• Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep

the Western Hemisphere.

This topic has 2 expert replies and 1 member reply
vipulgoyal Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
25 Jul 2011
Posted:
468 messages
Followed by:
4 members
Thanked:
29 times

the Western Hemisphere.

Post Fri Feb 27, 2015 5:43 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    .For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

    A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
    B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated
    C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
    D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
    E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

    B/w A and E , I made E out on following grounds, Plz explain if my reasoning is correct

    E is out because the devastation and enslavement is singular.
    "The X and Y" is singular, whereas "the X and the Y" is plural.

    OA E

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
    Post Sat Feb 28, 2015 4:37 am
    Quote:
    For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

    a) devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
    b) devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere have been decimated
    c) devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere that have been decimated
    d) devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated
    e) the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
    A: progress that has decimated native peoples
    B: progress by which native peoples...have been decimated
    A and B imply that PROGRESS has decimated the native peoples, a distortion of the intended meaning.
    The intended meaning is that DEVASTATION AND ENSLAVEMENT have decimated the native peoples.
    Eliminate A and B.

    C: native peoples...that have been decimated
    D: native peoples...which...are decimated
    On the GMAT, that and which cannot serve to refer to people.
    Eliminate C and D.

    The correct answer is E.

    Generally:
    that + SINGULAR VERB should refer to the nearest eligible SINGULAR antecedent.
    that + PLURAL VERB should refer to the nearest eligible PLURAL antecedent.

    E: THE DEVASTATION AND ENSLAVEMENT in the name of progress that HAVE DECIMATED the native peoples.
    Here, the verb attributed to that -- HAVE decimated -- is PLURAL.
    Thus, the referent for that must be THE DEVASTATION AND ENSLAVEMENT, the nearest eligible PLURAL antecedent.
    Conveyed meaning:
    The devastation and enslavement that have decimated the native peoples.

    Quote:
    E is out because the devastation and enslavement is singular.
    "The X and Y" is singular, whereas "the X and the Y" is plural.
    This reasoning is incorrect.

    A COMPOUND subject is composed of two or more nouns connected by and:
    John AND Mary are coming to the party.
    The front, the top, AND the bottom are red.
    The devastation AND enslavement have decimated the native peoples.

    Generally, a compound subject requires a PLURAL verb.

    A compound subject may be considered singular ONLY IF THE NON-UNDERLINED PORTION makes the intention clear.
    SC82 in the OG12:
    According to a recent poll, OWNING AND LIVING in a freestanding house on its own land IS still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
    Here, owning and living must be considered singular because its verb in the non-underlined portion -- is -- is singular.

    _________________
    Mitch Hunt
    GMAT Private Tutor
    GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
    If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
    Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
    For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

    Thanked by: Needgmat, Anaira Mitch
    Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
    Post Fri Sep 15, 2017 8:09 am
    Hi Guru,

    In A & B is it not "THAT" is referring back to devastation and enslavement ?

    How to know what "that" refers back to?

    Thanks
    Nandish

    Post Sat Sep 16, 2017 6:32 am
    NandishSS wrote:
    Hi Guru,

    In A & B is it not "THAT" is referring back to devastation and enslavement ?

    How to know what "that" refers back to?

    Thanks
    Nandish
    A: devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples
    Here, the verb attributed to that -- has decimated -- is singular, so the referent for that must also be singular.
    As a result, that seems to refer to progress -- the nearest preceding singular noun -- implying that PROGRESS has decimated native peoples.

    Generally, PREPOSITION + which should refer to the nearest preceding noun.
    B: devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere have been decimated
    Here, by which (PREPOSITION + which) seems to refer to progress -- the nearest preceding noun -- implying that native peoples have been decimated by PROGRESS.

    Since the intended meaning is that DEVASTATION AND ENSLAVEMENT have decimated the native peoples, eliminate A and B.

    _________________
    Mitch Hunt
    GMAT Private Tutor
    GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
    If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
    Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
    For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

    Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 Vincen 180 topics
    2 lheiannie07 65 topics
    3 Roland2rule 49 topics
    4 ardz24 44 topics
    5 LUANDATO 23 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    147 posts
    2 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    103 posts
    3 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    102 posts
    4 image description EconomistGMATTutor

    The Economist GMAT Tutor

    94 posts
    5 image description DavidG@VeritasPrep

    Veritas Prep

    76 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts