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Register now and save up to $200 Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 5-Day Free Trial 5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Trial & Practice Exam BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Veritas GMAT Class Experience Lesson 1 Live Free Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Get 300+ Practice Questions 25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Magoosh Study with Magoosh GMAT prep Available with Beat the GMAT members only code ## Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate This topic has 1 expert reply and 3 member replies faltuhaiye11 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Joined 14 Jun 2012 Posted: 5 messages Target GMAT Score: 750 GMAT Score: 680 #### Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate Tue Jul 10, 2012 3:18 am Elapsed Time: 00:00 • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME]) Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearlv 512 billion in assets over the next 18 months. A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday. C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months

Okay i understand that in US without preposition on we can write the sentence as in option D
, my question is why explanations say that Outlining his strategy is a dangling modifier . i feel Outlining HIS can modify Executive's plan. I think plan can also outline his strategy .. and these plans could also be announced by some one else.As in "Results were announced on Wednesday" .The idea of plan outlining strategy perfectly makes sense to me. In c the only flaw i see is for cutting is not preferable when to cut is present but other wise it is correct.

I will also provide an example to make my point , veterans must have seen this questions :
Q)So dogged were Frances Perkins’investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker.
OA : so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that

A crystal clear explanation would be much appreciated from an expert.

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Tue Jul 10, 2012 3:51 am
First thing is that a, b and c are out because of the possessive 'chief executive's'. This is an easy one to spot and keeps you from even having to look any further, because the noun is changed to the plan.... This is why they say there is a dangling modifier. There is no one ever identified.

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-- 100% Free Trial and less than $20 per month after. -- Free GMAT Quantitative Review Pleaman Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Joined 11 Jul 2012 Posted: 12 messages Followed by: 1 members Sat Dec 29, 2012 11:42 am faltuhaiye11 wrote: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearlv 512 billion in assets over the next 18 months. A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday. C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months

Okay i understand that in US without preposition on we can write the sentence as in option D
, my question is why explanations say that Outlining his strategy is a dangling modifier . i feel Outlining HIS can modify Executive's plan. I think plan can also outline his strategy .. and these plans could also be announced by some one else.As in "Results were announced on Wednesday" .The idea of plan outlining strategy perfectly makes sense to me. In c the only flaw i see is for cutting is not preferable when to cut is present but other wise it is correct.

I will also provide an example to make my point , veterans must have seen this questions :
Q)So dogged were Frances Perkins’investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker.
OA : so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that

A crystal clear explanation would be much appreciated from an expert.
Could someone explain why OffAnsw doesn't use preposition "on" before "Wednesday" ? Is it correct to say "executive announced plans Wednesday" instead of "executive announced plans on Wednesday"?
Thank you.

richachampion Legendary Member
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Sun Apr 17, 2016 1:31 am
Pleaman wrote:
faltuhaiye11 wrote:
Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearlv 512 billion in assets over the next 18 months.

A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday. D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months
E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months Okay i understand that in US without preposition on we can write the sentence as in option D , my question is why explanations say that Outlining his strategy is a dangling modifier . i feel Outlining HIS can modify Executive's plan. I think plan can also outline his strategy .. and these plans could also be announced by some one else.As in "Results were announced on Wednesday" .The idea of plan outlining strategy perfectly makes sense to me. In c the only flaw i see is for cutting is not preferable when to cut is present but other wise it is correct. I will also provide an example to make my point , veterans must have seen this questions : Q)So dogged were Frances Perkins’investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker. OA : so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that A crystal clear explanation would be much appreciated from an expert. Could someone explain why OffAnsw doesn't use preposition "on" before "Wednesday" ? Is it correct to say "executive announced plans Wednesday" instead of "executive announced plans on Wednesday"? Thank you. It is quite common in USA and their newspapers to write in such way. Also you are down to D and E and both D and E are using the same option. Had there been some other option that was a contestant for a correct answer you would have raised this point, but there is no such option where "on" is used and is a contestant of correct option so you point is invalid here. fabiocafarelli Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 09 Feb 2016 Posted: 105 messages Followed by: 2 members Thanked: 57 times Sun Apr 17, 2016 2:46 am faltuhaiye11 wrote: Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearlv 512 billion in assets over the next 18 months. A executive's plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months
B executive's plans, which are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday. C executive's plans for cutting the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday.
D executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly $12billion in assets over the next 18 months E executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company's huge debt by selling nearly$12billion in assets over the next 18 months

Okay i understand that in US without preposition on we can write the sentence as in option D
, my question is why explanations say that Outlining his strategy is a dangling modifier . i feel Outlining HIS can modify Executive's plan. I think plan can also outline his strategy .. and these plans could also be announced by some one else.As in "Results were announced on Wednesday" .The idea of plan outlining strategy perfectly makes sense to me. In c the only flaw i see is for cutting is not preferable when to cut is present but other wise it is correct.

I will also provide an example to make my point , veterans must have seen this questions :
Q)So dogged were Frances Perkins’investigations of the garment industry, and her lobbying for wage and hour reform was persistent, Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt recruited Perkins to work within the government, rather than as a social worker.
OA : so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that

A crystal clear explanation would be much appreciated.
1. There are two distinct issues in what you have raised here. The first is the dangling modifier; the second is the use of the Saxon Genitive (the form that adds an S apostrophe or an apostrophe S to a noun).

2. Let's take the Saxon Genitive first. When a noun assumes this form, it ceases to be a subject, precisely because it ceases to be a noun. It becomes in fact an ADJECTIVE. Thus, in the phrase Frances Perkins' investigations, the subject is INVESTIGATIONS, and FRANCES PERKINS' is an adjective modifying that subject.

3. Another term for the pronouns my, his, her, its, our, your, and their is POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE. They are therefore the pronoun equivalent of a noun that has taken the form of the Saxon Genitive, because that noun has also become an adjective.

4. Thus, in the clause So dogged were Frances Perkins’ investigations ... and so persistent her lobbying for wage and hour reform, that ... you could replace HER with FRANCES PERKINS' and the meaning would be identical. In other words, the first adjective (Saxon Genitive) modifies INVESTIGATIONS, and the second (an adjective in the form of a pronoun) modifies LOBBYING, and both refer to the same person. This is part of what makes the official answer that you have quoted correct. (And there is no issue involving any dangling modifier here.)

5. Now to the dangling modifier. In the sentence you have quoted, we see Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive's plans ... But clearly, this sentence is incorrect. Its subject is PLANS. Thus, it makes no difference whether, as you propose, HIS could refer back to the phrase THE CHIEF EXECUTIVES' - in fact, it does, and for the same reason that HER refers back to FRANCES PERKINS'. But this is not the point. The point is the subject, and since the subject is PLANS, the entire phrase Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health dangles uselessly in front of the subject PLANS. After all, the strategy IS the plans: how therefore could the strategy announce the strategy, or the plans the plans? This is why, to use your words, the idea of plan outlining strategy does NOT make perfect sense - or indeed any sense at all. What is required is somebody, a LOGICAL HUMAN SUBJECT, to do the announcing, and this is provided in the correct answer, which has the logical sequence Outlining his strategy ... the chief executive announced plans.

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