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## SC question-Last week local shrimpers held a news conference

This topic has 3 expert replies and 3 member replies
aolas14 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
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#### SC question-Last week local shrimpers held a news conference

Sun Feb 24, 2013 9:31 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
• Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
Hi,

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

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bubbliiiiiiii Legendary Member
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Mon Feb 25, 2013 3:55 am
aolas14 wrote:
Hi,

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

In B, ing form is used as a modifier to describe law and the singular 'is' correctly agrees with singular compliance.

In E, the 'to' changes the meaning of sentence. Instead of describing law, the 'to' states that compliance is purposefully done to require devices, making meaning ambigous.

Hope it helps.

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Pranay

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Tommy Wallach GMAT Instructor
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Mon Feb 25, 2013 10:50 am
Hey Guys,

I'll weigh in on this one:

Quote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(A) Subject-verb agreement: "compliance" doesn't match with "protect". Also "requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets" is highly awkward. Would prefer something without the "be".

(B) CORRECT!

(C) Same subject-verb agreement error as (A).

(D) "to require" is idiomatically incorrect as a modifier of "laws". Again, "compliance" doesn't match with "are protecting".

(E) "to require" error again.

Hope that helps!

-t

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Mon Feb 25, 2013 12:00 pm
aolas14 wrote:
Hi,

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Aside from the idiomatic error in E, there is a meaning issue.

An infinitive modifier implies INTENDED ACTION: an action that MIGHT happen in the future.
SC18 in the OG13: an organization TO TAKE CHARGE of computer security planning.
Here, the organization is intended TO TAKE CHARGE.
The organization is NOT taking charge right now.
In fact, it is entirely possible that the organization might NEVER take charge.

In the SC above, the laws are ALREADY requiring turtle-excluder devices.
It for this reason that the shrimpers' compliance IS PROTECTING adult sea-turtles.
Thus, the infinitive modifier in E (to require) does not convey the intended meaning.

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RBBmba@2014 Legendary Member
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Mon Feb 15, 2016 7:40 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Aside from the idiomatic error in E, there is a meaning issue.
@ GMATGuruNY - Could you please clarify what this idiomatic error is ?

Can we say that the SC at hand actually describes the LAWS, hence requiring -- the VERB-ing Modifier following the NOUN LAWS -- is correct ?

But when we need to express the INTENT/PURPOSE of any LAWS, we'd have to use An infinitive modifier -- “to + verb”.

Is the above interpretation correct ? And did you mean the same by idiomatic error in E ?

GMATGuruNY wrote:
An infinitive modifier implies INTENDED ACTION: an action that MIGHT happen in the future.
I'm BIT confused here.

Is it ALWAYS TRUE on GMAT ? Can't there be any VALID usage of infinitive modifier associated with past tense (of the MAIN Verb in the sentence) ?

RBBmba@2014 Legendary Member
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Sat Mar 12, 2016 4:14 am
Hi Verbal Experts - could any of you please share your feedback to clarify my concerns above ?

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Fri Mar 18, 2016 6:27 am
RBBmba@2014 wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Aside from the idiomatic error in E
@ GMATGuruNY - Could you please clarify what this idiomatic error is ?
Consider law + to + VERB unidiomatic -- sufficient reason to eliminate D and E.

Quote:
Can't there be any VALID usage of infinitive modifier associated with past tense (of the MAIN Verb in the sentence) ?
Generally, an infinitive that follows a past tense clause will serve to express an action that happens or is intended to happen AFTER the past tense verb.
SC70 in the OG12:
His studies of ice-polished rocks led Louis Agassiz to propose the concept.
Here, the action expressed by the infinitive (to propose) happens AFTER the past tense verb (led).

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