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survey of 200 college grads

This topic has 2 expert replies and 11 member replies
gibran Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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survey of 200 college grads

Post Tue May 20, 2008 5:43 am
In a survey of 200 college graduates, 30 percent said they had received student loans during their college careers, and 40 percent said they had received scholarships. What percent of those surveyed said that they had received neither student loans nor scholarships during their college careers?
(1) 25 percent of those surveyed said that they had received scholarships but no loans.
(2) 50 percent of those surveyed who said that they had received loans also said that they had received scholarships.
A. Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.
B. Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.
C. BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

OA is D. Please show the steps to resolve this problem.
E. Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

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ikaplan Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Sun Jul 10, 2011 11:13 am
For these kind of problems, I always use the grid- the results are evident- thanks to the grid, 99% of my answers are correct.

I find the grid equally useful both for PS and DS questions. Once you master it, the grid is in your blood Wink

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malman Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sun Jul 10, 2011 9:44 am
Thanks for explaining that Stacey. I'm just not sure about one part. The question says 50% of students who received loans also got scholarships. Is this the total number of students who received both loans and scholarships? Wouldn't they also need to have the percentage of scholarship receiving students who also received loans?

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ikaplan Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Sun Jul 10, 2011 11:13 am
For these kind of problems, I always use the grid- the results are evident- thanks to the grid, 99% of my answers are correct.

I find the grid equally useful both for PS and DS questions. Once you master it, the grid is in your blood Wink

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malman Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sun Jul 10, 2011 9:44 am
Thanks for explaining that Stacey. I'm just not sure about one part. The question says 50% of students who received loans also got scholarships. Is this the total number of students who received both loans and scholarships? Wouldn't they also need to have the percentage of scholarship receiving students who also received loans?

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Post Wed Nov 01, 2017 6:34 am
santhosh_katkurwar wrote:
I understand we can solve this by venn diagram or grid but Can someone also solve this formula also?

Total = Group 1 + group 2 - both + neither
200 = 60 +80 - both + neither
It is more efficient to plug percent values into the group equation rather than actual numbers, letting the total = 100.

Quote:
In a survey of 200 college graduates, 30 percent said they had received student loans during their college careers, and 40 percent said they had received scholarships. What percent of those surveyed said that they had received neither student loans nor scholarships during their college careers?
Plugging the percents for the two groups into the group equation, we get:
100 = 30 + 40 - both + neither.

Quote:
(1) 25 percent of those surveyed said that they had received scholarships but no loans.
Since 40% receive a scholarship -- and 25% receive ONLY a scholarship but NOT a loan -- the percent who receive BOTH a scholarship AND a loan = 40-25 = 15.
Plugging both = 15 into the blue equation above, we get:
100 = 30 + 40 - 15 + neither
100 = 55 + neither
45 = neither.
Since 45% of the 200 students receive neither a loan nor a scholarship, the number who receive neither = (45/100)(200) = 90.
SUFFICIENT.

Quote:
(2) 50 percent of those surveyed who said that they had received loans also said that they had received scholarships.
Since 1/2 of the 30% who receive a loan also receive a scholarship, the percent who receive BOTH a loan AND a scholarship = (1/2)(30%) = 15.
Plugging both = 15 into the blue equation above, we get:
100 = 30 + 40 - 15 + neither
100 = 55 + neither
45 = neither.
Since 45% of the 200 students receive neither a loan nor a scholarship, the number who receive neither = (45/100)(200) = 90.
SUFFICIENT.

The correct answer is D.

Solving with a double-matrix seems easier.

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Post Wed Nov 01, 2017 6:05 am
I understand we can solve this by venn diagram or grid but Can someone also solve this formula also?

Total = Group 1 + group 2 - both + neither
200 = 60 +80 - both + neither

Now I am not able to go ahead with the fact statements. Please help.

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vijaykondepudi Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Thu Jan 03, 2013 4:54 am
I see there is a question in this thread from malman, which is not answered:

Quote:
Thanks for explaining that Stacey. I'm just not sure about one part. The question says 50% of students who received loans also got scholarships. Is this the total number of students who received both loans and scholarships? Wouldn't they also need to have the percentage of scholarship receiving students who also received loans?
I had a similar doubt regarding Statement II.

Statement 2 says:

(2) 50 percent of those surveyed who said that they had received loans also said that they had received scholarships.

50 % of those that received scholarships also received loans. If I assume that the overlap set consists of
Case 1> People from those who received Scholarships who also received Loans
+
Case 2> People from those who received Loans, who also received Schorlarships

Statement II, addresses only the Case 1, with no information about case 2.

How can we say it's sufficient ?

Thank You !!

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navami Legendary Member
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Post Tue Jul 12, 2011 9:08 am
Venn dia gram . both sufficient

Scholarship = 50 students
Scholarship + Loan = 30

Loan alone = 30 students

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Stacey Koprince GMAT Instructor
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Post Fri Aug 07, 2009 8:39 am
Received a PM asking me to respond, specifically in terms of how to use the Double-Set Matrix (the MGMAT grid method) to solve the problem.

It's a little tough graphically to show the grid here, so bear with me if the formatting looks funny.

First set: loan vs. no loan
Second set: scholarship vs. no scholarship

Find: no loan and no scholarship

.............S.........NS.........Tot
L
NL.....................??
Tot...............................200

30% = L. 30% of 200 = 60.

.............S.........NS.........Tot
L...................................60
NL.....................??........200-60
Tot...............................200

40% = S. 40% of 200 = 80

.............S.........NS.........Tot
L...................................60
NL.....................??.........140
Tot........80.......200-80.....200

Statement 1:
25% of total = S and NL
25% of 200 = 50

.............S.........NS.........Tot
L...................................60
NL.........50..........??........140
Tot........80..........120......200

Can solve for NL + NS. Sufficient.

Statement 2:

50% of L's also had S's. [Note: NOT 50% of the total 200! Go read the sentence again. The word "who" is the key - it changes the meaning and tells you we're taking a percentage of a subset, not the overall group!]
L's = 60, so 50% of 60 = 30.

.............S.........NS.........Tot
L...........30......................60
NL.....................??.........140
Tot........80.......200-80.....200

Can solve for NL + NS. Sufficient.

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cubicle_bound_misfit Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Sat Aug 01, 2009 5:43 am
varunkh,

This is how I see it.


S scholarship L loan T total
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varunkh70 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Fri Jul 31, 2009 6:16 pm
This can certainly be solved by Venn Diagrams but a faster method would be to use the charting method suggested by Manhattan. But, I have a doubt with charting here Confused Can Ne1 suggest where am I goin wrong? Here is the chart.

S=>NO. OF STUDENTS WHO RECEIVED SCHOLARSHIPS.
NS=>NO. OF STUDENTS WHO DID NOT RECEIVE SCHOLARSHIPS.
L=>NO. OF STUDENTS WHO RECEIVED LOANS
NL=>NO. OF STUDENTS WHO DID NOT RECEIVE LOANS
T=>TOTAL

30% = 60

40% = 80

-----S -------NS-----T

L-------------------- 60(GIVEN)


NL------------?------140


T----80------120----200
(GIVEN)

Stmt 1 =>

25% = 50

-----S -------NS--------T

L----30-----------------60(GIVEN)


NL---50------90--------140


T----80-------120------ 200
(GIVEN)

sufficient since this gives me the answer (but watch the no. of students with both loans and scholarships =30 get conflicted by stmt 2)

Stmt 2 = > students with S&L 50% = 100 (which opposes stmt1). Why is this so? Its firmly believed that two stmts cant oppose each other.

Additionally, the total comes to 80 then how can s&l be 100? I think I am making a mistake somewhere.Can ne plz help?

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akshatsingh Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Tue May 20, 2008 9:21 pm
I solved it by venn diagram.
It was really easy with that.

Try it to be quick.

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punit.kaur.mba Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Tue May 20, 2008 6:16 pm
I agree solving the problem the way I did would be a little time consuming . But somehow, I am confident of the answer when I do it my usual way.

I haven't gone through any of Quant material or strategies yet. If I come across anything good which will save me time, I'll definitely go for tht.

Which Mgmat method r u talking about? What is the book u r using for quant?

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