• Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider

OG Archaelogy as a profession

This topic has 0 member replies
AbeNeedsAnswers Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
02 Jul 2017
Posted:
191 messages
Followed by:
2 members
Thanked:
1 times

OG Archaelogy as a profession

Post Sun Sep 17, 2017 7:36 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Archaeology as a profession faces two major problems. First, it is the poorest of the poor. Only paltry sums are available for excavating and even less is available for publishing the results and preserving the sites once excavated. Yet archaeologists deal with priceless objects every day. Second, there is the problem of illegal excavation, resulting in museum-quality pieces being sold to the highest bidder.

    I would like to make an outrageous suggestion that would at one stroke provide funds for archaeology and reduce the amount of illegal digging. I would propose that scientific archeological expeditions and governmental authorities sell excavated artifacts on the open market. Such sales would provide substantial funds for the excavation and preservation of archaeological sites and the publication of results. At the same time, they would break the illegal excavator’s grip on the market, thereby decreasing the inducement to engage in illegal activities.

    You might object that professionals excavate to acquire knowledge, not money. Moreover, ancient artifacts are part of our global cultural heritage, which should be available for all to appreciate, not sold to the highest bidder. I agree. Sell nothing that has unique artistic merit or scientific value. But, you might reply everything that comes out of the ground has scientific value. Here we part company. Theoretically, you may be correct in claiming that every artifact has potential scientific value. Practically, you are wrong.

    I refer to the thousands of pottery vessels and ancient lamps that are essentially duplicates of one another. In one small excavation in Cyprus, archaeologists recently uncovered 2,000 virtually indistinguishable small jugs in a single courtyard. Even precious royal seal impressions known as l’melekh handles have been found in abundance-more than 4,000 examples so far.

    The basements of museums are simply not large enough to store the artifacts that are likely to be discovered in the future. There is not enough money even to catalogue the finds; as a result, they cannot be found again and become as inaccessible as if they had never been discovered. Indeed, with the help of a computer, sold artifacts could be more accessible than are the pieces stored in bulging museum basements. Prior to sale, each could be photographed and the list of the purchasers could be maintained on the computer. A purchaser could even be required to agree to return the piece if it should become needed for scientific purposes.

    It would be unrealistic to suggest that illegal digging would stop if artifacts were sold on the open market. But the demand for the clandestine product would be substantially reduced. Who would want an unmarked pot when another was available whose provenance was known, and that was dated stratigraphically by the professional archaeologist who excavated it?

    8. The primary purpose of the passage is to propose
    (A) an alternative to museum display of artifacts
    (B) a way to curb illegal digging while benefiting the archaeological profession
    (C) a way to distinguish artifacts with scientific value from those that have no such value
    (D) the governmental regulation of archaeological sites
    (E) a new system for cataloguing duplicate artifacts

    9. The author implies that all of the following statements about duplicate artifacts are true EXCEPT:
    (A) A market for such artifacts already exists.
    (B) Such artifacts seldom have scientific value.
    (C) There is likely to be a continuing supply of such artifacts.
    (D) Museums are well supplied with examples of such artifacts.
    (E) Such artifacts frequently exceed in quality those already catalogued in museum collections.

    10. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage as a disadvantage of storing artifacts in museum basements?
    (A) Museum officials rarely allow scholars access to such artifacts.
    (B) Space that could be better used for display is taken up for storage.
    (C) Artifacts discovered in one excavation often become separated from each other.
    (D) Such artifacts are often damaged by variations in temperature and humidity.
    (E) Such artifacts’ often remain uncatalogued and thus cannot be located once they are put in storage.

    Q8:B
    Q9:E
    Q10:E

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 LUANDATO 157 topics
    2 lheiannie07 87 topics
    3 Roland2rule 75 topics
    4 ardz24 64 topics
    5 AAPL 58 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description EconomistGMATTutor

    The Economist GMAT Tutor

    163 posts
    2 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    133 posts
    3 image description Jay@ManhattanReview

    Manhattan Review

    128 posts
    4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    121 posts
    5 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    100 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts