At a family summer party, each of the \(x\) members of the family chose whether or not to have a hamburger and whether or not to have a hotdog. If \(\dfrac13\) chose to have a hamburger, and of those \(\dfrac17\) chose to also have a hotdog, then how many family members chose NOT to have both?

A. \(\dfrac{x}{21}\)

B. \(\dfrac{x}{10}\)

C. \(\dfrac{9x}{10}\)

D. \(\dfrac{10x}{21}\)

E. \(\dfrac{20x}{21}\)

Answer: E

Source: EMPOWERgmat

## At a family summer party, each of the \(x\) members of the family chose whether or not to have a hamburger and whether

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These kinds of questions (Variables in the Answer Choices - VIACs) can be answered algebraically or using the INPUT-OUTPUT approach.Vincen wrote: ↑Fri Feb 11, 2022 3:15 amAt a family summer party, each of the \(x\) members of the family chose whether or not to have a hamburger and whether or not to have a hotdog. If \(\dfrac13\) chose to have a hamburger, and of those \(\dfrac17\) chose to also have a hotdog, then how many family members chose NOT to have both?

A. \(\dfrac{x}{21}\)

B. \(\dfrac{x}{10}\)

C. \(\dfrac{9x}{10}\)

D. \(\dfrac{10x}{21}\)

E. \(\dfrac{20x}{21}\)

Answer: E

Source: EMPOWERgmat

Here's the INPUT-OUTPUT approach.

It might be useful to choose a number that works well with the fractions given in the question (1/3 and 1/7).

So, let's say there are 21 family members at the party.

In other words, we're saying that x = 21

**1/3 chose to have a hamburger, and of those 1/7 chose to also have a hotdog.**1/3 of 21 is 7, so 7 people chose to have a hamburger.

1/7 of 7 = 1, so 1 person had BOTH a hamburger AND a hotdog.

**How many family members chose NOT to have both?**If 1 person had BOTH a hamburger AND a hotdog, then the remaining 20 people did not have BOTH a hamburger AND a hotdog.

So, when we INPUT x = 21, the answer to the question is "20 people did not have BOTH a hamburger AND a hotdog"

Now we'll INPUT x = 21 into each answer choice and see which one yields the correct OUTPUT of 20

A. 21/21 = 1. We want an output of 20. ELIMINATE A.

B. 21/10 = 2.1. We want an output of 20. ELIMINATE B.

C. (9)(21)/10 = 18.9. We want an output of 20. ELIMINATE C.

D. (10)(21)/21 = 10. We want an output of 20. ELIMINATE D.

E. (20)(21)/21 = = 20. PERFECT!

Answer: E