GMAT Prep (Pract2) Equilateral Triangle
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 Senior  Next Rank: 100 Posts
 Posts: 30
 Joined: 31 Jan 2009
 Location: new jersey
 GMAT Score:640
A much easier way to solve it is the following. The problem says the triangle is equilateral, which as you know means all sides are equal. This also means that all sides have 60 degrees angles. QS bisects PR and forms a 90 degree angle, hence PS and SR are equal. Angle Q is cut in half so 60 is now 30.
At this moment you should recognize the 30:60:90 type of triangle being formed. This means that the side opposite the 30 degree angle or PS is x, the side opposite the 60 degree angle or QS will be x√3 and the side opposite the 90 degree angle or PQ is 2x. This is in the same way that a 45:45:90 triangle is x : x : x√2. These types of triangles are the most common so you can look them up in the Official Guide 11th edition page 130 or on the web.
Since you know the value of QS= 4√3 (looks familiar to the value of the side opposite to the 60 degree angle mentioned above 4√3 = x√3). Then from here you can determine that x = 4 and that 2x = 8. Since all sides are equal and you know the value for PQ = 2x = 8, then 8 * 3 = 24. Hope this helped.
At this moment you should recognize the 30:60:90 type of triangle being formed. This means that the side opposite the 30 degree angle or PS is x, the side opposite the 60 degree angle or QS will be x√3 and the side opposite the 90 degree angle or PQ is 2x. This is in the same way that a 45:45:90 triangle is x : x : x√2. These types of triangles are the most common so you can look them up in the Official Guide 11th edition page 130 or on the web.
Since you know the value of QS= 4√3 (looks familiar to the value of the side opposite to the 60 degree angle mentioned above 4√3 = x√3). Then from here you can determine that x = 4 and that 2x = 8. Since all sides are equal and you know the value for PQ = 2x = 8, then 8 * 3 = 24. Hope this helped.

 Senior  Next Rank: 100 Posts
 Posts: 30
 Joined: 31 Jan 2009
 Location: new jersey
 GMAT Score:640
A much easier way to solve it is the following. The problem says the triangle is equilateral, which as you know means all sides are equal. This also means that all sides have 60 degrees angles. QS bisects PR and forms a 90 degree angle, hence PS and SR are equal. Angle Q is cut in half so 60 is now 30.
At this moment you should recognize the 30:60:90 type of triangle being formed. This means that the side opposite the 30 degree angle or PS is x, the side opposite the 60 degree angle or QS will be x√3 and the side opposite the 90 degree angle or PQ is 2x. This is in the same way that a 45:45:90 triangle is x : x : x√2. These types of triangles are the most common so you can look them up in the Official Guide 11th edition page 130 or on the web.
Since you know the value of QS= 4√3 (looks familiar to the value of the side opposite to the 60 degree angle mentioned above 4√3 = x√3). Then from here you can determine that x = 4 and that 2x = 8. Since all sides are equal and you know the value for PQ = 2x = 8, then 8 * 3 = 24. Hope this helped.
At this moment you should recognize the 30:60:90 type of triangle being formed. This means that the side opposite the 30 degree angle or PS is x, the side opposite the 60 degree angle or QS will be x√3 and the side opposite the 90 degree angle or PQ is 2x. This is in the same way that a 45:45:90 triangle is x : x : x√2. These types of triangles are the most common so you can look them up in the Official Guide 11th edition page 130 or on the web.
Since you know the value of QS= 4√3 (looks familiar to the value of the side opposite to the 60 degree angle mentioned above 4√3 = x√3). Then from here you can determine that x = 4 and that 2x = 8. Since all sides are equal and you know the value for PQ = 2x = 8, then 8 * 3 = 24. Hope this helped.
Fercho81's response is the best way to do it I think
Line segment QS divides the equilateral triangle 606060 into 2 triangles with angles 306090. The sides of such a triangle are in ratio of 1:sqroot3:2
Therefore 4:4sqroot3:8
Thus you have length of one side 8, multiply that into 3 as all sides are equal.
24 is the answer
Line segment QS divides the equilateral triangle 606060 into 2 triangles with angles 306090. The sides of such a triangle are in ratio of 1:sqroot3:2
Therefore 4:4sqroot3:8
Thus you have length of one side 8, multiply that into 3 as all sides are equal.
24 is the answer