Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have

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Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.

(A) Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,
(B) Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
(C) Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
(D) Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,
(E) Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and


OA A

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In this sentence, the writer says that "the process through which sun produces heat and light" is known as "fusion" and scientist have studied the process and attempted to mimic it.

Option A - Correct
The correct modifier is modifying correctly so as to identify the subject in the two clauses. It also employs the use of an active voice to show the subject.

Option B - Incorrect
The modifier doesn't modify the correct subject "fusion". It modifies "heat and light" as the process.

Option C - Incorrect
This sentence is written in a passive voice which makes it difficult for the subject to be identified.

Option D - Incorrect
This is wrong because when inserted in the sentence, it makes it seem like the "sun uses heat and light" which doesn't show a connection to the process "fusion". Also, the second part of the sentence, "the sun and light some of whom have attempted" say the sun and light have attempted something which is wrong because only the scientists have attempted something.

Option E - Incorrect
This has the same issue as option D.