Helen mixes a first solution, 4 liters of 40% concentrated sulfuric acid solution, with a second solution, 5 liters of a sulfuric acid solution with a stronger concentration, and the resultant solution is 9 liters of 50% concentrated sulfuric acid solution. What was the concentration, as a percent, of the second solution?
(A) 28
(B) 38
(C) 58
(D) 68
(E) 78
OA C
Source: Magoosh
Helen mixes a first solution, 4 liters of 40% concentrated sulfuric acid solution, with a second solution, 5 liters of a
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We can solve this question by applying some logicBTGmoderatorDC wrote: ↑Sun Jun 13, 2021 3:19 pmHelen mixes a first solution, 4 liters of 40% concentrated sulfuric acid solution, with a second solution, 5 liters of a sulfuric acid solution with a stronger concentration, and the resultant solution is 9 liters of 50% concentrated sulfuric acid solution. What was the concentration, as a percent, of the second solution?
(A) 28
(B) 38
(C) 58
(D) 68
(E) 78
OA C
Source: Magoosh
Key concept #1: If we combine EQUAL volumes of two solutions, the concentration of the resulting solution will be the AVERAGE of the two original solutions
For example, if we combine 5 gallons of 20% solution with 5 gallons of 40% solution, then the resulting solution will have a concentration of 30%
Key concept #2: If we combine DIFFERENT volumes of two solutions, the concentration of the resulting solution will be the CLOSER to the concentration of the solution that we used MORE of
For example, if we combine 5 gallons of 20% solution with 6 gallons of 40% solution, then the resulting solution will have a concentration that's closer to 40% than it is to 20% (since we used MORE of the 40% solution)
GIVEN: 4 liters of 40% solution are combined with 5 liters of a different solution, and the resulting solution has a concentration of 50%
Concept #1 tells us that, if we combined 4 liters of 40% solution are combined with 4 liters of a 60% solution, the resulting solution would have a concentration of 50%.
Concept #2 tells us that, if we combined 4 liters of 40% solution are combined with 5 liters of a 60% solution, the concentration of the resulting solution will be GREATER THAN 50%.
This tells us that, the concentration of the second solution must be LESS THAN 60%
So, we can ELIMINATE D and E
IMPORTANT: We can also eliminate other choices A and B.
A) 28: If we combine 4 liters of 40% solution with 5 liters of 28% solution, then the resulting solution will be BETWEEN 28% and 40%.
In other words, it would be impossible to have a resulting solution that has a 50% concentration.
B) 38. The same logic applies.
So, by the process of elimination, the correct answer must be C
Cheers,
Brent