A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and

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A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.


A. A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

B. A researcher claims that a tornado, if of a given size and strength, is likely both proportionately and in absolute numbers to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

C. A researcher claims that, with a tornado of a given size and strength, it is likely to cause more death, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern rather than in the northeastern region of the United States.

D. If a tornado is of a given size and strength, a researcher claims, it is more likely, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, to cause death if it is in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern region.

E. Both proportionately and in absolute numbers, a researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern.

OA : A

I am absolutely clueless on this one. Experts please help. Thanks in anticipation.

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by [email protected] » Tue Apr 16, 2019 5:53 pm
The modifier "both proportionately and in absolute numbers" has to modify "more deaths."

That modifier would not modify "to cause," in (B), as "to cause ... in absolute numbers" makes no sense. So, (B ) is out.

That modifier might modify "death," in (C). So, let's see whether there is a clearer decision point for eliminating (C).

In (C), the use of "rather" does not make sense, as it does not make sense to say that a tornado would cause more death in one region rather than in another. The comparison is incomplete, as what "more death" is more than is not stated. To be logical, the sentence has to say something along the lines of "cause more death in one region than in another." So, (C) is out.

In (D), "both proportionately and in absolute numbers" illogically modifies "more likely."

In (E), "both proportionately and in absolute numbers" illogically modifies "a researcher claims.

While "cause more more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers" is not entirely logical, the only version that makes any sense at all is [spoiler](A)[/spoiler].
Marty Murray
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