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While many of the dinosaur

This topic has 2 expert replies and 4 member replies
boomgoesthegmat Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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While many of the dinosaur

Post Wed May 04, 2016 4:52 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    While many of the dinosaur fossils found recently in northeast China seem to provide evidence of the kinship between dinosaurs and birds, the wealth of enigmatic fossils seem more likely at this stage that they will inflame debates over the origin of birds rather than settle them.

    A) seem more likely at this stage that they will inflame debates over the origin of birds rather than

    B) seem more likely that it will inflame debates over the origin of birds at this stage than

    C) seems more likely to inflame debates on the origin of birds at this stage rather than

    D) seems more likely at this stage to inflame debates over the origin of birds than to

    E) seems more likely that it will inflame debates on the origin of birds at this stage than to

    OA: D

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    Post Wed May 04, 2016 4:50 pm
    This is SC #124 in OG 2016.

    This question is testing SUBJECT / VERB agreement and CLAUSE structure.

    When a sentence begins with a word like "while," the structure is dependent clause + independent clause.

    While X is true, Y is also true.

    Here, "X is true" is a dependent clause, and "Y is true" is the independent (or main) clause.


    While many of the dinosaur fossils found recently in northeast China seem to provide evidence of the kinship between dinosaurs and birds, the wealth of enigmatic fossils seem more likely at this stage that they will inflame debates over the origin of birds rather than settle them.

    The independent clause in this sentence starts after the comma: the subject is "the wealth," NOT "fossils."

    A) seem more likely at this stage that they will inflame debates over the origin of birds rather than

    "the wealth ... seem" does not agree. The correct idiomatic usage would be "the wealth seems to," not "seems that." "They" is also ambiguous. Incorrect.


    B) seem more likely that it will inflame debates over the origin of birds at this stage than

    Same issues as with A, and "it" is also ambiguous here. Incorrect.


    C) seems more likely to inflame debates on the origin of birds at this stage rather than

    "The wealth... seems" fixes the subject/verb issue, but the modifier "at this stage" seems to indicate that the birds are at a particular stage - illogical. We want to say that it "seems likely at this stage."


    D) seems more likely at this stage to inflame debates over the origin of birds than to

    Correct. The subject and verb agree, and the modifiers make logical sense.


    E) seems more likely that it will inflame debates on the origin of birds at this stage than to

    The verb is correct, but the construction "the wealth... seems... that it will" is both non-idiomatic and illogical.


    The correct answer is D.

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    aflaam Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Wed May 04, 2016 5:21 pm
    ceilidh.erickson wrote:
    This is SC #124 in OG 2016.

    This question is testing SUBJECT / VERB agreement and CLAUSE structure.

    When a sentence begins with a word like "while," the structure is dependent clause + independent clause.

    While X is true, Y is also true.

    Here, "X is true" is a dependent clause, and "Y is true" is the independent (or main) clause.


    While many of the dinosaur fossils found recently in northeast China seem to provide evidence of the kinship between dinosaurs and birds, the wealth of enigmatic fossils seem more likely at this stage that they will inflame debates over the origin of birds rather than settle them.

    The independent clause in this sentence starts after the comma: the subject is "the wealth," NOT "fossils."

    A) seem more likely at this stage that they will inflame debates over the origin of birds rather than

    "the wealth ... seem" does not agree. The correct idiomatic usage would be "the wealth seems to," not "seems that." "They" is also ambiguous. Incorrect.


    B) seem more likely that it will inflame debates over the origin of birds at this stage than

    Same issues as with A, and "it" is also ambiguous here. Incorrect.


    C) seems more likely to inflame debates on the origin of birds at this stage rather than

    "The wealth... seems" fixes the subject/verb issue, but the modifier "at this stage" seems to indicate that the birds are at a particular stage - illogical. We want to say that it "seems likely at this stage."


    D) seems more likely at this stage to inflame debates over the origin of birds than to

    Correct. The subject and verb agree, and the modifiers make logical sense.


    E) seems more likely that it will inflame debates on the origin of birds at this stage than to

    The verb is correct, but the construction "the wealth... seems... that it will" is both non-idiomatic and illogical.


    The correct answer is D.
    Great explanation,
    Ceilidh can you please let us know a little more about pronoun ambiguity?
    Ron Purewal, also from MGMAT, has a different position on this issue.
    But you have eliminated number of choices based on pronoun ambiguity( albeit not solely on this issue).
    Should other errors also be spotted before knocking off a choice containing an ambiguous pronoun?


    Can you please let us know a little more when pronoun can be considered ambiguous; It will clarify a lot of confusion that prevails and equip us with another method to eliminate an incorrect answer choice much more confidently?

    Post Thu May 05, 2016 10:58 am
    aflaam wrote:
    Great explanation,
    Ceilidh can you please let us know a little more about pronoun ambiguity?
    Ron Purewal, also from MGMAT, has a different position on this issue.
    But you have eliminated number of choices based on pronoun ambiguity( albeit not solely on this issue).
    Should other errors also be spotted before knocking off a choice containing an ambiguous pronoun?


    Can you please let us know a little more when pronoun can be considered ambiguous; It will clarify a lot of confusion that prevails and equip us with another method to eliminate an incorrect answer choice much more confidently?
    Ron is right - pronoun ambiguity is rarely the only issue that would make an answer choice wrong. My advice, if you think you see pronoun ambiguity, is to first address all other issues that you can find. Then, if the pronoun issue seems to be the only issue left, you can deal with it.

    There are times when the GMAT will allow a seemingly ambiguous pronoun in a right answer, and times when the right answer will fix a pronoun issue. I mentioned the ambiguity in the above examples to be comprehensive, but it was not the primary reason I eliminated those wrong answers.

    I've written a lot more on the subject here:

    Examples of pronoun ambiguity being tested:
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-sc-question-query-t290069.html#769280

    Examples in which seeming ambiguity was allowed:
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/hawaiian-t270401.html#696445
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/parallel-and-pronoun-issue-t180630.html#581362
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/background-checks-t180934.html#581360
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/declaration-of-sentiments-t38189.html#539397
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/bear-markets-hurt-investors-t84111.html#549435

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    EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education
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    vinni.k Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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    Post Tue Jun 13, 2017 12:13 am
    In C, is rather than correctly structured ? Can we eliminate C on the basis of rather than ?

    rather than ---> x rather than y

    But here ---> to inflame debates ........ rather than settle them ("to"is missing)

    Thanks

    Post Tue Jun 13, 2017 4:52 am
    vinni.k wrote:
    In C, is rather than correctly structured ? Can we eliminate C on the basis of rather than ?

    rather than ---> x rather than y

    But here ---> to inflame debates ........ rather than settle them ("to"is missing)

    Thanks
    more X...rather than Y is incorrect idiom; correct idiom is more X than Y.

    Quote:
    rather than ---> x rather than y

    But here ---> to inflame debates ........ rather than settle them ("to"is missing)
    Exclusion of to is problematic as it makes the comparison ambiguous.

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    vinni.k Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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    Post Tue Jun 13, 2017 9:43 am
    Thanks Ali Smile

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