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OG Most of the country's biggest daily newspapers

This topic has 4 expert replies and 3 member replies
AbeNeedsAnswers Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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OG Most of the country's biggest daily newspapers

Post Thu Aug 17, 2017 7:45 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
    A. a similar period
    B. a similar period’s
    C. in a similar period
    D. that in a similar period
    E. that of a similar period

    C

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    Post Tue Oct 24, 2017 3:12 am
    AbeNeedsAnswers wrote:
    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
    A. a similar period
    B. a similar period’s
    C. in a similar period
    D. that in a similar period
    E. that of a similar period

    C
    I received a PM requesting that I explain the error in D.

    In D, that seems to stand in for the circulation, as follows:
    D: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than the circulation in a similar period a year earlier.
    Here, the phrase in blue refers to the sales figures for each newspaper:
    Newspaper A = 1,000,000 copies.
    Newspaper B = 900,000 copies.
    Newspaper C = 875,000 copies.
    But the phrase in red -- THE circulation -- implies that a year earlier ONE SPECIFIC CIRCULATION was shared by all of the newspapers.
    It is illogical to compare the different sales figures for each newspaper to one specific circulation.
    Eliminate D.

    The OA implies the following:
    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than [they had circulation] in a similar period a year earlier.
    Here, the words in brackets are omitted but implied.
    The result is a logical comparison: the sales figures for each newspaper from October 1995 through March 1996 are compared to the sales figures for each newspaper in a similar period a year earlier.

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    iongmat Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Oct 24, 2017 10:25 pm
    Thanks for responding to my PM Mitch.

    Had a quick follow up question. Why can't D be interpreted as:

    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than (most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had) that in a similar period a year earlier.

    Here, the portion in blue is the elliptical part.

    So, this does seem to be comparing how much most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had:
    i) circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996
    ii) circulation in a similar period a year earlier

    Appreciate, as always.

    Post Wed Oct 25, 2017 4:11 am
    iongmat wrote:
    Thanks for responding to my PM Mitch.

    Had a quick follow up question. Why can't D be interpreted as:

    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than (most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had) that in a similar period a year earlier.

    Here, the portion in blue is the elliptical part.

    So, this does seem to be comparing how much most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had:
    i) circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996
    ii) circulation in a similar period a year earlier

    Appreciate, as always.
    Note the following:
    that cannot stand in for circulation IN GENERAL.
    It must stand in for ONE SPECIFIC CIRCULATION.

    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had that in a similar period a year earlier.
    Here -- because the comparison is illogical -- the referent for that is unclear.
    The implied comparison seems to be as follows:
    Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than THE circulation in a similar period a year earlier.
    As noted in my post above, the phrase in blue refers to the sales figures for each newspaper:
    Newspaper A = 1,000,000 copies.
    Newspaper B = 900,000 copies.
    Newspaper C = 875,000 copies.
    But the phrase in red -- THE circulation -- implies that a year earlier ONE SPECIFIC CIRCULATION was shared by all of the newspapers.
    It is illogical to compare the different sales figures for each newspaper to one specific circulation.
    As a result, the sentence is incomprehensible.

    Generally, SUBJECT + FORM OF TO HAVE + COMPARATIVE should not be followed that or those.
    Incorrect: The company had higher profits in 1990 than those in 1980.
    Correct: The company had higher profits in 1990 than in 1980.

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    iongmat Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Nov 09, 2017 3:30 am
    Hi Mitch, I came across the following:

    In addition to having more protein than wheat does, rice has protein of higher quality than that in wheat, with more of the amino acids essential to the human diet.

    This seems to have the structure

    SUBJECT + FORM OF TO HAVE + COMPARATIVE, but is followed by that.

    Appreciate your response.

    Post Thu Nov 09, 2017 3:55 am
    iongmat wrote:
    Hi Mitch, I came across the following:

    In addition to having more protein than wheat does, rice has protein of higher quality than that in wheat, with more of the amino acids essential to the human diet.

    This seems to have the structure

    SUBJECT + FORM OF TO HAVE + COMPARATIVE, but is followed by that.

    Appreciate your response.
    Rice has protein of higher quality than that in wheat.
    Here, has is followed not by a comparative but a NOUN (protein).
    Thus, the rule in my post above does not apply.

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    iongmat Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Nov 09, 2017 8:48 am
    ok. So, the sentence is:

    Rice has protein of higher quality than that in wheat.

    Instead of this, if the sentence had been:

    Rice has higher quality protein than that in wheat.

    Then the sentence would be incorrect. Is my understanding right?

    This is really proving to be quite confusing.

    Post Thu Nov 09, 2017 12:24 pm
    iongmat wrote:
    ok. So, the sentence is:

    Rice has protein of higher quality than that in wheat.

    Instead of this, if the sentence had been:

    Rice has higher quality protein than that in wheat.

    Then the sentence would be incorrect. Is my understanding right?

    This is really proving to be quite confusing.
    Your understanding is correct.
    Generally, COMPARATIVE + than serves to compare one clause to another, even if portions of the clauses are omitted but implied.

    Rice has protein of higher quality than that in wheat.
    Here, the following comparison is implied:
    Rice has protein [that is] of higher quality than the protein in wheat [is of high quality].
    The implied clause in blue is compared to the implied clause in red.
    The two implied usages of is serve to compare the state-of-being of the first protein to the state-of-being of the second protein.
    In short:
    Each protein IS of a particular level of quality.

    Rice has higher quality protein than that in wheat.
    Here, no action or state-of-being is attributed to the two phrases in red.
    Since it is unclear what clauses are being compared, the sentence is not viable.

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    For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

    Thanked by: iongmat
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