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One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage cont

This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies

One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage cont

Post Thu Sep 14, 2017 5:06 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

    Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

    (A) Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
    (B) The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bounding agents.
    (C) Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
    (D) The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.
    (E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

    OA: B

    What's wrong with option D?

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    Post Thu Sep 14, 2017 6:36 am
    ardz24 wrote:
    One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

    Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

    (A) Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
    (B) The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bounding agents.
    (C) Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
    (D) The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.
    (E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

    OA: B

    What's wrong with option D?
    First, we're trying to show that the partially biodegradable container produces no less plastic when it's discarded, not when it's produced, so D is outside the scope.

    Moreover, the point of the argument is that the biodegradable container is no better than the alternative, whereas D does the opposite.

    B, however, strengthens the notion that the partially biodegradable option is no better than the alternative.

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