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Tricky Question

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Danielle Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Fri Dec 14, 2007 1:00 pm
Ramesh,

Although it doesn't make logical sense that eating habits would have a desire to be thin, that is what the sentence actually says based on the position of the pronoun 'they'. Which is why D is the answer.

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ErikaPrepScholar Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Fri Dec 01, 2017 9:23 am
Quote:
3. With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Cleveland is but one of a large number of communities on the Great Lakes that is looking to its waterfront as a way to improve the quality of urban life and attract new businesses.

(A) is looking to its waterfront as a way to improve the quality of urban life and attract

(B) is looking at its waterfront to improve the quality of urban life and attract

(C) are looking to their waterfronts to improve the quality of urban life and attract

(D) are looking to its waterfront as a way of improving the quality of urban life and attracting

(E) are looking at their waterfronts as a way they can improve the quality of urban life and attract
Key thing to notice here: "Cleveland" is the subject of the first "is" in the sentence, but "communities on the Great Lakes" is the subject of the second "is/are". The entire phrase "that is/are looking ... businesses" describes these communities. So there are a bunch of communities on the Great Lakes that ARE interested in improving THEIR waterfronts, and Cleveland is one of them.

So we can eliminate any answer choices with "is" and "its". This leaves C and E. Of these two, C uses less words and the preferable "looking to". So the correct answer is C.

Quote:
4. Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.

(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.

(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.

(E) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible
We need to avoid modifier errors here - remember: modifiers describe the noun closest to them. The meaning we want to create is that the desire to be as thin as possible causes a failure to maintain good eating habits.

A. "caused by the desire to be as thin as possible" describes "good eating habits". Are good eating habits caused by the desire to be super thin? No. Eliminate.
B. "caused by desiring to be as thin as possible" describes "you female ballet dancers and gymnasts". People aren't caused by a desire to be thin. Eliminate.
C. "Because they desire to be as thin as possible" describes "good eating habits". Do habits want to be thin? No. Eliminate.
D. "Because they desire to be as thin as possible" describes "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts". This makes sense - these people want to be super thin, and this causes them to eat poorly. Keep.
E. "they" in "because they desire to be as thing as possible" is somewhat ambiguous - is it the "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts" who want to be super thin, or is it the "good eating habits" that want to be super thin? Ambiguous pronouns aren't always a good enough reason to eliminate an answer choice on their own - sometimes correct answers on GMAT problems will have ambiguous pronouns, but all of the wrong answer choices will have something major wrong with them. However, if we have two answer choices with nothing major wrong with them, the answer choice without an ambiguous pronoun is the better option. Eliminate.

This leaves D as the correct answer.

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SidSpeaks Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Mon Dec 04, 2017 8:55 am
May I know the source of both these questions ??

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Post Fri Dec 01, 2017 5:38 am
OPtion A.
This option clearly satisfies the use of tenses and grammar. Cleveland as being used in the sentence should attract an 'is' not 'are' but is the use of idioms correct? , looking at, not' looking to'
Thus, this option is not correct.

Option B.
This option is closely related to option A.but lets check the use of idioms since it has satisfied the use of the singular verb 'is' to explain that Cleveland is singular. Singular among the communities. Has been established before' looking at' over 'looking to'
This makes this option perfect pick over all other options.

Option C.
This option is not correct because of the use of 'are'

Option D.
This option is not correct because of the use of 'are'

Option E.
This option suffers the same fate as option C and option D above.

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Danielle Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Wed Dec 26, 2007 4:07 pm
Swdatta, attract vs. attracting is not the major issue you need to look at to make your choice because either is grammatically correct. All a matter of preference really. it's vs. their is the real dilemma on that one.

CG,

The subject of the introductory phrase is Cleveland, but the subject of the rest of the sentence is the group of communities that Cleveland represents, therefore the latter part of the sentence has a plural subject.

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CrazyGmatter Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sun Dec 23, 2007 10:50 pm
I hav a doubt regarding Q3...

"With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Cleveland is but one of a large number of communities on the Great Lakes that is looking to its waterfront as a way to improve the quality of urban life and attract new businesses."

the sentence begins with "With its" -- Is "its" in this context referring to Cleveland..??
If so then the focus is on Cleveland and not on the communities.
Implies the verb shud be "is" instead of "are".

Correct me if am Wrong...

Q4 is fine...

Thanks
CG...

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swdatta Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sun Dec 23, 2007 7:33 pm
Hi Danielle,
For question #3, I understand why C is the correct answer. But I have a question. If D was "theirs waterfronts" instead of "it's waterfronts", which would have been the correct choice? I am trying to understand if it should be "attract new businesses" or "attracting new businesses".

Thanks

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