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Public health will improve more quickly in the wake. . .

This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies

Public health will improve more quickly in the wake. . .

Post Thu Sep 14, 2017 2:03 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Public health will improve more quickly in the wake of new medical discoveries if medical researchers abandon their practice of waiting until their findings are published in peer-reviewed journals before informing the press of important research results. This is because the public release of new medical information allows people to use that information in order to improve their health, but the peer-review process is unavoidably very slow.

    Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

    (A) Many medical researchers do not agree to serve as reviewers when their own research is in a critical phase.

    (B) Reviewers for many medical journals are not themselves medical researchers.

    (C) People would use new medical information even if it were not first published in peer-reviewed journals.

    (D) The peer-review process could be speeded up enough to produce a significant improvement in public health.

    (E) New medical information that is first published in peer-reviewed journals does not usually receive public attention.

    The Official Answer is C.

    Anyone can solve it option by option for me? Thanks.

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    Post Fri Sep 15, 2017 7:42 am
    Vincen wrote:
    Public health will improve more quickly in the wake of new medical discoveries if medical researchers abandon their practice of waiting until their findings are published in peer-reviewed journals before informing the press of important research results. This is because the public release of new medical information allows people to use that information in order to improve their health, but the peer-review process is unavoidably very slow.

    Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

    (A) Many medical researchers do not agree to serve as reviewers when their own research is in a critical phase.

    (B) Reviewers for many medical journals are not themselves medical researchers.

    (C) People would use new medical information even if it were not first published in peer-reviewed journals.

    (D) The peer-review process could be speeded up enough to produce a significant improvement in public health.

    (E) New medical information that is first published in peer-reviewed journals does not usually receive public attention.

    The Official Answer is C.

    Anyone can solve it option by option for me? Thanks.
    Conclusion: Public health will improve more quickly if researchers alert media about new discoveries before publishing in peer-reviewed journals

    Premise: Peer-review process is slow

    Try negation here. The correct answer, when negated, should undermine the argument.

    C negated: People would NOT use new medical information even if it were not first published in peer-reviewed journals.

    Well, if people are not going to use the information if it's not first published in a peer-reviewed journal then the argument's claim that the public's health will improve more quickly if researchers forgo the peer-review process is clearly nonsense. Because the negation of C undermines the argument, we know it's the answer.

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