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Passage 3 | Question # 3

This topic has 1 expert reply and 3 member replies
richachampion Legendary Member
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Passage 3 | Question # 3

Post Mon Oct 10, 2016 7:45 pm
The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the innate moral superiority of women were fundamental to the cult of female domesticity in the nineteenth-century United States. Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums. By following this path, some women came to wield considerable authority in the distribution of resources and services in their communities.

The sentimentalized concept of female benevolence bore little resemblance to women's actual work, which was decidedly unsentimental and businesslike, in that it involved chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries. Moreover, in the face of legal limitations on their right to control money and property, women had to find ingenious legal ways to run and finance organized philanthropy. In contrast to the day-to-day reality of this work, the idealized image of female benevolence lent a sentimental and gracious aura of altruism to the very real authority and privilege that some women commanded--which explains why some women activists clung tenaciously to this ideology. But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics.


3. Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?

A. The identification of femininity with morality promoted the notion of women's moral purity while excluding women from positions of authority in their communities.
B. The belief in women's innate moral superiority allowed women to exercise political power without participating in partisan politics.
C. The cult of female domesticity helped some women to gain power and privilege but kept most women confined to the domestic sphere.
D. The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.
E. The idealization of female altruism enabled women to engage in philanthropic activities but prevented them from managing money and property.

OA: D

Additional Questions From this Passage -
Passage 3|Question #1
Passage 3|Question #2
Passage 3|Question #3

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Post Wed Oct 12, 2016 3:07 am
richachampion wrote:
The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the innate moral superiority of women were fundamental to the cult of female domesticity in the nineteenth-century United States. Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums. By following this path, some women came to wield considerable authority in the distribution of resources and services in their communities.

The sentimentalized concept of female benevolence bore little resemblance to women's actual work, which was decidedly unsentimental and businesslike, in that it involved chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries. Moreover, in the face of legal limitations on their right to control money and property, women had to find ingenious legal ways to run and finance organized philanthropy. In contrast to the day-to-day reality of this work, the idealized image of female benevolence lent a sentimental and gracious aura of altruism to the very real authority and privilege that some women commanded--which explains why some women activists clung tenaciously to this ideology. But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics.

3. Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?

A. The identification of femininity with morality promoted the notion of women's moral purity while excluding women from positions of authority in their communities.
B. The belief in women's innate moral superiority allowed women to exercise political power without participating in partisan politics.
C. The cult of female domesticity helped some women to gain power and privilege but kept most women confined to the domestic sphere.
D. The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.
E. The idealization of female altruism enabled women to engage in philanthropic activities but prevented them from managing money and property.
Both paragraphs are about female benevolence.
Ignore the details.
Focus on the BIG IDEAS.
What does the author want us to BELIEVE about female benevolence?

Big idea of paragraph 1:
This ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism.
Big idea of paragraph 2:
This ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power.

These big ideas are expressed only in D:
The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.

The correct answer is D.

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richachampion Legendary Member
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Post Wed Oct 12, 2016 1:14 am
fiza gupta wrote:
hi Richa,

may i know what is the source of the question?
All the questions that I post in verbal are from Official sources. These ones are from GMAT Prep Software.

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fiza gupta Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Wed Oct 12, 2016 12:59 am
hi Richa,

may i know what is the source of the question?

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richachampion Legendary Member
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Post Wed Oct 12, 2016 12:35 am
Can some expert please chime into this question?

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