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OG 2018 CR Q Archaeologists use technology to

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lionsshare Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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OG 2018 CR Q Archaeologists use technology to

Post Thu Aug 10, 2017 8:41 pm
Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?
A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study

OA: A

How did you eliminate B?

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Post Mon Nov 27, 2017 7:33 pm
elias.latour.apex wrote:
I don't think I have ever seen the phrase "whether or not" used so many times in the same post.
Thanks!
Truth be told, I use the paste function Smile

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elias.latour.apex Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Mon Nov 27, 2017 7:17 pm
I don't think I have ever seen the phrase "whether or not" used so many times in the same post.

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Post Mon Nov 27, 2017 2:17 pm
lionsshare wrote:
Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?
A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study

PREMISE: Archaeologists use technology
PREMISE: Future technology will facilitate more discoveries
PREMISE: Studying sites now could compromise future discoveries at site
CONCLUSION: Delaying examination of site will maximize potential for discoveries at site

Let's check the answer choices While also reminding ourselves what the conclusion is...

A) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
YES!
If the contents of the site DO significantly deteriorate, then delaying examination of the site will NOT maximize the potential for discoveries.
If the contents of the site do NOT significantly deteriorate, then delaying examination of the site WILL maximize the potential for discoveries.
So knowing the answer to this question will definitely help us evaluate the conclusion.
KEEP A

B) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
The passage already tells us of that "it is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future." So answer choice B addressing whether the technology will continue to improve BEYOND the near future.
In this case the results of such an investigation would not help us evaluate the conclusion because the passage already states that technology will likely advance considerably in the near future.
ELIMINATE B

C) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
NO.
Whether or not the team has something to keep itself occupied with has no bearing on whether or not new technologies will better help them examine the site in question.
ELIMINATE C

D) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
NO.
Whether or not we're dealing with a very ancient culture has no bearing on whether the delay will help the team make more discoveries
ELIMINATE D

E) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
NO.
This is a tricky one. We must keep in mind that the conclusion is all about whether or not the team will be able to make more discoveries in the future than presently. Sure some stuff might get broken in the process, But the plot passage already tells us that advanced technologies will allow archaeologists to gather more information.
ELIMINATE E

Answer: A

Cheers,
Brent

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elias.latour.apex Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Mon Aug 21, 2017 3:58 am
When dealing with critical reasoning problems, it is important to read the question first. The question says: Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?

The question tells us two important things. First, our task is to determine which piece of information below would be most useful to know. Second, we are dealing with a plan that has a goal. To proceed further, we must identify both the plan and the goal.

The stimulus states: ...in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

This statement gives us both the plan and the goal, which is to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge. Will the plan work? I don't know. Let's look at the answer choices.

When evaluating these answer choices, it is usually best to use the variance test. Two opposite answers (generally yes and no) can be provided to each question to determine whether the question will work.

To do so, I will drop the word whether and substitute the word yes. Some rephrasing of the answer choices may be necessary.

(A) Yes, [some] of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available. Does this affect the plan? It certainly does! If the contents of the site will deteriorate while waiting for the technology, then the plan is unlikely to reach its goal. On the other hand, if the contents of the site will not significantly deteriorate, then the plan is sound. This is the best answer.

(B) Yes, there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology. This does not affect whether the improvements will help us gather knowledge in the long run. If anything, this argues that perhaps we should wait even longer than the planned time hoping for further improvements in processes. Eliminate.

(C) Yes, the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being. Does this tell us whether waiting on the newly excavated site will succeed in maximizing the potential for gathering knowledge? It does not. Eliminate.

(D) Yes, the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture. Again, this has nothing to do with the plan or the goal. Eliminate.

(E) Yes, the anticipated technology will damage objects under study. This may seem relevant, but existing methods will also damage objects under study. This provides us no indication as to which of the two methods will damage them more. The point is that the new technology will gather more information than is currently possible. If it damages some of the objects in the process, then that is unfortunate, but the stated goal is to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge. Eliminate.

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