• Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
Register now and save up to \$200

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• Magoosh
Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• Free Practice Test & Review
How would you score if you took the GMAT

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• 5 Day FREE Trial
Study Smarter, Not Harder

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• Free Veritas GMAT Class
Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• 5-Day Free Trial
5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• Get 300+ Practice Questions
25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• 1 Hour Free
BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

• Free Trial & Practice Exam
BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

## Sentence Correction Overview

This topic has 12 member replies
TestPundit Anurag GMAT Instructor
Joined
17 May 2006
Posted:
17 messages
Followed by:
2 members
Thanked:
3 times

#### Sentence Correction Overview

Thu May 25, 2006 11:54 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
• Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
Hello everyone:

I wanted to start a thread on an overview of sentence correction section.

Before I get started with the overview, however, I wanted to talk about the philosophy of GMAT questions (The following discussion is courtesy of TestPundit, and is paraphrased from its course materials)

GMAT questions tend to be structural in nature. Especially the verbal questions. What I mean by "structural" is that they all follow a pre-defined structure with a specific purpose. As such, these questions can be broken down into the structural components. For instance, in a sentence correction question, the sentence may have a main point that the author is trying to convey. However, the sentence may also have components, often as modifiers, that may not be central to the primary purpose of the sentence. Understanding the role of various components in a sentence will help you focus on the error a lot more quickly. Consequently, you will get to the answer a lot more quickly.

I would like to explain the concept with a real example. Does any of you have a sentence correction question you want me to use to explain this better?

Anurag Mairal, Ph.D.

_________________
Anurag Mairal, Ph.D.
TestPundit
510 449 2229
Your Highest GMAT Score is Our Mission
GMAT Expert for Beat The GMAT!

Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
tngearhart Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
18 Apr 2006
Posted:
50 messages
Followed by:
1 members
Thanked:
2 times
Thu Jun 08, 2006 3:31 pm
Though some education experts claim that the low test scores of children in the city can be raised by hiring more teachers and an increase in the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing this cannot guarantee any improvement.

- by hiring more teachers and an increase in the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing this

- by hiring more teachers and increasing funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing so

- by a hiring of more teachers and increasing the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, other insist that doing so

- by hiring more teachers and increasing the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing this

- by hiring more teachers and an increase in funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing so

TestPundit Anurag GMAT Instructor
Joined
17 May 2006
Posted:
17 messages
Followed by:
2 members
Thanked:
3 times
Tue Jun 13, 2006 9:04 pm
Thanks tngearhart for sharing the following sentence correction question. Let me break this down for you:

Though some education experts claim that the low test scores of children in the city can be raised by hiring more teachers and an increase in the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing this cannot guarantee any improvement.

The above sentence has the following structure:

Though "noun phrase A" claim that "noun phrase B" can be raised by
- "verb phrase C" and
- "noun phrase D",
others insist that "pronoun for C and D" cannot guarantee any improvement.

When you look at this structure, you can immediately see that the most obvious error here is in non-parallel construction of C and D. Either both should be verb phrases or noun phrases. What seals the deal for the two phrases to be verb phrases is the follow-on clause "others insist that doing this...". Because all the answer choices have the verb "doing" in the clause, the parallel structure must include verb phrases. That eliminiates choices 1, 3, and 5, all of which have at least one noun phrase each. Choice 4 is incorrect because "doing this" is not a correct pronoun for a verb clause. Choice 2 has the correct pronoun "doing so".

Hope that helps. There is more detail one can get into here (e.g. this vs so). But I would respond to specific querries on that.

Keep those questions coming.

Writing from Miami.

- by hiring more teachers and an increase in the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing this

- by hiring more teachers and increasing funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing so

- by a hiring of more teachers and increasing the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, other insist that doing so

- by hiring more teachers and increasing the amount of funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing this

- by hiring more teachers and an increase in funding for textbooks and other supplies, others insist that doing so

_________________
Anurag Mairal, Ph.D.
TestPundit
510 449 2229
Your Highest GMAT Score is Our Mission
GMAT Expert for Beat The GMAT!

lan0583 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
21 May 2006
Posted:
22 messages
Thu Jun 15, 2006 6:30 pm

Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

I know this is a simple one, but I just want to see the pattern. If I get the pattern using the simple questions I'll be able to see the patterns for the hard ones.

thank you.

TestPundit Anurag GMAT Instructor
Joined
17 May 2006
Posted:
17 messages
Followed by:
2 members
Thanked:
3 times
Fri Jun 16, 2006 4:16 pm
Dear lan0583:

here is the structure of the following sentence:

Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

Breakdown:

Although "noun S" is not often fatal
"prounoun it" is "idiom so "adjective" that.."
"verb clause"

Although this sentence seems to be correct, there are several potential errors in this sentence that can be introduced:

- Incorrect pronoun for the "noun S"
- Incorrect idiom "so...that" or its incorrect usage. In this idiom, "so" is followed by an adjective and "that" is followed a verb clause that explains the consequence of the adjective following "so". For example, so tall that he can reach the top shelf.

Although this a seemingly easy senence, GMAT question-makers can very easily make this a very complex sentence bu adding new clauses and modifiers, while keeping the underlying main structure the same. The trick in sentence correction is to be quick in identifying the structure. That will give you a complete command over the sentence and help identify the potential errors quickly. It is hard to get the hang of initially, but very very useful in GMAT and later in life .

regards,

_________________
Anurag Mairal, Ph.D.
TestPundit
510 449 2229
Your Highest GMAT Score is Our Mission
GMAT Expert for Beat The GMAT!

lan0583 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
21 May 2006
Posted:
22 messages
Sat Jun 17, 2006 9:24 pm
based on your explanation, the sentence is incorrect. but based on OG the sentence is correct. how is that possible....?

TestPundit Anurag GMAT Instructor
Joined
17 May 2006
Posted:
17 messages
Followed by:
2 members
Thanked:
3 times
Tue Jun 20, 2006 11:59 am
No the sentence is correct. What I showed was how errors could be introduced. By analyzing the structure of this CORRECT sentence, you acn anticipate errors showing up in a similar sentence in the test. Basically it keeps you a step ahead of the question creators.

Hope that clarifies it for you.

_________________
Anurag Mairal, Ph.D.
TestPundit
510 449 2229
Your Highest GMAT Score is Our Mission
GMAT Expert for Beat The GMAT!

lan0583 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
21 May 2006
Posted:
22 messages
Tue Jun 20, 2006 5:36 pm
i got you... i just missed reading the one sentence...im sorry about that.

lan0583 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
21 May 2006
Posted:
22 messages
Tue Jun 20, 2006 5:41 pm
i got you... i just missed reading the one sentence...im sorry about that.

Psychodementia Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
22 Sep 2006
Posted:
57 messages
Followed by:
3 members
Thanked:
13 times
Wed Oct 11, 2006 1:39 pm
TestPundit Anurag wrote:
Does any of you have a sentence correction question you want me to use to explain this better?

Curious to know - is it "Does any of you........." or "Do any of you"

If the former, then why ?

Arun

aim-wsc Legendary Member
Joined
20 Apr 2006
Posted:
2470 messages
Followed by:
14 members
Thanked:
85 times
Target GMAT Score:
801-
Wed Nov 22, 2006 3:12 am

cut

_________________
Getting started @BTG?

Please do not PM me, (not active anymore) contact Eric.

Last edited by aim-wsc on Thu Nov 23, 2006 10:17 am; edited 1 time in total

800guy Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
27 Jun 2006
Posted:
354 messages
Followed by:
5 members
Thanked:
11 times
Thu Nov 23, 2006 9:47 am
i think it all depends on the whether the noun following is plural or not.

singular:

does any of YOU - of YOU is a singular phrase
does any TEACHER
does any PERSON

plural:

do any TEACHERS
do any DOGS

lalitaroral Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
20 Nov 2006
Posted:
10 messages
Wed Nov 29, 2006 11:30 pm
Will be thankful if you can enlist some patterns for SC structure.

pls also tell more abt sentence division strategy

### Best Conversation Starters

1 Vincen 180 topics
2 lheiannie07 65 topics
3 Roland2rule 49 topics
4 ardz24 40 topics
5 LUANDATO 16 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

### Most Active Experts

1 Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

146 posts
2 Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

103 posts
3 GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

100 posts
4 EconomistGMATTutor

The Economist GMAT Tutor

92 posts
5 Jay@ManhattanReview

Manhattan Review

79 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts