• e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh

Set 13 RC Q 5

This topic has 8 member replies

Set 13 RC Q 5

Post Wed Sep 19, 2007 7:43 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    The term "episodic memory" was
    introduced by Tulving to refer to what he
    considered a uniquely human capacity-
    Line the ability to recollect specific past events,
    (5) to travel back into the past in one's own
    mind-as distinct from the capacity simply
    to use information acquired through past
    experiences. Subsequently, Clayton et al.
    developed criteria to test for episodic
    (10) memory in animals. According to these
    criteria, episodic memories are not of
    individual bits of information; they involve
    multiple components of a single event
    "bound" together. Clayton sought to
    (15) examine evidence of scrub jays' accurate
    memory of "what," "where," and "when"
    information and their binding of this infor-
    mation. In the wild, these birds store food
    for retrieval later during periods of food
    (20) scarcity. Clayton's experiment required
    jays to remember the type, location, and
    freshness of stored food based on a unique
    learning event. Crickets were stored in one
    location and peanuts in another. Jays
    (25) prefer crickets, but crickets degrade
    more quickly. Clayton's birds switched
    their preference from crickets to peanuts
    once the food had been stored for a certain
    length of time, showing that they retain
    (30) information about the what, the where,
    and the when. Such experiments cannot,
    however, reveal whether the birds were
    reexperiencing the past when retrieving the
    information. Clayton acknowledged this by
    using the term "episodic-like" memory.
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Q5:
    According to the passage, Clayton's experiment depended on the fact that scrub jays
    A. recall "when" and "where" information more distinctly than "what" information
    B. are not able to retain information about a single past event for an indefinitely long period of time
    C. choose peanuts over crickets when the crickets have been stored for a long period of time
    D. choose crickets over peanuts whenever both are available
    E. prefer peanuts that have been stored for a short period to crickets that have been stored for a short period
    Answer:
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 12:11 pm
    Any response please

    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 12:16 pm
    i'm guessing 'C' only because it seems to be the only answer choice consistent with the evidence of the passage. the other answer choice seem like misinterpretations...

    this is a hard one, and i selected the 'most true' one. what's the OA?

    mayonnai5e Legendary Member Default Avatar
    Joined
    12 Dec 2006
    Posted:
    1018 messages
    Followed by:
    6 members
    Thanked:
    86 times
    Target GMAT Score:
    720
    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 1:28 pm
    I think it's B:

    "the ability to recollect specific past events,
    (5) to travel back into the past in one's own
    mind-as distinct from the capacity simply
    to use information acquired through past
    experiences."

    to show the birds have episodic memory, they can't have long-term memory that allows them to just think back.

    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 3:32 pm
    The OA is indeed C
    But if you see the sentence "Jays
    (25) prefer crickets, but crickets degrade
    more quickly. Clayton's birds switched
    their preference from crickets to peanuts
    once the food had been stored for a certain
    length of time, showing that they retain
    (30) information about the what, the where,
    and the when"
    It never implies that crickets were kept for a longer time but for a certain length of time.But as crickets degrade more quickly hence birds choose peanuts.Hence my confusion regarding the answer C

    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 7:47 pm
    i see this as a "strengthen the argument" type of question. choice 'c' only makes the argument more convincing.

    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 8:07 pm
    I agree with your point.
    However Whenver we encounter "according to passage",this implies answer can be directly obtained from teh passage and we do not have to infer or deduce anything.
    Anyways the better answer seems to be C

    Post Sun Sep 23, 2007 8:16 pm
    did this come from OG?

    Post Mon Sep 24, 2007 12:08 pm
    No .
    I have put the source of the Q in my subject line.Its from SETS
    Question bank

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 Vincen 180 topics
    2 lheiannie07 65 topics
    3 Roland2rule 49 topics
    4 ardz24 44 topics
    5 LUANDATO 23 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    147 posts
    2 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    103 posts
    3 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    102 posts
    4 image description EconomistGMATTutor

    The Economist GMAT Tutor

    94 posts
    5 image description DavidG@VeritasPrep

    Veritas Prep

    76 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts