, Point A is the midpoint between points (5,8) and (-3, -2). Draw those two ...”
January 6, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to In the figure above, an equilateral triangle is inscribed in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi VJesus12, We''re told that in the figure above, an EQUILATERAL triangle is inscribed in a circle and the arc bounded by adjacent corners of the triangle is between 4π and 6π long. We''re asked which of the following COULD be the diameter of the circle. As scary as this question might look, ...”
January 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to A store sells erasers for 0.23\$ per piece and pencil for in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Consider the following equation: 5x + 7y = 70. If x and y are nonnegative integers, the following solutions are possible: x=0, y=10 x=7, y=5 x=14, y=0. Notice the following: The value of x changes in increments of 7 (the coefficient for y). The value of y changes in increments of 5 (the ...”
January 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to the mixture to make the ratio of milk and water in the new m in the Problem Solving forum
“The ratio of milk and water in a mixture is 2:1, Let milk = 2 liters and water = 1 liter. Some quantity of water is added to the mixture to make the ratio of milk and water in the new mixture 1:2. Since the resulting amount of water must be double the original 2 liters of milk, the resulting ...”
January 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Little Texas Drilling Company has three wells, each producin in the Problem Solving forum
“Given the answer choices, the prompt should read as follows: A''s rate = (1 barrel)/(2 minutes) * (60 minutes)/(1 hour) = 30 barrels per hour. B''s rate = (1 barrel)/(3 minutes) * (60 minutes)/(1 hour) = 20 barrels per hour. C''s rate = (1 barrel)/(15 minutes) * (60 minutes)/(1 hour) = 15 ...”
January 6, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If y = |2 + x| - |2 – x| and |2x – 15| < 2, how many in the Problem Solving forum
“|a-b| = the distance between a and b |a+b| = |a-(-b)| = the distance between a and -b y = |2 + x| - |2 – x| y = |x+2| - |x-2| y = |x-(-2)| - |x-2| y = the subtraction of two distances: (distance between x and -2) - (distance between x and 2) On the number line: ...”
January 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Seven cars of seven different models are going to park in in the Problem Solving forum
“Let the 7 cars be A, B, C, D, P, Q and S. Since P and Q must occupy adjacent positions, consider PQ a single element in the arrangement. The number of ways to arrange the 6 elements A, B, C, D, PQ and S = 6! = 720. In 1/2 of these arrangements, S will be to the LEFT of PQ. In the ...”
January 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Which of the following must be non-negative? in the Problem Solving forum
“D: (a-0.9)(a-0.9) = (a-0.9)². The square of a value cannot be negative. The correct answer is D.”
January 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Machine M and Machine N working alone at their constant rate in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: Case 1: N = 4000 nails per hour, M = 2000 nails per hour Since N''s rate = 4000 nails per hour, the time for N to produce 8000 nails = 8000/4000 = 2 hours. Since M''s rate = 2000 nails per hour, the time for M to produce 6000 nails = 6000/2000 = 3 hours. In this case, M works longer ...”
January 5, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Each of the 25 balls in a certain box is either red, blue, in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Let: W = the total number of white marbles. E = the total number of even marbles. WE = the total number of white even marbles. Statement 1: Thus, WE = 0. No way to determine the value of W or E. INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2: Implication: W-E = (0.2)(25) = 5. Case 1: W=10, E=5, WE=0 ...”
January 4, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Allison always leaves her office at 5.00pm and reaches her in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 2: Brittany always leaves the hotel at exactly 5.30pm. To see the situation more clearly, plug in a value for the distance between the hotel and the office. Let the distance = 6 miles. Since Allison takes 1 hour -- from 5 to 6pm -- to travel the entire distance, Alison''s rate = d/t = ...”
January 4, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to Alice, Benjamin, and Carol each try independently to win a c in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi jain2016, Since we have the probabilities of each person winning a game, we can ''map out'' the 3 situations in which 2 of them win and 1 of them loses: A wins, B wins, C loses = (1/5)(3/8)(5/7) = 15/240 A wins, B loses, C wins = (1/5)(5/8)(2/7) = 10/240 A loses, B wins, C wins = ...”
January 4, 2019
Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com posted a reply to If y = 2 + 2K and y≠0y≠0, then 1/y + 1/y + 1/y + 1/y = ? in the Problem Solving forum
“Hi All, We''re told that Y = 2 + 2K and Y ≠ 0. We''re asked for the value of 1/Y + 1/Y + 1/Y + 1/Y. This question can be solved in a number of different ways, including by TESTing VALUES. Since we''re adding four fractions with the SAME denominator, we can just use some basic Arithmetic and ...”
January 4, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If y = 2 + 2K and y≠0y≠0, then 1/y + 1/y + 1/y + 1/y = ? in the Problem Solving forum
“Let k=0, implying that y = 2 + 2*0 = 2. Plugging y=2 into 1/y + 1/y + 1/y + 1/y, we get: 1/2 + 1/2 + 1/2 + 1/2 = 2. The correct answer must yield a value of 2 when k=0. Only B works: 2/(1+k) = 2/(1+0) = 2. The correct answer is B.”
January 4, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG Verbal 2016-SC# 63 in the Sentence Correction forum
“In my previous response, I provided links to three official examples. This construction seems viable.”
January 4, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to OG Verbal 2016-SC# 63 in the Sentence Correction forum
“It is possible for back-to-back modifiers joined solely by a comma to have the same referent. Three examples: http://www.beatthegmat.com/the-hognose-snake-puts-on-an-impressive-bluff-t93558.html http://www.beatthegmat.com/parallelism-issue-t96011.html ...”
January 4, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to In a sports club, 6 players are divided into 3 teams of 2 pl in the Problem Solving forum
“The usage of the term arrangements is misleading. The prompt seems intended to ask the following: The first player selected can be paired with any of the 5 other players. Thus, the number of options for the first player selected = 5. At this point, 4 players remain. The next player ...”
January 4, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to This morning, a certain sugar container was full. Since then in the Data Sufficiency forum
“The determine the percent decrease, we need to know the RATIO between the remaining amount of sugar after cookie-making and the original amount of sugar. Statement 1: Case 1: Remaining sugar after cookie-making = 10 pounds Since the remaimning amount of sugar would need to increase by 30% to ...”
January 3, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to Is x/y < 0? in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Question stem, rephrased: Do x and y have different signs? Statement 1: |x+y| < |x|+|y| Since an absolute value cannot be negative, both sides here are NONNEGATIVE, enabling us to safely square the inequality: (|x+y|)²< (|x|+|y|)² x² + y² + 2xy < x² + y² + 2|x||y| xy < ...”
January 3, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If the average of four numbers is 35, how many of the in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Sum of the 4 numbers = (quantity)(average) = 4*35 = 140. Statement 1: None of the numbers are exactly 3 To save time, check whether it''s possible to get different answers to the question stem while also satisfying Statement 2. Case 1: 0, 33, 33, 74 --> sum = 0+33+33+74 = 140 In this ...”
January 3, 2019
GMATGuruNY posted a reply to If a car traveled from Townsend to Smallville at an average in the Data Sufficiency forum
“Statement 1: The trip from Townsend to Smallville took 50% longer than the trip from Smallville to Townsend. Case 1: Distance between Townsend and Smallville = 80 miles Time to travel from Townsend to Smallville at a speed of 40 mph = 80/40 = 2 hours. Time to travel from Smallville to Townsend = ...”
January 3, 2019