• PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep

OG 2018 CR Q In Merina commercial fossil

This topic has 2 expert replies and 0 member replies
lionsshare Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
09 Aug 2017
Posted:
62 messages

OG 2018 CR Q In Merina commercial fossil

Post Sat Aug 12, 2017 3:42 pm
In Merina commercial fossil hunters often sell important fossils they have found, not to universities or museums, but to individual collectors, who pay much better but generally do not allow researchers access to their collections. To increase the number of fossils available for research, some legislators propose requiring all fossils that are found in Merina to be sold only to universities or museums.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly indicates that the legislators' proposal will fail to achieve its goal?

(A) Some fossil hunters in Merina are not commercial fossil hunters, but rather are amateurs who keep the fossils that they find.
(B) Most fossils found in Merina are common types that have little scientific interest.
(C) Commercial fossil hunters in Merina currently sell some of the fossils they find to universities and museums.
(D) Many universities in Merina do not engage in fossil research.
(E) Most fossils are found by commercial fossil hunters, and they would give up looking for fossils if they were no longer allowed to sell to individual collectors.

OA: E

Can any experts please elaborate on concrete reasoning to rule out (A).

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Tue Nov 28, 2017 12:56 pm
lionsshare wrote:
In Merina commercial fossil hunters often sell important fossils they have found, not to universities or museums, but to individual collectors, who pay much better but generally do not allow researchers access to their collections. To increase the number of fossils available for research, some legislators propose requiring all fossils that are found in Merina to be sold only to universities or museums.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly indicates that the legislators' proposal will fail to achieve its goal?

(A) Some fossil hunters in Merina are not commercial fossil hunters, but rather are amateurs who keep the fossils that they find.
(B) Most fossils found in Merina are common types that have little scientific interest.
(C) Commercial fossil hunters in Merina currently sell some of the fossils they find to universities and museums.
(D) Many universities in Merina do not engage in fossil research.
(E) Most fossils are found by commercial fossil hunters, and they would give up looking for fossils if they were no longer allowed to sell to individual collectors.
PREMISE: Fossils often sold to individual collectors
PREMISE: Collectors typically do not give researchers access to fossils
CONCLUSION: Forcing fossil Hunters to sell fossils only to universities or museums will increase fossils available for research
SHORTENED CONCLUSION: Proposed law will increase the number fossils available for research

Let's check the answer choices while reminding ourselves of the conclusion...

A) Does this weaken the conclusion that the proposed law will increase the number fossils available for research?
NO. This premise has no bearing on the conclusion. The pro/amateur status of the person who found a fossil doesn't matter, since the proposed law would require all found fossils to be sold only to universities or museums.

B) Does this weaken the conclusion that the proposed law will increase the number fossils available for research?
NO. Just because most fossils are uninteresting doesn't mean that interesting fossils are not found.

C) Does this weaken the conclusion that the proposed law will increase the number fossils available for research?
NO. The word "some" tells us that at least one fossil is sold to universities and museums. If there were a law that required ALL fossils to be sold to University's museums then the number of fossils available for research would definitely increase.

D) Does this weaken the conclusion that the proposed law will increase the number fossils available for research?
NO. The conclusion is all about the availability of fossils available for research, not weather every University studies fossils

E) Does this weaken the conclusion that the proposed law will increase the number fossils available for research?
YES! If the fossil hunters stop looking for fossils of then the availability of fossils will NOT increase

Answer: E

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Founder of GMATPrepNow.com
Use our video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

Check out the online reviews of our course
Come see all of our free resources

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
GMAT Prep Now's comprehensive video course can be used in conjunction with Beat The GMAT’s FREE 60-Day Study Guide and reach your target score in 2 months!

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Fri Aug 18, 2017 9:35 am
lionsshare wrote:
In Merina commercial fossil hunters often sell important fossils they have found, not to universities or museums, but to individual collectors, who pay much better but generally do not allow researchers access to their collections. To increase the number of fossils available for research, some legislators propose requiring all fossils that are found in Merina to be sold only to universities or museums.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly indicates that the legislators' proposal will fail to achieve its goal?

(A) Some fossil hunters in Merina are not commercial fossil hunters, but rather are amateurs who keep the fossils that they find.
(B) Most fossils found in Merina are common types that have little scientific interest.
(C) Commercial fossil hunters in Merina currently sell some of the fossils they find to universities and museums.
(D) Many universities in Merina do not engage in fossil research.
(E) Most fossils are found by commercial fossil hunters, and they would give up looking for fossils if they were no longer allowed to sell to individual collectors.

OA: E

Can any experts please elaborate on concrete reasoning to rule out (A).
We're trying to show that the plan requiring fossil hunters to sell what they find only to universities or museums will fail. It doesn't really matter if some fossil hunters tend to keep the fossils they find. Presumably, they'd have kept the fossils in the absence of the legislation, so this tendency sheds no light on whether the legislation, whose intent is to shift sales from private collectors to museums/universities, would be ineffective.

If, however, the legislation were to sap the motivation to find fossils in the first place, that would be a pretty good indication that said legislation would not accomplish its intended goal. E is the correct answer.

_________________
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor

Veritas Prep Reviews
Save $100 off any live Veritas Prep GMAT Course

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!

Best Conversation Starters

1 Roland2rule 175 topics
2 lheiannie07 110 topics
3 ardz24 56 topics
4 LUANDATO 52 topics
5 swerve 49 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

157 posts
2 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

126 posts
3 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

113 posts
4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

106 posts
5 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

79 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts