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Tough RC Kindly explain

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nishant_1010 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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Tough RC Kindly explain

Post Tue Jun 26, 2007 10:51 pm
Hi friends
I know the RC which i m going to post is too difficult to be asked in the Gmat. But i still want to understand this question. Kindly Help


Fifteen years after communism was officially pronounced dead, its spectre seems once again to be haunting Europe. Last month, the Council of Europe's parliamentary assembly voted to condemn the "crimes of totalitarian communist regimes," linking them with Nazism and complaining that communist parties are still "legal and active in some countries." Now Goran Lindbald, the conservative Swedish MP behind the resolution, wants to go further. Demands that European Ministers launch a continent-wide anti-communist campaign - including school textbook revisions, official memorial days, and museums - only narrowly missed the necessary two-thirds majority. Mr. Lindbald pledged to bring the wider plans back to the Council of Europe in the coming months.

He has chosen a good year for his ideological offensive: this is the 50th anniversary of Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Josef Stalin and the subsequent Hungarian uprising, which will doubtless be the cue for further excoriation of the communist record. Paradoxically, given that there is no communist government left in Europe outside Moldova, the attacks have if anything, become more extreme as time has gone on. A clue as to why that might be can be found in the rambling report by Mr. Lindbald that led to the Council of Europe declaration. Blaming class struggle and public ownership, he explained "different elements of communist ideology such as equality or social justice still seduce many" and "a sort of nostalgia for communism is still alive." Perhaps the real problem for Mr. Lindbald and his right-wing allies is Eastern Europe is that communism is not dead enough - and they will only be content when they have driven a stake through its heart.

The fashionable attempt to equate communism and Nazism is in reality a moral and historical nonsense. Despite the cruelties of the Stalin terror there was no Soviet Treblinka or Sorbibor, no extermination camps built to murder millions. Nor did the Soviet Union launch the most devastating war in history at a cost of more than 50 million lives - in fact it played the decisive role in the defeat of the German war machine. Mr. Lindbald and the Council of Europe adopt as fact the wildest estimates of those "killed by communist regimes" (mostly in famines) form the fiercely contested Black Book of Communism, which also underplays the number of deaths attributable to Hitler. But, in any case, none of this explains why anyone might be nostalgic in former communist state, now enjoying the delights of capitalist restoration. The dominant account gives no sense of how communist regimes renewed themselves after 1956 or why Western leader feared they might overtake the capitalist world well into the 1960s. For all its brutalities and failures, communism in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and elsewhere delivered rapid industrialization, mass education, job security, and huge advances in social and gender equality. Its existence helped to drive up welfare standards in the West, and provide a powerful counterweight to Western global domination.

It would be easier to take the Council of Europe's condemnation of communist state crimes seriously if it had also seen fit to denounce the far bloodier record of European colonialism - which only finally came to and end in the 1970s. This was a system of racist despotism, which dominated the globe in Stalin's time. And while there is precious little connection between the ideas of fascism and communism, there is an intimate link between colonialism and Nazism. The terms lebensraum and konzentrationslager were both first used by the German colonial regime in south-west Africa (now Namibia), which committed genocide against the Herero and Nama peoples and bequeathed its ideas and personnel directly to the Nazi party.
Around 10 millions Congolese died as a result of Belgian forced labour and mass murder in the early twentieth century; tens of millions perished in avoidable or enforced famines in British-ruled India; up to a million Algerians died in their war for independence, while controversy now ranges in France about a new law requiring teachers to put a positive spin on colonial history. Comparable atrocities were carried out by all European colonialists, but not a word of condemnation form the Council of Europe. Presumably, European lives count for more.

No major twentieth century political tradition is without blood on its hands, but battles over history are more about the future than the past. Part of the current enthusiasm in official Western circles for dancing on the grave of communism is no doubt about relations with today's Russia and China. But it also reflects a determination to prove there is no alternative to the new global capitalist order - and that any attempt to find one is bound to lead to suffering. With the new imperialism now being resisted in the Muslim world and Latin America, growing international demands for social justice and ever greater doubts about whether the environmental crisis can be solved within the existing economic system, the pressure for the alternatives will increase.

4. Why, according to the author, is Nazism closer to colonialism than it is to communism?
(a) Both colonialism and Nazism were examples of tyranny of one race over another.
(b) The genocides committed by colonial and the Nazi regimes were of similar magnitude.
(c) Several ideas of the Nazi regime were directly imported form the colonial regimes.
(d) Both colonialism and Nazism are based on the principles of imperialism.
(e) While communism was never limited to Europe, both the Nazis and the colonialists originated in Europe.


Ans A.

I chose C but C is not the answer. Kindly explain

thanks
nishant

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mschling52 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Thu Jun 28, 2007 7:46 am
My first instinct was A, but I can see how you answered C as well.

The key paragraph is the second to last one, where the author makes the statement about the link b/w colonialism and Nazism. He then goes on to support this by citing examples of the injustices and tyranny imposed by European nations in their colonial efforts, so I thought A was a good pick.

But, you are right the GMAT RCs tend to be much better written (not to mention shorter) than this passage.

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