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When there is less rainfall

This topic has 5 expert replies and 5 member replies
Amadalia Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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When there is less rainfall

Post Sun Apr 20, 2014 8:59 am
When there is less rainfall than normal, the water level of Australian rivers falls and the rivers flow more slowly. Because algae whose habitat is river water grow best in slow-moving water, the amount of algae per unit of water generally increases when there has been little rain. By contrast, however, following a period of extreme drought, algae levels are low even in very slow-moving river water.

Which of the following, if true, does most to explain the contrast described above?

(A) During periods of extreme drought, the populations of some of the species that feed on algae tend to fall.
(B) The more slowly water moves, the more conducive its temperature is to the growth of algae.
(C) When algae populations reach very high levels, conditions within the river can become toxic for some of the other species that normally live there.
(D) Australian rivers dry up completely for short intervals in periods of extreme drought.
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.

the OA is D but I'm not really convinced why?
"By contrast, however, following a period of extreme drought, algae levels are low even in very slow-moving river water[/u].
this sentence makes me think that the presence of water is necessary and answerD is completly out of scope.
the answer Emakes sens as it said that in period of [u]extreme drought
the algae prefer the flow freely river!!!
Many thanks in advance!!!!

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gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Oct 14, 2017 4:40 am
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.
Any answer that starts "except during extreme drought" can't possibly tell us what it is about extreme drought that makes things different. This also just supports the given premise: slow rivers = high algae. It does nothing to explain why extreme drought = low algae.

The contrast is well shown between the times of extreme drought and that of others. It suggests to me that E is wrong because this choice doesn't discuss about the Australian rivers in general; instead, it hinges on rivers are that dammed.

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gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Oct 14, 2017 4:40 am
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.
Any answer that starts "except during extreme drought" can't possibly tell us what it is about extreme drought that makes things different. This also just supports the given premise: slow rivers = high algae. It does nothing to explain why extreme drought = low algae.

The contrast is well shown between the times of extreme drought and that of others. It suggests to me that E is wrong because this choice doesn't discuss about the Australian rivers in general; instead, it hinges on rivers are that dammed.

Is this a valid reasoning...?

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gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Oct 14, 2017 4:40 am
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.
Any answer that starts "except during extreme drought" can't possibly tell us what it is about extreme drought that makes things different. This also just supports the given premise: slow rivers = high algae. It does nothing to explain why extreme drought = low algae.

The contrast is well shown between the times of extreme drought and that of others. It suggests to me that E is wrong because this choice doesn't discuss about the Australian rivers in general; instead, it hinges on rivers are that dammed.

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gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Oct 14, 2017 4:40 am
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.
Any answer that starts "except during extreme drought" can't possibly tell us what it is about extreme drought that makes things different. This also just supports the given premise: slow rivers = high algae. It does nothing to explain why extreme drought = low algae.

The contrast is well shown between the times of extreme drought and that of others. It suggests to me that E is wrong because this choice doesn't discuss about the Australian rivers in general; instead, it hinges on rivers are that dammed.

Is this a valid reasoning...?

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Post Wed Oct 25, 2017 2:08 pm
gocoder wrote:
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.
Any answer that starts "except during extreme drought" can't possibly tell us what it is about extreme drought that makes things different. This also just supports the given premise: slow rivers = high algae. It does nothing to explain why extreme drought = low algae.

The contrast is well shown between the times of extreme drought and that of others. It suggests to me that E is wrong because this choice doesn't discuss about the Australian rivers in general; instead, it hinges on rivers are that dammed.

Is this a valid reasoning...?
Definitely valid! This answer choice gives further support to the idea that slow-moving water --> algae (if we use outside knowledge to infer that damming rivers makes them flow more slowly). But it does nothing to explain the contrast between extreme drought and low rainfall.

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Post Wed Oct 25, 2017 2:05 pm
gocoder wrote:
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(C) When algae populations reach very high levels, conditions within the river can become toxic for some of the other species that normally live there.
Other species are irrelevant

If the choice says the following, will it right ?
" When algae populations reach very high levels, conditions within the river can become toxic for some of the species of algae that normally live there.
No, this wouldn't be enough to make this a right answer. For one thing, "lots of algae = toxic conditions for algae" doesn't necessarily mean we'd get back down to LOW algae levels. It would just mean that very high levels of algae are not sustainable.

For another, "some species of algae" is not comprehensive enough. If the prompt talks about all algae growth in general, specifying that something affects only "some" algae would not be enough. Be wary of answer choices that create subsets within a category when we're talking about the category as a whole.

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gocoder Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Thu Sep 21, 2017 1:22 am
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
(C) When algae populations reach very high levels, conditions within the river can become toxic for some of the other species that normally live there.
Other species are irrelevant

If the choice says the following, will it right ?
" When algae populations reach very high levels, conditions within the river can become toxic for some of the species of algae that normally live there.

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Kamal2014 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Tue May 13, 2014 5:55 am
Amadalia wrote:
When there is less rainfall than normal, the water level of Australian rivers falls and the rivers flow more slowly. Because algae whose habitat is river water grow best in slow-moving water, the amount of algae per unit of water generally increases when there has been little rain. By contrast, however, following a period of extreme drought, algae levels are low even in very slow-moving river water.

Which of the following, if true, does most to explain the contrast described above?

(A) During periods of extreme drought, the populations of some of the species that feed on algae tend to fall.
(B) The more slowly water moves, the more conducive its temperature is to the growth of algae.
(C) When algae populations reach very high levels, conditions within the river can become toxic for some of the other species that normally live there.
(D) Australian rivers dry up completely for short intervals in periods of extreme drought.
(E) Except during periods of extreme drought, algae levels tend to be higher in rivers in which the flow has been controlled by damming than in rivers that flow freely.

the OA is D but I'm not really convinced why?
"By contrast, however, following a period of extreme drought, algae levels are low even in very slow-moving river water[/u].
this sentence makes me think that the presence of water is necessary and answerD is completly out of scope.
the answer Emakes sens as it said that in period of [u]extreme drought
the algae prefer the flow freely river!!!
Many thanks in advance!!!!
Hi
The answer for this question id D

Reason: The reason is simple. Just look at the second sentencer. It says that the habitat for the algae is river water. If the rivers dry up then there is no availability of the habitat. Hence drying up of rivers decreases algae population. Hope it helps
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Post Tue Apr 22, 2014 11:21 am
Amadalia -

Others have already discussed this question, but I just wanted to point out the two most important words in the question: "short intervals"

Choice D says:

(D) Australian rivers dry up completely for short intervals in periods of extreme drought.

I see that what you are thinking is - if the river is dry then there is no water! But what D is saying is not that the river stays dry, but that most of the time there is water and sometimes for brief periods the river dries up completely. It must be that this kills the algae.

It is like saying that working women earn less than men in the U.S. And the answer choice says "Women often leave the workforce for SHORT INTERVALS." So these are still working women even if they are not employed for a few months here or there...so it is not out of scope and maybe leaving the workforce for even a short time sort of stalls or resets your career. So that would explain.

Hope it helps!

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Post Mon Apr 21, 2014 7:30 am

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