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The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming

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selfmade Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming

Post Tue Sep 14, 2010 5:07 pm
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    The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientsts agree to be caused by human begings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

    a) A phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,
    b) a phenomenon most scientists agree that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,
    c) a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels
    d) which most scientists agree on as phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,
    e) which most scientsts agree to be a phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings

    I picked B. Can someone help with the explaination ?

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    paddle_sweep Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    pradeepkaushal9518 Legendary Member
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    Post Tue Sep 14, 2010 7:30 pm
    agree + to is correct idiom here and which clearly refers to global warming hence E

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    Gurpinder Legendary Member
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    Post Tue Sep 14, 2010 7:31 pm
    hmmm.... i am debating a or c

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    ankurmit Legendary Member
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    Post Wed Sep 15, 2010 1:30 am
    IMO C

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    hi.itz.mani Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Wed Sep 15, 2010 2:40 am
    IMO C

    and the reason I cite is, global warming is caused by burning of fossil fuels and not by human beings who burn fossil fuels or fossil fuels which are burned.

    niksworth Legendary Member Default Avatar
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    Post Wed Sep 15, 2010 5:58 am
    IMO C.

    Stripping to the core of the sentence -
    A - a phenomenon ... caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels
    B - a phenomenon ... caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings
    C - a phenomenon ... caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels
    D - ...phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels
    E - ...phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings

    Now, global warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels by human beings. Only C gives this meaning. All other choices erroneously suggest that global warming is caused by either human beings or fossil fuels.

    A/B/D/E have other errors as well, but this is the shortest route to answer. OA please.

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    selfmade Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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    Post Wed Sep 15, 2010 6:03 am
    OA is C. This is from OG 12th Edition

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    gmat_perfect Legendary Member
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    Post Tue Sep 21, 2010 10:40 am
    Stick to the rule:

    Resumptive modifier:

    Sentence + Comma + A NOUN…that clause.


    The resumptive modifier will always start with “NOUN THAT CLAUSE

    loveusonu Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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    Post Tue Sep 21, 2010 8:56 pm
    selfmade wrote:
    The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientsts agree to be caused by human begings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

    a) A phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,
    b) a phenomenon most scientists agree that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,
    c) a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels
    d) which most scientists agree on as phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,
    e) which most scientsts agree to be a phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings

    I picked B. Can someone help with the explaination ?
    D/E: convey that most scientist agree global warming to be a phenomena, a meaning not intended by the author.

    Your choice B is incorrect because "Agree that" starts as a subordinate clause and require a subject. Had there been "agree that it is caused" would be atleast grammatically correct.

    Choice C: A noun phrase, clearly describing global warming.

    Hope that helps!!

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    ru2008 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Wed Sep 22, 2010 6:37 am
    C imo

    Gmat_perfect can you explain that rule please

    sachin_Anand Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Sep 30, 2010 11:16 am
    gmat_perfect wrote:
    Stick to the rule:

    Resumptive modifier:

    Sentence + Comma + A NOUN…that clause.


    The resumptive modifier will always start with “NOUN THAT CLAUSE
    Awesome gmat_perfect..Thanks a ton ..
    For some bytes on Resumptive modifier:

    http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resumptivemodifierterm.htm

    This concept is used in Q 103 & Q 118 of the OG - 12 ..........

    Fractal Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Aug 27, 2011 4:46 am
    c) a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels

    Would c) also be the correct answer without "that" in the sentence:

    a phenomenon most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels

    thx

    Post Wed Nov 02, 2011 12:13 pm
    selfmade wrote:
    The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientsts agree to be caused by human begings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

    a) A phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,
    b) a phenomenon most scientists agree that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,
    c) a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings' burning of fossil fuels
    d) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,
    e) which most scientsts agree to be a phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings

    I picked B. Can someone help with the explaination ?
    In A, in burning fossil fuels seems to modify human beings, implying that these human beings are coming to a most unfortunate end. Eliminate A.

    The intended meaning of the sentence is that global warming is caused by the BURNING of fossil fuels -- not by the fossil fuels themselves (in B and E). Eliminate B and E.

    In D, agree on as is not idiomatic. Eliminate D.

    The correct answer is C.

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    atnt444 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Nov 03, 2011 5:05 am
    Hi thought I could guess the answer , I would like to understand the resumtive modifier thing . Can you please give some example to explain it ...would really appreciate it . Thanks. [/quote]

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