• e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider

Scientists go their work mostly before the age of 40

This topic has 2 expert replies and 1 member reply
amysky_0205 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
05 Dec 2012
Posted:
193 messages
Followed by:
5 members
Thanked:
4 times
Target GMAT Score:
700+

Scientists go their work mostly before the age of 40

Post Fri Dec 07, 2012 9:21 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    OG12-CR#117
    Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies' finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

    In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

    (A)The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that claim.

    (B)The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is that position.

    (C)The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is that explanation.

    (D)The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.

    (E)The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.

    OA:E

    I crossed out A, B, chose C in the end.
    can someone explain how to solve this? thank u so much!!!

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
    Post Sat Dec 08, 2012 5:27 am
    amysky_0205 wrote:
    OG12-CR#117
    Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies' finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

    In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

    (A)The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that claim.

    (B)The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is that position.

    (C)The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is that explanation.

    (D)The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.

    (E)The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.

    OA:E

    I crossed out A, B, chose C in the end.
    can someone explain how to solve this? thank u so much!!!
    Boldface CRs are a MATCH GAME.
    Determine the PURPOSE of each boldface portion.
    Look for an answer choice that MATCHES.

    WHY do scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty?

    BOLDFACE 2 = the passage's explanation: Scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.
    BOLDFACE 1 = a premise in support of the passage's explanation: Of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual (and thus HAVE NOT spent too long in their field).

    Only answer choice E matches.
    The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.

    The correct answer is E.

    _________________
    Mitch Hunt
    GMAT Private Tutor
    GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
    If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
    Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
    For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

    Thanked by: amysky_0205
    Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
    amysky_0205 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    05 Dec 2012
    Posted:
    193 messages
    Followed by:
    5 members
    Thanked:
    4 times
    Target GMAT Score:
    700+
    Post Sat Dec 08, 2012 6:11 am
    GMATGuruNY wrote:
    amysky_0205 wrote:
    OG12-CR#117
    Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies' finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

    In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

    (A)The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that claim.

    (B)The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is that position.

    (C)The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is that explanation.

    (D)The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.

    (E)The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.

    OA:E

    I crossed out A, B, chose C in the end.
    can someone explain how to solve this? thank u so much!!!
    Boldface CRs are a MATCH GAME.
    Determine the PURPOSE of each boldface portion.
    Look for an answer choice that MATCHES.

    WHY do scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty?

    BOLDFACE 2 = the passage's explanation: Scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.
    BOLDFACE 1 = a premise in support of the passage's explanation: Of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual (and thus HAVE NOT spent too long in their field).

    Only answer choice E matches.
    The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that explanation.

    The correct answer is E.
    Hii Guru, tks in advance for ur great explanation!
    I would like to ask whether is there any tips that can raise my accuracy in choosing the right BOLDFACE answer?
    or I just simply have to understand what the boldfaces' meaning?

    thank u so much (:

    GMAT/MBA Expert

    David@VeritasPrep GMAT Instructor
    Joined
    22 Feb 2010
    Posted:
    2193 messages
    Followed by:
    507 members
    Thanked:
    1186 times
    GMAT Score:
    770
    Post Sat Dec 08, 2012 8:34 am
    There is a strategy that will work here.

    Start the problem as you should for any "normal" critical reasoning problem. Normal means that the stimulus is likely to have a conclusion - so inference and paradox are the two question types that are consistently "not normal."

    So this means begin by identifying the main conclusion. There may not be a main conclusion on a bold faced problem. The stimulus might be a paradox for example, but there usually is a main conclusion, so if there is one find it. If there is not, don't worry about it just figure out why there is no main conclusion (is it a paradox for example?).

    Once you have the main conclusion take each bold statement and ask yourself three things:

    1) Is there a clear role for the statement? Categories are "Prediction" "main conclusion" "evidence" "opinion" etc. If the role of the statement is not clear then proceed to the next step.

    2) How does the statement relate to the main conclusion? Is it the conclusion? Is it evidence in support of the conclusion? Does it undermine the conclusion? etc...

    3) How does the statement relate to the other statement? Does it support the other statement? Does the other bold support it? Does it undermine the other statement? etc...

    If you understand these three things - usually not too hard to do on most questions - then you are ready to work through the answer choices pretty efficiently.

    As Mitch said earlier you can then play the match game and find the choices that agree with what you have figured out.

    _________________
    Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor

    Veritas Prep Reviews
    Save $100 off any live Veritas Prep GMAT Course

    Thanked by: amysky_0205, litlong
    Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 Vincen 132 topics
    2 lheiannie07 65 topics
    3 LUANDATO 54 topics
    4 Roland2rule 43 topics
    5 ardz24 40 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    133 posts
    2 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    114 posts
    3 image description EconomistGMATTutor

    The Economist GMAT Tutor

    113 posts
    4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    109 posts
    5 image description DavidG@VeritasPrep

    Veritas Prep

    72 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts