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OG 2016 SC 38

by Crystal W » Sun May 15, 2016 12:08 am
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks our of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid.

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid

I understand the parallelism. My question is about the verb tense. Can somebody explain the "has been" ?
Thanks in advance!

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by Abhishek009 » Sun May 15, 2016 7:52 am
Crystal W wrote: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks our of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.


I understand the parallelism. My question is about the verb tense. Can somebody explain the "has been" ?
We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now.

Image

Here in this question // is tested -


There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

Hence IMHO (D) is the answer.
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by thang » Wed May 18, 2016 7:55 pm
Crystal W wrote:There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks our of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid.

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid

I understand the parallelism. My question is about the verb tense. Can somebody explain the "has been" ?
Thanks in advance!
hard question.
our success on sc depend on our ability to realize meaning error when we read an answer choice. focus on meaning analysis.

choice A.
it is hard to realize meaning error here. the method has been forming and they are laid.
these two clause are paralel grammatically but it is not logic that two clauses are paralel.

using our common sense of this world, action of forming and laying should be paralel.
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