Four extralarge sandwiches of exactly the same size were ordered for m students, where m > 4. Three of the sandwiches were evenly divided among the students. Since 4 students did not want any of the fourth sandwich, it was evenly divided among the remaining students. If Carol ate one piece from each of the four sandwiches, the amount of sandwich that she ate would be what fraction of a whole extralarge sandwich?
1. m+4/m(m4)
2. 2m4/m(m4)
3. 4m4/m(m4)
4. 4m8/m(m4)
5. 4m12/m(m4)
Four extralarge sandwiches
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IMO E,
each of the 3 sandwiches is divided among m students. Each one gets 1/m
the 4th sandwich is divided among (m4) studetns . each one gets 1/(m4)
since carol ate parts of each of the 4 sandwiches, she would have eaten
1/m + 1/m + 1/m +1(m4) = 3/m + 1/(m4) = (4m12)/m(m4)
hope this helps.
each of the 3 sandwiches is divided among m students. Each one gets 1/m
the 4th sandwich is divided among (m4) studetns . each one gets 1/(m4)
since carol ate parts of each of the 4 sandwiches, she would have eaten
1/m + 1/m + 1/m +1(m4) = 3/m + 1/(m4) = (4m12)/m(m4)
hope this helps.
Let x be the size of each sandwich
Carol ate x/m+x/m+x/m + x/m4 (first 3 divided equally among m students and the 4th among m4 students so each part would be x/m in the first 3 and x/m4 for the 4th)
=3x/m + x/m4
Fraction Carol ate per whole large sandwich(size x)
(3x/m + x/m4 ) / x
(3x(m4)+ mx / m(m4) ) *1/x
x(3m12+m) / m(m4) * 1/x
x cancels out
4m12/m(m4) is the fraction she ate of a whole extralarge sandwich
Carol ate x/m+x/m+x/m + x/m4 (first 3 divided equally among m students and the 4th among m4 students so each part would be x/m in the first 3 and x/m4 for the 4th)
=3x/m + x/m4
Fraction Carol ate per whole large sandwich(size x)
(3x/m + x/m4 ) / x
(3x(m4)+ mx / m(m4) ) *1/x
x(3m12+m) / m(m4) * 1/x
x cancels out
4m12/m(m4) is the fraction she ate of a whole extralarge sandwich
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I received a PM requesting that I solve this problem.ska7945 wrote:Four extralarge sandwiches of exactly the same size were ordered for m students, where m > 4. Three of the sandwiches were evenly divided among the students. Since 4 students did not want any of the fourth sandwich, it was evenly divided among the remaining students. If Carol ate one piece from each of the four sandwiches, the amount of sandwich that she ate would be what fraction of a whole extralarge sandwich?
1. m+4/m(m4)
2. 2m4/m(m4)
3. 4m4/m(m4)
4. 4m8/m(m4)
5. 4m12/m(m4)
Let m=5, implying that there are 5 students.
Let each sandwich = 5 units, implying that 3 sandwiches = 3*5 = 15 units.
Since 3 sandwiches are distributed among all 5 students  including Carol  the number of units received by Carol from these 3 sandwiches = 15/5 = 3 units.
Since 4 of the 5 students do not share in the last sandwich, and Carol eats a portion of EVERY sandwich, all 5 units of the last sandwich must be given to Carol.
Thus, total units for Carol = 3+5 = 8 units.
Resulting fraction:
(Carol's units)/(units per sandwich) = 8/5. This is our target.
Now plug m=5 into the answer choices to see which yields our target of 8/5.
Each answer choice has the same denominator:
m(m4) = 5(54) = 5.
To yield our target of 8/5, the correct answer choice must have a numerator of 8.
Only E works:
4m12 = (4*5)  12 = 8.
The correct answer is E.
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Hi All,
We’re told that 4 extralarge sandwiches of the same size were ordered by M students, where M > 4. The first three sandwiches were EVENLY DIVIDED among the students, but since 4 of the students did not want any of the 4th sandwich, that sandwich was evenly divided among the remaining students. We’re told that Carol ate a piece from EACH of the 4 sandwiches. We’re asked what fraction of a WHOLE sandwich Carol’s portion was. While this question is wordy, we can solve it rather easily by TESTing VALUES.
IF…. M = 5, then we have 5 people sharing the first 3 sandwiches (and Carol would be the 5th student who ultimately gets the ENTIRE 4th sandwich to herself – since the other 4 students don’t want any of it).
Thus, Carol received 1/5 of each of the first 3 sandwiches and ALL of the 4th sandwich. This is the equivalent of eating (3)(1/5) + 1 = 1 3/5 sandwiches. The answers are all written as mixed fractions though, so the correct answer will equal 8/5 when M = 5.
While we would normally have to do all of the math to check all 5 answers, several of the them are written in such as way that you can eliminate them by only checking the numerator….
Answer A: The numerator here would be (5+4) = 9… which is NOT 8 (nor a multiple of 8), so this cannot be the answer.
Answer B: The numerator here would be (10 – 4) = 6… which is also NOT 8 or a multiple of 8, so this cannot be the answer.
Answer C: The numerator here is (20 – 4) = 16… which is fine. The overall fraction equals 16/5 though, which is NOT a match for what we’re looking for.
Answer D: The numerator here is (20 – 8) = 12, which does not fit what we’re looking for.
Answer E: Here, the numerator is (20 – 12) = 8, which is a match. The overall fraction is 8/5, which is a MATCH for what we are looking for – and since it’s the only one that matches, it MUST be the correct answer.
Final Answer: E
GMAT Assassins aren’t born, they’re made,
Rich
We’re told that 4 extralarge sandwiches of the same size were ordered by M students, where M > 4. The first three sandwiches were EVENLY DIVIDED among the students, but since 4 of the students did not want any of the 4th sandwich, that sandwich was evenly divided among the remaining students. We’re told that Carol ate a piece from EACH of the 4 sandwiches. We’re asked what fraction of a WHOLE sandwich Carol’s portion was. While this question is wordy, we can solve it rather easily by TESTing VALUES.
IF…. M = 5, then we have 5 people sharing the first 3 sandwiches (and Carol would be the 5th student who ultimately gets the ENTIRE 4th sandwich to herself – since the other 4 students don’t want any of it).
Thus, Carol received 1/5 of each of the first 3 sandwiches and ALL of the 4th sandwich. This is the equivalent of eating (3)(1/5) + 1 = 1 3/5 sandwiches. The answers are all written as mixed fractions though, so the correct answer will equal 8/5 when M = 5.
While we would normally have to do all of the math to check all 5 answers, several of the them are written in such as way that you can eliminate them by only checking the numerator….
Answer A: The numerator here would be (5+4) = 9… which is NOT 8 (nor a multiple of 8), so this cannot be the answer.
Answer B: The numerator here would be (10 – 4) = 6… which is also NOT 8 or a multiple of 8, so this cannot be the answer.
Answer C: The numerator here is (20 – 4) = 16… which is fine. The overall fraction equals 16/5 though, which is NOT a match for what we’re looking for.
Answer D: The numerator here is (20 – 8) = 12, which does not fit what we’re looking for.
Answer E: Here, the numerator is (20 – 12) = 8, which is a match. The overall fraction is 8/5, which is a MATCH for what we are looking for – and since it’s the only one that matches, it MUST be the correct answer.
Final Answer: E
GMAT Assassins aren’t born, they’re made,
Rich